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g_ / O ov-t sKii t 

Taken on the 


During the 

Civil War of the United States 

By Mathew B. Brady and Alexander Gardner 

Who operated under the Authority of the War Department and the Protection of the Secret Service 

Rare Reproductions from Photographs Selected from Seven Thousand Original Negatives Taken under Most Hazardous 

Conditions in the Midst of One of the Most Terrific Conflicts of Men that the World Has Ever 

Known, and in the Earliest Days of Photography— These Negatives Have Been in 

Storage Vaults for More than Forty Years and are now the 

rttiai? (EflUrrttfltt of lE&war& latbg iEatntt 

Valued at $150,000 




iSartfdrti. GJonttrrtirut 






Martyrs on Altar of Civilization 

TI IIS is undoubtedly the most valuable collection 
of historic photographs in America. It is be- 
lieved to be the first time that the camera was 
used so extensively and practically on the battle-field. 
It is the first known collection of its size on the Western 
Continent and it is the only witness of the scenes enacted 
during the greatest crisis in the annals of the American 
nation. As a contribution to history it occupies a position 
that the higher art of painting, or scholarly research and 
literal description, can never usurp. It records a tragedy 
that neither the imagination of the painter nor the skill 
of the historian can so dramatically relate. 

The existence of this collection is unknown by the 
public at large. Even while this book has been in pre- 
paration eminent photographers have pronounced it im- 
possible, declaring that photography was not sufficiently 
advanced at that period to prove of such practical use 
in War. Distinguished veterans of the Civil War have 
informed me that they knew positively that there were 
no cameras in the wake ot the army. This incredulity 
of men in a position to know the truth enhances the 
value of the collection inasmuch that its genuineness 
is officially proven by the testimony of those who saw 
the pictures taken, by the personal statement of the man 
who took them, and by the Government Records. For 
forty-two years the original negatives have been in storage, 
secreted from public view, except as an occasional proof 
is drawn for some special use. How these negatives came 
to be taken under most hazardous conditions in the storm 
and stress of a War that threatened to change the entire 
history of the world is itself an interesting historical in- 
cident. Moreover, it is one of the tragedies of genius. 

While the clouds were gathering, which finally broke 


Editor of the Journal of American History 

He followed the Armies during the Civil War and secured these remark- 
able Negatives— In conference with Major-General Burnside at the Head- 
quarters of the Army of the Potomac near Richmond, Virginia- Brady 
occupies the chair directly in front of the tree while General Burnside 
is reading a newspaper — This picture was found among his negatives 

into the Civil War in the United States, there died in 
London one named Scott-Archer, a man who had found 
one of the great factors in civilization, but died poor and 
before his time because he had overstrained his powers in 
the cause ot science. It was necessary to raise a sub- 
scription for his widow, and the government settled upon 

the children a pension of fifty pounds per annum on the 
ground that their father was " the discoverer of a scienti- 
fic process of great value to the nation, from which the 
inventor had reaped little or no benefit " 

This was in 1 857, and four years later, when the 
American Republic became rent by a conflict of brother 
against brother, Mathew B. Brady of Washington and 
New York, asked the permission of the Government 
and the protection of the Secret Service to demonstrate 
the practicability of Scott-Archer's discovery in the severest 
test that the invention had ever been given. Brady was 
an artist by temperament and gained his technical knowl- 
edge of portraiture in the rendezvous ot Paris, lie had 
been interested in the discoveries of Niepce and 
Daguerre and Fox-Talbot along the crude lines of 
photography but with the introduction of the collodion 
process of Scott-Archer he accepted the science as a profes- 
sion and, during twenty-five years of labor as a pioneer 
photographer, took the likenesses of the political celebrities 
of the epoch and of eminent men and women through- 
out the country. 

Brady's request was granted and he invested heavily in 
cameras which were made specially for the hard usage of 
warfare. These cameras were cumbersome and were 
operated by what is known as the old wet-plate process, 
requiring a dark room which was carried with them onto 
the battle-fields. The experimental operations under 
Brady proved so successful that they attracted the im- 
mediate attention of President Lincoln, General Grant 
and Allan Pinkerton, known as Major Allen and chief 
of the Secret Service. Equipments were hurried to all 
divisions of the great army and some of them found their 
way into the Confederate ranks. 

a^p 1 

M-IE black art," by which 
Brady secured these pho- 
tographs, was as mysti- 
fying as the work of a 
magician. It required a knowledge 
of chemistry and, considering the dif- 
ficulties, one wonders how Brady had 
courage to undertake it on the bat- 
tle-field. He first immersed eighty 
grains of cotton-wool in a mixture of 
one ounce each of nitric and sulphuric 
acids for fifteen seconds, washing 
them in running water. The pyroxy- 
lin was dissolved in a mixture of 
equal parts of sulphuric ether and ab- 
solute alcohol. This solution gave 
him the ordinary collodion to which 
he added iodide of potassium and a 
little potassium bromide, lie then 
poured the iodized collodion on a 
clean piece of sheet glass and allowed 
two or three minutes for the film to 
set. The coated plate was taken into 
a "dark room." which Brady carried 
with him, and immersed for about a 
minute in a bath of thirty grains of 
silver nitrate to every ounce of water. 
The plate was now sensitive to white 
light and must be placed immediately 
in the camera and exposed and devel- 
oped within five minutes to get good 
results, especially in the South during 
the summer months. It was returned 
to the dark room at once and devel- 
oped by pouring over it a mixture of 
water, one ounce; acetic acid, one 
dram ; pyrogallic acid, three grains, 
and "fixed" by soaking in a strong 
solution of hyposulphite of soda or 
cyanide of potassium. This photo- 
graph shows Brady's "dark room" in 
the Confederate lines southeast of 
Atlanta, Georgia, shortly before the 
battle of July 22. 1864. It is a fine 
example of wet-plate photography. 

THE secret never has been divulged. How Mr. 
Brady gained the confidence of such men as Jeffer- 
son Davis and General Robert E. Lee, and was 
passed through the Confederate lines, may never be 
known. It is certain that he never betrayed the con- 
fidence reposed in him and that the negatives were not 
used for secret service information, and this despite the 
fact, that Allan Pinkerton and the Artist Brady were 
intimate. Neither of these men had any idea of the 
years which the conflict was to rage and Mr. Brady ex- 
pended all his available funds upon paraphernalia. The 
government was strained to its utmost resources in keep- 
ing its defenders in food and ammunition. It was not 
concerned in the development of a new science nor the 
preservation of historical record. It faced a mighty foe 
of its own blood. It must either fall or rise in a decisive 

It was indeed a sorry time for an aesthete. Mr. 
Brady was unable to secure money. His only recourse 
was credit. This he secured from Anthony, who was 
importing photographic materials into America and was 
a founder of the trade on this continent. The next 
obstacle was the securing of men competent to operate a 
camera. Nearly every able-bodied man was engaged in 
warfare. The science was new and required a knowledge 
of chemistry. Brady was a man of speculative disposi- 
tion and plunged into the apparently impossible under- 
taking of preserving on glass the scenes of action during 
one of the most tremendous conflicts that the world has 
known. Pressing toward the firing-line, planting his 
camera on the field almost before the smoke of artillery 
and musket had cleared, he came out of the War 
with his thousands of negatives, perpetuating scenes 
that human eyes never expected to look upon again. 
There can be but very few important movements that 
failed to become imprinted on these glass records. 

With the close of the War, Brady was in the direst 
financial straits. He had spent every dollar of the 

money accumulated in early portraiture and was heavily 
in debt. Seven thousand of his negatives were sent to 
New York as security for Anthony, his largest creditor. 
The remaining six thousand negatives were placed in a 
warehouse in Washington. Brady then began negotia- 
tions for replenishing his funds by disposing of the prop- 
erty. He exhibited proofs of his negatives in galleries 

One of Brady's Photograph Wagons in the wake of the Armyat Manassas 
on the Fourth of July, in 1362— These mysterious canvas-covered wagons, 
traveling under the protect ion of the Secret Service, aroused the curiosity 
of the soldiers whose frequent queries "What is it?" soon earned for them 
the epithet of the "What is it?" wagon— Found among Brady's negatives 

of the New York Historical Society the year following 
the cessation of the conflict. On the twenty-ninth of 
January of that same year, 1866, the Council of the 
National Academy of Design adopted a resolution in 
which it acknowledged the value of the Brady collection 
as a reliable authority for art and an important contribu- 

tion to American history. It indorsed the proposal to 
place the collection permanently with the New York 
Historical Society. General Ulysses S. Grant had been 
much interested in the work of Brady on the battlefield, 
and in a letter written on February third, 1866, spoke of 
it as "a collection of photographic views of battlefields 
taken on the spot, while the occurrences represented were 
taking place." General Grant added: "1 knew when many 
of these representations were being taken and I can say 
that the scenes are not only spirited and correct, but also 
well-chosen. The collection will be valuable to the 
student and artist of the present generation, but how much 
more valuable it will be to future generations ? " 

These were days of reconstruction. It was almost 
impossible to interest men in matters not pertaining to 
the re-establishment of Commerce and Trade. Brady 
had spent twenty-live years in collecting the portraits of 
distinguished personages and endeavored to dispose of 
these to the Government. The joint committee on 
libraries, on March third, 1871, recommended the pur- 
chase of some two thousand portraits which they called: 
"A National Collection of Portraits of Eminent Amer- 
icans." The congressmen, however, faced problems too 
great to allow them to give attention to pictorial art and 
took no final action on the subject. In the meantime 
Brady was unable to meet the bill for storage and the 
negatives in Washington were offered at auction. Wil- 
liam W. Belknap, the Secretary of War, was advised of 
the conditions and in July, 1874, he paid the storage bill 
and the negatives fell into possession of the Government. 
The purchase was made at a public auction and the 
Government bid was $2840 from money accumulated 
by Provost Marshals and turned in to the Adjutant- 
General at the close of the Civil War. The Government 
Records fail to give a list of the negatives made either at 
the time of the purchase or for many subsequent years. 
The original voucher dated July 31st, 1874, is silent as 
to the number of negatives received by the Government. 

THIS photograph is selected 
from the seven thousand neg- 
atives left by Mathew U. 
Brady, the celebrated govern- 
ment photographer, as one of the most 
valuable in existence. It seems to be 
the first instance on the Western Con- 
tinent, and possibly in the world, in 
which a camera successfully imprint- 
ed on glass the actual vision of a great 
army in camp. While scenes such as 
this are engraved on the memories of 
the venerable warriors who partici- 
pated in the terrific struggle this re- 
markable negative preserves for all 
ages the magnificent pageant of men, 
who have offered their lives in de- 
fense of their country, waiting for the 
call to the battle-line. The photo- 
graph was taken on a day in the mid- 
dle of May in 1862 when the Army 
of the Potomac was encamped at 
Cumberland Landing on thePamunky 
River. A hundred thousand men rest- 
ed in this city of tents, in the seclusion 
of the hills, eager to strike a blow for 
the flag they loved, yet such was the 
tragic stillness that one who recalls it 
says that absolute quiet reigned 
throughout the vast concourse like 
the peace of the Sabbath-day. . On 
every side were immense fields of 
wheat, promising an abundant har- 
vest, but trammeled under the feet of 
the encroaching armies. Occasionally 
the silence was broken by the strains 
of a national song that swept from 
tent to tent as the men smoked and 
drowsed, fearless of the morrow. 
The encampment covered many 
square miles and this picture repre- 
sents but one brigade on the old Cus- 
tis place, near White House, which 
became the estate of General Fitzhugb 
Lee, the indomitable cavalry leader of 
the Confederacy and an American pa- 
triot during the later war with Spain. 
The original negative, although now 
forty-five years old. has required but 
slight retouching in the background. 

acquainted with the conditions under which 
the negatives were taken and the subsequent 
impoverishment of Mathew Brady. He insisted that 
something should be done for the man who risked 
all he had in the world and through misfortune lost the 
results of his labors. General Benjamin Butler, Congress- 
man from Massachusetts, also felt the injustice, and on 
his motion a paragraph was inserted in the Sundry Civil 
Appropriation Bill for $25,000 "to enable the Secretary 
of War to acquire a full and perfect title to the Brady 
collection of photographs of the War." The business 
element in Congress was inclined to question the material 
value of the negatives. They were but little concerned 
with the art value and the discussion became a matter of 
business inventory. Generals Garfield and Butler in reply 
to the economists declared: "'the commercial valve of the 
entire collection is ,it least $ r 30,000." Ten years after 
the War, but too late to save him a vistage of business 
credit, the Government came to Brady's relief and on 
April 1 c, 1875, the sum of $25,000 was paid to him. 
During these years of waiting, Brady had been unable to 
satisfy the demands of his creditors and an attachment 
was placed on the negatives in stotage in New York. 
Judgment was rendered to his creditor, Anthony, and the 
negatives became his property. 

Army officers who knew of the existence of the neg- 
atives urged the Government to publish them as a part 
of the Official Records of the War. The Government 
s tated in reply: "The photographic views of the War 
showing the battlefields, military divisions, fortifications, 
etc., are among the most authentic and valuable records 
of the Rebellion. The preservation of these interesting 
records of the War is too important to be intrusted in 
glass plates so easily destroyed by accident or design and 
no more effective means than printing can be devised to 
save them from destruction." While a few proofs were 

taken for the purpose ot official records, the public still 
remained unacquainted with the scenes so graphically 
preserved. One who is acquainted with the conditions 
says : " From different sources verbal and unofficial, it 
was learned that quite a number of the negatives were 
broken through careless handling by the employees of 
the War Department." The negatives were transferred to 

The Photographer's Headquarters at Cold Harbor, Virginia, in 1862, 
wrere he had taken refuge to prepare his paraphernalia for a long 
and hazardous journey— It was with much difficulty that the delicate glass 
negatives were protected from breakage on these daring rides through 
forests and heldsard proofs were taken at the first opportunity that offered 

the War Records Office and placed under the careful super- 
vision of Colonel R. N. Scott. 

Twentv-five years ago, in 1882, Bierstadt, a chemist, 
informed the Government: "The breakableness of the 
glass and the fugitive character of photograph chemicals 
will in short time obliterate all traces of the scenes these 
represent. Unless they are reproduced in some permanent 

form they will soon be lost." Fifty-two negatives were 
sent to him and he reproduced six of these by a photo- 
graphic mechanical process. The Government, however, 
decided that the cost was prohibitive, the expense of 
making the prints was seventy-five dollars a thousand 
and would not allow any general circulation. 

Honorable John C, Taylor, of Hartford, Connecticut, 
a veteran of the Civil War, believed that the heroes of 
the conflict should be allowed to look upon the scenes in 
which they participated, and made a thorough investiga- 
tion. Mr. Taylor is now Secretary of the Connecticut 
Prison Association and Past Commander of Post No. 50, 
Grand Army of the Republic. In relating his experi- 
ences to me a few days ago he said : " I found the seven 
thousand negatives in New York stored in an old garret. 
Anthony, the creditor, had drawn prints from some ot 
them and 1 purchased all that were in his possession. I 
also made a deal with him to allow me to use the prints 
exclusively. General Albert Ordway of the Loyal 
Legion became acquainted with the conditions and, with 
Colonel Rand ot Boston, he purchased the negatives 
from Anthony who had a clear title through court pro- 
cedure. I met these gentlemen and contracted to con- 
tinue my arrangement with them for the exclusive use of 
the prints. I finally purchased the Brady negatives 
from General Ordway and Colonel Rand with the inten- 
tion of .bringing them before the eyes of all the old soldiers 
so that they might see that the lens had forever per- 
petuated their struggle for the Union. The Government 
collection had for nine years remained comparatively 
neglected but through ordinary breakage, lax supervision, 
and disregard of orders, nearly three hundred of their 
negatives were broken or lost. To assist them in secur- 
ing the prints for Government Records 1 loaned my seven 
thousand negatives to the Navy Department and shipped 
them to Washington where they were placed in a fire- 
proof warehouse at 920 E Street, North West. I did all 
that was possible to facilitate the important work." 

THE lens here perpetuates the 
interesting spectacle of an 
army wagon train being 
"parked" and guarded from 
a raid by tile enemy's cavalry. With 
a million of the nation's strongest men 
abandoning production to wage de- 
vastation and destruction the problem 
of providing them with food barely 
sufficient to sustain life was an almost 
incalculable enigma. The able-bodied 
men of the North and the South had 
turned from the fields and factories 
to maintain what both conscientiously 
believed to be their rights. Har- 
vests were left to the elements and 
the wheels of industry fell into si- 
lence. The good women and chil- 
dren at home, aided by men willing 
but unable to meet the hardships and 
exposures of warfare, worked hero- 
ically to hold their families together 
and to send to their dear ones at the 
battle-front whatever comforts came 
within their humble power. The 
supply trains of the great armies num- 
bered thousands of six-mule teams 
and when on the march they would 
stretch out for many miles. It was in 
May, in 1863, that one of these wagon 
trains safely reached Brandy Station, 
Virginia. Its journey had been one 
of imminent danger as both armies 
were in dire need of provisions and 
the capture of a wagon train was as 
good fortune as victory in a skirmish. 
To protect this train from a desperate 
dash of the Confederate cavalry it 
was "parked" on the outskirts of a 
finest that protected it from envious 
eyes and guarded by the Union lines. 
One of Mr. Brady's cameras took 
this photograph during this critical 
moment. It shows but one division 
of one corps. As there were three 
divisions in each corps, and there 
were many corps in the army, some 
idea of the immense size of the 
trains may be gained by this view. 
The train succeeded in reaching its 
destination at a time of much need. 

ENDEAVORS to reveal these negatives have been 
futile as far as rank and file of the army 
and the public at large are concerned. The 
Government, as the years passed, became impressed 
with the value of this wonderful record, but has now 
officially stated with positive finality : "It is evident 
that these in- 
valuable neg- 
atives are rapid- 
ly disappearing 
and in order to 
insure their pre- 
servation it is 
ordered that 
hereafter neg- 
atives shall not 
be loaned to 
private parties 
for exploitation 
or to subserve 
private interest 
in any man- 

The genius 
Brady, in pos- 
session of $25,- 
000, w h i c h, 
came from the 
too late to save 
his property, 

entirely lost track of his collection. Misfortune seemed 
to follow him and his Government money was soon ex- 
hausted. In speaking of him a few days ago, John N. 
Stewart, Past Vice Commander of the Department of 
Illinois, Grand Army of the Republic, told me : " I was 
with the Army of the Potomac as telegraph operator. I 
knew that views of battlefields were taken by men with 

a cumbersome outfit as compared with the modern field 
photographer. I have often wondered what became of 
their product. I saw Mr. Brady in Washington, shortly 
before his death, and I made inquiry of him as to the 
whereabouts of his war scenes. I asked him if the neg- 
atives were still in existence and where proofs could be 

and of very slight physique. I should judge that he was 
about five feet, six inches tall. He generally wore a 
broad-brimmed hat similar to those worn by the art 
students in Paris. His hair was long and bushy. The 
last time I met him was about twenty-five years after the 
War and he appeared to be a man of about sixty-five 

years of age. 
Despite his fin- 
ancial reverses 
he was still true 
to his love for 
art. 1 told him 
that I owned 
seven thousand 
of his negatives 
and?he seemed 
to be pleased. 
He became re- 
miniscent and 
among the 
things that he 
told me I es- 
words : 
one will 

the bloody "wheat field" — This picture shows 

ETTYSBURG IN JULY 1863— The smoke of the terrific conflict had hardly cleared away when Brady's "What Is it" wagon rolled onto 
Brady looking toward McPherson'a woods on the left of the Chambersburg Pike at the point near which the Battle of Gettysburg began 

procured. He replied : ' / do not know ! ' The vast col- 
lection must possess great value and be of remarkable 
historical interest at this late date." 

In talking with Mr. Taylor, in his office at the 
State Capitol at Hartford, Connecticut, recently he 
recalled his acquaintance with Brady, and said: "I met 
him frequently. He was a man of artistic appearance 

what I 
in securing 
those neg- 
atives. The 
world can never appreciate it. It changed the whole 
course of my life. By persistence and all the political 
influence that I could control I finally secured per- 
mission from Stanton, the Secretary of War, to go onto 
the battlefields with my cameras. Some of those negatives 
nearly cost me my life.'" Mr. Brady told Mr. Taylor 
of his difficulty in finding men to operate his cameras. 


kINKERTON" is a name 
associated with the discov- 
ery of crime the world 
over. It is a word shroud- 
ed in mystery and through it works 
one of the most subtle forces on the 
face of the earth to-day. Sixty-five 
years ago an unassuming man fled 
from Scotland to America. It was 
charged against him that he was a 
chartist. Eight years later he was in 
Chicago established in the detection 
of crime. While the distant rumbles 
of a Civil War were warning the na- 
tion, he went to Washington and be- 
came closely attached to President 
Lincoln. When a plot was organized 
to assassinate Lincoln in his first days 
of the presidency, this strange man 
discovered the murderous compact. It 
was he who, in 1861, hurriedly organ- 
ized the Secret Service of the National 
Army and forestalled conspiracies 
that threatened to overthrow the Re- 
public. In speaking of himself he 
once said: "Now that it is all over I 
am tempted to reveal the secret. I 
have had many intimate friends in the 
army and in the government. They 
all know Major E. J. Allen, but many 
of them will never know that their 
friend, Major Allen and Allan Pin- 
kerton, are one and the same person." 
To those who knew Major Allen this 
picture is dedicated. It reveals Allan 
Pinkerton divested of all mystery, 
father of the great system that has 
literally drawn a net around the world 
into which all fugitive wrongdoers 
must eventually fall. Under the 
guise of Major Allen, chief of the Se- 
cret Service in the Civil War, he was 
passing through the camp at Antietam 
one September day in 1862. He was 
riding his favorite horse and care- 
lessly smoking a cigar when one of 
Mr. Brady's men called to him to halt 
a moment while he took this picture. 

BRADY said he always made two exposures of the 
same scene, sometimes with a shift of the camera 
which gave a slight change in the same general 
view. He related several interesting incidents of his 
early experiences in photography in America. It is 
generally conceded that Mr. Brady should be recognized as 
one of the great figures of the epoch in which he worked. 

It is here my duty to record an 
unfortunate incident that is not un- 
usual in the annals of art and literature. 
Brady's life, which seems to have been 
burdened with more ill luck than the 
ordinary lot of man, found little relief in 
its venerable years. Misfortune followed 
him to the very threshold of his last hour. 
He died about eight years ago in New 
York, with a few staunch friends, 
but without money, and without public 
recognition for his services to mankind. 
Since Brady's death some of those who 
knew and esteemed him have been inter- 
ested in making a last endeavor to bring 
his work before the world. Mr. Taylor has 
worked unceasingly to accomplish this 
result. The late Daniel S. Lamont, Sec- 
retary of War in President Cleveland's 
Cabinet, was much interested. Brigadier- 
General A. W. Greeley, in supervisory 
charge of the Government collection, 
said : " This collection cost the United 
States originally the sum of $27,840, and 
it is a matter of general regret that these 
invaluable reproductions of scenes and faces connected 
with the late civil conflict should remain inaccessible to 
the general public. The features of most of the per- 
manent actors connected with the War for the Union 
have been preserved in these negatives, where also are 
portrayed certain physical aspects of the War that 

are of interest and of historic value . . . graphic rep- 
resentations of the greatest of American, if not of all, wars." 
The Government, however, has stated positively that 
their negatives must not be exploited for commercial pur- 
poses. They are the historic treasures of the whole 
people and the Government has justly refused to establish 
a dangerous system of " special privilege " by granting 

woods where General Reynolds was killed at Gettysburg in July, 1863— Brady carried his cameras ontothis field 

permission for publication to individuals. As the prop- 
erty of the people the Government negatives are held in 
sacred trust. 

Mr. Edward B. Eaton, the first president of the 
Connecticut Magazine, one of the leading historical 
publications in this country, became interested in the his- 

torical significance of the Brady collection and conferred 
with the War Department at Washington about the Brady 
negatives. He found that the only possible way to bring 
the scenes before the public was through the private collec- 
tion which not only includes practically all of the six 
thousand Government negatives but is supplemented by 
a thousand negatives not in the Government collection. 
Mr. Johann Olsen of Hartford, who 
was one of the first operators of the old 
wet-plate process used by Brady, person- 
ally examined many of the negatives in 
storage in Washington and stated that some 
action should be taken immediately. He 
says: "Many of the negatives are under- 
going chemical action which will soon 
destroy them. Others are in a remark- 
able state of preservation. I have found 
among them some of the finest specimens 
of photography that this country has ever 
seen. The modern development of the 
art is placed at a disadvantage when com- 
pared with some of these wonderful neg- 
atives. I do not believe that General 
Garfield overestimated their value when 
he said rhey were worth $150,000. I do 
not believe that their value to American 
History can be estimated in dollars. I 
was personally acquainted with one of 
Brady's men at the time these pictures 
were taken and I know something of 
the tremendous difficulties in securing 
them." A few months ago Mr. Eaton 
^lear title to the seven thousand Brady neg- 
atives owned by Mr. Taylor with a full understanding 
that he would immediately place the scenes before the 
public. The delicate glass plates were fully protected 
and removed from Washington to Hartford, where they 
are today in storage in a fire-proof vault. 


THIS is conceded to be the most 
characteristic photograph of 
Lincoln ever taken. It shows 
him on the battle-field, tow- 
ering head and shoulders above his 
army officers. It is said that Lincoln 
once sent for this photograph and 
after looking at it for several minutes 
he remarked that it was the best full- 
length picture that the camera had 
ever "perpetrated." The original 
negative is in a good state of preser- 
vation. The greater significance of 
this picture, however, is the incident 
which it perpetuates. There had been 
unfortunate differences between the 
government and the Army of the 
Potomac. The future of the Union 
cause looked dark. A critical state 
of the disorder had been reached ; col- 
lapse seemed imminent. On the first 
day of October, in 1862, President 
Lincoln went to the headquarters of 
the Army of the Potomac and trav- 
ersed the scenes of action, walking 
over the battle-fields of South Moun- 
tain, Crampton's Gap, and Antietam 
with General McClellan. As Lin- 
coln was bidding good-bye to McClel- 
lan and a group of officers at Antie- 
tam on October 4, 1862, this photo- 
graph was taken. Two days later 
Lincoln ordered McClellan to cross 
the Potomac and give battle to the 
enemy. Misunderstandings followed, 
and on the fifth of November, Presi- 
dent Lincoln, with his own hand, 
wrote the historic order that de- 
posed the beloved commander of the 
Potomac, and started controversies 
which are still renewed and vigor- 
ously argued by army officers and 
historians. It is one of the sad inci- 
dents of the passing of a hero, who 
had endeared himself to his men as 
have few generals in the annals of war. 

MODERN photographers have experienced some 
difficulty in securing proofs from the collodion 
negatives, due both to the years that the neg- 
atives have been neglected and their inexperience with 
the peculiar wet-plate process. Mr. Olsen is still work- 
ing over them and has succeeded in stopping the 
chemical action that threatened to destroy many of them. 
Six thousand of the negatives are pronounced to be in as 
good condition today as on the day they were taken, 
nearly a half-century ago. Accompanying the collection 
is found an occasional negative that seems to 
have been made by Alexander Gardner or 
Samuel Cooley. Gardner was one of the photo- 
graphers employed by Brady, but he later left 
him and entered into competition. Cooley 
was an early photographer who conceived a 
plan similar to Brady's, but operated on a very 
limited scale. Most of his negatives were 
taken in South Carolina. 

From this remarkable collection, witness- 
ing the darkest days on the American con- 
tinent and the first days of modern American 
photography, the prints are selected for these 
pages and are here dedicated to the American 
People. Until recent years there has been 
no mechanical process by which these neg- 
atives could be reproduced for general ob- 
servation. The negatives are here accurately 
presented from the originals, by the modern half-tone pro- 
cess with only the slightest retouching where chemical 
action has made it absolutely necessary. 

In selecting these prints it has been the desire of the 
editor to present, as nearly as possible, a chronological 
pictorial record of the Civil War in the United States. 
At strategic points where the large cameras could not be 
drawn into the conflict, Brady used a smaller and lighter 
camera that allowed him to get very close to the field of 
action. Many of the most critical moments in the long 

siege are embodied in these small negatives. They link 
the larger pictures into one strong chain of indisputable 
evidence. It would require forty volumes to present the 
entire collection. This book can be but a kaleidoscopic 
vision of the great conflict. Thousands of remarkable 
scenes must for the present, at least remain unveiled. 
That the public may know just what these negatives con- 
ceal, a partial record has been compiled in the closing 
pages of this volume. 

The drama here revealed by the lens is one of intense 

It has been estimated that since the beginning of authentic history war has destroyed 
fifteen billions of human lives. I have seen the estimate put at twice that number. The 
estimated loss of life by war in the past century is fourteen millions. Napoleon's cam- 
paigns of twenty years cost Europe six millions of lives. 

The Crimean War 1S54 750,000 

The Italian War 1859 63,000 

Our Civil War, North and South (killed and died in other ways) 1,000.000 

The Prussian-Austrian War 1866. 

The expeditions to Mexico, China, Morocco, etc. . . . 

The Franco-German War 1870. 

The Russo-Turkish War 1877. 

The Zulu and Afghan Wars 1879. 

The Chinese-Japanese War 1894. 

The Spanish-American War 

The Philippine War 


j Americans 
I Filipinos.. 

The Boer War (killed and wounded) \ d t \[ *u ' 

The Russo-Japanese War 

These are probably all under the actual facts. 

Benjamin F. Trueblood, 
Secretary American Peace Society 

realism. In it one can almost hear the beat of the drum 
and the call of the bugle. It throbs with all the passions 
known to humanity. It brings one face to face with the 
madness of battle, the thrill of victory, the broken heart 
of defeat. There is in it the loyalty of comradeship, the 
tenderness of brotherhood, the pathos of the soldier's last 
hour; the willingness to sacrifice, the fidelity to principle, 
the love of country. 

Far be it from the power of these old negatives to 
bring back the memory of forgotten dissensions or long- 

gone contentions. Whatever may have been the differ- 
ences that threw a million of America's strongest manhood 
into bloody combat, each one offered his life for what he 
believed to be the right. The American People today are 
more strongly united then ever before — North, South, 
East and West, all are working for the moral, the intel- 
lectual, the industrial and political upbuilding of Our 
Beloved Land. 

The path of Progress has been blazed by fire. Strong 
men with strong purposes have thrown their lives on the 
altar of civilization that their children and their 
children's children might live and work in the 
light of a new epoch that found its birth in the 
agonizing throes of human sacrifice. From the 
beginning of all ages the soldier has been, and 
always must be, a mighty man. 

He who will step deliberately into the 
demon's jaws to defend a principle or to save 
his country must be among the greatest of men. 
His is the heroic heart to whom the world must 
look for the dawn of the Age of Universal 
Peace. It is his courageous arm that must 
force the world to halt. The citizenship of the 
future must be moulded and dominated by the 
men with the willingness to sacrifice for the 
sake of Justice and such men are soldiers, 
whether it be in War or Peace. 

There is a longing in the hearts of men, and 
especially those who have felt the ravages of battle, 
for the day when there shall be no more War; when Force 
will be dethroned and Reason will rule triumphant. The 
Great Washington, who led the conflict for our National 
Independence, longed for the epoch of Peace. "My first 
wish," he exclaimed, " is to see this plague to mankind 
banished from the earth." 

The mission of these pages is one of Peace — that 
all may look upon the horrors of War and pledge their 
manhood to "Peace on Earth, Good Will toward Men !" 









1. 000.000 




u w» 

AR is hell!" The dar- 
ng Sherman's familiar 
tmth is here witnessed 
with all its horrors. 
"War is hell, and this is zvarl If it 
were not for the service that this neg- 
ative should do for the great cause of 
the world's Peace, this picture, which 
has lain in a vault in Washington for 
an epoch, would never be exposed to 
public view. Its very gruesomeness 
is a plea to men to lay down arms. 
Its ghastliness is an admonition to the 
coming generations. It is a silent 
prayer for universal brotherhood. 
The negative was taken after the 
third day's battle at Gettysburg. The 
din of the batteries had died away. 
The clash of arms had ceased. The 
tumult of men was hushed. The 
clouds of smoke had lifted and the 
morning sun engraved on the glass 
plate this mute witness of the tragedy 
that had made history. It was the 
nation's holiday — the Fourth of July 
in 1863. The camera was taken into 
the wheat-field near the extreme left 
of the Union line. The heroes had 
been dead about nineteen hours. It 
will be observed that their bodies are 
already much bloated by exposure to 
the sun. These men were killed on 
July 3. 1863. by one discharge of 
"canister" from a Confederate cannon 
which they were attempting to cap- 
ture. Tin cans were filled with small 
"balls about the size of marbles and 
when the cannon was fired the force 
of the discharge burst open the can, 
and the shower of canister balls swept 
everything before it. When this pho- 
tograph was taken a detail had 
already passed over the field, and 
gathered the guns and accoutrements 
of the dead and wounded. Shoes, 
cartridge belts and canteens have 
been removed from these dead heroes 
as it was frequently necessary to ap- 
propriate them to relieve the needs of 
the living soldiers. From diamond at 
extreme right of picture these men 
are identified as belonging to the 
second division of third army corps. 

IN the conflicts within the lifetime ot men now 
living, more than three billions of dollars sterling 
have been thrown into the cannon's mouth, and 
nearly five millions of human lives have fallen martyrs to 
the battlefield. In the United States of America, a 
government founded on the Brotherhood of Man, the 
greatest expenditure since the beginning ot the Republic 
has been for bloodshed, over six billions for War, 
nearly two billions for navy, and about three and one- 
half billions for pensions — more than eleven billions out 
of a total of something over nineteen billions of dollars. 
In the last half century the population ot the world has 
doubled ; its indebtedness, chiefly for war purposes, has 
quadrupled. It was but eight billions fifty years ago; 
it is thirty-two billions today. 

America has never been a war-seeking nation. Its one 
desire has been to "live and let live." When once 
aroused, however, it is the greatest fighting force on the 
face of the globe. It is in this peace-loving land that 
civilization witnessed the most terrible and heart-rending 
struggle that ever befell men of the same blood. "Men 
speaking the same language, living for eighty-four years 
under the same flag, stood as enemies in deadly com- 
bat. Brother fighting against brother; father against son; 
mothers praying for their boys — one in the uniform ot 
blue, and the other wearing the gray; and churches of the 
same faith appealing to God, each for the other's over- 

There were 2,841,906 men and boys sworn into the 
defence of their country during the Civil War in the 
United States. The extreme youth of these patriots is 
one of the most remarkable records in the annals of the 
world's warfare. The average age of the soldier in the 
army and navy was about nineteen years. Some of 
them followed the marching armies on the impulse of the 
moment; most ot them were enlisted with the consent of 
their parents or guardians. Thousands of them never 
returned home ; thousands more came back to the pur- 

suits of Peace and have contributed for nearly a half 
century to the Good Citizenship of the Republic. To- 
day they are gray-haired patriarchs. One by one they 
are stepping from the ranks to answer the call to the 
Greater Army from which no soldier has ever returned. 
This record has been compiled for this volume from an 
authoritative source. The men who re-enlisted are 
counted twice as there is no practical way to estimate 
the number of individual persons: 

682,117 were over 2 1 years of age ; 
1,159,789 were 21 years old and under; 
1,151,438 were 18 years old and under; 
844,891 were 17 years old and under; 
231,051 were 16 years old and under; 
104,987 were 15 years old and under; 
1,523 were 14 years old and under; 
300 were T3 years old and under; 
278 were 12 years old and under. 

When the Great Struggle began, the United States 
was the home of less than thirty-two millions of people. 
Today it has passed eighty millions and the peoples 
from all the nations of the earth are flooding into our 
open gates to the extent of more than a million a year. 
A new community ot more than three thousand in- 
habitants could be founded every day from the men, 
women and children who disembark from the sea ot ships 
charted to the American shores. There are among us 
today more than forty-eight millions who have been born 
here or immigrated into this country since the beginning of 
the Civil War. These people have no personal knowl- 
edge of it and their information is gathered from the nar- 
rations of others. These Brady negatives will come as 
a revelation to them and give a truer understand- 
ing of the meaning of it all. The good service they may 
do for the nation in this one respect cannot be over- 

With thirty-two millions ot people aroused by an over- 
powering impulse that dared them to follow the dictates 
of conscience by pledging their loyalty to the states 

they loved — whether it be under Southern suns or 
Northern snows— it is almost beyond comprehension 
that Brady came out of the chaos with even one photo- 
graphic record. While his extensive operations could not 
begin until system and organization were accomplished, he 
did secure many negatives in 1861. 

Hardly had the news of the first gun passed around 
the globe when a half million men were offering their 
services to their country. Loyal Massachusetts was 
the first to march her strong and willing sons to the protec- 
tion of the Government. The shrill notes of the fife 
sounded throughout the land and battle-scarred old 
Europe beheld in amazement the marshalling of great 
armies trom a nation of volunteer patriots wholly inex- 
perienced in military discipline — a miracle in the eyes of 
older civilization that had been drenched in the blood of 

It was the simultaneous uprising of a Great People. 
The first shot from South Carolina transformed Virginia, 
the beloved mother of presidents, into a battleground. 
The streets of Baltimore became a scene of riot. The 
guns of the navy boomed on the North Carolina coast. 
The men of the West moved on through Missouri, blazing 
their way with shot and shell. Through Kentucky 
and Tennessee the reign of fire swept on until it re-echoed 
from Florida on the gulf to the wilderness of New Mexico 
and the borderline of Texas. 

The American Republic was in the clutches of ter- 
rific conflict and in the first twelvemonths nearly a million 
and a quarter of its manhood was fighting for the National 
Flag. There was no turning from the struggle. It must 
be waged to its deadliest end. From this moment, for four 
dreadful years, fighting was taking place somewhere along 
the line every day and more than seven thousand battles 
and skirmishes were fought on land and sea. 

Nearly three-fourths of the men who stood in the Union 
ranks in the Civil War were native-born Americans. The 
others were the best and bravest blood ot fellow-nations. 

unp 1 

^EY have fired on Fort Sumter !" 
These are the words that rang across 
the continent on the morning of the 
twelfth of April, in 1861, and the 
echo was heard around the world. The shot that 
began one of the fiercest conflicts that civilization 
has ever seen was fired just before sunrise at 
four in the morning. Special editions of news- 
papers heralded the tidings through the land. 
Thousands of excited men crowded the streets. 
Trade was suspended. Night and day the peo- 
ple thronged the thoroughfares, eager to hear the 
latest word from the scene of action. Friday 
and Saturday were the most anxious days that 
the American people have ever experienced. 
When the news came on Sunday morning that 
Major Robert Anderson had evacuated the fort 
with flags flying and drums beating "Yankee 


Doodle," the North was electrified with patriot- 
ism. The stars and stripes were thrown to the 
breeze from spires of churches, windows of resi- 
dences, railway stations and public buildings. 
The fife and drum were heard in the streets. 
Recruiting offices were opened on public squares. 
Men left their business and stepped into the 
ranks. A few days later, when the brave de- 
fenders of Fort Sumter reached New York, the 
air was alive with floating banners. Flowers, 
fruits and delicacies were showered upon the 
one hundred and twenty-nine courageous men 
who had so gallantly withstood the onslaught of 
six thousand. Crowds seized the heroes and car- 
ried them through the streets on their shoulders. 
The South was mad with victory. It was believed 
that its independence had been already gained. 
Several days after the bombardment this picture 

was secured of the historic fort in South Caro- 
lina, about which centered the beginning of a 
great war. It was taken in four sections and 
this is a panoramic view of them all. The pho- 
tograph did not fall into the possession of the 
Government, but was held for mail}' years by a 
Confederate naval officer, Daniel Ellis, com- 
mander of the twenty-gun ram "Chicora" and at 
one time in command of Fort Sumter. It is 
now in possession of James W. Eld ridge of Hart- 
ford. It corrects the erroneous impression that 
the fort was demolished in 1861. It stood the 
bombardment with but slight damage, other than 
a few holes knocked in the masonry as this pic- 
ture testifies. In saluting the American flag be- 
fore the evacuation on April 15, Private Daniel 
Hough was killed and three men wounded by the 
premature explosion of one of their own guns. 


"OHN BROWN'S body lies 
a-mouldering in the grave ; 
his soul is marching on !" 
In every public meeting, 
through village and town, along the 
lines of recruits marching to the 
front, around the army campfires, this 
song became the battle-cry. It had 
been but three years since John 
Brown, with seventeen whites and 
five negroes, seized the United States 
Arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Virginia, 
and began the freeing of slaves. It 
required eighteen hours and 1,500 
militia and marines to subdue the 
ardent abolitionist. He took refuge 
in the armory engine house. The 
doors were battered down. Eight 
of the insurgents were killed. Brown, 
with three whites and a half dozen ne- 
groes, was captured and hanged. The 
Confederates planned its capture, but 
upon their approach on the eigh- 
teenth of April, in 1861, three days 
after the firing on Fort Sumter, they 
found only the burning arsenal. They 
held the coveted position with 6,500 
men, but fearing the attack of 20,000 
Unionists, deserted it. It was held 
by the Union troops until 1S62, when, 
on the fifteenth of September, Stone- 
wall Jackson bombarded the town 
and forced its surrender. The Union 
loss was 80 killed, 120 wounded, 
11,583 captured. The Confederate 
loss was 500. In this engagement 
were the brave boys of the 12th New 
York State Militia; 39th, 1 nth, 115th, 
125th and 126th New York; 32nd, 
60th and 87th Ohio ; 9th Vermont ; 
65th Illinois; 1st and 3rd Maryland 
"Home Brigade;" 15th Indiana' Vol- 
unteers ; Phillips' Battery ; 5th New 
York; Graham's, Pott's and Rigby's 
Batteries; 8th New York; 12th Illi- 
nois, and 1st Maryland Cavalry. It 
was during these days that the Army 
of the Potomac engaged the Confed- 
erate forces in bloody conflict at 
Turner's and Crampton's Gap, South 
Mountain, Maryland, leaving Harper's 
Ferry again in the hands of the Union. 


THERE is not a fleet on the seas 
that can withstand a modern 
battery if kept under fire by 
proper obstructions. Modern 
sea-coast artillery can destroy a vessel 
at a single shot. The watchdog that 
guarded the waterway to the Na- 
tional Capital in the Civil War was 
Fortress Monroe. The old stone 
fort, partially protected by masses of 
earth that sheltered it from the view 
and fire of the assailant, challenged 
the ugliest iron-clads to pass through 
Hampton Roads. Fortress Monroe 
early became the base of operations 
and under its protection volunteer 
regiments were mobilized. When the 
2nd New York Volunteers reached 
the fort, about six weeks after the 
firing on Fort Sumter, the 4th Mas- 
sachusetts Volunteers had come to the 
assistance of the regular garrison of 
four companies of artillery on duty 
day and night over their guns. Some- 
thing of the conditions may be under- 
stood by the statement of an officer 
who says that his men had to appear 
on parade with blankets wrapped 
about them to conceal a lack of proper 
garments, and sometimes stood senti- 
nel with naked feet and almost naked 
bodies. The volunteers arrived 
faster than provisions could be fur- 
nished and there was a scarcity of 
food. So great was the difficulty in 
procuring small arms that some of the 
soldiers were not really fitted for war 
during the year of 1861. The Gov- 
ernment operations were centered 
around Fortress Monroe and Presi- 
dent Lincoln personally visited the 
headquarters to ascertain the actual 
conditions. Brady was admitted be- 
hind the parapets with his camera and 
secured this photograph of one of the 
heaviest guns in the great fortification. 


TO feed the millions of fighting men in both armies during the years 1S61 to 1865, 
was an enigma equalled only by the problem of ammunition. After the diets of hard- 
tack on the long marches there is no memory dearer to the heart of the old veteran 
than a good, old-fashioned "square meal" from the log-cabin kitchen in the camp. 
This is a typical scene of one of these winter camps. They were substantially built of logs, 
chinked in with mud and provided on one end with a generous mud chimney and fireplace. 
The most " palatial " afforded a door and a window. Roaring fires burned on the hearths. 
With the arrival of the soldiers, knapsacks and traps were unpacked. The canteen was hung 
on its proper peg. The musket found its place on the wall. The old frying pan and tin cup 
were hung near the fire. There was to be a real "old home feast." The soldiers crowded 
around the sutler's tent dickering over canned goods and other luxuries which cost perhaps a 
half-month's pay. The log settlement was all astir. Smoke issued from the mud chimneys. 
Crackling fires and savory odors lightened the hearts of the warriors and the community of 
huts rang with jovialty, laughter and song. Stories of the conflict were told as the soldiers 
revelled over the hot and hearty meal and not until the late hours did the tired comrades 
wrap themselves in their blankets and fall onto their beds of pine needles or hard board bunks. 

THE charge of the cavalry is an intense moment on the battlefield. At the time of the 
Civil War nothing was known of the snap-shot process in photography and Brady 
tried frequently throughout the four years to secure negatives of the cavalry. It 
seems to have been an impossibility under the long "time exposure process." He did, 
however, succeed in securing negatives of horses. Frequent opportunity to try to secure a 
photograph of the cavalry, is proven by the fact that there were 3,266 troops, or more than 
272 regiments, in defense of the Government. This picture is found in Brady's collection 
and shows the cavalry depot at Giesboro Point, Maryland, just outside of Washington. At 
the beginning of the war the mounted men were used as scouts, orderlies, and in outpost duty. 
General "Joe" Hooker finally turned a multitude of detachments into a compact army corps 
of 12,000 horsemen. The gallant horseman, "Phil" Sheridan, under instructions from Gen- 
eral Grant, organized three divisions of 5,000 mounted men, each armed with repeating car- 
bines and sabers. It was with this force that Sheridan met the Confederate cavalry at Yellow 
Tavern, near Richmond, and demonstrated the importance of mounted troops by great military 
powers. One of the most magnificent scenes in the war was when 10,000 horsemen moved out 
on the Telegraph Road leading from Fredericksburg to Richmond, and the column, as it stood in 
"fours," well closed up, was thirteen miles long and required four hours to pass a given point. 

APTURE the National 
Capital, throw the city 
into confusion and terror 
by conflagration, seize the 
President and his Cabinet, and secure 
control of the Government." This 
was the first cry of the Confederacy. 
Thousands of volunteers were mov- 
ing- toward the city in answer to the 
call for men to save the Nation. Or- 
ders w 7 ere issued to hold back the en- 
emy from crossing the bridges that 
entered Washington. Two batteries 
were thrown up at the east end of the 
Upper, or Chain Bridge, and a heavy 
two-leaved gate covered with iron 
plates pierced for musketry, was con- 
structed at the center of the bridge. 
Blockhouses at Arlington Heights 
and the battery at Georgetown 
Heights, guarded the Aqueduct 
Bridge. The largest approach to 
Washington was the famous Long 
Bridge, a mile in length, and con- 
necting the National Capital with 
Alexandria, Virginia, the gateway to 
the Confederacy. Three earthen forts 
commanded its entrance. All sol- 
diers of the Army of the Potomac re- 
member Long Bridge. It was over 
this structure that a hundred thou- 
sand men passed in defense of their 
country, many of them never to re- 
cross it. This was one of the strate- 
gic points in the first days of the war 
and consequently one of the first pic- 
tures taken by Brady, with its senti- 
nel on duty and the sergeant of the 
guard ready to examine the pass. No 
man ever crossed Long Bridge with- 
out this written oath: "It is under- 
stood that the within named and sub- 
scriber accepts this pass on his word 
of honor that he is and will be ever 
loyal to the United States; and if 
hereafter found in arms against the 
Union, or in any way aiding her 
enemies, the penalty will be death." 


THERE is nothing impossible to 
any army in time of war. 
Bridges are thrown across 
rivers in a night ; roads are 
constructed as the line advances ; tele- 
graph wires are uncoiled in the wake 
of the moving regiments. To protect 
from a delay that might mean defeat, 
the army frequently carried its own 
"bridges" with it. These army or 
pontoon bridges consisted of boats 
over which planks were thrown to 
span the waterways. This view shows 
two of the boat's wheels ready for the 
march. Each pontoon wagon is 
drawn by six mules. These pon- 
toons were always getting stuck in 
the mud, and the soldiers, struggling 
along under their own burdens, were 
obliged to haul on the drag ropes, and 
raise the blockade. Probably no sol- 
dier will see this picture without be- 
ing reminded of the time when he 
helped to pull these pontoons out of 
the mud, and comforted himself by 
shouting at the mules. A view is also 
shown of a pontoon bridge across the 
James River ready for the approach 
of the army. It was often necessary 
to establish an immediate telegraph 
service between different points in the 
lines. This photograph shows one of 
the characteristic field telegraph sta- 
tions. An old piece of canvas 
stretched over some rails forms the 
telegrapher's office, and a "hard- 
tack" box is his telegraph table ; but 
from such a rude station messages 
were often sent which involved the 
lives of hundreds and thousands of 
soldiers. The building of corduroy 
roads to allow ammunition and pro- 
vision trains to pass on their journeys 
was of utmost importance. An hour's 
delay might throw them into the 
hands of the enemy. Many dis- 
asters were averted by the in- 
genuity of the engineers' corps. 

■?-**- -•■-■-■■■■- ■■ 






'F any one attempts to haul 
down the American flag, 
shoot him on the spot!" 
The order rang from town 
to town. Old Glory waved in the 
breeze defiantly. "The flag of the 
Confederacy will be hoisted over 
Washington within sixty days," came 
the retort from the far South. "Only 
over our dead bodies." replied the 
men of the Xorth. The National 
Government discovered that a con- 
spiracy had been in operation to de- 
nude its armories and weaken its de- 
fenses. Political influences had se- 
cretly disarmed the incoming admin- 
istration, scattering the regular army 
in helpless and hopeless positions far 
from the seat of the Government and 
beyond its call in an emergency. 
Northern forts had been dismantled 
and the munitions from Northern 
arsenals had been dispatched to 
Southern vantage grounds to be used 
in case of necessity. The treasury- 
had been depleted and the Govern- 
ment was on the verge of bankruptcy. 
Eleven of the historic old states of the 
Union had withdrawn and formed a 
new republic, the "Confederate States 
of America." These were the condi- 
tions that confronted Lincoln in his 
first days of the Presidency. Plots 
were rampant to take his life. His 
steps were shadowed by Secret Ser- 
vice detectives to safeguard him 
against assassins, and he was practi- 
cally held a prisoner in the White 
House. In further protection the de- 
fenses around the city were strength- 
ened. From every hillside grim guns 
turned their deep mouths into the val- 
leys until a chain of fortifications 
made the city impregnable. Brady 
secured permission to take his cam- 
eras into these fortifications. This is 
the best negative which he secured. 
It is taken behind the breastworks 
at Fort Lincoln, near Washington. 


THE first serious collision of the 
two great armies of divided 
Americans took place at Bull 
Run, in Virginia, on the 
twenty-first of July, in 1861. The 
Government had confined its opera- 
tions almost wholly to the protection 
of Washington, and the public de- 
mand for more aggressive action was 
loud and alarming. The Confederate 
pickets had become so confident that 
they advanced within sight of the Na- 
tional Capital. Accusations were 
strong against the seeming desire of 
the Government to evade the enemy. 
Charges of deliberate delay and cow- 
ardice came from the North. "On 
to Richmond," the stronghold of the 
Confederacy, was the demand. So 
great became the public clamor that, 
despite the judgment of military 
authorities, 29,000 Federals under 
McDowell advanced against the 
32,000 Confederates under Beaure- 
gard, driving them back only to be 
repulsed, after one of the hardest 
and strangest combats that military 
history has ever recorded. The Union 
ranks were so demoralized that they 
retreated without orders and strag- 
gled back to Washington, although a 
strong stand might have turned the 
tide of battle. The Union loss was 481 
killed; 2,471 wounded and missing, 
besides 27 cannon and 4,000 muskets. 
The Confederate loss was 378 killed ; 
1,489 wounded and missing. Brady's 
cameras were soon on the field. He 
did not reach it in time, however, to 
secure pictures of the righting armies. 
One of his negatives shows the his- 
toric stream of Bull Run along which 
the battle occurred. Another negative 
shows the field over which the hardest 
fighting took place. A third negative 
is that of Sudley Church, which was 
the main hospital after the conflict. 
It was here that, after a long detour, 
the Union forces found a vulnerable 
point and crossed to meet the enemy. 
Bradyalso secured a negative of Fair- 
fax Court House, one of the outposts 
of the Confederacy, in this campaign. 



THE man behind the gun risks 
his life on his faith in the am- 
munition train to keep him 
supplied with powder and 
shell. An old warrior estimates that 
an army of 60,000 men, comprising a 
fair average of infantry, cavalry, artil- 
lery and engineers must be provided 
with no less than 18,000,000 ball car- 
tridges for small arms, rifles, muskets, 
carbines and pistols for six months' 
operation. In the field an infantry 
soldier usually carries about sixty 
rounds. The lives of the men depend 
upon the promptness of the ammuni- 
tion trains. To supply these 60,000 
men requires one thousand ammuni- 
tion wagons and 3,600 horses. The 
wagon constructed for this service 
will carry 20,000 rounds of small-arm 
munition. The cartridges are packed 
in boxes and the wagon is generally 
drawn by four to six horses or mules. 
Several wagons are organized into an 
''equipment.'' moving under the 
charge of an artillery, and there are 
several such "equipments" for an 
army of this magnitude, one for each 
division of infantry, a small portion 
for the cavalry, and the rest in re- 
serve. Early in the Civil War a 
chemist suggested to General McClel- 
lan that he could throw shells from a 
mortar that would discharge streams 
of fire "most fearfully in all direc- 
tions." McClellan replied: "Such 
means of destruction are hardly with- 
in the category of civilized warfare. 
I could not recommend their employ- 
ment until we have exhausted the 
ordinary means of warfare." The 
Government preferred to depend 
largely upon these silent, ghost-like 
wagons, with their deadly loads of 
millions of cartridges, pressing toward 
the battle lines throughout the con- 
flict. This picture shows an ammuni- 
tion train of the Third Division Cav- 
alry Corps in motion with the 
army encamped on the distant hills. 
It is one of Brady's best negatives. 


SLAVE pens were common insti- 
tutions in the days of negro 
bondage in America. The 
system had developed from 
the early days of colonization and was 
for many generations a legitimate 
■occupation throughout the country. 
So many rumors, false and true, were 
"told of the ''pens" that Brady schemed 
to secure photographs of some of 
them. Early in 1861 he succeeded 
in gaining entrance to one of the typi- 
cal institutions in Alexandria, Vir- 
ginia. The results are here shown. 
The cell rooms with their iron-barred 
doors and small cage windows relate 
their own story. While they were 
installed by the larger slave traders 
they were wholly unknown on most 
of the old Southern plantations. A 
picture is also here shown of the ex- 
terior of the "slave pen" kept at Alex- 
andria with the inscription over the 
■door, "Price, Birch & Co., Dealers in 
Slaves." This shows the propor- 
tions to which the system had grown 
in the greatest republic in the world. 
Enormous fortunes were being accu- 
mulated by some dealers who had 
thrown aside sentiment and human- 
ity and were herding black men for 
the market. With the outbreak of 
the war many of the slaves sought 
the protection of the Union Army, 
while others, who had kind masters, 
were willing to remain on the planta- 
tions. Mr. Brady secured several 
photographs of these typical slave 
groups. The one here shown .is a 
party of "contrabands" that had Bed 
to the Union lines. Another famil- 
iar scene in 1S61 was the pilgrimage 
of poor whites to the Union ranks. 
When the troops passed through 
many of the mountain villages, these 
frightened white sympathizers would 
hastily gather their scanty belong- 
ings, pile them onto an old wagon, de- 
sert their homes and follow the 
army, to be passed on from line to 
line until they reached the North. 

■■■ c Vt£g£*'- ,J 9°7 b f E.B.Eaton. 






ONE of the greatest secret 
forces in the Civil War was 
the electric telegraph. Wires 
were uncoiled as the army 
moved on its march toward the en- 
emy and over them passed the hurried 
words that frequently saved hundreds 
and thousands of lives. While Eng- 
land was the first to experiment with 
the new science on the battlefield, the 
war in America demonstrated its per- 
manent importance in the maneuvers 
of armies. Brady was much inter- 
ested in the development of telegra- 
phy as a factor in war and never 
missed any opportunity to take a pho- 
tograph of the field telegraph corps 
as they passed him on marches. This 
picture shows one of the construction 
corps in operation. The wires were 
laid as each column advanced, keep- 
ing the General in command fully in- 
formed of every movement and en- 
abling him to communicate from his 
headquarters in the rear of the army 
with his officers in charge of the 
wings. The military construction 
corps laid and took up these wires as 
fast as an infantry regiment marches. 
An instant's intelligence may cause a 
charge, a flank or a retreat. By con- 
necting with the semi-permanent lines 
strung through woods and fields, into 
which the enemy would have little 
reason to venture unless aroused by 
suspicion, the commander on the field 
is kept informed of the transporta- 
tion of troops and supplies and the 
approach of reinforcements. It was 
also the duty of the military construc- 
tion corps to seize all wires discov- 
ered by them and to utilize them for 
their own army or tear them down. 
Constant watch is kept for these 
secret lines. Great care must also 
be taken that false messages do not 
pass over them. Their destruction 
is generally left to the cavalry. 
The heavy construction wagons, car- 
rying many miles of telegraph wire 
in coils, were drawn by four horses. 


TELEGRAPH stations in wag- 
ons were not uncommon 
sights to the soldiers between 
the years of 1861 to 1865. 
Great responsibility rested upon the 
operators who halted alongside the 
road to send a message back to head- 
quarters that might change the whole 
course of events and defeat into vic- 
tory. The operators in the Civil War 
stood by their posts like sentinels. 
The confidential communications of 
commanders and the movements of 
the morrow were intrusted with them, 
but not in a single instance is one 
known to have proven false to that 
trust. It was part of the duty of the 
telegraph service to take messages 
from the scouts sent out to ascertain 
the resources of the country, the ad- 
vantages of certain routes, and the 
general lay of the land. Every click 
of the instrument transmitted secrets 
upon which might depend the rise or 
fall of the nation. These field tele- 
graph wagons, drawn by horses, car- 
ried the instruments and batteries 
which had but recently been invented 
by an American scientist, and by 
which an electric spark shot messages 
through wire in the fraction of a sec- 
ond's time. The War of 1861 proved 
for all time the advantages of this 
new science. It left the signal corps 
to attend to only short-range commu- 
nications and lightened the duties of 
mounted orderlies, conveying mes- 
sages in a flash of electricity that had 
hitherto taken a day's reckless riding 
on horseback. While it saved the 
orderlies from many hazardous jour- 
neys there were many more where the 
telegraph wires did not penetrate and 
dependence was still placed on the 
dashing mounted messenger. The 
chief service of the electric telegraph 
was to maintain communication be- 
tween corps and divisions and head- 
quarters. It was also utilized in some 
of the brilliant strokes of the Secret 
Service in forestalling deep-laid plots. 


THE downfall of Washington in the first 
days of the war would have meant the 
downfall of the Republic. What 
changes this would have wrought in the 
history of the Western Continent can never be 
known. Its probabilities were such that the 
Treasury Building was guarded by howitzers, 
the Halls of Congress were occupied by soldiers, 
the Capitol building became a garrisoned citadel. 
Lincoln was virtually imprisoned by guards in 
the White House, and the streets were patrolled 
by armed men. Troops were quartered in the 
Patent Building. The basement galleries of the 


Capitol were converted into store-rooms for bar- 
rels of pork, beef and rations for a long siege. 
The vaults under the broad terrace on the west- 
ern front were turned into bakeries where six- 
teen thousand loaves of bread were baked every 
day. The chimneys of the ovens pierced the ter- 
race and smoke poured out in dense black clouds 
like a smoldering volcano. Ammunition and 
artillery were held in readiness to answer a mo- 
ment's call. So intense was the excitement that 
one of the generals in command at the Govern- 
ment arsenal exclaimed : "We are now in such a 
state that a dog-fight might cause the gutters of 

the Capital to run with blood." There was the 
clank of cavalry on the pavements, the tramp, 
tramp of regiments of men whose polished mus- 
kets Mashed in the sunlight as they moved over 
Long Bridge. Cavalcades of teams and white- 
topped army wagons carrying provisions, muni- 
tions of war and baggage followed in weird pro- 
cession. Brady was then in Washington nego- 
tiating with the Government and the Secret Ser- 
vice for permission to follow the armies with his 
cameras. This is one of the pictures that he 
took at that time, showing the artillery and 
cannon-balls parked at the National Capital. 

NO one, except the men who did 
it, can ever know the tre- 
mendous difficulties over- 
come in preparing an army 
for warfare. The transformation of 
a nation of peaceful home-lovers to a 
battle-thirsty, fighting populace is 
almost beyond human understanding. 
To arm them instantly with the imple- 
ments of war is a problem hardly con- 
ceivable. When the first guns of the 
Civil War were belching their death- 
fire, all the man-killing weapons 
known to civilization were being hur- 
ried td' the front. There were flint 
and percussion and long-range mus- 
kets and rifles ; bayonets and cavalry 
sabers ; field and siege cannon ; mor- 
tars and sea-coast howitzers ; pro- 
jectiles, shot, shell, grape and canis- 
ter; powder, balls, strap and buck- 
shot ; minie balls and percussion caps ; 
fuses, wads and grenades ; columbiads 
and navy carronades ; lances, pistols 
and revolvers ; heavy ordnance and 
carriages. Europe was called upon 
to send its explosives across the sea. 
Caves were opened for the mining of 
nitre, lead and sulphur. Factories 
were run day and night for the manu- 
facture of saltpeter. On land and 
sea the greatest activity prevailed. 
This photograph was taken on the 
twenty-sixth day of August in 1861, 
when the ammunition schooners, 
accompanying the fleet from Fortress 
Monroe on the expedition to Fort 
Hatteras, N. C, were passing through 
Hampton Roads. The fleet, sailing 
under sealed orders, in command of 
Flag Officer Silas H. Stringham, 
arrived before sunset. Two days 
later, in conjunction with the troops 
of the gth, 20th, and 99th New York 
Volunteers, under General Benjamin 
F. Butler, it forced the surrender 
of Fort Hatteras without the loss 
of a man and took seven hundred 
prisoners. The Confederates lost 
about fifty killed and wounded. 


SPIES lived in the White House according to the rumors in 1861, and every council of the Ad- 
ministration was reported to the enemy. Whether this is true or not has never been verified, 
but by some mysterious channel the Administration's plans invariably fell into the hands of the 
Confederates. One of the first instances of this is the expedition to Port Royal on the South 
Carolina coast. This was one of the finest harbors along the South Atlantic and it was planned to 
take it from the Confederates and use it as a base for future Union operations. The most careful 
preparations were laid for two months. On the twenty-ninth of October, in 186 1, fifty vessels under 
sealed orders with secret destination sailed from Hampton Roads. The fleet had hardly left the 
range of Fortress Monroe when the full details of its sealed orders reached the Confederates at Port 
Royal. Off Cape Hatteras it ran into a severe gale; one transport was completely wrecked, with a 
loss of seven lives; another transport threw over her cargo; a storeship went down in the storm, and 
a gunboat was saved only by throwing her broadside battery into the sea. The fleet was so scattered 
that when the storm cleared there was only a single gunboat in sight of the flagship. Undismayed 
by the misfortune, within a few hours the vessels that had withstood the tremendous gale were mov- 
ing on to Port Royal. Several frigates that had been blockading Charleston Harbor joined them and 
on the morning of the seventh of November the attack was made on Fort Walker at Hilton Head and 
Fort Beauregard on St. Helena Island. The guns of the fleet wrought dreadful havoc. The stream 
of fire was more than the entrenched men had expected or could endure. The troops fled across 
Hilton Head in panic from Fort Walker. When the commander at Fort Beauregard looked upon 
the fleeing soldiers he abandoned his position and joined the retreat. A flag of truce was sent ashore 
but there was no one to receive it, and soon after two o'clock the National colors were floating over 
the first permanent foothold of the Government in South Carolina, a Confederate stronghold. 




THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, in their one hun- 
dred and twenty years of " Life, Liberty and 
the Pursuit of Happiness," have had but three 
wars with the outside world. They have enjoyed a greater 
immunity from armed encounter than any of their neigh- 
bors. Other than the grievous struggle which we have 
had with our own people, it may be fairly said that we 
have been blessed by Peace. 

As if by magic the hundreds of thousands of volun- 
teers were armed with the munitions of War and marched 
to the battle-front. The great Lincoln, under the consti- 
tutional provisions, was commander-in-chief of the citizen 
armies, and worked in conjunction with his War Depart- 
ment at Washington. The military genius of a trained 
fighter was needed and from the outbreak of the War un- 
til November 6, 1861, Brevet-Lieutenant Winfield Scott 
was in command; then came Major- General George B. 
McClellan, a man of great caution, until March 1 1, 1862. 
From that time until July 12, 1862, the Government was 
without a general commander until Major-General Henry 
W. Halleck took control and continued till March 12, 
1864. It was then that Lieutenant-General Ulysses S. 
Grant was called upon to end the struggle. Under 
these military leaders the great fighting force of volunteers 
was organized into armies. The first of these patriot 
legions was the Army of the Potomac. 

Army of the Potomac was called into existence in July, 
1861, and was organized by Major-General George B. 
McClellan, its first commander; November 5, 1862, 
Major-General A. E. Burnside took command of it; Jan- 
uary 25, 1863, Major-General Joe Hooker was placed in 
command, and June 27, 1863, Major-General George G. 
Meade succeeded him. 

Army of Virginia was organized August 12, 1862. 
The forces under Major-Generals Fremont, Banks, and 
McDowell, including the troops then under Brigadier- 
General Sturgis at Washington, were consolidated under 
the command of Major-General John Pope; and in the 
first part of September, 1862, the troops forming this 

army were transferred to other organizations, and the army 
as such discontinued. 

Army of the Ohio became a power, November 9, 
1861. General Don Carlos Buell assumed command of 
the Department of the Ohio. The troops serving in this 
department were organized by him as the Army of the 
Ohio, General Buell remaining in command until Octo- 
ber 30, 1862. when he was succeeded by General W. S. 
Rosecranz. This Army of the Ohio became, at the same 
time, the Army of the Cumberland. A new Department 
of the Ohio having been created, Major-General H. G. 
Wright was assigned to the command thereof; he was 
succeeded by Major-General Burnside, who was relieved 
by Major-General J. G. Foster of the command of the 
Department and Army. Major-General J. M. Schofield 
took command January 28, 1864, and January 17, 1865, 
the Department was merged into the Department of the 

Army of the Cumberland developed from the Army 
of the Ohio, commanded by General Don Carlos Buell, 
October 24, 1862, and was placed under the command 
of Major-General W. S. Rosecranz; it was also organized 
at the same time as the Fourteenth Corps. In January, 
1863, it was divided into three corps, the Fourteenth, 
Twentieth and Twenty-first; in September, 1863, the 
Twentieth and Twenty-first Corps were consolidated into 
the Fourth Corps. October, 1863, General George H. 
Thomas took command of ihe army, and the Eleventh 
and Twelfth Corps were added to it. In January, 1864, 
the Eleventh and Twelfth Corps were consolidated and 
known as the Twentieth Corps. 

Army of the Tennessee was originally the Army of 
the District of Western Tennessee, fighting as such at 
Shiloh, Tennessee. It became the Army of the Tennessee 
upon the concentration of troops at Pittsburg Landing, 
under General Halleck ; and when the Department of 
the Tennessee was formed, October 16, 1862, the troops 
serving therein were placed under the command of Major- 
General U. S. Grant. October 24, 1862, the troops in 

this Department were organized as the Thirteenth Corps; 
December 18, 1862, they were divided into the Thir- 
teenth, Fifteenth, Sixteenth and Seventeenth Corps. 
October 27, 1863, Major-General William T. Sherman 
was appointed to the command of this army; March 12, 
1864, Major-General J. B. McPherson succeeded him; 
July 30, 1864, McPherson having been killed, Major- 
General O. O. Howard was placed in command, and 
May 19, 186$, Major-General John A. Logan succeeded 

Army of the Mississippi began operations on the 
Mississippi River in Spring, 1862; before Corinth, Miss- 
issippi, in May, 1862; luka and Corinth, Mississippi, in 
September and October, 1862. 

Army of the Gulf operated at Siege of Port Hudson, 
Louisiana, May, June, and July, 1863. 

Army of the James consisted of the Tenth and Eigh- 
teenth Corps and Cavalry, Major-General Butler com- 
manding and operating in conjunction with Army of the 

Army of West Virginia was active at Cloyd's Moun- 
tain, May 9 and 10, 1864. 

A rmy of the Middle Military Division operated at 
Opepuan and Cedar Creek, September and October, 1864. 

During the year 1862, Brady's men followed these 
legions. Both armies were maneuvering to strike a 
decisive blow at the National Capital of either foe — one 
aiming at Washington and the other at Richmond. The 
scenes enacted in these campaigns are remarkable in 
military strategy, and Brady's men succeeded in perpetu- 
ating nearly every important event. 

Cameras were also hurried to the far South and West 
where great leaders with great soldiers were doing great 
things. Several of these cameras arrived in time to bear 
witness to the bravery of the men of the Mississippi, who 
were waging battle along the greatest waterway in North 
America — the stronghold of the Confederacy and the 
control of the inland commerce of the Continent. 

THE first naval conflicts of the 
Civil War took place early in 
1862. On the ninth of 
March, the revolving turret 
iron-clad "Monitor" met the enor- 
mous Confederate ram, "Merrinmc," 
in Hampton Roads. Both powerful 
vessels forced the attack and stood 
under the fiercest bombardment only 
to again invite assault. After four 
hours of the nerviest fighting that the 
seas had ever known, the adversaries 
withdrew, undefeated, to repair then- 
respective damages. Brady secured 
several photographs of these vessels 
immediately after the engagement. 
One of them on this page shows part 
of the deck and turret of the "Moni- 
tor;" near the port-hole can be seen 
the dents made by the heavy steel- 
pointed shot from the guns of the 
"Merrimac." While the news of this 
conflict was amazing even old Eu- 
rope, naval operations along the 
American coast were creating con- 
sternation. On the first anniversary 
of the Fall of Fort Sumter the Na- 
tional navy, in an attempt to sweep 
the Confederates from the Atlantic 
coast, bombarded Fort Pulaski in 
Georgia. All day long the bom- 
bardment was terrific and firing did 
not cease until nightfall, when five 
of the guns of the fortress were silent. 
All night long four of Gillmore's 
guns fired at intervals of fifteen or 
twenty minutes and at daybreak the 
onslaught became furious. At two 
in the afternoon a white flag appeared 
from its walls. The spoils of victory 
were the fort, forty-seven heavy 
guns, a large supply of fixed ammu- 
nition, forty thousand pounds of gun 
powder, a large quantity of commis- 
sary stores; three hundred prisoners 
and the port of Savannah was sealed 
against blockade runners — all this 
with the loss of but one killed on each 
side. Brady seems to have had un- 
usual foresight. He was nearly 
always in the right place at the 
right time and these negatives pic- 
ture the ruins of Fort Pulaski. 





WITH flags flying and bands playing "The Star Span- 
gled Banner," the troops from the transports, which 
brought fifteen thousand men under command of 
General Benjamin F. Butler, marched into New 
Orleans on the first day of May in 1S62. Crowds of men and 
women surged the sidewalks cursing the Yankees and hurrahing 
for Beauregard, Bull Run and Shiloh. When Butler established 
military government over New Orleans the city had a population 
of about 140,000. About 13,000 of these were slaves. Nearly 
30,000 of the best citizenship were fighting in the Confederate 
ranks. The city was on the verge of starvation. More than a 
third of the population had no money and no means of earning it. 
Prices rose enormously. Butler contributed a thousand dollars 
of his own money to relieve the suffering. Supplies were hur- 
ried from all sources and sold under Butler's orders at cost to 
those who had funds. The price of flour fell from sixty to 
twenty-four dollars a barrel. Butler proved to be a great organ- 
izer. The people were set to work cleaning and improving their 
city. His administration was always humane. The execution 
of a gambler who tore down the American Flag from the mint, 
and the condemning of a gang of thugs was his only show of the 
iron hand. This photograph shows Major-General Butler, with his 
staff, as he appeared in his fighting days. When leaving Lincoln 
and his cabinet to start on his expedition, Butler exclaimed: 
"Good-bye, Mr. President; we shall take New Orleans or you 
will never see me again \" With Farragut he kept his promise. 

' & 

THE most powerful fleet that had ever sailed under the American Flag 
entered the deltas of the Mississippi River on the eighteenth day of April, 
in 1862, to force the surrender of the largest and richest city of the Con- 
federacy. The strategic value of New Orleans was greater than that of 
any other point in the Southern States. Its export trade in cotton and sugar was 
larger than any city in the world. The great fleet had sailed from Hampton 
Roads on the second of February under the command of a man sixty years old, 
who was born in Tennessee, but offered himself to the Union cause — David G. 
Farragut. This photograph was taken as he stood on the deck of his flagship 
"Hartford." From the firing of the first gun on New Orleans a rain of iron fell 
upon the forts. During the first twenty-four hours Captain David Porter's gunners 
dropped fifteen hundred bombs in and around the forts. The night was hideous 
with fiery meteors and the day dense with smoke and flame. The roar of the 
artillery was deafening and shattered the windows in the houses for many miles. 
For six days and nights the terrific bombardment raged. When Farragut 
attempted to run the gauntlet to the metropolis of the gulf he swept the shores 
with a continuous fire of twenty-six thousand shells — a million and a half pounds 
of metal. The Confederates pushed a fire raft down the river to the daring 
admiral's flagship and the "Hartford" burst into flame. While one part of the 
crew fought the fire, the others poured metal from her guns onto the enemy. 
On the twenty-sixth day of April, Farragut entered the harbor to New 
Orleans and on the twenty-ninth unfurled the Stars and Stripes in the city. 

THE heaviest battery of artillery 
ever mounted in the world, 
up to 1862, was before York- 
town when the Union army 
was maneuvering to enter Richmond 
from the south. The intention was to 
shell the Confederates out of a 
strongly intrenched position by over- 
whelming fire. This photograph was 
taken inside of the fortification that 
threatened to annihilate an entire 
army. In it were huge demons of 
death — that were hitherto unknown 
in warfare — capable of throwing goo 
pounds of iron at one broadside into 
the lines of the enemy. There were 
five 100-pounder and two 200-pounder 
Parrot rifled cannon. The topography 
of the country would not admit of 
engagements with unfortified lines. 
The Confederates concentrated their 
forces in the woods. The Union 
commanders at first despised picks 
and shovels. They insisted that all 
defenses except those naturally avail- 
able were beneath a soldier's dignity. 
The battles of the East and West 
were being fought on open ground. 
The campaign against Richmond, 
however, proved the necessity of de- 
fenses to protect the lines from unex- 
pected attacks from the hidden en- 
emy. The Confederates became un- 
easy over this shift of fighting front 
and the magnitude of the prepara- 
tions at Yorktown so astounded them 
that they abandoned the position. On 
May third the great battery threw a 
charge into the Confederate strong- 
hold. It was intended to open the 
bombardment on the following morn- 
ing, but at dawn it was found that the 
Confederates had evacuated. The 
heavy artillery was known as Battery 
No. 1, and manned by Company 
B, First Connecticut Heavy Artil- 
lery. It became a matter of discus- 
sion throughout the world. Military 
attaches from many foreign powers 
visited the breastworks to report 
the situation to their governments. 

Copf'S^t '907 by E.B.Eatow 


AT sunrise of the fourth of May, 
l\ in 1862, the Union troops en- 
A. \ tered the deserted Confeder- 
ate works at Yorktown and 
found seventy-one heavy guns, a 
large number of tents, with ammuni- 
tion and materials of war. The 
works were found to be of scientific 
construction and great strength and 
undoubtedly could have withstood 
the heavy fire from the heaviest bat- 
tery in the world. This photograph 
shows the remains of one of the heavy 
Confederate guns blown into atoms 
rather than leave it to the Union 
forces. Fragments of the gun strew 
the ground, together with shell and 
grape-shot. The soldiers seen in 
works are Union Zouaves. The Con- 
federate forces of 50,000 men under 
Magruder were pursued by McClel- 
Ian's 85,000 Union soldiers to Wil- 
liamsburg, after which the enemy re- 
tired unmolested behind the lines of 
Richmond. While Brady was taking 
his photographs at Yorktown, he met 
the distinguished Prince de Joinville 
and his royal companions of the 
House of Orleans, who, for pure love 
of adventure, had come from France 
and were following the Army of the 
Potomac as aides-de-camp, being per- 
mitted to serve without taking the 
oath of allegiance, and without pay. 
The noblemen were eating dinner in 
camp when Brady secured this pic- 
ture. A few days later Brady met 
the Battery C, 3rd U. S. Flying Artil- 
lery, on the road to Fair Oaks and 
secured a remarkable photograph. 
Another picture in this campaign is 
the ruins of the Norfolk navy-yard. 
It had been the chief naval depot of 
the Confederates, but on the tenth of 
May, 1862, General John E. Wool, 
with 5,000 men, entered the city. The 
navy-yard, with its workshops, store- 
houses and other buildings had been 
wrecked, but two hundred cannon fell 
into the hands of the Union forces. 
The Confederate ironclad "Merri- 
mac" tried to escape up the James, 
but grounded and was blown up. 





A FTER the evacuation of York- 
l\ town on the fourth of May, 
A. \~ in 1862, this picture was 
taken. It shows the gen- 
erals of the Army of the Potomac in 
full uniforms after the hard siege, 
and at the very time when they were 
maneuvering to drive back the Con- 
federates, forcing them to stand in 
defense of the Capital of the Confed- 
eracy — Richmond. It was through 
the personal friendship of Major- 
General McClellan that Brady was 
allowed to take this rare photograph. 
The warriors lined up in front of the 
camera on the field at Yorktown. In 
the center is General McClellan — a 
man in whose veins flowed the blood 
of Scotch cautiousness — "Be sure 
you're right, then go ahead !" He 
was but thirty-six years of age when 
he held the great army under his con- 
trol. From boyhood he had been a 
military tactician. When twenty 
years old he was graduated from 
West Point, standing second in his 
class, and distinguished himself for 
gallantry in the Mexican War. Six 
years before the outbreak of the Civil 
War, when only thirty years old, 
McClellan was in Crimea and two 
years later he submitted his report to 
the Government and resigned from 
the army to become vice-president 
and chief engineer of the Illinois 
Central Railroad. In i860, he was 
general superintendent of the Ohio 
and Mississippi Railroad. When the 
call swept across the continent for 
troops to preserve the Nation, the old 
war spirit was aroused and McClellan 
was one of the first to respond. 



Q>f?MJN '907 by b.a.Eator] 


BRADY'S cameras took an 
active part in the campaign 
about Richmond, the Cap- 
ital of the Confederacy. Four 
of the old negatives are here re- 
produced. The first is a view of 
light field-works on the Chickahom- 
iny, near Fair Oaks. The men are 
at the guns ready to receive the attack 
and the infantry are hurrying into 
line on the right and left of the bat- 
tery. The second photograph is 
where the battle raged hottest in 
June, 1862. In the rear of the bat- 
tery of howitzers in the foreground, 
is the left of Sickle's brigade in line 
of battle. Near the twin houses, 
seen still further in the rear, the bod- 
ies of over 400 Union soldiers were 
buried after the battle. The Confed- 
erate loss was 7,907 men killed, 
wounded and missing; the Union 
loss, 5,739. The headquarters of the 
army, at the opening of the seven 
days' fight, was at Savage Station, 
where vast amounts of rations, 
forage, ammunition and hospital 
stores were distributed for the use of 
the troops. This station fell into the 
hands of the enemy together with 
many of our sick and wounded sol- 
diers during the seven days' battles. 
One of these views gives a glimpse of 
the field hospital at Savage Station 
during the battle. The wounded were 
brought in by the hundreds and laid 
on the ground and the surgeons may 
be seen leaning over them. During 
the Peninsula Campaign in 1862, the 
army balloon was a valuable aid in 
the signal service. This view shows 
Professor T. S. C. Lowe in his bal- 
loon watching the battle of Fair 
Oaks. He can easily discern the 
movements of the enemy's troops and 
give warning to the generals. The 
balloon rises to the desired eleva- 
tion and is anchored to a tree. 





DESPERATE battles day and 
night crimsoned the fields in 
the siege about Richmond. 
McClellan called for rein- 
forcements to force his way into the 
city, but they failed to arrive. So 
dismayed was he that he sent this 
warning to Stanton at Washington : 
"If I save this army now, I tell you 
plainly that I owe no thanks to you, 
or any other person in Washington." 
This photograph shows the Grape- 
vine Bridge on the Chickahominyover 
which McClellan passed his army. 
This bridge was built by the 15th 
New York Engineer Corps. All the 
supplies that could be taken in the 
wagon trains were hurried over 
Grapevine Bridge and the remainder 
were burned or abandoned. Hun- 
dreds of artillery charges were 
opened. Powder was scattered over 
the pile and barrels of oil poured on. 
At Savage Station a railroad train 
loaded with ammunition was set 
on fire, then sent, with the locomotive 
throttle wide open, to plunge from the 
broken tracks into the river, each car 
exploding as it reached the surface 
of the stream. Grapevine Bridge 
was destroyed and Jackson held away 
from the Battle of Gaines' Mill, 
which undoubtedly saved the Army 
of the Potomac from capture. 
Through Mechanicville, Gaines' Mill, 
Savage Station, Peach Orchard, 
White Oak Swamp and Malvern 
Hill the Union soldiers fought their 
way from the twenty-sixth of June 
to the first of July, finally escaping 
to Harrison's Landing on the James 
River after a loss of 15,249 men. The 
Confederates had beaten them back 
from Richmond at a cost of 17,583 
men. McClellan set up his base of 
operations at Harrison's Landing and 
remained a menace to Richmond. 


BRILLIANT strokes came like 
flashes of lightning. With 
McClellan still setting his 
heart on taking Richmond, 
"Stonewall" Jackson was making 
threatening moves towards Washing- 
ton. Demonstrations were begun to 
plant fear in the Government and 
cause sufficient alarm to order the 
withdrawal of McClellan to the de- 
fense of Washington. This daring 
ruse was successful inasmuch as it 
completely upset the plans to take 
Richmond, and the seat of battle was 
almost instantly transferred to the 
North. There was no denying it ; 
Washington stood in abject fear of 
the brilliant Jackson. His presence 
in the vicinity of the National Cap- 
ital caused much uneasiness. The 
stand against him came at Cedar 
Mountain, known from its hard fight 
as Slaughter Mountain, on the ninth 
of August, 1862. At a cost of about 
1,400 men, the Union army frustrated 
Jackson and depleted his forces to the 
extent of 1,307. Brady's cameras 
were with the army at Cedar Moun- 
tain. The first photograph was taken 
just as one of the batteries was ford- 
ing a tributary of the Rappahannock. 
Another picture was taken of the 
Union camp on the battlefield. The 
Confederate general, Charles S. 
Winder, was struck by a shell while 
leading his division on the field. He 
was taken to the house shown in one 
of these photographs where he died. 
The marks of the shells can easily be 
seen in the roof. It was about this 
time, at Harrison's Landing, that 
Brady met the famous Irish Brigade 
which was then fighting in the de- 
fense of Washington, under Briga- 
dier-General Thomas Francis Meag- 
her, who had taken prominent part in 
a recent rebellion in Ireland. A group 
of officers of the sturdy Irish Brigade 
sat before one of Brady's cameras. 
The charges of this brigade are 
among the most daring in warfare. 

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ONE hundred and sixty thou- 
sand men fought in the 
Union lines in the Peninsula 
campaign. When Lincoln 
reviewed the army at Harrison's 
Landing, in 1862, lie saw only eighty- 
six thousand men. The remainder 
had been removed by casualties on the 
field or disease. Fifty thousand had 
fallen victims to fever or malaria. 
The president and his cabinet were 
dissatisfied with the conditions and 
General Henry Wager Halleck, who 
had been showing much ability in the 
West, was summoned to Washington 
and appointed commander-in-chief. 
McClellan was practically deposed 
from the Potomac. The Army of 
Virginia, under command of Gen- 
eral John Pope, was instructed to 
cover Washington and guard the 
Shenandoah entrance to Maryland. 
In taking command of this division, 
Pope said to his men : "I have come 
to you from the West, where we have 
always seen the backs of our ene- 
mies." The Confederates were map- 
ping routes on a large scale. Bragg 
was to advance on Louisville and Cin- 
cinnati ; Lee was to invade Maryland 
and march upon Washington, Balti- 
more and Philadelphia. The capture 
of these three cities was to assure 
the Independence of the Confederacy. 
Lee had 150,000 men and two-thirds 
of them were to be taken on this in- 
vasion. This is the scheme that was 
being worked out when the two arm- 
ies met on the thirtieth day of August 
at Manassas. The Confederate troops 
poured onto the Federal lines and 
forced them back beyond Bull Run 
until the darkness of the night stopped 
the pursuit. Bridges were burned and 
railroads destroyed by the Union 
Army as they withdrew toward Wash- 
ington, making brave stands to hold 
back the enemy, only to be driven 
back to the banks of the Potomac with 
7,800 missing and dead, while the 
Confederate lines had 3,700 vacancies. 



CONSTERNATION was caused in Washington by the terrible slaughter at Manassas, on the thirtieth 
of August, in 1862. The Federal Army was driven from the Virginia valley. The mighty Con- 
federate generals Lee, Jackson, and Longstreet, renewed their hopes of entering the National 
Capital and pushing into Pennsylvania and Maryland, and as one enthusiastic Southerner exclaimed: "The 
Confederate flag will yet wave over Faneuil Hall in Boston." It was but thirteen months since the Union 
Army met a fearful defeat along this same stream of Bull Run. After a three weeks' campaign, the Federals, 
under Major-General John Pope, were forced to retire and hastened to the defense of Washington which they 
believed to be in instant danger of attack. It was in a volley of heavy fire that General Phil Kearney fell 
dead from his saddle. Kearney and Lee had been personal friends before the war and Lee sent the body of 
his old friend back to the Union headquarters under a flag of truce. During this campaign, Brady secured 
an excellent photograph of Major-General Irvin McDowell and staff, who had been in the first battle of Bull 
Run and now commanded the Third Army Corps. He also made the acquaintance of General Robert E. Lee, 
who had assumed command of the Confederate Army in Virginia in the second battle, two months before. 
Standing at Lee's right is Major-General G.W. C. Lee and on his left Colonel Walter Taylor of the Confederates. 

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TIRED and hungry, the Federal 
soldiers were driven from the 
Virginia Valley. The cut- 
ting off of supplies had 
placed them in a precarious condition. 
There was nothing left for them to do 
but retreat to the nearest provisions. 
Even the 4,000 horses in the cavalry 
were so broken down and footsore 
that not more than 500 of them were 
fit for riding. The only considerable 
depot of supplies was at Manassas 
Junction and it had fallen into the 
hands of the Confederates. A strong 
body of cavalry under "Jeb" Stuart, 
with 500 infantry, had raided it dur- 
ing the night three days before the 
battle. These stores were destroyed 
by the Confederates as a safer way to 
force back the Federals by starvation. 
While they brought little succor to the 
rank and file of the Confederate army 
they left the Union soldiers without 
food. One of Brady's cameras 
reached Manassas Junction shortly 
after the destruction and this is the 
negative that was taken. The rail- 
road train is wrecked, the engine is 
derailed, and the cars have been loot- 
ed. 50,000 pounds of bacon, 1,000 
barrels of corned beef, 2,000 barrels 
of salt pork, 2,000 barrels of flour, 
two train loads with stores and cloth- 
ing, large quantities of forage, 42 
wagons and ambulances, 200 tents, 
300 prisoners, 200 negroes, eight 
pieces of artillery with their horses 
and equipments, and 175 horses other 
than those belonging to the artillery 
fell into the possession of the enemy. 
Immense quantities of quartermas- 
ters' and commissaries' stores were 
burned. Only rations enough for a 
single day were saved .by the captors. 
The conflict was too hot and the ac- 
tion too swift to allow carrying them 
along on the movement into the 
North. With these provisions gone 
the Union army was in dire want. 


THE pursuit by the Confederates 
toward the very gates of 
Washington, after the route 
of the Union army along Bull 
Run, was stopped only by the thought- 
fulness of the retreating Federals in 
destroying their bridges. Lee, in his 
report after the battle, says: "After a 
fierce combat, which raged until after 
nine o'clock, Pope's Union Army 
was completely defeated and driven 
beyond Bull Run. The darkness of 
the night, his destruction of the Stone 
Bridge after crossing, and the uncer- 
tainty of the fords, stopped the pur- 
suit." This photograph is an actual 
verification of the truth of Lee's ex- 
cuse. Brady arrived on the follow- 
ing day and this picture shows the 
ruins as he found them. It would 
have been foolhardy for an army in 
the blackness of night to have at- 
tempted to tramp through wreckage, 
the extent of which they knew noth- 
ing, and water the depth of which was 
questionable. Bull Run was a treach- 
erous stream with its rocks and holes. 
Moreover, the Confederate soldiers, 
after the fearful struggle through 
which they had passed, were not in a 
condition to travel through the night 
in drenched and mud-soaked clothing. 
The Union forces at the fierce 
battle of Manassas were: Army of 
Virginia, under Pope — ist Corps 
under Major-General Franz Sigel ; 
Third Corps under Major-General 
Irvin McDowell ; Second Corps under 
MajOr-General Nathaniel P. Ranks; 
Army of the Potomac — Third Corps 
under Major-General S. P. Heintzel- 
man ; Fifth Corps under Major-Gen- 
eral Fitzjohn Porter ; Ninth Corps 
under Major-General Jesse L. Reno. 



THRILLED with the victory at Manassas, the second Bull Run, the leader of the 
Confederacy, Jefferson Davis, ordered an immediate movement to the North with 
all the chances of glorious triumph in his favor. It was conceded even by the 
military tacticians of the Government that Lee could march to Washington with 
probabilities of entrance. He was aware that a direct attack was feasible, but he desired 
to cross the Potomac into Maryland and enter the National Capital from the north, thus 
giving him a free route to the great municipalities of the North. It is probable that he 
even had visions of the capture of New York. While developing this military strategem 
he met the Federals in the open at Antietam. It was the seventeenth of September in 1S62. 
General McClellan was in command and Lee's fondest dreams were blasted. The men of 
both armies fought as they never fought before. Brady's cameras were soon on the scene 
and secured many negatives of this bloody day. The one above reveals the west side of 
Hagerstown Road after the battle. The bodies of the dead are strewn thickly beside the 
fence, just as they fell. The guns succeeded in getting an excellent range of this road, 
and slaughtered the enemy like sheep. This view of some of the men just as they fell, is 
only a glimpse of many groups of dead in that terrible combat. Brady " caught " the In- 
dependent Pennsylvania Battery E, well known as Knapp's Battery, shortly after the battle. 



THIS is believed to be the first 
. photograph ever taken of 
armies in battle on the West- 
ern Continent. The historic 
negative was taken from the hill over- 
looking the battle of Antietara. It 
shows the artillery in terrific conflict 
and the fire belching from the can- 
non's month. The clouds of smoke 
rising from the valley tell the fearful 
story of that seventeenth day of Sep- 
tember, in 1862, when 25,899 Confed- 
erates were killed, wounded and cap- 
tured at the cost of 12,469 Union 
men. On the left of the lines stand 
the reserve artillery waiting for the 
call to action. One can almost hear 
the voice of "Little Mac" urging his 
men on to victory. The defeat at 
Manassas, and the destruction of 
Pope's trains, with the hot haste in 
which the troops had passed through 
Washington, gave no time for the 
issuance of shoes, socks or other nec- 
essaries. The men who had tramped 
through the Chickahominy swamps 
and down the Virginia Valley were 
ragged and bleeding, but when the 
.order rose above the tumult: "Give 
ground to the right," a mighty cheer 
swept along the lines as a cavalry 
of horsemen galloped madly to the 
front, for the men in the ranks knew 
that McClellan was coming. There 
was not a man at Antietam who did 
not know that it was a last desperate 
chance to thwart the great Lee from 
marching on to Washington, and pos- 
sibly Baltimore and Philadelphia. 
The people in the North eagerly 
awaited the news. The National Cap- 
ital was almost in a state of panic 
It was the hardest fought and bloodi- 
est single day's battle of the war and 
more men were killed than in any 
single day's fight during the conflict. 





THE scouts and guides of the Civil War saved the armies from many 
defeats by their shrewdness and bravery. Upon them rested the 
great responsibility of leading the soldiers through the unknown 
country to advantageous and safe positions. During the Penin- 
sula campaign in 1862 a group of these men sat before one of Brady's 
cameras. A photograph was also secured at a reserve picket station near 
the Potomac. The advance picket was a short distance ahead and upon 
the approach of the enemy began firing, and gradually fell back on these 
reserves, who keep up a continuous fire as they retire slowly, fighting as 
they go, giving time for the army to form into line for battle. About 
this same time an excellent picture was secured of "Fighting Joe" Hooker 
standing beside his horse. Hooker was seriously wounded at Antietam 
and borne from the field. Still another photograph shown here is the 
"Sunken Road" or "Bloody Lane" at Antietam, in which the Confederate 
dead lay three deep for a distance of half a mile. This ditch was used 
by the Confederates as a rifle pit. A Union battery succeeded in getting 
an excellent range of the road and this view, taken the day after the battle, 
shows the dead just as they fell. It is a scene of slaughter that few men 
have ever seen and its horrors are here preserved in detail by the camera. 



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speaking of the battle of An- 
tietam, said: "The carnage on 
both sides was terrific. The 
hottest fight seemed to center about 
Dunker Church, where there were no 
less than four charges and counter- 
charges. Each army had taken and 
retaken the ground until it was lit- 
erally carpeted with dead and dying 
men." The Confederates posted a 
battery of light artillery outside of the 
little building used for religious ser- 
vices by the sect known as the Dun- 
kers. This photograph shows where 
one gun of the battery stood. The 
dead artillerymen and horses, and the 
shell-holes through the little church, 
prove how terrible a fire was rained 
onto this spot by the Union batteries. 
Another view on this page shows the 
dead collected for burial after the bat- 
tle of Antietam. The wounded were 
taken from the battlefield to an im- 
provised hospital which consisted of 
canvas stretched over stakes driven 
into the ground. A view is here 
given of one of these hospitals in 
which wounded Confederate prison- 
ers are being relieved of their suffer- 
ing. One of the most interesting of 
these photographs is Burnside Bridge. 
With fixed bayonets the Union sol- 
diers started on their mission of death, 
rushing over the slope leading to the 
bridge, and engaging in fierce combat 
with the enemy. The fire that swept 
ic was more than they could stand 
and they were obliged to retire. Two 
heavy guns were placed in position 
and aimed upon the Confederates. In 
a maddening charge, the bayonets 
again flashed in the light and the 
Union soldiers swept everything be- 
fore them, planting the Stars and 
Stripes on the opposite bank. Five 
hundred of their men lay dead behind 
them. By this time Burnside had 
crossed the stream and after a quick 
encounter the battle was ended with 
both armies severely punished and 
neither inclined to resume the fight. 





THE last echo of the guns of 
Antietam had hardly died 
away when the great Lincoln 
and the cautious McClellan 
stood literally at swords' points at the 
very instant when the Confederacy 
was repulsed and weakened. Lin- 
coln was positive that this was the 
opportune moment to take the offen- 
sive and drive the Confederates into 
the South. McClellan insisted that 
his soldiers were suffering; that they 
needed shoes and supplies ; that the 
cavalry horses were fatigued. He felt 
that the Government had been saved 
by his men and that the administra- 
tion should now provide them with 
proper clothing and food before they 
plunged again into the wilderness. 
President Lincoln hurried to the bat- 
tlefield of Antietam on the first of 
October, in 1862, to learn the real 
condition. While the president and 
"Little Mac" were seated in General 
McClellan's tent about noon on the 
third of October, with maps and plans 
on the table before them, discussing 
the situation, Lincoln submitted to 
having this photograph taken. The 
silk hat of the president lies on the ta- 
ble over which is thrown an American 
flag. It is a remarkable likeness of 
the great American and the negative 
is treasured as one of the most valu- 
able contributions to our National 
records. In speaking of this visit, 
McClellan said: "We spent some time 
on the battlefield and conversed fully 
on the state of affairs. He told me 
that he was entirely satisfied with me 
and with all that I had done; that he 
would stand by me. He parted from 
me with the utmost cordiality. We 
never met again on this earth." On 
the following morning Lincoln re- 
turned to Washington. Two days 
later McClellan received an order 
from Washington to immediately 
move onto the enemy and engage 
them in battle. The breach between 
the two men was now irreparable. 
McClellan believed that it was the in- 
fluence of Stanton whom he had 
accused of working deliberately 
against him. It was nineteen day's 
before he began the movement and on 
the fifth of November, Lincoln issued 
this order: "By direction of the presi- 
dent it is ordered that Major-General 
McClellan be relieved from the com- 
mand of the Army of the Potomac, 
and that Major-General Burnside 
take command of that army." 


WHEN Lincoln visited the 
battlefield of Antietam, 
he was accompanied by 
Allan Pinkerton, chief of 
the Secret Service, known under the 
alias of Major Allen. On the morn- 
ing of the third of October, 1862, 
when he was leaving McClellan's tent 
to look over the army in camp, he 
again stood before one of the war 
cameras and this rare photograph is 
the witness. Comparatively few of 
this generation have any clear idea 
of how the real Lincoln looked as he 
passed through the heart-rending or- 
deal from 1861 to 1865. This photo- 
graph shows him in his characteristic 
attitude. At his right stands Pinker- 
ton, one of the shrewdest detectives 
that the world has produced. The 
officer in uniform is Major John A. 
McClernand, who was appointed to 
command the Army of the West and 
fought at Fort Donelson, Shiloh and 
Vicksburg, but who was in the East 
at this time. From Lincoln's visit re- 
sulted McClellan's deposal. Never be- 
fore or since has such a scene been 
witnessed in any army as the one 
when McClellan took leave of his offi- 
cers and soldiers. Seated on a mag- 
nificent steed, at the head of his bril- 
liant staff, he rode down the lines, 
lifting his cap as the regimental colors 
fell into salute. Whole regiments 
dropped their muskets to cheer their 
hero. The tears came to McClellan's 
eyes and the vast army shook with 
emotion. As he was boarding the 
train troops fired a salute. Impas- 
sioned soldiers wildly insisted that he 
should not leave them, and uttered 
bitter imprecations against those who 
had deprived them of their beloved 
commander. It was a moment of 
fearful excitement. A word, or a 
look of encouragement, would have 
been the signal for a revolt, the con- 
sequences of which no man can meas- 
ure. McClellan stepped to the plat- 
form of the car. He spoke slowly 
but appealing!)': "Stand by General 
Burnside as you have stood by me, 
and all will be well!" A calm fell 
over the soldiers and they bade 
farewell to their idolized commander. 
McClellan, upon reaching Washing- 
ton, remained less than an hour and 
proceeded at once to Trenton. From 
that time he never again saw 
Lincoln, or Stanton, or Halleck. 


A FEW days after Bnrnside re- 
placed McClellan in com- 
mand of the Army of the 
Potomac, this photograph 
was taken while he was with his 
staff at Warrenton, Virginia, in the 
middle of November, in 1862. Burn- 
side is here seen in the midst of his 
officers, with one hand characteristi- 
cally tucked into his coat and the 
other holding a written military or- 
der. Burnside was a graduate of 
West Point and when twenty-four 
years old helped to take the Capital 
in the Mexican War. He had also 
been an Indian fighter and during 
those days made a journey of over a 
thousand miles across the plains in 
seventeen days, accompanied by only 
three men, to carry dispatches to 
President Filmore. At twenty-nine 
years of age he resigned from the 
United States Army and invented the 
Burnside rifle. He was one of McClel- 
lan's intimate friends, and while a 
civilian he was engaged with him on 
the Illinois Central Railroad. Burn- 
side was in New York when the Civil 
War broke out and hurried to the 
front in command of the First Rhode 
Island Volunteers. He fought at the 
first battle of Bull Run and com- 
manded an expedition that stormed 
the North Carolina coast. He was in 
the famous Battle of Roanoke Island 
and Newbern and as a reward for 
these successes he was given the rank 
of major-general. He later fought 
the Battle of Camden, attacked and 
reduced Fort Macon, and during the 
Peninsula Campaign fought at the 
Battle of South Mountain and An- 
tietam. When Lincoln first offered 
Burnside the command held by 
McClellan it is said that he refused 
it three times. Not until he knew 
that his friend must go did he con- 
cede to the wishes of the president. 
When Burnside took command of the 
Union forces he was but thirty-nine 
years old, but an experienced warrior. 



SHORTLY after the battle of Antietam this photograph was taken of General Sumner, 
who was distinguished for gallantry on that bloody field. Sumner is seen standing on 
the steps in the center of a group of officers. At this time he was a warrior sixty-six 
years of age and had seen a long life of hard fighting. He was born during the first days of 
the American Republic, in the year 1796. When twenty-three years old he became a second 
lieutenant in the United States Infantry and served with distinction during the Black Hawk 
War. He later had command of a cavalry school and at the outbreak of the Mexican War he 
led an attack against five thousand lancers and was breveted colonel. With the cessation of this 
conflict he took charge of the Department of New Mexico, and was later ordered to Europe 
on official business, Upon his return he entered into border warfare and defeated the 
Cheyenne Indians. When Lincoln was elected president, Sumner was selected to accompany 
him from Springfield to Washington and was promoted brigadier-general. Sumner was 
active in the Peninsula Campaign and was promoted to major-general. He fought through 
the Maryland Campaign, and at Antietam his corps made one of the fiercest charges over 
the field, carrying destruction and death. He commanded the right wing at the battle of 
Fredericksburg and was ordered to the West, but while preparing to depart he died suddenly. 

WHILE the campaigns against Richmond and Washington were being waged, hard 
fighting was taking place in the Southwest. Grant was in command of the Army 
of the Tennessee. Buell was near Chattanooga, facing Bragg who threatened Louis- 
ville. Rosecranz was at the head of the Army of the Mississippi and occupied Alabama and 
Northern Mississippi. Terrific engagements had taken place at Fort Donelson and Shiloh, 
Tennessee. The Guerilla Campaign was being waged in Missouri. There were frequent 
clashes in Kentucky and Arkansas, but Mississippi seemed to be the battle-ground. Corinth, 
in that state, was considered the military key to Tennessee. It was in the conflict for the con- 
trol of this coveted position that the Confederates made one of their bravest charges. A 
photograph is here shown of Fort Robinette which was protected by Federal guns. The South- 
erners charged almost to the cannon's mouth, only to be swept back by the murderous shower 
of lead. The second charge stands as a wonderful example of human courage. Colonel Rogers 
of Texas, led the column, and scaled the breastwork, falling inside. Three charges were 
made, but the Confederates were finally forced to retreat. The Federal loss at this battle of 
Corinth in killed, wounded and missing was 2,359; tne Confederates left behind them 9,423. 


WITH colors flying, arma- 
ment in first-class condi- 
tion, and soldiers well- 
clothed and fed, the 
Union lines under the new command 
of Burnside began offensive opera- 
tions against Virginia. This had 
been Lincoln's long desire. The 
scene of action was now to be forced 
away from the National Capital. On 
a bright morning in November, the 
men who had served under McClel- 
lan marched in three grand divisions 
to their new campaign. The Rappa- 
hannock was reached on the seven- 
teenth, but the bridge across the river 
had been destroyed by the Confeder- 
ates who were intrenched in Fred- 
ericksburg on the opposite bank. 
Pontoons promised by the Govern- 
ment had not yet arrived. "Where 
are my pontoons?" wired Burnside. 
"They will start to-morrow," came 
the reply from the War Department. 
It was the tenth of December before 
the engineers could build their bridges 
and in the meantime ill-feeling had 
arisen between Burnside and the Gov- 
ernment. The fatal delay had en- 
abled Lee to concentrate his army on 
Marye's Heights, overlooking Fred- 
ericksburg. The work of building 
five bridges across the Rappahannock 
was begun under a drawn musketry 
fire from the opposite bank of the 
river. Nearly every blow of a ham- 
mer cost a human life. Burnside 
ordered his artillerymen to open fire 
on the city. Fredericksburg became 
a mass of ruins. This photograph 
shows abutments of the destroyed 
bridge. The trees are cropped short 
by the artillery fire from the Union 
guns. The Confederate sharpshoot- 
ers were concealed in the buildings on 
the opposite river front. Burnside 
ordered his men to cross the river on 
a line of pontoon boats. The sharp- 
shooters were driven from their shel- 
ter while the bridge building was 
completed. The river was crossed. 
At dawn, the twelfth of September, 
both armies stood ready for combat. 



CONFRONTED by sheets of 
flame, the Union Army made 
its attack on Fredericksburg 
on the morning of the thir- 
teenth of December, in 1862. The 
Confederates occupied the Heights 
with a line five and a half miles long 
and fortified with earthworks and 
artillery. The Federals moved 
through the town under a heavy fire 
of Confederate batteries. Marye's 
Hill was protected at its base by a 

stone wall, back of which was a 
sunken road, occupied by two bri- 
gades of Confederate infantry. The 
charging columns of the Union Army 
were rushing across the open ground 
under a fierce artillery fire when sud- 
denly they were confronted by a rain 
of lead from the sunken road back of 
the stone wall. Nearly half of the 
charging column was shot down and 
the remainder fell back. Five thou- 
sand more charged in the same man- 

ner. Some of them approached with- 
in twenty yards of the wall, but fell 
back, leaving two thousand of their 
number on the field. Twelve thou- 
sand men were again charged against 
Marye's Heights, but scarcely four 
thousand returned. The Union ranks 
were depleted by 12,355, while the 
Confederates held their position with 
a loss of but 4,576, and the Federal 
Army withdrew across the Rappa- 
hannock and Lee held Fredericksburg. 



THE end of 1862, in the Civil War, found the army in the East in 
camp at Falmouth, Virginia, after severe reverses. In the 
Southwest a vigorous campaign was being waged by the heroes 
of Iuka and Corinth, Mississippi. Grant was in supreme com- 
mand of the Federal corps in northern Mississippi. A movement was 
in operation against Vicksburg. Sherman was attempting to get into the 
rear of the city by the Chickasaw Bayou road which ran from the Yazoo 
battlefield to the Walnut Hills, six miles above the city. His column of 
thirty thousand men was defeated and driven back with dreadful slaughter 
on the twenty-eighth and twenty-ninth of December. Rosecranz was 
established at Nashville, while Bragg was putting his men into winter 
huts at Murfreesboro, Tennessee. The Federal troops enjoyed Christmas 
in camp and on the following morning, in a cold rain, the Army of the 
Cumberland advanced to Stone River where it enters the Cumberland 
River just above Nashville. At sunrise on the last day of 1862, Rose- 
cranz's army met Bragg's forces with a deafening roar of artillery and 
musketry that fairly caused the earth to tremble. The fighting on both 
sides was of a determined character. The fields were literally covered 
with dead and dying men. Victory was claimed by both the Federals and 
the Confederates. Photographs are here shown of Chickasaw Bayou 
and the deadly Poison Spring on the battlefield ; also an excellent por- 
trait of the medical corps of the Army of the Potomac, in camp under 
charge of Dr. Jonathan Letterman, a prominent battlefield surgeon. 


EVERY AMERICAN citizen pledges his "life, 
fortune and sacred honor" to the truth that "all 
men are created free and equal," and that they 
are endowed by their Creator, with certain "unalienable 
rights." It was fidelity to this oath, as sacred as life 
itself, that led the American people to rush" to arms" to 
defend it. 

The mobilization of a volunteer 
army, of freemen born and bred in the 
arts of peace, never was known until 
the new Republic of the Western Hemi- 
sphere championed the cause of Liberty 
and common manhood. Battle-trained 
monarchies declared that it could not 
be maintained; that the hundreds of 
thousands of men who were offering 
their services to their country could 
never stand the severe exposures and 
deprivations of warfare. The tongues 
of the Nations knew not what they were 
talking. These men were fighters, not 
by training or nature, but by an honest 
impulse of the heart they were patriots. 
It was not love of adventure that urged 
the strongest men of the North to leave 
home and family and shoulder a 
musket under the Stars and Stripes; nor 
was it a brutal love of combat that mar- 
shalled the best manhood of the South 
to the flag of the Confederacy. It was 
an impulse that no people had ever be- 
fore felt. It was a sense of justice that 
was early kindled in the American Heart 
with the first tidings of the Declaration of Independence. 

While the anguish of the Civil War was brooding 
over the Nation, mountain and valley, plain and forest, 
farm and factory — from ocean to ocean — offered its strong- 
est manhood in defense of the country. New York, the 

largest state in the Western World, sent the greatest 
number of men to the line of battle — 448,850; then came 
Pennsylvania with 337,936; Ohio with 313,180, and 
Illinois with 259,092. Indiana came to the front with 
196,363; Massachusetts with 146,730, and Missouri 
brought 109,111. 

One day during the ii 
Burnside was mounted 
brought into focus and, 

nerval between the defeat at Fredericksburg;, Virginia, and the siege at Knoxville, Tennessee, General 
on his favorite charger, viewing his army maneuvers in the distance, when one of the Brady cameras was 
with the General's permission, the negative was secured— General Burnside valued this photograph highly 

Wisconsin offered 61,327 of her sons; Michigan, 
87,364; New Jersey, 76,814; Iowa, 76,242; Kentucky, 
75,760; Maine, 70,107, and Connecticut, 55,864. 

Maryland marched under the Stars and Stripes with 
46,638; New Hampshire with 33,937, Vermont with 

33,288; West Virginia, 32,068; Tennessee, 31,092; Minn- 
esota with 24,020; Rhode Island, 23,236, and Kansas, 

From the Pacific Coast, California answered with 
15,725; District of Columbia contributed 16,534 t0 tne 
support of the Government; Delaware furnished 12,284 
men; Arkansas, 8,289; New Mexico, 
6,561. The Southern State of Louisiana, 
dear to the heart of the Confederacy, 
came to the support of the Union with 
5,224; Colorado with 4,903; Nebraska, 
3,157; North Carolina, 3, 156; Alabama, 
2,576. The border state of Texas sent 
1,965; far-away Oregon, 1,810; Florida, 
1,290; Nevada, 1,080; Washington gave 
964; Mississippi, 545, and Dakota, 206. 
These are the contributions of the states. 
The Negro Race, the freedom of which 
was one of the results of the War, sup- 
ported their cause with 186,097 troops, 
while the Indian Nation sent 3,530. 
In the regular army there were enlisted 
duting the War about 67,000 men. 
There were thousands of brave soldiers 
who fought in the Civil War, claiming 
no Commonwealth as their home, but 
who joined the ranks as Common Ameri- 

The spirit which animated the 
American People is shown by several 
occasions when troops were needed to 
avert impending disaster, and they 
poured into the army from remote states 
with incredible speed. The year 1863 witnessed the 
battles of Chancellorsville and Gettysburg, of Vicksburg 
and Chickamauga and Chattanooga. It was the turning 
point in the struggle and Brady's cameras caught many 
of the most dramatic scenes worthy of reproduction. 


iIGHTING Joe" Hooker is 
one of the notable figures 
of the Civil War. When 
a boy of fourteen years, 
he entered West Point and served in 
the Mexican War in the same regi- 
ment with "Stonewall" Jackson. His 
early life was crowded with hard 
fighting and when thirty-nine years 
of age he resigned from the army and 
went to California, where he became 
superintendent of the National Road 
and also entered into agriculture. He 
answered the call to arms in 1861 and 
entered into the defense of Washing- 
ton. During the battles around Fair 
Oaks, Hooker led his men courage- 
ously into many daring positions. His 
bravery at Malvern Hill gave him the 
rank of major-general, and at Antie- 
tam he fell wounded before the Con- 
federate guns while trying to force 
the army into a complete surrender. 
He commanded the center at Freder- 
icksburg. On the twenty-sixth of 
January, 1863, he was appointed to 
the command of the Army of the Poto- 
mac and began its thorough reorgani- 
zation. On the twenty-eighth of 
April he crossed the Rappahannock 
and arrived at Chancellorsville two 
days later. On the second of May, 
a fearful onslaught was made by 
"Stonewall" Jackson — his old com- 
rade of the Mexican War as a foe. 
"Stonewall" Jackson was wounded by 
one of his own sentinels. His men, 
who were devoted to him, lost heart, 
and, after a battle of three days, 
Hooker succeeded in withdrawing his 
army in safety, after losses in killed, 
wounded and missing of 16,030 
against a Confederate loss of 12,281. 
This photograph of Hooker and his 
staff was taken shortly after this bat- 
tle at Chancellorsville. Hooker may 
be seen sitting in the second chair 
from the right. This is considered an 
excellent likeness of the warrior. 



THE retreat from Chancellors- 
ville began on the fourth of 
May, in 1863. In the midst 
of a pouring rain, with am- 
munition wagons and cavalry strug- 
gling hub-deep through the mud, the 
Federals moved back to the Rappa- 
hannock. The ponderous batteries, 
with heavy wheels wrapped in blan- 
kets, passed over the road. Then 
came the ordnance supply trains, 
swathed in strips of cloth, followed 
by columns of hurrying infantry. 
During the remainder of May, neither 
of the armies assumed an offensive 
attitude. Lee, now in high hopes, be- 
gan preparations for a second inva- 
sion in Maryland. Panic again seized 
the people of the North. Lin- 
coln called on Pennsylvania for 50,000 
militia; Ohio, 30,000; New York, 
20,000 ; Maryland and Virginia, 
10,000 each. The Army of the Poto- 
mac had lost all of its two years' ser- 
vice men and its strength did not 
reach 100,000. The Confederacy had 
been endeavoring for months to in- 
duce England to recognize it as a sep- 
arate nation, but learned that it must 
first conquer Northern territory. 
Lee's movements began early in June 
and resulted in frequent skirmishes as 
he approached the Potomac! This 
photograph was taken immediately 
after one of these encounters at Aldie, 
Virginia, on the seventeenth of June, 
1863. The Confederate cavalry, un- 
der "Jeb" Stuart, was guarding the 
passes of the Bull Run mountains and 
watching Hooker's Army. There was 
a succession of cavalry combats and 
many Confederates were taken pris- 
oners. This view shows a group of 
Confederates under a Union guard 
composed largely of negro soldiers. 


IN the stirring scenes of war there 
is nothing more exciting than to 
see a battery take position in 
battle. On the sixth of June, 
in 1863, this picture was secured by 
the government photographers just as 
the artillery was going into action on 
the south bank of the Rappahannock 
River. It is one of the earliest 
attempts to secure a photograph at 
the instant of motion and was taken 
at a strategic moment during Sedg- 
wick's reconnoisance. An artillery- 
man who remembers the day says that 
while a battery has not the thrill of 
the cavalry charge, nor the grimness 
of a line of bayonets moving to 
slaughter, there is an intense emotion 
about it that brings the tears to the 
eyes and the cheers to the throats of 
battle-scarred veterans. Every horse 
on the gallop, every rider lashing his 
t am and yelling; through ugly 
clumps of bushes ; over fallen logs 
and falling men — the sight is one that 
can never be forgotten. The guns 
jump from the ground as the heavy 
wheels strike a rock or lunge from a 
ditch, but not a horse slackens his 
pace, not a cannoneer loses his seat. 
Six guns, six caissons, sixty horses, 
eighty men race for the brow of the 
hill. Boom ! Boom ! The ground 
shakes and trembles. The roar shuts 
out all sound from a line several miles 
long. Shells shriek through the 
swamps, cutting down great trees, 
mowing deep gaps in regiments of 
men. It is like a tornado howling 
through the forest, followed by bil- 
lows of fire. There are men to-day 
who will look upon this picture and 
live again the scenes which it recalls. 
Artillery is the great support of armies 
and often saves them from defeat. 


THERE have been few men in 
American wars more daring 
than General George A. Cus- 
ter. As a cavalryman, he 
won a place in military history by his 
bravery. Custer was a captain on the 
staff of General Pleasonton during 
the operations early in 1863. This 
photograph was taken near Brandy 
Station, Virginia, in June, 1863. It 
shows Custer on his black war-horse 
conferring with Pleasonton who is 
astride a gray charger. The Confed- 
erate cavalry had succeeded in break- 
ing a part of the Federal rank. 
Pleasonton turned in his saddle and 
called to Custer: "Ride to our right 
and get the battery in position to reply 
to these infernal guns." Custer spurred 
his horse into the thunder of cannon 
and the crash of musket and carbine 
volleys. "The man is lost," mut- 
tered Pleasonton. Suddenly, emerg- 
ing from the bank of smoke, the 
Union batteries wheeled into view 
under the rapid fire. Custer dashed 
across the field. From that moment 
he became a notable figure in the 
war. He was then but twenty-three 
years of age, but was immediately 
appointed bv Lincoln a brigadier-gen- 
eral of volunteers. In speaking of 
him, General Pleasonton said: "I re- 
gard Custer as one of the finest cav- 
alry officers in the world, and, there- 
fore, have placed him in command of 
what is no doubt the best cavalry bri- 
gade in the world." Custer was 
about six feet tall, with sharp blue 
eyes, and light hair hanging over his 
shoulders. He had a slight impedi- 
ment in his speech and uttered a shrill 
yell as he rushed like an avalanche at 
his foe. Pie wore a black velvet jacket, 
slouched hat and a red scarf cravat. 


THE Army of the Potomac lay 
massed about the city of 
Frederick. Lee was rushing 
toward the Susquehanna. 
Hooker disagreed with Halleck at 
Washington regarding his method of 
attack and resigned his command, re- 
questing instant release from further 
responsibility. Lincoln accepted the 
resignation and appointed General 
George G. Meade to the chief com- 
mand. In the midst of this moment- 
ous campaign the great army changed 
leaders. This photograph was taken 
shortly after Meade began his opera- 
tions. It shows him with his generals 
of the Army of the Potomac. Meade 
occupies the chair in the center of the 
picture. At this time he was about 
forty-eight years of age. He had 
graduated from West Point when 
nineteen years old, but resigned the 
following year and remained out of 
the army for the next six years, but 
returned in the period preceding the 
Mexican War, after which he was en- 
gaged in the survey of the northern 
lakes. He was one of the first to re- 
spond to the call in 1861. He took 
part in the early engagements of the 
Army of the Potomac and was in the 
Battle of Mechanicsville and Gaine's 
Mills and the Battle of Newmarket 
Crossroads. When Hooker was 
wounded at Antietam, Meade took 
charge of a corps and continued the 
brave fight during the remainder of 
the day. He had two horses killed 
under him and was slightly wounded, 
but did not leave the field. At Fred- 
ericksburg he led his men boldly to 
the Confederate works. In the Battle 
of Chancellorsville, Meade's corps 
carried the earth-works and fought 
fearlessly. On the twenty-eighth 
day of June, in 1863, Meade 
assumed command of the Army of the 
Potomac. The tide of battle seemed 
to turn with his appointment and his 
victories are almost unparalleled. 


THE turning point of the Civil 
War is the Battle of Gettys- 
burg. From that clay the 
Confederate cause began to 
wane. Few battles of modern times 
show such great percentage of loss. 
Out of the one hundred and sixty 
thousand men engaged on both sides, 
forty-four thousand were killed or 
wounded. Brady's cameras reached 
the field of battle in time to perpetuate 
some of its scenes. The ghastliness 
of the pictures is such that it is with 
some hesitation that any of them are 
presented in these pages. It is on the 
horrors of war, however, that all pleas 
of peace are based. Only by depict- 
ing its gruesomeness can the age of 
arbitration be hastened. It is with 
this in mind that this photograph is 
here revealed. There is probably not 
another in existence that witnesses 
more fear ful tragec]y. The photo- 
graph is taken on the field of Gettys- 
burg about nineteen hours after the 
last day's battle. It shows a Union 
soldier terribly mutilated by a shell of 
a Confederate gun. His arm is torn 
off and may be seen on the ground 
near his musket. The shell that killed 
this soldier disemboweled him in its 
fiendishness. This picture is as won- 
derful as it is horrible and should do 
more in the interest of peace than 
any possible argument. Something 
of the bloodshed on the battlefield of 
Gettysburg may be understood when 
it is considered that the battlefield, 
which covered nearly twenty-five 
square miles, was literally strewn with 
dead bodies, many of them mutilated 
even worse than the one in this pic- 
ture. The surviving veterans of Get- 
tysburg have seen war's most horrible 
aspects. Gallant and daring com- 
manders led those brave men in that 
three days' inferno, from the first 
to the "third of July, in 1863. 



GETTYSBURG witnessed 
some of the hardest fighting 
that the world has ever 
seen. This photograph was 
taken a short time after the battle in 
1863. This little borough became a 
field of carnage. In the surrounding 
hills occurred the terrific conflict of 
Big Round Top and Little Round 
Top, Seminary Ridge and Cemetery 
Ridge, and Culp's Hill, the Bloody 
Wheatfield and Peach Orchard. A 
view is given of the little house in 
which General Meade made his head- 
quarters. On the first day of battle 
this house was in direct range of the 
artillery fire rained by the Confed- 
erates on the Union lines just before 
Pickett's great charge. The horses 
of General Meade's aides were 
hitched to the fence and trees near the 
house. Sixteen of these horses were 
killed during the artillery fire, and 
their dead bodies are seen in the road. 




SOME knowledge of the slaugh- 
ter of Gettysburg may be 
gained by this picture of Tros- 
tle's house and barn at which 
was stationed a Union battery of light 
artillery. This view shows where 
the guns stood. Sixty-five of the 
eighty-eight artillery horses were left 
dead on the field. About this time, 
on the last day of the greatest battle 
of the war, Pickett made his fierce 
charge, which is one of the mightiest 
in history. It was witnessed by the 
two great armies in the middle of the 
afternoon of a summer day — a most 
spectacular tragedy of magnificent 
courage. It has been said that Gettys- 
burg was the common soldier's battle 
and that its great results were due, 
not so much to military strategy as to 
the intelligent courage and the mag- 
nificent heroism of the brave soldiers. 





GETTYSBURG is the "Water- 
loo of the American Conti- 
nent." A photograph is 
here shown of the dead sol- 
diers lying on the battlefield. To si- 
lence Hazlett's Battery, which was 
posted on the summit of Little Round 
Top, the Confederates pushed their 
sharpshooters among the rocks in the 
mountain. A few hours before these 
photographs were taken one of these 
sharpshooters mortally wounded Gen- 
eral Weed, who was directing the 
movement of his troops from the sum- 
mit. Lieutenant Hazlett, who was an 
old schoolmate of the fallen general, 
was commanding the battery and has- 
tened to take the dying words of his 
friend and comrade, when he, too, fell 
dead, pierced by a bullet from the 
dread sharpshooters. Like a flash the 
guns of the battery were turned on 
the "Devil's Den" from which came 
the fatal shots as this picture attests. 




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iS the tide of battle drifted to the West in 1863, the war photographers hurried to the region 
r\ of the Mississippi. Grant had been pursuing his operations toward Vicksburg. With 
Sherman and McClernand, he was maneuvering to take the key to the South by storm. 
A photograph is here shown of Champion Hills near Big Black River territory, on the outskirts 
of Vicksburg, where the armies first met. The Confederates held a strong line of earthworks 
on the eastern bank of the river. The Federals, before a heavy fire of musketry, crossed a 
ditch, delivered a terrific volley, and clambered over the breastworks with empty muskets. 
The Confederates, in falling back, found that their comrades had set fire to both of the bridges 
and were compelled to surrender. Two thousand prisoners, eighteen pieces of artillery, six. 
thousand stand of small arms, and many commissary stores were captured. General Lawler's 
Brigade led the charge. The battle lasted four hours. On the eighteenth of May, 1863, the 
Federals began crossing the Big Black by felling trees on both banks so that they tumbled 
into the river and interlaced, using bales of cotton instead of boats. On the morning of 
the twenty-second, with furious cannonading, the last assault on the defences of Vicksburg was 
made. This campaign is a remarkable military exploit. In twenty days Grant crossed the 
Mississippi River with his entire force, moved into the rear of Vicksburg, fought and won four 
distinct battles, captured the State Capitol, and destroyed the Confederate arsenals and manu- 
factories. His troops marched one hundred eighty miles with only five days' rations from the 
quartermaster, and captured over six thousand prisoners, twenty-seven cannon and sixty-one 
field pieces. All this was accomplished by forty thousand brave men against sixty thousand. 


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THE Confederate works held by Pemberton at Vicksburg 
were seven miles long. Grant's lines about the city 
extended over fifteen miles. Commander Porter brought 
down all his mortar boats on the Mississippi and began a 
fusiladc of six thousand mortar shells a day, while the land 
batteries threw four thousand. In the meantime, famine stalked 
through Vicksburg on the thirty-sixth day of the siege. Mule 







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and dog meat, with bean flour and corn coffee formed the daily 
fare. The earth trembled under the concussions from the Army 
and Navy cannon and the entire forest was set on fire. The Con- 
federate general, on the morning of July third, proposed an arm- 
istice, preparatory to recapitulation. Grant met the Confederate 
commander under an oak tree. At ten o'clock on the morning of 
July fourth, General Logan began a march into Vicksburg and 
hoisted the American ensign over the court-house. The fall of 
Vicksburg and the defeat of Lee at Gettysburg occurred on the 
same day and lifted the hearts of the Northern people to a sense 
of thanksgiving, for it was believed that the war was now over. 
During the siege the Confederate loss was fifty-six thousand men. 
Grant captured more than sixty thousand muskets, light and 
heavy artillery, with a vast amount of other property, such as 
locomotives, cars, steamboats and cotton. The Federal loss dur- 
ing the siege was about 9,000 killed, wounded and missing. 
The war cameras followed the Union Army into the captured city 
and the old negatives vividly picture the conditions. A camera 
was taken to the bomb-proof quarters of Logan's Division and 
into Battery Sherman. These negatives are here reproduced. 

About this same time several cameras were taken into the far 
South and one of the first negatives was taken at Big Black River 
Station in Mississippi and another at New Orleans when the com- 
missioned officers of the 19th Iowa Infantry were being brought 
in from Camp Ford, Texas, as exchanged prisoners of war. 



THE Government at Washington believed that it was now time to 
secure the reparation for the firing on Fort Sumter which had 
precipitated the War. Sumter, during the entire conflict had 
been the center of a radius of forts which now had over three 
hundred guns mostly of the heaviest caliber. It held a strong posi- 
tion on the Atlantic Coast and protected the land movements about 
South Carolina. Fort Sumter barred the main channel. On Sulli- 
van's Island were Fort Moultrie, Fort Beauregard, Battery Bee 
and sand bag batteries at the extremity. On James's Island stood 
Fort Johnson, Fort Ripley and smaller forts. Castle Pinckney lay 
in front of the city, and on Morris Island there were Battery Gregg, 
Fort Wagner, and a battery on Lighthouse Inlet. All the channels 
were blocked with huge iron chains, and an immense hawser buoyed 
with empty casks, extended from Fort Sumter to Fort Ripley, the 
entire harbor being blocked with torpedoes. Brady's cameras lay in 
the Union lines and occasionally were ventured toward the Confederate 
fortifications. Many negatives of exteriors were obtained at a dis- 
tance. After the forts fell into the Government control the cameras 
were taken behind the breast-works. These remarkable negatives are 
now exhibited and reveal the secrets of the Confederates. The pic- 
ture of the bomb-proof at Fort Wagner, under heavy fire in 1863, 
reveals the ingenuity of the engineers in both armies in utilizing 
every available substance in protecting the soldiers. The Confederates 
constructed many strong fortifications and they fell only under the 
severest bombardment from the heaviest guns of the Federal troops. 











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EARLY in 1863 the Government decided that Fort Sumter must be reduced. Admira lDahl- 
gren was given full charge of the undertaking. On the eighteenth of July, the land forces 
under General Ouincy A. Gillmore began siege. He erected batteries across Morris Island 
and commenced fire on Fort Wagner while Dahlgren attacked both Fort Wagner and Fort Sumter. 
Fort Wagner responded with only two guns which led Gillmore to believe that the Confederates 
were demoralized. The Federal troops were within two hundred yards of the fort before the 
Confederates opened grape fire. A flash of musketry blazed from the parapet. The daring Fed- 
erals rushed at the fort and clambered up the exterior slope. It was here that Joseph Alvan 
Wooster, color bearer for the Sixth Connecticut, performed the valiant deed that cost him his life. 
He climbed along in advance of the line and triumphantly placed his flag on the parapet. A Con- 
federate soldier sprang forward and placed the muzzle of his musket on Wooster's heart and fired. 
General Putnam rushed to the rescue with a brigade, only to be killed, with nearly every com- 
missioned officer in his command. The remnants of Strong's and Putnam's command retired, 
having lost over half of their strength. General Gillmore, and his staff, in charge of the land 
forces at Charleston allowed the war photographers to turn the lens on them in camp. The 
general was born in Black River, Loraine County, Ohio, and had graduated from West Point. In 
186 1 he was placed on General W. T. Sherman's staff on the South Carolina Expedition. During 
February, 1862, he commenced opperations for the attack of Fort Pulaski, on the Savannah River, 
Georgia. On April 28, 1862, he was promoted to a brigadier-generalship of volunteers. In Sep- 
tember, 1862, he was ordered to the West as Commander of the District of Western Virginia, of the 
Department of the Ohio. He was afterwards assigned to the command of one of the Divisions of 
the Army of Kentucky. He assumed command of Department of South Carolina June 12, 1863. 


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ON the ninth of August the Federal cannon were within three hundred and thirty yards 
of Fort Wagner and the guns were trained on Fort Sumter and Battery Gregg. General 
Gillmore had a small battery placed in a marsh west of Morris Island, on which was an 
eight-inch Parrott Gun nick-named the "Swamp Angel." It had a range of five miles and threw 
its enormous shells into the city of Charleston. The Confederate fortifications were reinforced by 
General Beauregard and maintained a continuous fire from over two hundred guns. On the 
seventeenth of August, Gillmore had twelve heavy guns on Morris Island, and the simultaneous 
assault by batteries and infantry was directed against Fort Sumter. For seven days this terrible 
fusilade continued. Over one hundred thousand shells and shot were thrown into the fort which 
was battered into ruins. The bombardment of Fort Sumter was begun on the fifth of September 
and continued for forty-two hours. An assault was planned for the ninth, but when daylight 
came it was found that several forts were abandoned. It was supposed that Fort Sumter was 
tenantless. A boat load of soldiers was sent to take possession. As they landed, a terrific volley 
of musketry was fired. The Confederates fought like tigers from covered positions in the ruins of 
the fort, The Federals abandoned the attempt without further molestation, satisfied with the 
destruction they had wrought and the successful blockade of Charleston Harbor. The views en- 
graved by the lens on these pages lay the actual scenes of destruction before the eyes of the world. 
The "Swamp Angel" was one of the demons of war. Piles were driven, a platform was laid upon 
them, and a parapet was built with bags of sand, fifteen thousand being required. All this had to 
be done after dark, and occupied fourteen nights, Then, with great labor, the eight-inch rifled 
gun was dragged across the swamp and mounted on this platform. It was nearly five miles from 
Charleston, but by firing with a high elevation was able to reach the lower part of the city. The 
soldiers named this gun the "Swamp Angel." Late in August it was ready for work, and, after 
giving notice for the removal of non-combatants, General Gillmore opened fire, and produced great 
consternation, but at the thirty-sixth discharge the "Swamp Angel" burst, and was never replaced. 








WHEN Vicksburg fell, the cheering along the Federal lines in the Missis- 
sippi Campaign aroused the attention of the Confederate pickets until 
it was carried clear through to Louisiana, where the Confederate 
forces were concentrated at Port Hudson. General Banks had suc- 
ceeded Butler at New Orleans and was co-operating with Grant on the Mississippi 
to take possession of the Red River region and expel the Confederate forces from 
Louisiana and Texas. The siege of Port Hudson had been hard fought. The 
Confederates under General Gardner agreed that if Vicksburg had fallen their 
surrender was the only thing left for them. On the ninth of July, in 1863, the 
Confederate general at Port Hudson with visible emotion tendered his sword. 
It was declined because his bravery entitled him to retain it. The Federals were 
new in the entire possession of the Mississippi. While Grant's Army had been 
pounding at the gates of Vicksburg, Rosecranz was maneuvering with Bragg at 
Murfreesboro, Tennessee. For six months these two armies stood confronted, 
but met only in severe skirmishes. Rosecranz compelled Bragg to fall back from 
one place to another. He was driven through middle Tennessee, to Bridgeport, 
Alabama, where he crossed the Tennessee River, burned the bridge behind him 
and entered Chattanooga. The Brady cameras were in the Union lines and 
arrived in time to secure this negative of the ruined bridge and the pontoon bridge 
that was being built by the Union forces in pursuit of Bragg. A clash came at 
Chickamauga, a point about twelve miles from Chattanooga, on the nineteenth 
and twentieth of September, in 1863. It has been called the greatest battle of the 
West. The cannonading and the musketry was at close range and the Federal 
lines were being swept back when General Thomas and his men made the heroic 
stand that saved the Federal Army from destruction, after a loss of 15,851, killed, 
wounded and missing. The Confederate victory was gained at the cost of 17,804. 



called the greatest battle in 
the West. When the smoke 
of the conflict had lifted, the 
war photographers found the Federal 
Army closed up in Chattanooga. The 
Confederate general moved to cut off 
all communication to the Federal 
lines, seizing roads, destroying the 
bridges and preventing access to 
Nashville where the base of supplies 
had been located. The Army of the 
Cumberland was reduced to the verge 
of starvation. Not less than 
horses and mules perished. Grant 
was given command of the depart- 
ment of the Mississippi, comprising 
the armies and departments of the 
Ohio, Tennessee and Cumberland. 
He telegraphed to Thomas : "Hold 
Chattanooga at all hazards." The 
hero of Chattanooga replied : 'T will 
hold the town until we starve." 





THE war cameras reached Nashville on the same day that 
Grant entered the city, October 21, 1863, and followed 
him closely throughout the campaign. Grant hurried to 
Chattanooga and found the troops without shoes or cloth- 
ing, and all food exhausted. He telegraphed to Burnside to hold 
Knoxville and appealed to Admiral Porter at Cairo to send gun- 
boats to convey transports carrying rations from St. Louis for 
Sherman's Army, which was moving up from the Mississippi. 
Bragg was entrenched on Missionary Ridge, extending along the 
crest and across Chattanoga Valley to Lookout Mountain. The 
Confederate fortifications were very strong and their lines 
reached over the Racoon Mountain. The war cameras were 

taken to the foothills of Lookout Mountain, where an engineers' 
brigade of the Army of the Cumberland was encamped. Grant 
succumbed to appeals to stand before the camera and the nega- 
tive is here reproduced. The haggard expression on his face 
shows the tremendous responsibility that rested upon him. On 
the twenty-third of November, in 1863, long lines of infantry 
moved forward and the heavy guns opened fire. The Federal 
lines flashed across the valley sweeping everything before them, 
pushing the Confederate skirmish line from their rifle pits, to 
the foothills of Lookout Mountain. On the twenty-fourth, 
Grant stood on the top of Orchard Knob, watching Hooker's men 
rush to the side of Lookout Mountain, leaping from one rocky 

ledge to another, scrambling over huge boulders, and through deep 
chasms in a rain of solid shot and shell. They charged almost 
to the muzzle of the enemy's cannon, gaining ground foot by 
foot, until at last they reached the foot of the Palisades, and were 
finally lost in the mist that veiled the mountain. For three hours 
the battle raged above the clouds. At sunset the mist disap- 
peared and moonlight fell on old Lookout. The Confederate 
forces could be seen occupying the summit. Hooker's men scaled 
the Palisades. The Confederates withdrew into the woods and 
sought the protection of the night. At sunrise, on the twenty- 
fifth of November, these Kentucky soldiers unfurled the Stars 
and Stripes. A great cheer arose from the army in the valley. 


THE Battle of Lookout Mountain is the most spectacular in history. It was 
impossible to carry the war camera over its rugged heights. Had they 
succeeded in getting to the summit, the mist that enveloped the valley 
would have made it impossible to have secured a single scene of the great 
conflict. The Federals occupied a strong position on the mountain, looking across 
the Chattanooga Valley to Missionary Ridge, where Bragg had concentrated his 
entire army. The twenty-fifth of November was a magnificent day. Seldom has 
a battle begun under a brighter sun. The Confederate artillery frowned from 
the summit of Missionary Ridge. The glittering steel of Hooker's men flashed 
on Lookout Mountain. The Cumberland veterans under Thomas were a sol- 
emn phalanx in the valley while Sherman's compact lines were eager for the 
charge. On the top of Orchard Knob stood Grant's bugler and the echoes of the 
"Forward" signal fell into the valley, being taken up by the other buglers in melo- 
dious refrain. Hooker's men moved down the eastern slope of Lookout Moun- 
tain, sweeping across the valley in grand lines. Bragg's batteries were centered 
on Sherman, whu swept his men heroically forward over a succession of low hills. 

uy r.\!'Ti :\<\: 


UNDER fire from the Confederates, Corse's Brigade struggled desperately 
for an hour and a half without gaining advantage, while Generals Loomis 
and Smith took possession of Missionary Ridge. At two in the afternoon 
occurred one of the most impressing spectacles ever witnessed on a battle- 
field. Union soldiers with fixed bayonets rushed into the storm of shell without 
firing a shot until after the skirmish line had been taken and the Sixth Brigade 
swept over the Confederate rifle pits. The men flung themselves to the earth to 
avoid the volleys of canister, grape and musketry that were hurled upon them. At 
sunset Sherman held Bragg's right in check ; Hooker was driving at his left. The 
final assault on his center was begun and in twenty minutes Missionary Ridge was 
belching flames. Every Confederate gun and cannon was in action. The Fed- 
eral soldiers rushed into the very mouth of death, reaching the crest, breeching the 
Confederate lines until they gave way and retreated. The cannon which they aban- 
doned were swung and turned upon them. The victory had cost the Union Army 
5,616, killed, wounded and missing, against a Confederate loss of 8,684. 


THE siege of Knoxville, Tennes- 
see, was raised late in 1863. 
When the news of Bragg's 
defeat at Chattanooga 
leached Longstreet, who was besieg- 
ing Knoxville, he knew that Grant 
would now send Burnside relief. 
Bragg decided to carry the city by 
storm. The attack was to be made 
011 Fort Sanders, a Federal fort of 
great strength, containing twenty-six 
guns. The Confederate columns 
forced their way through a net- 
work of wire that had been wound 
from stump to stump, until they 
finally reached the parapet. A Con- 
federate officer sprang to the summit 
with the flag of his regiment and de- 
manded surrender. Pierced by a 
shower of bullets, his body rolled into 
the ditch, his hand clutching the flag- 
staff. The Confederates charged 
again only to be repulsed. Under a 
flag of, truce the fighting ceased 
while Longstreet's men carried away 
their dead, dying and wounded. Grant 
had ordered twenty thousand men un- 
der General Granger to the rescue of 
the besieged city, but they failed to 
start, and Sherman hurried to the 
relief. He reached Knoxville on the 
fifth of December and found the siege 
reduced and Longstreet had started 
for Virginia. Sherman's troops 
had marched four hundred miles to 
fight at Chattanooga, then marched 
one hundred and two miles to compel 
the Confederates to retire from Knox- 
ville. When the news reached the 
North, Grant was hailed as the Na- 
tion's saviour. Congress bestowed 
upon him a gold medal, while Bragg, 
the Confederate general, went down 
before a storm of indignation in the 
South. One of the war cameras 
shortly after the battle was placed on 
the parapet of Fort Sanders, and 
this negative of the ruins was taken, 
showing the University of Tennessee. 




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IT is estimated that 188,000 Union soldiers and sailors endured the hardships of 
the sixteen Confederate prisons during the Civil War. In the prison yards are 
36,401 graves. 11,599 °f those released from prisons died before reaching their 
homes, and 12,000 after reaching home — making 60,000 lives sacrificed in Con- 
federate prisons. Several estimates place the deaths as high as So, 000. Strange as it 
may seem, the war photographers succeeded in taking their cameras behind prison 
walls. Three of these remarkable negatives are here revealed. The first one was taken 
at Libby prison, Richmond, where most of the commissioned officers were confined. 
In Libby, men were often shot for approaching near enough to a window for a sentry 
to see their heads. The other two were secured within the "dead line" at Anderson- 
ville prison in Georgia. It was an open stockade with little or no shelter, covering 
about 30 acres. The palisade was of pine logs 15 feet high, closely set together. 
Outside of this, at a distance of 120 feet, was another palisade, and between the two 
were the guards. About 20 feet from the inner stockade was a railing known as the 
"dead line," and any prisoner who passed it was instantly shot. A small stream 
flowed through the enclosure and furnished the prisoners their only supply of water. 
The cook houses and camp of the guards were placed on this stream, above the 
stockade. Starvation and disease drove many of the prisoners mad and they wan- 
dered across the "dead line" to end their misery. Fugitives were followed by horsemen 
and tracked by a large pack of blood hounds. The crowded condition of the prisons 
at the beginning of 1864 was appalling. There were as many as 33,000 hungry and 
dying men confined in Andersonville at one time, which gave a space of about four 
feet square to each man. Some of the other Confederate prisons were at Salisbury, 
North Carolina, at Florence, South Carolina, on Belle Island in the James River, at 
Tyler, Texas, at Millen, Georgia, and at Columbia, South Carolina. At Belle Isle 
the prisoners were packed so close that when they lay sleeping no one could turn over 
until the whole line agreed to turn simultaneously. While many imaginary pictures 
have been drawn from descriptions of Andersonville, it has remained for the lens to 
to engrave the actual scenes, and they are here perpetuated by the negatives. 



A M ERICA NS are the most loyal people on the face 
l\ of the earth. Self-government encourages 
■^ -*■ fidelity to Home and Country. In a nation 
where the citizens are the Government, patriotism cannot 
die. Unfurl the flag of a monarchy and there will be 
a dutiful reverence to it. Unfurl the Stars and Stripes of 
the Republic and there will arise a mighty ovation that 
thrills from the hearts of men— a spontaneous outburst 
that has never been heard except under the Emblem of 
Freedom. Liberty is everywhere the mother of patriots. 

vice met the response of 87,588 men. Under the fifth 
proclamation, on June 15, 1863, for militia for six months' 
service, the ranks were recruited by 16,361 men. The 
calls of October 1 7, 1 863, and February 1 , 1 864, brought 
369,380 men. Under the call of March 14, 1864, came 
292,193 men; between April 23 and July 18, 1864, there 
were 83,612 mustered into the United States' service. 
Lincoln's appeal to the manhood of the Nation on July 
18, 1864 was met by 386,461 men. The last call for 
volunteers came on December 19, 1864, and 212,212 

days. In many instances over 60,000 recruits fell into 
line in less than a month. At the last moment of the 
War, and to the very scene of surrender, thousands of 
men were pouring into the field. 

If the world could have looked upon the marvelous 
spectacle of all the men who took part in the Civil War, 
marching five abreast, the triumphant procession would 
have stretched from the Atlantic, across the Continent, to 
the Pacific — a grand pageant of 1,696 regiments, six 

companies infantry 

regiments, two companies 





In the Civil War the heart of American Citizenship 
was put to the test and it was found "tried and true." 
The first call for volunteers came on April 15, 1861 tor 
75,000 militia for three months, and 91,816 men an- 
swered. The second call was on May 3, 1861, when 
Lincoln asked for 500,000 men and the reply was 700,- 
680. The third call on July 2, 1862 for 300,000 troops 
for three years' service to their country brought 421,465. 
The fourth call on August 4, 1862, for nine months' ser- 

patriots marched to the battle ground to help strike the 
last blow of the conflict. The willingness with which 
these men offered their lives to their country is the 
greatest tribute that can ever be paid to American patriot- 
ism. After the disasters on the Peninsula over 80,000 
troops were enlisted, organized, armed, and marched to 
the battleground within four weeks. An army of 90,000 
infantry came to the front from the five states of Ohio, 
Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, and Wisconsin, within twenty 


cavalry; 78 regiments, two companies artillery. The 
boys who wore the Gray could have intercepted this pro- 
cession by another magnificent pageant reaching from the 
Canadian borders to the mountains of Mexico. 

The war cameras during 1864 were taxed to their 
utmost. It was the hardest test that had ever been given 
the new science of photography. The thrilling story of 
this closing year is told in the rare old negatives in these 
pages — actual photographs taken at the scene of battle. 

THE last clays of 1863 were in- 
active. The armies in the 
East were going into winter 
quarters. Brady's men had 
experienced a hard year with their 
cameras, but had perpetuated many 
tragic incidents. One of the cam- 
eras was held in winter quarters 
at Rappahannock Station until early 
in 1864. It was used in recording 
conditions in camp and one of its neg- 
atives is here' reproduced. This camp 
was occupied by the 50th New York 
Engineers. It was the duty of these 
engineers to construct roads, bridges 
and fortifications, and their services in 
the Civil War were of great impor- 
tance. An interesting feature of this 
photograph is the row of pontoon 
boats on wheels. These pontoons are 
vessels, used to support the roadway 
of floating bridges. The boats were 
a small, substantial frame of wood, 
light of weight, and easily transported 
overland. By stretching them across 
a river an army could begin its move- 
ment to the other side within half an 
hour on reaching the banks. A pon- 
toon train of the army carries about 
one hundred yards of pontoon bridge 
for each army corps, including the 
boats, roadway planks, etc. Early in 
the spring of 1864 the skirmishing be- 
gan for what promised to be the dead- 
liest year of the Civil War. Sherman 
organized his expedition in February 
against Meridian, Mississippi, a posi- 
tion of great importance to the Con- 
federacy, as it controlled the railroad 
communications with Mobile and 
Wilmington. Banks began his Red 
River expedition in March. Meade's 
columns crossed the Rapidan River, 
in Virginia, in May. Grant was 
placed in command of all the United 
States armies in the field on March 1, 
1864, while Sherman was given com- 
mand of Federal armies in the West: 


THE first great conflict of 1864 
occurred on the fifth of May 
when the Army of the Poto- 
mac met Lee's forces in the 
Battle of the Wilderness. It was a 
virgin forest of oak and pine, choked 
with dense undergrowth. The Fed- 
eral soldiers knew nothing of its en- 
tanglements, but the Confederates had 
full knowledge of the roads and 
wagon paths intersecting the woods. 
It was so dense that the troops found 
it necessary at times to move in single 
file. The artillery and cavalry had 
great difficulty in getting into the en- 
counter, and in one of the sallies 
nearly all the men and horses were 
killed. The battle was deadly. Regi- 
ments shot into their own ranks as 
they fled through forest and under- 
growth, becoming separated from the 
main line. General Longstreet, of 
the Confederate Army, was shot and 
severely wounded by his own men. 
Tremendous volleys of musketry rang 
through the woods. Dead leaves 
and branches were swept with flames. 
Men lost their way and wandered 
into the enemy's lines. So rapid was 
the fire that the muskets became hot 
and blistered the fingers of the sol- 
diers. The losses in this great two- 
days' battle cannot be stated accu- 
rately. One estimate places the Union 
killed, wounded and missing at 18,387 
and the Confederate, 11,400. On 
the afternoon of the seventh of May, 
Grant moved his army toward Spott- 
sylvania Court House, fifteen miles 
southeast of the Wilderness Battle- 
field, with the intent of getting be- 
tween the enemy and Richmond and 
compelling Lee to fight at a disadvan- 
tage. It was during these maneu- 
vers that this photograph was taken 
while the artillery was stationed at the 
edge of the forest. The negative was 
taken in the full light of the noon- 
day sun in the Spring of 1864. 








HOUSE IN 1864 

BOTH armies faced each other in full force at 
Spottsylvania Court House in the forenoon of 
the ninth of May, 1864. The Brady cameras 
arrived with the Government supply trains 
and perpetuated the historic scenes. While the Union 
lines were placing their batteries, they were annoyed 
by sharpshooters, and General Sedgwick was killed. His 
death was a great loss to the Federals, just as Jack- 
son's had crippled the Confederacy. During the first 
day at Spottsylvania the Federals lost fully 10,000 
men, while the Confederates' loss was very nearly 
9,000. The unburied bodies of 3,000 men lay scat- 
tered along the slopes of the ridges and under the 
trees. Out of the 200,000 Federals and Confederates 
who rushed into battle on the fifth of May, 43,000 
were either dead, wounded, or prisoners, after three 
days of fighting. During the week the fighting ex- 
tended along the Fredericksburg road, Laurel Hill 
and Ny River, reaching to Swift Creek and Cloyd's 
Mountain. The Army of the Potomac, since it crossed 
the Rapidan River, had lost nearly one-fourth of 
its men in the brief space of eight days, and now had 
a fighting force of only 87,000. The photograph of 
the Confederate dead was taken near Spottsylvania 
Court House, May 12, 1864, after Ewell's attack. 






WHILE Grant was moving 
toward Richmond from 
the north, Butler was 
forcing his way from 
Vorktown on the south, threatening 
Richmond from the peninsula as 
McClellan had done two years be- 
fcre. It was at this time that the 
photographs here shown were taken 
in May, 1864. Butler succeeded in 
destroying part of the road from 
Petersburg to Richmond. He re- 
ceived word that Lee was in full re- 
treat for Richmond, witli Grant close 
upon his heels. One of the extreme 
southern positions in the defense of 
Richmond was Fort Darling at 
Drewry's Bluff. On the thirteenth 
of May, Butler succeeded in carrying 
a portion of the outer lines, captur- 
ing a considerable amount of artillery, 
but on the sixteenth he was repulsed 
and fell back upon Bermuda Hun- 
dred. A powerful Confederate bat- 
tery on the James River barred the 
bridge toward Richmond. Butler 
conceived the idea of cutting a canal 
through the narrow neck of land 
known as Dutch Gap for the passage 
of the monitors. A photograph was 
taken of this canal, which was con- 
structed under a severe and continu- 
ous fire. The dredge and steam 
pump used were bomb-proof. The 
greater part of the excavation was 
done by colored troops, who sought 
cover, from the bombardment of the 
enemy, in earthen dugouts that cov- 
ered the site of the work. The canal 
was only 174 yards long, 43 yards 
wide at the top, 27 yards at the water 
level, and 13 5-10 yards at a depth of 
15 feet below water level. It cut off 
4^4 miles of river navigation and the 
excavation was nearly 67,000 cubic 
yards. The war photographers se- 
cured many negatives of these opera- 
tions and several of the most impor- 
tant ones are shown on these pages. 
One of them was taken at Aiken's 
Landing, where the flag-of-truce boat 
from Richmond came to discharge 
her cargo of poor, starved, and often 
dying Union prisoners, and received 
in exchange the same number of 
healthy, well-fed rebels from our 
guards. Two or three rough old 
canal boats, and the grim old moni- 
tor there at anchor, but above all the 
glorious old Stars and Stripes, and on 
the shore the loving hearts and kindly 
hands of friends. The soldiers called 
it "the gate into God's country." 

l'ONTIKIN 111 






4 FTER the battle of Spottsylvania Court House the war photographers exposed many negatives, 
L\ during the five days that the relative positions of the two armies remained unchanged. Grant 
X Jl and Lee were engaged in brilliant strategy. Grant had thrown out his left until it rested on Mas- 
saponax Church. While the great General was in council of war at this place on the twenty- 
first of May, 1864, a remarkable photograph was taken. In the reproduction on this page it will be 
seen that the pews have been brought out under the trees and the officers are gathered to discuss the 
situation. Grant is sitting on the bench against the trees. With him are General Meade, Assistant 
Secretary of War, Charles A. Dana, and the staff officers. This was a critical time. The Union losses 
had been heavy and Lee had not yet been outwitted. This photograph is of much historic significance. 
In advance of Grant's movements, General Sheridan had started on a raid, with 10,000 sabres, and 
reaching the North Anna River, captured Beaver Dam Station, destroyed ten miles of railroad track 
and three freight trains containing a million and a half Confederate rations. Here he was fiercely 
assaulted by "Jeb" Stuart, but he succeeded in crossing the North Anna River by Ground-Squirrel 
Bridge and proceeded toward Richmond as far as Yellow Tavern, six miles from the Confederate 
Capital. Stuart fell mortally wounded and died in the city of Richmond. Sheridan then attempted to 
capture the works around Richmond, and Custer crossed the first line and seized two pieces of artillery 
and one hundred prisoners. Lee had fallen back from the North Anna River and assumed a position 
still covering Richmond. A photograph was taken of the pontoon bridge constructed across the 
North Anna River at Jericho Mills, where General Warren's fi^e corps crossed on the twenty-third of 
May. The Federal base of supplies was shifted to the White House on the Pamunkey River where the 
remainder of the Federal Army crossed on the twenty-eighth of May, followed by the war cameras. 



WHILE Grant was moving on toward Richmond, Sherman's armies of Arkansas, Cumberland, 
Ohio and Tennessee, with 352,000 men distributed in many garrisons over this wide expanse 
of territory, was moving against Atlanta, Georgia. Opposed to Sherman was Lieutenant- 
General Joseph E. Johnston, who commanded all the Confederate troops in the West, 
including the men of Bragg's old army. Atlanta was of equal importance with Richmond. 
It was a great railroad center and it contained the Confederate depots, mills, foundries and the 
manufactories of military supplies. Sherman had moved simultaneously with the Army of the 
Potomac, on the second day of the Battle of the Wilderness. On the thirteenth of May, Sherman's 
men met the Confederates at Resaca, Georgia. There was brisk, sharp fighting all along the lines. 
On the night of the fifteenth the Confederates abandoned the town and crossed the Oostenaula River, 
setting fire to the bridges. At dawn of the sixteenth the Federals entered Resaca and began a 
vigorous pursuit, and the camera recorded the scene of the abandoned entrenchments. The fields 
across which the Confederates withdrew may be seen in the distance. The Confederates concen- 
trated their forces near New Hope Church on the twenty-fifth, and attacked the advancing Union 
troops but were driven back with heavy loss. The war photographers here secured a photograph of 
the entrenchments in the woods where there was continuous fighting for six days. The Federal 
Army forced its way through the mountainous country to the towering peaks of Kenesaw Mountain, 
Lost Mountain, and Pine Mountain. On all these heights the Confederates had signal towers. 
The outlying hills were occupied by batteries. The cameras were carried to the heights of Kenesaw 
Mountain and taken into its entrenchments. Sherman's troops climbed this slope, through its 
tangled wood and rifle pits, in the face of a steady musketry and artillery fire. This really ended the 
first movement of Sherman's campaign against Atlanta. Sherman's losses during May and June were 
over 2,000 killed and 13,000 wounded Johnston's losses were about 1,200 killed and nearly 14,000 
wounded. During the fifty-four days, both armies were depleted by 3,200 killed, 27,000 wounded. 



GRANT and Lee met at Cold 
Harbor in a desperate strug- 
gle on the first day of June 
in 1864, The following day 
was occupied by a general massing 
for the deadly encounter. Meade's 
army moved silently on the enemy at 
daylight on the third and the result 
was the fiercest battle of the entire 
war. There was a drizzling rain. 
The armies could hardly see the faces 
of their antagonists. Not a shot was 
fired until they were upon each other. 
One hundred thousand muskets sim- 
ultaneously began their murderous 
work at a range of sixty to seventy 
yards. Two hundred pieces of artil- 
lery added to the deafening roar. It 
was the tragedy of Fredericksburg 
and Gettysburg re-enacted. The 
Union soldiers pressed toward the 
solid mass of lead and flame from the 
Confederate entrenchments only to be 
forced back. At times they swept to 
the breastworks against the torrents 
of musketry and mounted the para- 
pets. The assault lasted but twenty 
minutes and the Union Army lost in 
killed, wounded and missing over 
14,000 men; the Confederate loss has 
been estimated at 1,700. The two 
armies stayed at Cold Harbor for ten 
days, working on their field entrench- 
ments, and fighting whenever either 
side grew bold. Lee remained im- 
movable in his entrenchments before 
Richmond and on the afternoon of the 
sixteenth of June, Grant's army, 
horse, foot and artillery, had crossed 
the James River. On the seventh of 
June the dead were buried and the 
wounded gathered during an armis- 
tice of two hours. This is a ghastly 
view, showing the process of collect- 
ing the remains of Union soldiers 
who were hastily interred at the time 
of the battle. This photograph was 
taken on the battlefield months after 
the battle, when the Government or- 
dered the remains gathered for per- 
manent burial. The grinning skulls, the 
boots still hanging on the bones, the 
*old canteen, all testify to the tragedy. 


SI1RRMAN, in his campaign in 
Georgia in 1864, was much in- 
terested in the cameras that 
followed his army and urged 
the photographer to take negatives of 
1 very movement as his forces pushed 
the Confederates toward Atlanta. 
On the morning of July 3, 1864, the 
Stars and Stripes fluttered on the 
crest of old Kenesaw Mountain. All 
the Inderal corps were in rapid mo- 
tion, and on Independence Day Sher- 
man could distinguish the houses of 
Atlanta only nine miles away. Gen- 
eral Johnston withdrew into the city 
and a storm of indignation swept the 
Confederacy. Johnston resigned his 
command and was succeeded by Gen- 
eral J. B, Hood. Sherman set his 
troops in motion for the city on the 
seventeenth of July. On the nine- 
teenth, the troops were so near At- 
lanta, and were meeting such feeble 
resistance that it was supposed the 
Confederates were evacuating, until 
they poured out of their entrench- 
ments and opened furious fire on the 
north side of Peach Tree Creek. 
The war cameras were busily en- 
gaged and one of the negatives is an 
abandoned Confederate fortification 
on the road leading to Atlanta. A 
camera was taken into this fort 
shortly after its capture by Sherman. 
It shows the extent to which the Con- 
federates had protected themselves. 
It is one of the rare pictures in which 
chevaux-de-frise construction is 
shown. It is here seen that the de- 
fense is a temporary obstruction by 
placing rails in a row with their point- 
ed ends directed against the enemy. 
They impeded the advance of the foe 
and afforded cover for the defenders. 
During the conquest of Georgia the 
Confederates were much awed by the 
Brady "what is it ?" wagons. It is 
the first time that field photography 
was witnessed in the far South. 


WHILE Sherman's Army 
was literally standing at 
the gates of Atlanta, this 
photograph was taken. 
The great general was with his staff 
in a Federal fort on the outlying hills. 
He was leaning on the breech of the 
cannon in one of his most characteris- 
tic attitudes. At this time Sherman 
was forty-four years of age. When 
sixteen years old he had entered West 
Point as a cadet, through the influ- 
ence of his father, who was a Su- 
preme Court judge in Ohio. At 
twenty years of age he entered the 
United States regular army and dur- 
ing the Mexican War was engaged 
in service in California. When thirty- 
three years of age, Sherman resigned 
from the army and became President 
of the State Military Institute of 
Louisiana. At the outbreak of the 
Civil War he left the South and 
offered his services to the Union. I [e 
was a colonel at the Battle of Bull 
Run. After that battle, when the 
Northern Army was reorganized, 
Sherman was appointed Brigadier- 
General of Volunteers and command- 
ed the Department of the Cumber- 
land. He demanded 200,000 men to 
reach the Gulf, but it was refused and 
he was ordered into Missouri. He 
was for a time inactive but came to 
the front again at Sbiloh in command 
of a division under Grant. His brav- 
ery secured his promotion to Major- 
General and he became active in the 
campaign around Vicksburg. He 
then entered into the Mississippi 
Campaign and led the forces against 
Atlanta, resulting in his famous march 
to the sea. This photograph was 
taken on the eighteenth day of July, 
in 1864, on the lines before Atlanta. 
Sherman was much interested in the 
new science of photography and 
he always protected the cameras. 








ATLANTA was evacuated by the Confederates on the first day of September, in 1S64 
after a long, hard siege. The formal surrender was made by the Mayor on Sept- 
tember second and the city became a military depot governed by military law. 
During this campaign of four months the Federals lost 3 1 ,680 men ; the Confederates 34,986. 
The war photographers secured many negatives of the battlefields in the siege around At- 
lanta. A view is here shown of Peach Tree Creek where the Federal loss was 1,710 and the 
Confederate 4,796. Another camera was taken to the woods where the Union general, Mc- 
Pherson, was killed in Hood's second sortie outside of the city. The daring commander 
rode directly into the enemy's line, without knowledge of danger. An interesting picture 
is that of the earth- works before Atlanta, during Hood's first sortie, in which the Union 
losses were 3,641, and the Confederate 8,499. The destruction that was wrought during 
the siege of Atlanta is perpetuated by many of these negatives. While the armies were 
making these decisive blows, the "Kearsarge" 3,000 miles away, met and sunk the Confeder- 
ate ship, "Alabama," in the English Channel on Sunday morning, June 19, 1864. The 
"Alabama" had been roaming the seas nearly two years, capturing and burning American 
merchantmen. Another important naval conflict occured on the 5th of August when Ad- 
miral Farragut gained possession of Mobile Bay, Alabama, and the war cameras caught 
a picture of the rebel ram, "Tennessee," the ironclad captured at that time by Farragut. 





WHILE the combined armies under Sherman lay in and around Atlanta until Octo- 
ber, 1864, the war photographers were used extensively. Fierce encounters took 
place early in that month around Kenesaw Mountain and along Allatoona Pass. 
During this famous encounter Sherman stood on the top of Kenesaw. General Corse, who 
was leading the Union Division into combat, sent him this message: "I am short a cheek- 
bone and one ear, but am able to whip all hell yet." It was to this that Sherman made his 
famous reply: " Hold the fort, for I am coming." Sherman began his famous march to the 
sea on the fifteenth of November. As the columns left Atlanta the Federal engineers applied 
their torches to the depot, roundhouse, and the machine shops of the Georgia railroad. The 
columns extended to the northern part of the city. Stores, warehouses, hotels, and mills, 
with many private dwellings, were destroyed to the value of more than three millions of dol- 
lars. Amid the fierce heat and roar Sherman rode out of Atlanta on the afternoon of Nov- 
ember 1 6th. The great army for five consecutive weeks swept across Georgia. The 62,000 
men, 20,000 horses and mules, marched 300 miles in a route from 20 to 60 miles wide. The 
army captured twenty million pounds of corn and fodder, three million rations of bread and 
meat, one million rations of coffee and sugar and 350 miles of railroad track were destroyed. 
Sherman estimated the property losses at over one hundred millions of dollars. The Federal 
losses during the campaign were but 6t, men killed on the field, 245 wounded, and 259 mis- 
sing. The Confederacy was severed and a decisive step taken toward ending the Civil War. 



WHILE Sherman was marching from 
Chattanooga, Tennessee, to Atlanta, 
Georgia, on his famous march to the 
sea, Grant was laying siege on 
Petersburg, Virginia, twenty-two miles south of 
Richmond. This was the central point for five 
railroads, giving communication with the Caro- 
Hnas and Southern Virginia. Its possession by 
Federal troops would cut off Richmond and 
force the evacuation of the Confederate Capital. 
Lee was strongly intrenched around Petersburg. 

For a time during the summer there was hot 
fighting every hour in the day and frequently far 
into the night. The two armies were ready to 
fight to a finish. The Union Army was prepar- 
ing itself for the final stroke and the conflicts 
were constant. It was during this campaign 
that the battles of New Market Heights and 
Cedar Creek were fought and Sheridan made his 
famous ride down the Shenandoah Valley to 
Winchester. Grant's base of supplies was at 
City Point on the James River. On the ninth 

day of August, in 1864, there was an explosion 
of the ordnance barges and a war camera was 
hurried to the scene and secured this negative 
on the same day. At the same time, while Gen- 
eral Grant was in conference with his staff in his 
tent at the army headquarters, the war photogra- 
phers secured the picture shown on the preceding 
page. The general may be seen in the center of 
the group, sitting in the chair, with his hat char- 
acteristically pushed back on his head and his 
legs crossed. This is an interesting negative. 

IN the closing months of 1S64 
events occurred in rapid succes- 
sion in the southwest. The 
Confederates, under Hood, 
driven from Georgia by Sherman, in- 
vaded Middle Tennessee. General 
Price began his invasion of Missouri 
and destroyed property valued at 
three millions of dollars and seized a 
vast quantity of supplies. The Union 
forces, under General Thomas, were 
concentrated at Nashville. There 
were continual skirmishes and at 
nightfall, on the sixteenth of Decem- 
ber, General Thomas ordered his 
troops into line of battle, with the in- 
tent of driving Hood's Army from the 
territory. In a terrific fire of mus- 
ketry, grape and canister, the Fed- 
erals pushed forward. In the next 
two days the Confederates lost all 
their artillery. General Thomas took 
four thousand, five hundred prison- 
ers, nearly three hundred being offi- 
cers. The fleeing Confederate col- 
umns left nearly three thousand dead 
and wounded on the ground, while 
the Federal loss was three hundred. 
The weather was very cold, but 
Thomas pursued his foe relentlessly. 
Hood's men were in a desperate con- 
dition, barefooted, ragged and dis- 
heartened. They were pressed to the 
Tennessee River where thirteen thou- 
sand were taken prisoners, and 
Flood's great army was practically 
annihilated, their small arms scat- 
tered along the roads, and cannon, 
caissons and wagons abandoned. 
Hood took the remnants of his army 
into Mississippi where he was re- 
lieved from command by his own re- 
quest and retired minus the arm he 
left at Gettysburg and the leg he left 
at Chickamauga. On the thirtieth 
day of December, in 1864, Thomas 
went into winter quarters. One 
of the last photographs of the year 
was taken in Fort Negley, Nashville, 
Tennessee, showing the ironclad case- 
mates and the interior of the fort. 



THE last days of 1864 closed 
with the Army of the Poto- 
mac and the Army of the 
James maintaining - the siege 
about Petersburg 1 . Nearly every hour 
of the day and night the air was filled 
with the roar of siege cannons and 
mortars. Brady and Gardner had 
several of their cameras at the siege 
of Petersburg. Many rare negatives 
are to-day witnesses of this great 
event. The picture shown on this 
page was taken during the siege. It 
shows the thir teen-inch "Dictator," 
known as the "Petersburg Express," 
mounted on a flat freight car made 
strong for this purpose. It was 
on the military railroad outside of 
Petersburg and moved continually 
along the line, throwing its huge 
death-dealing bombs into the- city. 
Some of the mortars were mounted on 
very strong, special-made cars, pro- 
tected with roofs of railroad iron. 
Grant's line was twenty-five miles 
long, but with its parallels extending 
over ninety miles. The two forts 
nearest the city of Petersburg were 
known by the soldiers as Fort Hell 
and Fort Damnation. From their 
casemates the movements of the sol- 
diers of the beleagured city were dis- 
tinctly visible. The guns of these 
two advanced forts were never silent. 
At nightfall, the pickets, with one 
hundred and fifty rounds of ball car- 
tridges, left for the outposts, and 
many of them never returned. The 
night was made hideous by the roar 
of huge siege guns, the sudden 
crashes of musketry and the crack of 
rifle shells. The openings of the 
breastworks were so filled with shot 
during this siege that in time of truce 
the soldiers would dig the narrow 
openings out with their fingers. On 
the next page is shown a photograph 
taken April 2, 1865, in Confederate 
trenches at Petersburg just after their 
capture by the daring Union troops. 









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DEEDS of valor on the battlefield have been sung 
from the earliest ages, but there is no epoch in 
the world's history when men have shown more 
magnificent courage, or greater devotion to principle, 
than in the Civil War of the United States. The days 
of ancient knighthood never saw more gallant fighters, no 
lancer ever met a worthier foe. It was the grandest 
spectacle of heroism that eyes have ever witnessed. At 
the battle-front, in prison pit, in hospital, or wounded on 
the field — no men ever endured more intense suffering. 

The only National debt we can never pay is the debt 
we owe to the men who offered their lives that the United 
American Nation might live to become the greatest power 
in the human race. The heroic sacrifices will never be 
known. Jt has been variously estimated from three hun- 
dred thousand to a million lives. The Government 
records 44,238 men as having been killed in battle; 
49,205 dying of wounds and injuries; 186,2 16 succumbing 
to disease; 24,184 expiring from unknown causes; and 
526 suicides, homicides and executions. Thousands or 
men disappeared during the conflict and have never been 
heard from since. The surgeon-general's records give 
280,040 wounded in battle; 184,791 missing or captured; 
26,168 dying while prisoners of war. The medical 
records state that 6,049,648 cases were brought into the 
hospitals, great numbers of whom were sent home to die. 
The Confederate losses can never be ascertained but it is 
very probable that the price that America paid for the 
preservation of the Union was a million of its manhood. 

The crisis of 1865 held not only the future of the 
United States in the balance, but threatened to change 
the political divisions of the world. The American 
Nation, which is the "freest, richest and most powerful" 
nation under the skies, would have been divided into 
two weakened republics, each struggling for existence, 
disputing the ownership of rivers and coast, engaged in 
continual border uprisings, and finally becoming the prey 
of the powerful nations of Europe — only to be soon 

" When 'Greek meets Greek' the tug of war 

Is sure to follow fierce and strong; 
What wonder that the bloody strife 

'Twixt North and South was four years long ! 
Four hundred thousand of our brave 

Gave up their lives that we might be 
A Nation, powerful and great, 

The fitting home of Liberty. 
America will surely stand 

The first and foremost of the earth: 
The Queen of Nations she shall be, 

And all her sons have royal birth. 

taken by Brady on the battlefield during the Civil War 

"The Goddess of sweet Liberty 

Still smiles upon her gallant knights 
Who bravely sprang to her defense, 

And fearless fought to keep our rights. 
Then cheer our heroes, grim and old, 

And let them feel while yet alive, 
We honor them for what they did 

From sixty-one to sixty-five. 
All honor to our sacred dead. 

And honor well the living, too, 
Our Veterans of the Civil War, 

These noble boys who wore the blue." 

devoured by encroaching monarchies of the Eastern 

The problem was settled for all ages in 1865. The 
American Nation rose from the ruins of War like a 
young giant. Grasping the hand of the North and the 
South, it clasped them together with the grip of brother- 
hood and the sacred pledge, "United we stand; divided 
we fall." Long live America, the Land of the Free and 
the Home of the Brave ! The vast armies, "strong 
enough to have conquered a hemisphere, vanished like a 
vision and the men who fought side by side through the 
perils of four years of Civil War, laid down their arms, 
changed their uniforms of blue and gray for the apparel 
of everyday life, and took up once more the peaceful 
occupations they had abandoned to serve their country." 

The Spring of 1865 can never be forgotten by the 
men who went through it. It was a time of intense 
excitement and overflowing enthusiasm which carried 
itself almost to pandemonium. The war cameras, which 
had perpetuated the last wonderful scenes of the conflict, 
were taken to Washington and New York, and the 
Summer fell upon a peaceful people. 

It is the avowed mission of these pages to lay before 
the present generation the vision of War in all its horror 
that those who look upon them may pledge themselves to 
the furtherance of the day "when a cannon will be exhib- 
ited in public museums, just as an instrument of torture is 
now, and people will be amazed that such a thing could 
have been;" the day when "those two immense groups, 
the United States of America, and the United States of 
Europe," and the United States of Asia and of Africa, 
"will be seen placed in the presence of each other, extend- 
ing the hand of fellowship across the oceans, exchanging 
their produce, their commerce, their industries, their arts, 
their genius; clearing the earth, peopling the desert, 
improving creation under the eye of the Creator, and unit- 
ing for the good of all, these two irresistible and infinite 
powers — the fraternity of men and the power of God!" 


THE first days of 1865 around 
Petersburg were a hard 
strain on the soldiers. The 
winter's siege had been se- 
The Confederates were des- 
Unablc to break the Federal 
lines at Dinwiddie, Five Forks, or any 
of the many combats that were con- 
tinually taking place, defeat and anni- 
hilation awaited them. On the first 
of April the entire artillery forces in 
the trenches before Petersburg began 
a tremendous cannonading which 
continued until dawn. The Union 
troopsduring the night tightened their 
lines around Petersburg until the fol- 
lowing morning, which was Sunday. 
At daylight, on Monday, the third of 
April, Lee evacuated Petersburg and 
the Union forces entered the city 
about nine o'clock. Cameras were 
soon taken through the gates and dur- 
ing the day several photographs were 
taken, including a negative of the 
trenches containing the dead. This 
photograph shows a company of col- 
ored infantry. There were 186,097 
colored troops enlisted in the Civil 
War. In many conflicts they showed 
great bravery, especially during the 
siege of Petersburg. An instance of 
their great courage was the attempt 
to break through the Confederate 
lines by tunneling under one of the 
fortifications and blowing it up with 
the charge of eight thousand pounds 
of powder. In the smoke of the ex- 
plosion the colored troops charged 
through the crater and up the slope 
beyond, only to meet with a terrific 
fire in which hundreds of colored he- 
roes were mown down like grass, 
with no hope of anyone reaching the 
crest, but they held to the charge un- 
til ordered to retire. The engage- 
ments around Petersburg during its 
last nine months cost the Union Army 
more than thirty thousand men. 


THIS witness of a remarkable 
sight is so old that it will be 
noted that the tree at the 
right of the picture is being 
eaten away from the original nega- 
tive. It lays before the eyes of all 
generations the view of the first 
wagon train entering Petersburg 
with provisions for the starving in- 
habitants after one of the greatest 
sieges in history. It was on Sunday 
night, about ten o'clock, the second 
day of April, in 1865, that the reso- 
lute Lee marshalled his troops for the 
evacuation of Petersburg. At three 
on the following morning the strong- 
hold of the Confederacy was left to 
the Union forces. At nine on the 
same morning General Grant rode 
into the deserted city. The remain- 
ing inhabitants were panic-stricken 
and in a destitute condition. Many 
of them had escaped with their beloved 
leader while others, in abject terror, 
secluded themselves in their homes 
(Irani, with his staff, rode quietly 
through the streets until he came to a 
comfortable-looking brick house, with 
a yard in front, where he dismounted 
and took a seat on the veranda. The 
gentle manner of the great general 
found a response in the hearts of 
those who had feared him. Citizens 
soon gathered on the sidewalk and 
gazed with curiosity on the Union 
commander. News of the hunger of 
the people was hurried along the line. 
Great wagon trains of provisions 
struggled for miles through road- 
ways choked with prisoners, strag- 
glers and wounded. This photograph 
was taken as the first division, loaded 
with barrels of Hour, pork, coffee, 
sugar, and other necessaries, rolled 
into Petersburg. With the brotherly 
affection that even the madness of 
war cannot destroy, the men in blue 
came to those devoted to the gray, 
not as enemies, but as fellowmen ever 
willing to relieve the suffering. The 
humanity of war is here exemplified. 


THE largest fleet that had ever 
been assembled under one 
command in the history of 
the American Navy concen- 
trated before Fort Fisher, North Car- 
olina, late in 1864. It included nearly 
sixty vessels, of which five were iron- 
clads, and the three largest United 
States steam frigates, "Minnesota," 
"Colorado" and "Wabash," and was 
accompanied by one of the war cam- 
eras. The total number of guns and 
howitzers of the fleet were over 
six hundred, and the weight of pro- 
jectiles at a single discharge of all the 
guns, both broadsides, was over 
twenty-two tons. The Atlantic and 
Gulf coast were almost entirely in the 
Government possession and the Navy 
was prepared to strike its decisive 
blow. Fort Fisher was now the most 
important Confederate naval position. 
The first attack took place in the night 
of December twenty-third, when a 
powder-boat was exploded under the 
towering walls of the old fort. It 
was believed that it was leveled to the 
ground, but in the morning the grim 
fort stood absolutely uninjured with 
its flag floating defiantly. An attack 
was then led by the ironclads, fol- 
lowed by the monitors and frigates. 
A naval officer in describing it says : 
"Their sides seemed a sheet of flame, 
and the roar of their guns like a 
mighty thunderbolt." The enemy 
took refuge in their bomb-proofs. 
Owing to misunderstanding between 
army and navy the fort was not taken. 
An excellent photograph was secured 
of one of the gunboats in the Fort 
Fisher expedition — the "Santiago de 
Cuba," and the negative is one 
of the finest naval pictures ever taken. 





THE last stronghold of the 
Southern Confederacy on the 
Atlantic Coast fell early in 
1865. On the twelfth of Jan- 
uary operations were agreed upon for 
the final assault on Fort Fisher and a 
photograph was taken of the fleet as 
it lay off the coast. On the morning 
of the thirteenth the ironclads opened 
a terrific fire. Fort Fisher was at 
this time much stronger than at the 
first attack. Troops had reinforced 
the garrison. Damages from the first 
bombardment had been repaired and 
new defenses added. In describing 
the downfall of the fort one who par- 
ticipated says: "I believe there had 
never before been such a storm of 
shell in any naval engagement. At 
noon on the fifteenth the attempt was 
made for the sailors and marines to 
land. From thirty-five of the sixty 
ships of the fleet boats were lowered, 
and with flags flying, pulled toward 
the beach in line abreast, a most spir- 
ited scene. The sailors were armed 
with cutlasses and pistols. The great 
land battery, the artillery and a thou- 
sand rifles opened fire from Fort 
Fisher. The daring sailors found 
themselves packed like sheep in a 
death pen, under a most galling fire." 
The army pressed forward under 
General Terry's command, fighting its 
way from traverse to traverse, over- 
powering the garrison, and finally 
driving the Confederates from their 
last refuge. Fort Fisher fell on the 
fifteenth of January. The casualties 
in the fleet amounted to 309, while 
Terry's command lost no killed and 
53C wounded — a total of nearly 1,000 
men. With the fall of Fort 'Fisher 
and its seventy-five guns, the Con- 
federates abandoned Fort Caswell 
and all the works on Smith's Island ; 
all those between Caswell and Smith- 
ville up to the battery on Reeve's 
Toint on the west side of the river. 
This photograph of the fleet that took 
Fort Fisher shows the ships assem- 
bling off the coast. The negative 
was secured under much difficulty. 

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THE Civil War was a great 
practical demonstration of 
naval vessels propelled by 
steam. The whole system of 
naval tactics had undergone a great 
change. The guns had become vastly 
more powerful ; war ships were now 
protected by a light armor, and the 
torpedo had found its way into suc- 
cessful employment. The normal 
strength of the Navy at the beginning 
of the war was ninety vessels ; fifty of 
these were sailing ships, worthy ves- 
sels in years gone by, but now left be- 
hind by progress. There were forty 
vessels propelled by steam and many 
of these were scattered on the high 
seas. As the war progressed, the 
Navy was increased and at its close 
had nearly six hundred ships, includ- 
ing every variety of merchantman and 
river steamboat roughly adapted in 
navy-yards for war services. There 
were built or projected during the 
war nearly sixty ironclads. At the 
beginning of the war the total number 
of officers of all grades in the Navy 
was 1,457, a "d during its progress the 
number was increased to 7,500, 
chiefly from the merchant marine. 
The normal strength of seamen, 
which was 7,600, rose during the war 
to 51,500. The South entered upon 
the war without any naval prepara- 
tion and with very limited resources, 
but by purchases and seizures 
equipped a considerable fleet. Toward 
the close of the conflict the war pho- 
tographers secured a large number 
of negatives during naval demonstra- 
tions. Among those here presented 
is Admiral David D. Porter and staff 
on his flagship, "Malvern," on the 
Fort Fisher Expedition. The gallant 
admiral may be seen standing in the 
center of the group. A picture is on 
the following page of Major-General 
A. H. Terry and staff, in command of 
the land demonstrations around Fort 
Fisher, and on whom special honors 
were conferred by Congress for his 
courageous leadership in the attack. 
These photographs witness the last 
great naval demonstration of the war. 



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THE final blows of the Civil War came quick and sharp. Grant had taken 
Petersburg; Thomas had annihilated the Confederate forces under Hood 
along the Mississippi River ; Sherman had swept through Georgia and 
overrun the Carolinas. Exactly four years after the inauguration of Jef- 
ferson Davis as President of the Confederacy, historic Columbia and Charleston, 
South Carolina, surrendered. The closing days sowed flame and devastation. 
The war cameras followed Sherman's Army into Columbia and the old negatives 
tell the tragedy of the destroyed Confederate cities. One of them here reproduced 
is historic Secession Hall in ruins. It was here that the first Ordinance of Seces- 
sion was passed. This view shows the historic edifice as it appeared when the 
Union troops took possession of the city. Adjoining the Hall is the ruins of 
Central Church, and in the background is St. Phillips Church. The fall of 
Columbia occurred on February 12, 1865. Charleston surrendered the following 
day, and the Federal Government took possession. One of these photographs 
shows the ruins of the Northeastern Railroad Depot at Charleston where two 
hundred persons were blown up on the day of evacuation, February 17, 1865. 
Sherman moved on through North Carolina and fought his last battle at Benton- 
ville, where the National loss was 1,604 >™ n and the Confederate loss 2,342. 
During these last days of the war occurred a disaster on the Mississippi River. 
The "Sultana" was on her journey from New Orleans to St. Louis, receiving on 
board 1 ,964 Union prisoners from Columbia, Salisbury, Andersonville and other 
Confederate prisons. Anxious to proceed North, little heed was given that the 
ship was already carrying a heavy load of passengers on board, occupying every 
foot of available space on all the decks to the tops of the cabins and the wheel- 
house, and on the twenty-seventh of April, when about eight miles above 
Memphis, one of her boilers blew up. The dead at the scene numbered 1,500. 





IN the hospitals of the army dur- 
ing the Civil War 6,049,648 
cases were treated by the offi- 
cers of the Medical Department. 
The medical skill of the surgeons and 
physicians is evidenced by the fact 
that only 185,353 of these patients 
died during their detention in the hos- 
pitals. While a large number of 
these soldiers suffered from gunshot 
wounds, the disease of chronic diar- 
rhoea was nearly as fatal, and its 
deadlincss was closely followed by 
the ravages of typhoid fever and lung 
diseases. It is estimated that 285,245 
men were discharged during the war 
for disability. A tribute should be 
paid to the nobility of the hospital 
corps. Many noble men and women 
did great service to their country in 
relieving the sufferings that followed 
the battles. After many of the terri- 
fic conflicts the ground was strewn 
with the dead and dying. The 
wounded, in whom there was a hope 
of life, were given immediate care 
and hurried on stretchers to nearby 
houses and barns from which floated 
the yellow flag of the Medical De- 
partment. Large hospital tents were 
erected near the scene of battle. At 
times all the rooms in the surround- 
ing farmhouses were full of wound- 
ed; the injured men were laid on 
cornstalks and hay in the barns. 
Sometimes it was impossible to find 
shelter for them all and they were 
laid on boards inclined against fences. 
Many of the large trees formed a 
shelter for a temporary hospital, 
where the men were laid in rows 
while the attendants administered to 
their wants. In no previous war in 
the history of the world was so much 
done to alleviate suffering as in the 
War of 1861-1865. But notwith- 
standing all that was done, the 
wounded suffered horribly. After 
any great battle it required several 
days and nights of steady work before 
all the wounded men were gathered. 


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JEFFERSON DAVIS was at St. Paul's Church, in Richmond, at the usual 
hour of Sunday morning worship when he received the message that 
Petersburg" was being evacuated and Lee's lines were irreparably broken. 
The sexton walked up to Davis's pew and whispered a few words in the 
President's ear. The members of the Cabinet received similar calls. From 
church to church the note of warning was communicated. By two o'clock every- 
body in Richmond knew that the city was to be abandoned. The Presidential 
party with difficulty made its way through the excited crowd which thronged 
and blocked the streets. Davis began his flight by boarding a train and went 
as far as Danville where, on April 4, 1865, he began to establish a new seat of 
government. The following day he issued a proclamation to his people, only 
to again flee to Greensborough, North Carolina, where he remained in a railroad 
car. On reaching Charlotte, he threw off the semblance of authority and planned 
to reach Texas. The flight was continued through South Carolina and into 
Macon, Georgia. In the meantime, a reward of $100,000 was offered for the 
apprehension of Davis. He was finally captured in a camp in the woods near 
Irwinsville, Georgia, while trying to escape in a lady's waterproof coat, gathered 
at the waist, with a shawl thrown over the head, and carrying a tin pail. This 
remarkable photograph was taken while the Confederate President was being 
carried as a prisoner in an ambulance through the streets of Macon. He was 
conveyed to Fortress Monroe, for safe keeping, on May 22, 1865, and was 
finally allowed his freedom on bail and never brought to trial. Brady entered 
Richmond with his cameras a few hours after the departure of Davis and these 
negatives witness the ruins. The great tobacco warehouses had been destroyed 
and the ironclad rams on the river had been blown up. The city was being pil- 
laged. The Union troops entered as conquerors and immediately set to work 
with a will to extinguish the flames which wrought great destruction and havoc. 



RICHMOND was a mass of 
flames on the third of April, 
in 1865. As the Federal 
forces entered the city it was 
a scene of terrible splendor. The ex- 
plosion of magazines caused the earth 
to rock and tremble as with the shock 
of an earthquake. The flames were 
leaping from building to building un- 
til thirty squares were ablaze, con- 
suming over one thousand structures. 
Prisoners were liberated from the 
penitentiary and the torch was applied 
to it. Men, women and children, 
faint from hunger, fled from their 
homes. The provision depots were 
battered at the doors and forced open 
in the demoniacal struggle against 
starvation. The gutters ran with 
whiskey, and men fell to their knees 
and lapped it as it flowed through the 
streets. The clatter of the hoofs of 
the horses added to the tumult as the 
Union troops entered the city. At 
daylight the approach of the Federal 
forces could be plainly discerned. The 
war cameras came into Richmond with 
the army. The Union soldiers began 
to fight the flames, blowing up houses 
to check their advance. There was a 
cavalry rush for Libby prison to bring 
freedom to the Union soldiers con- 
fined within its walls, but upon reach- 
ing it not a guard nor an inmate re- 
mained. The doors were wide open. 
An old negro placidly remarked: 
"Dey's all gone, massal" The day 
following a mighty cheer was heard 
near the abandoned residence of Tef- 
ferson Davis. President Lincoln 
walked down the street with his usual 
long, careless stride. After viewing 
the situation and impressing upon 
the officers his desire that they exert 
the most humane influences, Lincoln 
returned to Washington. One of the 
most valuable negatives in the Civil 
War collection is the ruins of Rich- 
mond on the day that Lincoln in- 
spected the condition of the city. 


WHEN Lee, with the rem- 
nant of his army, fled 
from Richmond and Pe- 
tersburg, he was closely 
pursued by Grant and attacked vig- 
orously at every approach. For sev- 
enty miles it was a race that was 
marked by a long track of blood. 
There were collisions at Jestersville, 
Detonville, Deep Creek, Paine's Cross 
Roads, and Farmville. At Sailor's 
Creek the Confederate lines were 
broken by Custer. The Confederate 
General Ewell, with four other gen- 
erals and his entire corps, were cap- 
tured and on the eighth of April the 
Southern Army, under Lee, was 
completely surrounded. Lee had but 
28,000 men left and his brave dead 
were lying in heaps along the route of 
his retreat. Hemmed in at Appomat- 
tox Court House a last desperate 
effort was made to cut through the 
Federal cavalry. He was gaining 
ground when Sheridan's bugles rang 
out the signal for a general charge 
and a hajt was called under a flag of 
truce. The two historic armies never 
exchanged another shot. General 
Lee left his camp on the morning of 
April 8 and was conducted to the 
McLean house, where he found Gen- 
eral Grant awaiting him. The actual 
surrender took place on April 12, 
1865. The Confederate officers and 
men were paroled. Lee returned to 
his men and bade them farewell. 
The scene was one of the most pa- 
thetic in the records of war. The 
Confederate veterans wept like chil- 
dren as they looked upon the face of 
their beloved leader. His last words 
to his men were : "You will take with 
you the satisfaction that proceeds 
from the consciousness of duty faith- 
fully performed. I earnestly pray 
that a merciful God will extend to you 
His blessing and protection." A few 
hours after Lee's surrender this pho- 
tograph was taken at Appomattox. 


IT is here in these closing pages 
the sad duty of these wonderful 
old negatives to record one of 
the deepest tragedies in the 
history of the world. In it the greatest 
Republic of the earth, at the close of 
the most terrific conflict ever waged 
by fellow countrymen, saw its cham- 
pion of Liberty fall at the hands of an 
assassin. The great Lincoln looked 
forward to years of peace among a 
re-united people, On the night of 
April 14, 1865, he was murdered at 
Ford's Theater. The bitter tidings 
Swept the country. The American 
Nation was bowed down with grief. 
The rendezvous of the conspirators 
was found to be the house of Mrs. M. 
E. Surratl, located in the very heart 
of Washington. Mrs. Surratt, her 
daughter Anna, Miss Fitzpatrick and 
a Miss llolahan were arrested. 
George A. Atzerott, and one named 
Powell*, were later captured. The 
principal assassin, John Wilkes Booth, 
was found eleven days after the 
murder and was shot when he re- 
fused to surrender. His companion, 
Harold, who had been a fugitive with 
him, was taken prisoner. The trial 
01 the conspirators took place in 
Washington before a military com- 
mission. On July 6, 1865, sentence 
was pronounced and on the following 
day the four conspirators — Harold, 
Atzerott, Powell and Mrs. Surratt — 
were hanged. Two of Brady's cam- 
eras were taken into the prison yard 
and placed near the scaffold. When the 
warrant was being read one camera 
was used and the historic view is now 
in the Eaton Collection. When the 
drop was sprung, the second negative 
was exposed and the tragic scene is 
here recorded. Mrs. Surratt is hang- 
ing at the left. The ghastliness was 
such that many of the guards turned 
their heads. It is believed to be the 
first time that the camera has been 
used to perpetuate the execution of 
political conspirators. The negatives 
are in excellent condition and their 
historic value is beyond purchase. 


THE funeral procession of Lin- 
coln as it passed through 
New York was witnessed by 
nearly a million people. The 
body was taken to Springfield, Ohio, 
his old home town to which he had 
not returned since he left it to go to 
Washington as President of the 
United States. Lincoln was buried 
at Oak Ridge Cemetery, about two 
miles from Springfield. Immediately 
after the close of the war the Govern- 
ment began inquiry into the cruelties 
alleged to have taken place in many of 
the prisons. The result was the arrest 
of Captain Henry Wirtz, the jailor at 
Andersonvillc. He was given trial 
before a military commission and 
convicted of brutally murdering Union 
prisoners. Wirtz was sentenced to 
death and hanged on the tenth of No- 
vember, 1865. The execution took 
place in Washington within short dis- 
tance of the National Capitol, and 
Brady's cameras were taken into the 
prison yard. The negative was taken 
as the condemned man stood on the 
scaffold, with head bowed, listening 
to the reading of his death warrant. 
Another negative was secured after 
the noose had been tightened around 
his neck and the drop had been 
sprung. The photographs perpetuate 
a tragic moment. It will be seen that 
the soldiers on guard were standing 
at "attention." The evidence against 
Wirtz was overwhelming. Many 
witnesses testified to the cruelty of 
the accused man and the horrors en- 
acted within the dead lines at Ander- 
sonvillc. Prisoners were forced to 
go forty-eight hours without food. 
Many of them became insane ; others 
committed suicide. There were de- 
liberate, cold-blooded murders of 
peaceable men. No opportunities 
were afforded for cleanliness and the 
prisoners were covered with vermin. 
The execution of Wirtz met public 
approval and this photograph shows 
him in his last moments of life. 



Ulysses Simpson Grant— Born at Point Pleasant, Ohio, April 27, 1822 — Died at 
Mt. Gregor, New York, July 33, 188s— Graduated from West Point in 18*3 and 
fought gallantly under the Stars and Stripes in the War against Mexico— Com- 
mander-in-chief of the victorious Union Army in the Civil War In the United 
States— This photograph was taken when he was forty-two years of age, during 
the Civil War, and was never before published— It is protected by copyright 

A MERICANS— true to the blue or true to 
AA the gray — bow in reverence to the mem- 
■*- -*- ory of these two great fellow country- 
men — the greatest leaders that mankind 
has ever followed. Under the same beloved flag 
they fought in their early days, only to stand 
arrayed against each other as foes in their latter 
days, and to finally die as loyal Americans. Never 
before has the public looked upon these photo- 
graphs, which were taken by the war cameras at 
Appomattox at the end of the war. When 
Lee offered his sword to Grant it was courte- 
ously returned to him. The two gallant generals 
lifted their hats and parted forever. Grant 
mounted his horse, and started with his staff for 
Washington. Lee set out for Richmond, a 
broken-hearted man. The armies returning 
from the field were brought to Washington for a 
grand review and mustered out of service. The 
news of Lee's surrender passed from army to 
army through the South and West, and six weeks 
later the last gun had been fired and musket laid 
down in the Civil War of the United States. In 
closing these pages, acknowledgment is made to 
the many eminent historians whose scholarly 
works have been consulted and quoted in narrat- 
ing the incidents surrounding these photographs. 
Mr. Edward B. Eaton, who has prepared this 
remarkable presentation from his valuable col- 
lection; Mr. Francis T. Miller, the editor and 
writer of this book; and Mr. George E. Tracy, 
associated with Mr. Eaton in placing this vol- 
ume before the public, wish to express their 
appreciation for the cordial interest taken in the 
work by the department commanders of the 
Grand Army of the Republic, many of whom 
testify to having seen the Brady cameras on the 
battlefield when these negatives were being taken. 
To these men — and to all who witnessed the 
scenes herein perpetuated — this book is dedicated 
with the benediction of the victorious Grant: 

i ' ,'JKBl 

w&L A: m 

jgjgr A / ■- ^^ 

5ii"~ w 


Robert Edward Lee— Born at Stratford, Virginia, 


ry rg, 1807 — Died at Lex- 

gallantly under the Stars and Stripes in the War against Mexico— Commander-i.. 
chief of the vanquished Confederate Army in the Civil War in the UDited 
States — This photograph was taken when he was fifty-seven years of age, during 
the Civil War, and was never before published -It is protected by copyright 

6 6 








THE Eaton Collection of Original Photographs of 
the Civil War, the full history of which is given 
in the introductory to this Volume, is now for 
the first time unveiled to the public. In pre- 
senting the reproductions in this book the owner of this 
remarkable collection has protected them fully by copy- 
right and warns the public against infringers. Mr. 
Eaton is the sole owner of these original negatives, which 
are valued at $150,000, and henceforth, any other repro- 
duction must be with his written authority or it is an in- 
fringement. That the public may become fully acquaint- 
ed with the negatives in this official collection, experts are 
now at work drawing two prints from each negative, 
protecting them under copyright, and identifying, arrang- 
ing and preparing them for a complete catalogue. In 
several instances the label which the photographer placed 
on the negatives when he made the photograph, over 
forty years ago, has been lost. These are being carefully 
identified by veterans of the Civil War who offer affida- 
vits to having been on the scene. At present there are 
still many views that are labeled "unknown." It is near- 

ing a half century since the sun painted these real scenes 
of that great War, and some negatives have undergone 
chemical changes which make it difficult to secure 
"prints" from them. There can be no substitution, as the 
scenes represented on the old glass plates have passed 
away forever. The great value of these pictures is appar- 
ent. Several negatives are entirely past printing and all 
of them require retouching byold-time photographers who 
understand the process. Even to the thinning ranks of 
heroes of the Civil War the scenes of 1861-1865 are but a 
fading memory; cherished, it is true, and often called up 
from among the dim pictures of the past, but after all, 
only the vision of a dream. Artists have painted and 
sketched and engraved, with more or less fidelity to fact 
and detail, those "scenes of trial and danger." Their 
pictures can be but imaginary conceptions of the artist. 
Fortunately, our Government authorized courageous pho- 
tographers to skillfully secure with their cameras the re- 
flection, as in a mirror, of the thrilling scenes of the con- 
flict. These views vividly renew the memories of the 
war days. The camp, the march, the battlefields, the 

forts and trenches, the wounded, the prisoners, the dead, 
the hurriedly-made graves, and many other of those once 
familiar scenes are photographically portrayed and per- 

As a record of a crisis in the history of the world, these 
negatives are worth their weight in gold. Their value is 
such that they cannot be handled, except with great care, 
or removed for exhibition purposes. They are in a vault 
in Hartford, Connecticut, where the owner is very willing 
to allow the public, especially the Veterans of the Civil 
War, to examine them. It is desired to have the old neg- 
atives become of as much service to the public-at-large 
as possible and for this purpose is compiled this partial 
catalogue from the collection. Whenever the condition 
of the negative permits, Mr. Eaton is willing to allow the 
privilege of printing a proof. This is especially granted 
to Old Soldiers or Grand Army Posts who desire certain 
original photographs of scenes in which they participated. 
The service of this collection, inasmuch as it pertains to 
commendable purposes, is here extended to the American 
People who are no longer "Federal" and "Confederate." 

THIS is a partial list of the negatives in the Eaton Collection of Original 
Negatives taken on the Battlefields during the Civil War of the United 
States, under the protection of the Secret Service. They include all 
phases of army life. The cameras followed, not only the Eastern Army 
and the Army of the West, but accompanied the Naval Fleets and were present 
in many demonstrations. Veterans of the Civil War are cordially invited to visit 
Hartford and inspect these negatives. Proofs will be taken from any negative 
here registered, for Grand Army Veterans or Posts, providing sufficient reasons 
are given with the request, which should be sent direct to the owner of the col- 
lection, Mr. Edward B. Eaton, Hartford, Connecticut. 


April, 1861, to August, 1861. 

Three Months' Campaign. 

Long Bridge, Washington, D. C, 1.7824. 

Christ church, Alexandria, whore General Washington attended, 

Marshall House, Alexandria, Va., 8.1189. 
Slave-pen, Alexandria, Va., 1.7264, 8.1003, 9.1174. 
Ruins of Norfolk navy-yard, 8.984. 
Ruins of Harper's Ferry arsenal ,8.655. 
Ruins of bridge across Potomoo River at Berlin, 3.658, 
Fairfax court-house, S.298. 
Fairfax Beminary, 8.2322. 
Fairfax church, 8.2323. 
Taylor's tavern, near Fall's Church, 8.2320. 
Cub Run, 8.307. 
Bull Run, 8.1111. 
Battlefield, of Hull Run, 8.1046. 

Ruins of ntono bridge, Hull Run, 1.7082, 8.310, 8.312. 
Sudloy church, 8.316, 8.316. 8.1017, S.1HB. 
Sudley Ford, Bull Run, 8.313, 8.314. 
Thorburn'a house. Bull Bun, 8.317. 
Matthews's Iioubo, Bull Run, S.318. 
Robinson's house. Bull Run, 8.319, 8.1176. 
Ruins of Honry's house, Bull Run, 8.320. 
Headquarters of General Beauregard (confederate) at Manassas, 

Stone church, Contreville, 9.302. 
Mrs. Spinner's house, near Centrevllle, 9.308, 9.309. 
Grlgsby House (Stevens's house), near Oentreville, 9.1163, S.303. 
Soldiers' graves, Bull Run, S.321. 
Dedication of monument on battlefield of Bull Run, 1.7302, 

1.7303, 1.7364. 
Monument on battlefield of Bull Run, 1.7532, 9.1103, 9.1194. 

Attqubt, 1861, to Marco, 1862. 

Headquarters of General McCloilan at Fairfax Court House, Va., 
(also used by Genera. Beauregard,) 1.7142, 9.299. 

("■(imp of Tenth Massachusetts Infantry, 8.2421. 

Signal tower near camp of Fourteenth New York Infantry, 9.2352. 

Camp of Thirty-fifth Now York Infantry, 9.2422. 

Camp of Beventy-flrat New York Infantry, S.2413, S.2415. 

Camp of Thirty-first Pennsylvania Infantry, Queen's farm, near 
Fort Slocum, Virginia,;*.:: M:i, S.'JU", S.2412. 

Camp scenes in camp of Thirty-first Pennsylvania Infantry, 
8.2405, S.2400. 

Review of Height's brigade, B.2419, 8.2420. 

Newspaper dealer in camp, C-1378. 

Sunday services in camp of Sixty-ninth New York Infantry, 9.3713. 

Professor Lowe's balloon, S.234;i, S.2350. 


March, 1862, to July, 1862. 

Peninsula Campaign. 

Battery No. 1, in front of Yorktown, 1.7094, S.361, 8.302, S.303 

S.364, 8.305. 
Battery No. 4, in front of Yorktown, 8.37:1, S.374, 8.375, S.376, 9.377, 

8.378, 8.379, 8.380. 
Naval battery in front of Yorktown 9.403. 

Battery Magruder (confederate), Yorktown, S.23G0, S.2361, S.2362 
Coniederate fortification?, Yorktown, 8.450, S.451. 8.462, S.453 

8.458, S.lUitf, 8.2.(01, S.-aik',, S.'^r.'.. S.3''.T, S.23GS, S.2369. 

8.2425. ' 

Confederate fortification o, Yorktown, with exploded gun, S.455 

8.2370. 6 ' 

Ravine at Yorktown in which confederate magazines located, 

Confederate water batlery at Gloucester Point, 8.454, S.457, S.460, 

Yorktown Landing, S.2383, 

Artillery park at Yorktown Landing, 8.2358. 

Wagon park at Yorktown Landing, 8.2357. 

Sally-port at Yorktown, 8.2371. 

Street view in Yorktown, 8.2372. 

Court-house, Yorktown. 3.2375, 3.2376. 

Church, used as Second Corps hospital, Yorktown, 9.2374. 

Baptist church and hospital of Third Division, Sixth Corps, York- 
town, 8.2373. 

Cornwaliis'a headquarters during Revolutionary war, 8.2336. 

Headquarters of General Magruder (confederate), Yorktown, Va., 

Cornwallis Cave, Yorktown, used by confederates for magazfne, 
8.2379, 8.2380. 

Captain Perkins's "Seeesh," horse captured at Cornwallis Cave, 
Yorktown, 8.2381 

Confederate winter quarters near Yorktown, 8.2377. 

Camp scene In front of Yorktown— quarters of Dr. Grant and Dr. 
Dwlght, of French's brigade, 8.2378. 

Farnhold's house, near Yorktown, May, 1862, 8.360. 

Moore's house, near Yorktown, 9.4G2. 

Clark's house, near Yorktown— used as hospital, 9.371. 

House used by General La Fayette during Revolutionary war as 
Headquarters, 8.369, S.372. 

Tabb's house, Yorktown, L.T-il }. 

Camp Winfleld Scott, headquarters Army of Potomac, 
in front of Yorktown, May, 1862 : 

—views of camp, 8.350, 8.367, 8.368. 

—Prince de Jolnvtlle, Due de Chartres, Comte de Paris, English 
army officers, and officers of General McClellan's staff, 8.352, 
S.353, 9.354. 

—staff and foreign officers at General McClellan's headquarters, 
S.429, S.355. 

—Prince de Joinville, Due de Chartres, and Comte de Paris at 
mess table, S.35G, S.358. 

— group of staff officers at General McClellan's headquarters, S. 388. 

—group of English officers at General McClellan's headquarters, 

— topographical engineers, 9.366. 

—group at photographer's tent, 8.349. 

—Captain Custer, U. S. A., and Lieutenant Washington, a confed- 
erate prisoner. May, 1862, 9.428. 

— orderlies and servants, 8.359, 9.444. 

Camp at General Andrew Porter's headquarters in front of York- 
town, May, 1862, S.370. 

General Andrew Porter's staff, May, 1862, 8.389. 

Generals Franklin, Slocum, Barry, and Newton, and staff officers. 
May, 1862, S.381, 8.382. 

Embarkation at Yorktown for White House Landing, 8.2363. 

Encampment of Army of Potomac at Cumberland 

—view of eamp, 1.7697, 1.7598, 1.7519, 1.7648, 9.1180. 

—views making panoramic view, S.1076, S.1186, S.1212, 8.1213. 
8.1214. S.1219. 

—views making panoramic view, S.1215, 8.1216, 9.1217, 9.1218. 

—seven views making one panoramic view, 8.1220, S.1221, 9.1222, 
S.1223, 8.1224, S.1225, S.1226. 

Follor's house, Cumberland Landing, S.385. 

Contrabands at Folier's house, Cumberland Landing, 8.383. 

White House Landing, S.2485. 

Conway Landing, 8.2490. 

View of river below White House Landing, S.2489. 

The White House, former residence of Mrs. Custis Washington 

Ruins of the White House, 9.2486. 

Camp of Christian Commission, at White House Landing, S.2487. 

Ruins of bridge across Pamunkey River, near White House 
Landing, S.386. 

Saint Peter's church, near White House, where General Washing- 
ton was married, S.2302, S.2303. 

Headquarters Army of Potomac, at Savage Station, June, 1862, 

Field hospital, at Savage Station, after battle of June 27, 1862. 

Battlefield of Fair Oaks: 

—house used as hospital for Hooker's division during the battle 

8.478, S.479. 
—house used as hospital, 8.480. 

—house near which over four hundred soldiers were buried, 8.470. 
— Sickles's brigade coming into line in distance, S.471. 
— Quarle's house, S.474. 
— earthworks at extreme front, S.472. 
Fort Richardson, near Fair Oaks Station, June, 1862, 8.473, 
Fort Sumner, near Fair Oaks Station, June, 1862, S.47C. 
Camp Lincoln, near Fair Oaks, June, 1862, 8.430. 

Battery,— Fir3t New York Artillery Battalion, near Fair Oaks, 

June, 1862, 8.443, 8.640. 
Robertson's Battery of Horse Artillery, Battery B, Second United 

States Artillery .near Fair Oaks, June, 1862, 8.642, 8.439. 
Benson's Battery of Horse Artillery, Battery M, Second United 

States Artillery, near Fair Oaks, June, 1862, 8.433, 8.641. 
Gibson's Battery of Horse Artillery, Battery C, Third United 

States Artillery, near Fair Oaks, June, 1862, S.431. 
Officers of Brigade of Horse Artillery, near Fair Oaks, June, 1862, 

8.434, 8.639. 
General Stoneman, General Naglee, and staff officers, near Fair 

Oaks, June 1862, 8.436, 8.438, 8.445. 
Gun captured by Butterfjeld's brigade, near Hanover Court House, 

8.2353, 8.2354. 
Mechanlcsville, Va., 8.909. 

Elliston's Mill, battlefield of Mechanlcsville, 8.920. 
Gaines's Mill, Va., 8.932. 

Battlefield of Gaines's Mill, Va., unburied dead, 8.914, 8.916. 
Engineer Corps making corduroy roads. June, 1862, 8.656. 
Bridge acrosB Chlckahomlny River, built by Fifteenth New York 

Engineers, 3.489. 
Grape Vine Bridge acrosB Chick ah ominy River, L.7333. 
Bridge across Chickahominy River, 8.930. 

Bridge across Chickahominy River, Mechanicsrllle Road, 8.913. 
Telegraph station, Wilcox's Landing, 8.2351. 
Westover House, James River, 8.2334, S.2335. 
Westover Landing, James River ,8.620. 
Officers of Third and Fourth Pennsylvania Cavalry, Westover 

Landing, 8.623, 8.629. 
General W. W. Averell and staff, Westover Landing, S.635. 
Headquarters of Signal Corps camp at Harrison's Landing, 8.621. 
General Sedgwick, Colonel Sackett, and Lieutenant-Colonel 

Colburn, Harrison's Landing, August, 1862, 9.653. 
Group of officers that graduated In class of 1860, United States 

Military Academy, Harrison's Landing, August, 1802, 8.624. 
Major Myers, Lieutenant Stryker, and Lieutenant Norton, Harri- 
son's Landing, August, 1662, 8.626. 
Group of officers belonging to Irfsh brigade, Harrison's Landing, 

July, 1862,8.627. 
Lieutenants Jones, Bowen, and Custer, May, 1862, 8.387. 


July, 1862, to September, 1862. 

Pope's Ca?npaign. 

—confederate barracks, 1.7212, 8.331, S.332, 8.648, 8.1045. 
—confederate fortifications, S.305, 8.334, 8.3*3, 8.1144, 8.1145. 
— headquarters of (confederate) General Johnston, S.303. 
Manassas, after its evacuation by confederate army lit 

March, 1863; 
— destruction of railroad, 1.7197. 

—confederate fortifications, 1.7171, 8.323, S.543, 8.544, 8,545, 8.546. 
Yellow hospital, Manassas, July, 1802 S.650. 
Headquarters of General McDowell, near Manassas, July, 18G2, 

9.646, S.647. 
Our photographer, near Manassas, July, 1862, S.651. 
Battlefield of Cedar Mountain: 
—general views, S.500, S.506, 8.611. 
— west view of the field, 8.504. 
— dead horses, 8.510. 
—house in which General Winder (confederate) was killed, S.501, 

— house used as confederate hospital, 8.507. 
— Mrs. Hudson's house, 8.505. 

—Slaughter's house, position of confederate battery, 8.508. 
Federal battery fording a 'tributary of the Rappahannock River 

on day of battle of Cedar Mountain, S.520. 
Hazel River, S.521. 
Culpeper, Va.: 

—general views of town, 8.216, 8.527, S.530. 
—court-house, S.523. 
—railroad depot. S.528, S.529. 
—street views, S.524, S.525, 8.526. 
Troops building bridge across north fork of Rappahannock 

River, near Fauquier Sulphur Springs, 8.512, S.613, 8.615. 
Fugitive negroes fording Rappahannock River, escaping from 

advance of confederate army, S.518, 8,519. 
Fauquier Sulphur Springs hotel, 8.537, 8.542. 
Rappahannock station, 9.522. 
Rappahannock bridge, 9,514, 8.617. 
Warrenton, Va.: 
—street views, 9.532, S.534. 
— court-house, S.533. 
—railroad depot, 8.535, 8.536. 
—church 9.736. 

Catlett's Station, August, 1862, S.594. 
Destruction of railroad rolling stock on Orange k Alexandria 

Railroad, S.593. 
Battlefield of Manassas : 
—ruins of Mrs. Henry's house, 8.320. 
— Thorburn's house, 9.317. 
— Matthews's house, 8.318. 
—Robinson's house, 8.319, 8.1176. 

Bridge across Bull Run, built by Engineers of McDowell's corps, 
' August, 1862, 8.547. 

Picket post near Blackburn's Ford, Bull Run, 8.645. 

Sudley Ford, Bull Run, 8.313, S.3I4. 

Sudley church, 8.315, 8.316 8.1017, 8.1148. 

Ruins of stone bridge, Bull Run, 1.7082, 8.310, 3.312. 

Ruinaof bridge at Blackburn's Ford, Bull Run, 9.2338. 

Bull Run.S.UU. 

Cub Run, 8.307. 

Stone church, Centreville, 9.302. 

Mrs. Spinner's house, near Centreville, 8.303, 9.309. 

Grigsby House (Stevens's house), near Centreville, 8.1103, 9.303, 

Fairfax court-house, 8.298. 

Monument on battlefield of Groveton, 1.7299, 8.1193. 


Antietam Campaign. 

Battlefield at Antletam: 

— view of part of the field on the day of the battle, 8.671. 

— view on Antietam Creek, 8.597, 

—signal station on Elk Mountain, 1.7270, 1.7563, 9.633. 

—Antletam bridge, 8.1178, 9.1179. 

— Antietam bridge, looking up stream, 1.7214, 3.678. 

— Antietam bridge, looking down stream, L.7093, 9.609. 

— Antietam bridge, southeastern view, 3.608. 

— Antietam bridge, northeastern view, 8.607. 

—Antietam bridge, eastern view, 8.583, S.61D, 9.614. 

— Burnside bridge, looking up stream, 9.684. 

— Burnside bridge, northeastern view, 9.61. r >. 

—Burnside bridge, southeastern view, 9.600, 8.601. 

—Burnside bridge, southwestern view, 3.613. 

— Burnside bridge, northwestern view, S.612. 

—Miller's house, 1.7019. 

— Newcomer's mill, 8.582. 

— Sherrick's house, 8.598. 

— Rullet's house, 8,675. 

— Ruins of Mamma's house, 9.574. 

—Real's barn, 8.691. 

— General Hooker's headquarters during the battle, 9.576. 

— Dunker church, 8.573, 8.1196. 

— bodies of dead confederate soldiers alongside the fence on 

Hagerstown road, 8.559, 8.560, 8.566, 8.567. 
—bodies of dead confederate soldiers near Sherrick's house, 

8.554,8.555, 8.571. 
—views on the field where Sumner's corps charged, 8,552, 3.562, 

3.564, 3.568. 
— views in the ditch on the right, showing many dead con- 
federates, 3.653, 3.603, 8.5G5. 
— bodies of dead confederate soldiers, 8.325, 3.326, 8.567. 
—burying the dead, 8.651, 8.567, 8.561. 3.569. 
—graves of federal soldiers at Burnside bridge, 8.585. 
—a lone grave, 8.570. 
— confederate wounded at Smith's barn after the battle; Dr. Hurd, 

of Fourteenth Indiana, in attendance, 3.568, 8.589, 8.590, 

Presfdent Lincoln in General McClellan's tent at headquarters 

Army of Potomac, October, 1862, 8.602. 
General Marcy and other officers at headquarters Army of 

Potomac, October, 1862, 3.603. 
Blacksmith's forge and horse-shoers, at headquarters Army of 

Potomac, Septem&er, 1862, 8.587. 
Group at secret-service quarters, headquarters Army of Potomac, 

October, 1862, 8.631. 
Major Allen Pinkerton, at secret-service quarters, October, 1826, 

Sharpsburg, Md., September, 1862 8.595. 9.599. 
Lutheran church, Sharp* burg, Md., September, 1862, 9.596. 
Pontoon bridges and ruins of stone bridge across Potomac Rivor 

at Berlin, October, 1862, 1.7437, 9.616. 
Harper's Ferry, W. Va. : 
—general views, 1.7443, L.7649, 3.654. 
—Maryland Heights, L.7132, 1.7441, 8.1002. 
—Loudoun Ilfights, 1.7D72. 
—Maryland and, Loudoun Heights, 1.7133. 
—Bolivar Heights, 1.7187. 


November, 1862, to Jpne, 1863. 

Fredericksburg Campaign. 

Generals of the Army of the Potomac, November 10, 1862, 1,7380. 
General A. E. Burnside and staff, Warrenton, Va., November, 1862, 

1.7186, 1.7379, 1.7382, 8.1049. 
Acqula Creek landing;: 
— distant views, S.673, 8.674, S.681. 
—wharves, 1.7014, 1.7446, 1.7643, 3.682. 
— quartermaster's office, 1.7108, S.176. 
— commissary depot, 8.080. 
—group at hospital, 1.7355. 
— clerks at commissary depot, 1.7322, 1.7533. 
— employees at quartermaster's wagon-camp, 1.7323. 
— Lieut.-Col. Sawtelle, Captain Forsyth, Dr. Wright, Lient.-CoL 

Porter, and others, at Acquia Creek Landing, 1.7320. 
Phillips's house, near Falmouth, 8.077. 
Lacey's house, near Falmouth, S.097, 8.698. 

Fredericksburg : 

—view taken from Tyler's battery, 8.676. 

— panoramic view, 8.683, 8.1191. 

—lower end of town, 8.179. 

—housed, showing effect of shelling on December 13, 1862, B.716, 

Barnard's house, below Fredericksburg, destroyed during battle, 

Marye's' hou'ise, on Marye's Heights, jn rear of Fredericksburg, 
rifle-pit* in front, 8.733,6.734. , ,, , 

A frame house on Marye's Heights, in rear of Fredericksburg, 
showing effects of shot and shell, 8.736. 

Embarkalton of Ninth Corps at Acquia Creek Landing, February, 
18G3, 6.679. 

Headquarters Army of Potomac i 

—group of staff officers. 8.693, 8.096. 

—Lieutenant-Colonel Dickinson and other officers, L-74CT. 

—Dr. Letterman, medical director, and other officers, £.7366. 

—clerks fa office of AssisUintAdjutant-General, 8.177. 

— post-office, £.7314, £.7390. 

tieneriir Alfred Vlcasonton and Captain Custer, near Falmouth, 

Captains Moore, Russell, and Chandler, of General Hookers 

staff, Falmouth, Va., April, 1863. £.7552 
Major Whitney, Captain Harrison, and Captain Owen, Warrenton, 

Va., November, 1862, £.7460. 
Company "I" Sixth Pennsylvania (Bush's lancers), near ral- 

mouih, June, 1863, £.7140. 
Camp of One Hundred and Fiftieth Pennsylvania Infantry, 

March, 1863, 8.297. , , , , , 

Headquarters of Sixty-first New York Infantry, and group or 

<Wern, near Falmouth, Va., April. 1863, £.7630, £.7631. 
Balloon Camp, near Falmouth, Va., March, 1863, 6.678. 
Ambulance train of Engineer Brigade, near Falmouth, April, 

1803, £.7623, B.616. 


Jtjhb and July, 1863. 

Qettysburg Campaign. 

Headquarters Army of Potomac, near Fairfax Court House, June, 

1863, £.7607. 
Commissary tent, and CapL Howard and group, at headquarters 

Army of Potomac, near Fairfax Court House, June, 1863, 

£.7438, £.7649. 

Emmettsburg', Md. : 

—view of the town, 8.272. 

—Farmer's Hotel, 6.228. 

—Mount Baint Mary's College, £.7234, £.7357, 8.269, S.270. 

—Saint Joseph's Academy, £.7473, £.7595, 8.271. 

Gettysburg, Pa. : 

—view of town from Culp's Hill, £.7360. 

— view of town from the cemetery, S.273. 

—college, £.7596. 

—seminary, 8.2393. 

— office of Sanitary Commission, S.238. 

—entrance to National Cemetery, July, 1865, £.7248, £.7489. 

— fiedication of monument, S.1159, 8.1160. 

—White's house, near Gettysburg, £.7465. 

Battlefield or Gettysburg : 

— General Meade's headquarters, 8.259, 8.1167. 

—General E. E. Lee's (confederate) headquarters, 8.2394, 8.2395. 

—scene at Trossel's bam, where Ninth Massachusetts Battery 

was cut up, showing dead horses, 8.266. 
—scene at Trossel's house, near center of battlefield, 8.248. 
—bodies of dead confederate sharpshooters among the rocks in 

front of Little Round Top, £.7096, S.229, 6.237, 6.244, 8.251, 

8.258, 8.263. 
—body of confederate soldier disemboweled by a shell, £.7258, 

— a shattered caisson, and dead horses, 8.226. 
—bodies of confederate soldiers killed by fire of federal batteries 

on Round Top, 8.236. 
— bodies of dead in the "wheat field," near Emmetlsburg road 

—scene of fighting on second day, S.227, 8.239, 8.256, S.257, 

S.260, S.268. 
— bodies of dead confederate soldiers of South Carolina Regiment 

on the left of their line, 8.240, 8.260. 
—bodies of dead confederate soldiers who were killed in fight on 

first day, collected for burial, 8.233, 8.235, S.246, S.246. 
—bodies of dead in the woods in front of Little Round Top, S.249, 

8.252, S.253. 
— views in the "slaughter pen" showing dead confederates at 

foot of Little Round Top, 8.262, S.265, S.267. 
—views of temporary intrenchments of federal troops on Little 

Round Top, 8.230, S.231, S.241, 8.247, 6.255, 8.261, S.264. 
—views Of Little Round Top, £.7318, £.7319, £.7491, £.7493. 
— bodies of dead federal soldiers on the field where General 

Reynolds was killed, 6.234, 8,243. 

Battlefield of Gettysburg, — Continued: 

—bodies of dead federal soldiers in lront of Seminary Ridge, 

—Little Round Top, 6.2400. 
—woods on federal left, showing wounded trees, or how the 

bullets flew, 8.2386, 8.2391. 
—breastworks on federal left, 8.2387. 

—old cemetery gate, 8.2388, 8.2389. , M 

John L. Burns, the "hero of Gettysburg," recovering from his 

wounds, 8.2401, 8.2402. 
John L. Burna'B cottage, 6.2403. 


AuGueT, 1863, to December, 1868. 

Qettysburg to Mine Run. 

Destruction of Orange &. Alexandria Railroad by the confederates 
on their retreat from Manassas in October, 1863, 8.173, 

Rebuilding bridge on Orange k Alexandria Railroad, across Cedar 

Run, near Catlett's Station, 8.343. 
Generals of the Army of the Potomac, Culpeper, Va., September, 

1863, £.7329. 
Headquarters Army of Potomac, Bealeton, Va. : 
—General Patrick's quarters near Bealeton, Va., August, 1863, 

—sutler's tent, £.7216. 

—Colonel Sharpe and officers of secret service, S.213. 
—military telegraph operators, £.7311, £.7312, £.7358. 
—officers of Signal Corps, £.7374. 
—Captain Pierce, Captain Page, Captain Howell, Lieutenant Kelly, 

£.7332, £.7333, £.7375. 
—wagons and horses of quartermaster's repair shops, 8.276, 

—Captain Kimball's tent, S.216. 
"John Henry" at Headquarters Third Army Corps, staff officers, 

Dr. Murray's house, near Auburn, Va., £.7081, S.224. 
General Pleasonton's headquarters, near Auburn, Va., S.275. 
Battery A, Fourth United States Artillery, Culpeper, Va., Septem- 
ber, 1863, £.7334. 
Headquarters of Battery, — United States Artillery, Culpeper, 

Va., September, 1863, £.7341, £.7342. 
Officers of Eightieth New York Infantry (Twentieth N. Y. 8. M.), 

Culpe_per, Va., September, 1863, £.7071, £.7373. 
Camp of Ninety-third New York Infantry, near Bealeton, Va., 

August, 1863, 8.212, 8.219. 
Officers of Ninety-third New York Infantry, near Bealeton, Va., 

August, 1863, £.7515. 
Officers of regimental staff of Ninety-third New York Infantry, 

near Bealeton, Va., August, 1863, £.7011, S.284. 
Commissioned officers' mess, Company D, Ninety-third New 

York Infantry, near Bealeton, Va., August, 1863, S.2I8. 
Non-commissioned officers' mess. Company D, Ninety-third New 

York Infantry, near Bealeton, Va., August, 1863, 8.217. 
Commissioned officers' mess. Company E, Ninety-third New York 

Infantry, near Bealeton, Va., August, 1863, S.225. 
Commissioned officers' mess, Company F. Ninety-third New York 

Infantry, near Bealeton, Va., August, 1863. 6.220. 
Camp in the woods, near Culpeper, Va., November, 1863, 8.223. 
General Custer and General Pleaaonton, Warrenton, Va., October, 

1863, £.7371. 
General Mott, General Ward, Colonels Austin, Brewster, and 

Farnum, October, 1863, £.7079, 8.280. 
LieutenanKDolonel Wood and other officers, Culpeper, Va., No- 
vember, 1863, S.222. 
Officers of Horse Artillery Brigade, Culpeper, Va., September, 

1863, £.7076, £.7078, £.7083, £.7607. 
Surgeons of Second Division, Third Corps, Culpeper, Va., Septem- 
ber, 1863, £.7378 
Catlett's Station, 8.594. 
Rappahannock Station, 8.522. 
RuinB of hotel at Fauquier Sulphur Springs, £.7092, 8.293, 

Residence of John Minor Bolts, £.7123, £.7124, £.7125, S.286, 

Warrenton, Va.: 
—street views, S.632, S.534. 
— court-house, 8.533. 
—railroad depot, S.535, 8,536. 
—church, 8.736. 

Culpeper, Va. : 

—general views of town, 8.216, S.527, S.530. 

— courtrhouBe, 8.523. 

—railroad depot, 8.528, 8.529. 

—street views, S.524, 6.526, 8.526. 

— Wallack'B house, £.7080. 

Headquarters of New York Herald in the field, near Bealeton, 
Va., August, 1863, £.7235, £.7237, 6,294. 

Newsboy in camp, 8.617. 

Headquarters of Christian Commission, Germantown, Va., Au- 
gust, 1863, £.7471. 

Gimlet, a noted war-horse on the Rappahannock, S.643. 

Contrabands at leisure, 8.221. 


December, 1863, to Mat, 1864. 
Winter Quarters at Brandy Station and Vicinity. 
View near Brandy Station, L.7824. 
Headquarters Army of Potomac, April, 1864 : 
—eastern half of camp, £.7337, £.7495, S.130, 8.131. 
—western half of camp, 8.130, £.7327. 
—quarters of chief commissary, £.7325, £.7352. 
—officers' winter quarters, £.7126, £.7161, £.7163. 
—quarters of chief quartermaster (General Ingalls), £.7621. 
—army post-office, £.7587. 
— provost-marshal's office, £.7269. 
— General Patrick's quarters, 8.125. 
—Colonel Sharpe's quarters, S.124. 8.129. 
—Captain Harry Clinton's quarters, £.7326, £.7600, 8.128. 
— commissary department, S.123. 
—camp of Military Telegraph Corps, £.7353, S.126. 
— quarters of scouts and guides, S.127. 
— quartermaster's repair shops, 8.136. 
Headquarters of General D. B. Birney, £.7628. 
Headquarters of General J. H. H. Ward, £.7626, £.7627. 
Headquarters of First Brigade Horse Artillery, £.7167, £.7590, 
£.7634, £.7637. 

Headquarters Third Army Corps : 

— qnarterB of Colonel Howard, chief quartermaster, £.7277. 

—quarters of Captain Bates, 8.133, S.137. 

A regimental winter headquarters, £.7309. 

Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, officers' quarters, £.7168. 

Headquarters Third Division, Cavalry Corps, £.7638. 

Sutlers tent, First Brigade Horse Artillery, £.7164, £.7165, £.7496. 

Field hospital of First Division, Second CorpB, £.7301. 

Field hospital of Second Division, Second Corps, £.7305, £.7306. 

Field hospital of Third Division, Second Corps, £.7146, £.7632. 

Mail-wagon of Second Army Corps, £.7303. 

Camp of United States Engineer Battalion, March, 1861 : 

—general views of camp, £.7310, £.7433, £.7560. 

—headquarters, £.7097. 

— officers' quarters, £.7109. 

—quarters of Co. D, £.7005. 

Camp of Eighteenth Pennsylvania Cavalry, £.7660. 

Camp of One Hundred and Fourteenth Pennsylvania Infantry, 

£.7308, £.7612. , „ , 

Guard mounting of One Hundred and Fourteenth Pennsylvania 

Infantry, £.7613, 8.134, 8.136. 
Camp of Sixth New York Artillery, £.7265. 

Camp of Fiftieth New Vork Engineers, near Kappa- 
hannock Station, March, 1864,— Winter Camp: 

—winter camp, general view, £.7461, £.7275, £.7276, 8.138. 

— stockade entrance, £.7361. 

—sutler's hut, £.7290. 

—quarters of field and staff, £.7293, £.7604, £.7608. 

— quarters of line officers, £.7614. 

General Meade, General Sedgwick, and staff officers, at head- 
quarters Horse Artillery Brigade, £.7518, 8.1228. 

Major William Riddle and group, at headquarters Army of Poto- 
mac, 8.139. , , 

General Rufus Ingalls and other officers, at headquarters Army of 
Potomac, £.7497, £.7610. 

A dinner party at headquarters Army or Potomac, 8.132, S.140. 

General Judson Kilpatrlck and staff, Stevensburg, Va., £.7224, 

Captain J. M. Robertson and staff, First Brigade Horse Artillery, 
£.7655, £.7589 

ProvostrmarshalB of Third Corps, £.7088, £.7402. 

Colonel Sharpe and officers of Secret Service Department, head- 
quarters Army of Potomac, £.7202. 

Scouts and guides of Army of Potomac, £.7105, £.7294, £.7599. 

Clerks at headquarters Army of Potomac, £.7184. 

Clerks In provost-marshal's office at headquarters Army of Poto- 
mac, £.7130, £.7291. 

Canvas pontoon wagon, £.7128, £.7272. 

Canvas pontoon boat, £.7273. 

Pontoon wagon and boat (side view), £.7160, £.7181. 

Pontoon boat (front view), £.7074, £.7684. 

Pontoon boat (rear view), £,7585, £.7586. 

Ordnance train of Third Division, Cavalry Corps, £.7640. 

Military Telegraph Construction Corps, £.7111 

Wagon park, near Brandy Station, £.7268. 


Mat, 1864, to June, 1864. 

Wilderness Campaign. 

Belle Plain Landing, Potomac River : 

—general view, S.708. 
of Second Ne 
tiltery, 8.709, 8.710. 

camp of Second New York Artillery and First Massachusetts 


Belle Plain Landing, Potomac IUver,— Continued! 

—distant Views, 8.2476, S.2477. 

—pontoon wharves, 8.705, S.707, 8.2480, 8.2482, 8.2483. 

— quartermaster's camp, 8.704. 

— camp of Sanitary Commission, S.2484. 

—Sanitary Commission wagons, 6.2478. 

Headquarters of Sanitary Commission at Fredericksburg, Va., 

May, 1864, S.737. 
Store-rooms of Sanitary Commission at Fredericksburg, Va., 

May, 1864, 8.739. 
Cooking-tents of Sanitary Commission at Fredericksburg, Va., 

May, 1864, 8.742. 
Officers and nurses of Sanitary Commission at Fredericksburg, 

Va., May, 1864, 8.741. 
Wounded soldiers from the Wilderness of Fredericksburg, Va., 

May, 1864, 8.740, 8.2507. 
Burial of dead at Fredericksburg, Va., May, 1864, 8.2506, 8.2508, 

Soldiers filling their water-cart, Fredericksburg, Va., May, 1864, 

6.2604, 8.2505. 
Soldiers drawing water, Fredericksburg, Va.. May, 1864, S.2612. 
Views of Fredericksburg, from north bank of Rappahannock 

River, S.178, 8.683. 
Court-house, Fredericksburg, Va., 8.713. 
Wagon-trainB crossing Rappahannock River on pontoon bridge, 

below Fredericksburg, 8.716. 
Battery-wagon ol military telegraph corps, 8.786. 
Evacuation of Port Royal, Rappahannock River, May 30, 1864, 

8.2491, S.2492. 
Ruins of bridge at Germania Mills, Rapidan River, May, 1864, 

TroopB crossing pontoon bridges over Rapidan River, at Ger- 
mania Mills, May, 1864, 8.701, 8.702. 
Massaponax church, May 21, 1864, 8.729. 
Council of war, at Massaponax church. May 21, 1804, General 

Grant leaning over General Monde's shoulder, examining 

map, S.732, 8.730, 8.731. 
Confederate prisoners captured from Johnson's division of 

Ewell'B corps, May 12, encamped at Belle Plain awaiting 

transportation, 8.703. 
Beverly's house, near Spottsylvanla court-house, used as head- 
quarters by General Warren, May, 1864, 8.728. 
View from Beverly's house, looking toward Spottsylvanla court- 
house, May, 1864, S.727. 
Allsop's house, near Spottsylvania court-houBe, point of Ewell s 

attack on the federal right on May 19, (bringing in the 

wounded,) 8.721. 
Confederate dead of Ewell'B Corps on the field near Allsop's house 

after Ewell'B attack on May 19, 8.723, 8.726, 8.726. 
First Massachusetts Artillery burying the dead at Mrs. Allsop's 

house after Ewell's attack of May 19, 8.722, 8.724. 

CanvaB pontoon bridge across North Anna River at 
Jericho mills ; point at which Fifth Corps orossed. 
May. 1864 i 

—views from north bank, 8.745, 8.746, 8.747. 

—views from south bank, S.748, 8.760. 

— Fifth Corps ammunition train crossing, 8.761. 

Fiftieth New York engineers constructing road on south bank of 
North Anna River at Jericho Mills, May, 1864, £.7304, 8.749, 

CheBterfield bridge, North Anna River, May, 1864. 8.752, 8.763. 

Confederate fortifications at Chesterfield bridge, North Anna 
River, captured by Second Corps, May, 1804, 8.755, 8.756. 

Destroyed railroad bridge across North Anna River, May, 1864, 

Quarle's Mill, North Anna River, May, 1864, 8.757, 8.758, 8.761. 

Log bridge across North Anna River at Qunrle'a mill, where 
portion of Fifth Corps crossed and carried enemy's line of 
works on crest of hill, May, 1864, 8.769, 8.760. 

Pontoon bridges over North Anna River, on which portion of 
Second Corps crossed, May, 1864, 8.763, 8.764, 8.766. 

Bethel church, headquarters of General Burnside, May, 1864, 

Canvas pontoon bridges over the Pamunkey River at Hanover- 
town Ferry, May, 1864, £.7396, 8.766, 8.767. 

Pontoon bridge over the Pamunkey River at Mrs. Nelson's cross- 
ing. May, 1864, 8.768. 

Ruins of bridge over Pamunkey River at Mrs. Nelson's crossing, 
May, 1864, 8.769. 

Old Church hotel, near Cold Harbor, June, 1864, 8.770. 

Burnett's house, near Cold Harbor, June, 1804, S.771. 

Camp in the woods at Cold Harbor, June, 1864, 8.772. 

Part of battlefield of Cold Harbor, 8.1173. .„,.,-*. 

Collecting remains of the dead on battlefield of Cold Harbor, 
months after the battle, for permanent burial, 8.918. 

Photographer's camp at Cold Harbor, 8.2447. 

Charles City, Va., June, 1864: 

—views of courthouse, June, 1864, S.773, 8.774, 8.776, 8.776, 8.777, 

—view of jail, June, 1804, 8.779. 
—ruins of town, June, 1864, 8.780. 
Marshes on north bank of James River, at point at which Army 

of Potomac crossed, June, 1804, 8.960. 
Pontoon bridge over James River, on which Army of Potomac 

crossed, June, 1804, £.748*. S.781, S.24C5. 

Junk, 1864, to April, 1866. 

Six different 

6.700, B.I 
Seventeen dil 

8.794, 3. 

S. ■'!.:>. S 
View on doekt 

Ii.7fl64, 1 

Siege of Petersburg. 

on James River at City Point, S.793, 8.798, 

[" vT.'iv-" ( m' the docks (it City Point, 1.7044, 
1.7'if. S,Tt7, S.812, S.Hi;s, S.'Jt.'.t'., 8,2457, 8.2458, 
s.jim, s.2l5o, s.-iir.-i.s.a-tr.'., 8.:i:j:s2. 
iiv l'riint lifter explosion of ordnance bargee, 

Kali road depot, City Point, 8.2461. 

i;! ,,,ral hos pii.d, I ity Point. 1.7134, L.73M, 1.7604. 

HOBpltftl landing and nndi-nl supply boat Planter, on Appomattox 

River, near City Point, L.7D60, 8.1088. 
Group of stuff oflicers nt General Grant's headquarters, 3.3*01, 

Stablu ut General Grant's headquarters, 1.7004. 
Cuttle corral near <litv Point, K.2462, S.'-MC:!. 
Gonerals of the Army of I'olomac, 1.7HHI, 1.7252. 
Non-commisniotied offloerfl of General Grant's cavalry escort, 

City Point, March, lHitr,, 1.7445. 
Group ofprovost-giiard at headquarters Army o( Potomac, re-b- 

ruary, 1865,1.7251. , , . , 

Camp of Third Pennsylvania Cavalry nt headquarters Army ot 

poteiiiao. February, 1*65, 1.72UB. 
Camp of OnoidQ Cavalry at headquarters Army of Potomac, I<eo- 

ruary, 1806, 1.7112. l l , . , 

Camp of military telegraph operators nt headquarters Army of 

Potomac, August, 1B04, 8.282. 
Group of officers at headquarters Army of Potomac, August, 18Q4, 

1.7135,1.7136. , „ . 

Capt. II. P. Clinton nnd Gierke, at lieadquarters Army of Potomac, 

August, 1804, L.7620, 1.7637. 
Military telegraph operators at headquarters Army of Potonme, 

August, lsiil, 1.7478,8.102::, S.tu2.\ S.Kuo, S. Hi:i2, S.1033, 
Assistant engineers and draughtsmen al lieadquarters Army of 

Potomac, November, 1861, 1.7NI6, 1.7107,1.7110. 
Officers or First Ma^suehnselts Cavalry at headquarters Army of 

■ Potomac, August, isoi, 1.7390, 1.7490, 
Officers ami non-commissioned officers of First Massachusetts 

Cavalry at headquarters Army of Potomac, August, 1864, 

1.7354, fc.7301. 
Company C, First Massachusetts Cavalry, at headquarters Army 

of Potomac, August, 1804, L.7296. 
Company D, First Massachusetts Cavalry, at headquarters Army 

or Potomac, August, isr.i, 1.7392,1.7476. 
Detachment ol Third Indiana Cavalry at headquarters Army of 

Potomac, November, 1864, 1.7023, 1.7068. 

Oue Hundred nnd Fourteenth Pennsylvania Infantry 

provost- guard at hciulquartera Army of Potonuic, 

August, 1804: 
— offlcors, Ii.7137, 1.7138, L.7310. 1.7602. 
—Officers of Company -. L.7144, 1.7146, 1.7173. 
—Company F, 1.7WI1, 1.703B, 1.7143, 1.7175, 1.74-17. 
—Company G, 1.71:i\ 1.731s. 
—Company H, 1.7077, 1.7262, 1.726.1. 

United States Engineer Battalion, August, 1864: 

—Company A, 1.7062, 1.7384, 1.7380. 

—Company 0, 1.7240, 1.76158. 

—Company D. 1.7064, 1.7548. 

— Essnyon's 1 rramatie < 'lub, 1.7330, 1.7439. 

—Battalion headquarters, 1.7006. 

Camp of Fiftieth New York Engineers, November, 1864 : 

— colonel's quarters. Colonel Spaulding at the door, 1.7069, S.1047. 

—headquarters, 1.7107, 8.1028, S.10-I8. 

— surgeon's quarters, 1.7233. 

—officers' quartere and church, 1.7210, 1.7213, 8.314, S.3338. 

—church, 1.7151, 8.315, S.:m.i, 8.3340. 

— commissary department, 1.7O0O. 

Officers of Ilio Fiftieth New York Engineers celebrating the 4th 

of July, 1804, 8.700, 3.791. 
Camp of Thirteenth New York Artillery, S.2495, S.2490. 
Sutler's tent, Second DivlBlon, Ninth Corps, S.2448. 
Winter headquarters of Sixth Armv Corps, February, 1S65, 1.7546. 
Headquarters of General 0. 13. Wilfeox, August, 1804,1.7222. 
Winter quarters of photographers attached to United States 

Engineer Battalion. March, 1865, 1.7347. 
Winter camp of Second Wisconsin Infantry, February, 1805, 

Camp of chief ambulance officer of Ninth Corps. August, 1864, 

1.7538, 1.7667,8.818. 
A summer cnmp in the woods, August, 1804, 1.7152, 1.7154, S.1037. 
Execution of Johnson (a colored soldier) for attempted rape, 

June, 1804, 8.783. 
Troops drawn up to witness execution of a deserter, August. 1864, 

Commissiiry depot at Cedar Level, August 1864, S.Blfi, 1.7182, 

Surgeons of First Division, Ninth Corps, October, 1804, 1.7448. 
Surgeons of Second Division, Ninth Corps, October, 1804, 1.7567, 

Hospital stewards of Second Division, Ninth Corps, October, ISM, 

1.7290 1.7571. 
Surgeons of Third Division, Ninth Corps, August, 1804. 1.70-12, 


Surgeons of Fourth Division, Ninth Corps, August, 1864, 1.7045, 

Chaplains of Ninth Corps. October, UM, 1.7o49. 

Employees of quartermaster of First Division, Ninth Corps, 

forage department, November, 1864, 1.7669. 
Employees of quartermaster of First Division, Ninth Corps, 

mechanics, November, 1864 1.7048. 
Surgeon Brinton and others, October, 1864, 1.7564. 

Outer lino of confederate fortifications captured by 
Eighteenth Corps on .Tune 15, 1864: 

—redoubt near Dunn's house, S.784, 8.785, 8.1027. 

— redoubt and curtain, S.U37. 

-interior view, with Cowan's 1st New York battery in occupation, 

Confederate' camp captured by Eighteenth Corps, June 16, 1864, 

The " Dictator "—13-inch mortar, August, 1864, 1.7394, 1,7463, 

Bailroa'd battery, S.U71, S.1246. 

Bomb-proof soldiers' restaurant on the lines, S.1051. 

General view from the signal tower, L.703I 

Bomb-proof quarters in federal rami'- &."*. S.&01, S.B02, b.STO, 

8.804 8.806, 8.806, S.808, S.809, S.810, 8.950, 8.1053, 8.1006, 

S.1073, S.3336, S.3337. 

Fort Sedgwick ("Fort Hell"): 

—interior views, showing bomb-proof quarters of garrison, 1.75:14, 

8.1084, S.imci, S.109I, S.lojr., S.3334, 8.3335. 
—officer's bomb-proof quarters in Fort s^dgwirk. h.1085. 
—interior view of the fort, looking south from us center, 1.7633. 
View of federal line, looking from right of Fort Sedgwick to the 

FortStea'dman, interior view, S.1086, S.3341, 8.3342, S.3343. 

Crow's Nest battery and lookout, S.2494 

Confederate fortifications at Grade's salient, 1,7018, S.1059, 8.1060, 

Fort McGi'lvery, confederate fortifications, 8.1050, S.1052, 8.1054, 
S.1057, S.1058, S.Kii.3, S.ioi,!, S.KMili, S.1007, S.10G8, S.1009, 
8.1071, S.1072, S.1074, S.1075, 8.1091. 

Fortifications on the lines, not known whether federal or con- 
federate, S.35, 8.950, 8.1055, S.loi.2, 8.1070, 8.1090, S.1097, 

'■nieh Bridge," across Appomattox River, Southside Railroad. 
1.7162. 1.7179, 1.72MI, 1.7287, S.1013, S.1184. 

McLean's house, scene of General Lee's surrender,1.7191,l.i292, 

Appomattox court-house, 1.7109, 1.7180, 1.7193, 8.1164. 

First wagon-train entering Petersburg, 1.7172, 8.961. 

Petersburg, Vs.: 

—view of gas works, showing effect of bombardment, S.1021, 

—view of pTaning-mills, showing effect of bombardment, 8.1104. 

— Blandford church, 1.72C9, 8.1089, S.1090. 

—street views, 8.952, 8.969, 1.7444. 

—female seminary, 1.7315. 

— Michler's cottage, 1.7485. 

—Brant's house, 1.7622. 

— Appomattox River above city, S.1092. 

-Johnson's mill, 1.7207, 8.1102, S.1103. 

—merchant's mill, 1.7113. 

—cotton mills, S.10S1, S.10S2, S.10S3, S.10S7. 8.108?, S.1098, S.1100, 

S.1101, 8.1105, 8.1106, 6.1107, S.1108, S.1110, S.1112, S.1113, 



Bermuda Hundred Landing— distant view, taken from City Point, 

Signal tower on left of Bermuda Hundred lines, near Appomattox 

River, 1.7000, S.10ir>, 8.2500, S.2501, 8.2602. 
Army bridge across James River, near Varina Lauding, 1.7174, 

S.953, S.964. 
Varina Landing, James River, S.10, 8.057. 
Aiken's house, near Varina Landing, James River, S.2464. 
Signal station on James River, S.2503. 
Transports and monitors in James River, near Deep Bottom, 

Dutch Gap Canal. 1.7482, 8.956, S.950, 8.1121, S.1122. 
Federal obstructions in Trent's Reach, James River, S.2475. 
Confederate gunboat sunk in James River, above Dutch Gap 

Canal, S.1124. 
Views on James River between Dutch Gap Canal and Drewry's 

Bluff, 8.22, S.23, S.1128, S.1133. 
Confederate obstructions in James River, near Drewry's Bluff, 

8.1110, S.1117, S.3350, S.3351. 

Fort Darling (confederate), Drewry's Bluff, James River: 

— extt-rior views- 8.1118, 8.1119, S.1123, 8.1126, 8.3347. 

—interior views, S.55. 8.50, 8.1138, 8.3344, 8,3345, S.334G, 8.3352, 

Confederate water battery. Fort Darling, Drewry's Bluff, James 
River, S.1120, S.3348, 8.3349. 

Confederate battery at Howlett House, Trent's Reach, 
James River: 

—general views, S.13, S.14. 
I —traverse and gun, S.15, S.17, S.18, S.19, S.20, S.21. 

Confederate battery on James River, above Dutch Gap, S.24, S.25, 
S.26, S.27, S.Js, S.32, 8.34, 8.3',, 8.3", S.:i'i, 8.41, 8.42, S.43, S.44, 
S.45, S.40, 8.47, 8.4s, S.4;i, 8.50, 8.51,8.52,8.5:1. S.54, S.58. 

Fort Brady, interior view, S.2316. 

Fort Brady, building winter quarters, S.2315. 

Fortifications on the lines to the right of Fort Brady, S.2314. 

Fort Burnham, previously confederate Fort Harrison, S.2498. 

Headquarters Tenth Army Corps, General Alfred Terry, 3,2443. 

Headquarters Second Division, Tenth Corps, General Birney, 

Headquarters Eighteenth Corps, General Godfrey Weitzel, S.2445. 

Headquarters of General Adelbert Ames, S.2347. 

General R. 8. Foster's Headquarters, near Fort Brady, S.2317. 

Camp of Fifth Pennsylvania Cavalry, S.2497. 

Interior of Surgeon McKay's quarters, 8.1024. 

Surgeon McKay and others, Army of the James, 1.7442. 

Surgeons of Tenth Army Corps, 1.7194. 

Contrabands on Aiken's farm, S.2497. 


In April, 1865. 

General views of the city, 1.7026, 1.7110, 1.7159, 1.7623, 8.875, 
8 3621 8 3622 

Panoramic view of' the city, S.881, S.S82, 8.3619, S.3620. 

Views in the "burnt district," 8.850, 8.S.V7, S.S58, S.8B4, 8.872, 
S.9D0, 8.901, S.'jirj, S.fiiH. 8.904, 8.905, S.900, 8.942, 8.943, S.944, 
S.945, S.946, S.3355, S.3356. 

Ruins of Mavo's bridge, 1.7*74. S.S74, S.1181. 

Ruins of Richmond & Danville Railroad bridge, 1.7546, S.853, 

Ruins of Richmond & Petersburg Railroad bridge, S.840, 8.870, 
S.885, S.3301. 

Ruins of paper mill, S.8l>7. 

Ruins of arsenal, 1.7501, S.848, 8.801, S.803, S.879, S.887, S aaa 
S.8S9, S.907. 

Ruins of State armory, 1.7030, S.865. 

Ruins of State armory, and view down James River, 1.7111, 
1.7236, S.883, S.884. 

Ruins of Gnllego flour-mills, 1.7031, 1.7176, 1.7177, S.854, S. 
S.908, S.939. 

Haxall A Crenshaw flour-mills, S.852, S.880. 

Ruins of Exchange Bank, S.3357 

Ruins of Southern Express office, S.3354. 

Ti'L-df-Liar iron-works, 1.7512, S.h47,, S.3358. 

Views on canal basin, 1.7033, 8.940, S.947. 

Views on the canal, 1.7617, S.941, S.868, S.940, 

Libbv Prison, 1.7557, S.*7ii, S.895, S.3.1>;t, 8.3365. 

Kerr's tobacco factory, storehouse lor federal supplies for prison- 
ers, S.894. 

Caslk Thunder, 1.70b'., S.s.vj. S.W7, S.:;:;u2. 8.:.',;;03, S.3617. 

Views on Belle Isle, S.871, S.876, S.891. 

Pontoon bridge across James River, 8.1011, S.3372, S.3373. 

View of James River from Hollywood Cemetery, S.929. 

Views of James River during freshet, S.877, S.878. 

State capital, 8.3359, S.3360. 

Governor's mansion, S.3378. 

General Washington's headquarters, S.935. 

Residence of Jefferson Davis, President of Confederate States, 
S.911, S.3376. „ , 

Residence of Alexander H. Stephens, Vice-President of Confed- 
erate States, S.D12. 

Residence of General Robert E. Lee, 1.7087, 9.926, 8.3375. 

Washington Monument, 1.7028, S.855, S.919. 

Henry Clav Monument, S.3383. 

Monumental Church, S.928, S.3369. 

First African Church, S.3368. 

Saint Paul's Church, S.937. 

Saint John's Church, S.3366, S.3367. 

Ballard House, S.921. 

Bpotswood House, S.938. 

City Hall, S.850, S.923. 

City almshouse, 8.860. 

Street views, S.866, S.926, S.927, S.936. 

Hollywood Cemetery: 

—graves of confederate soldiers, S.931, 8.1020. 
—tomb of President Monroe, 1.7372, 8.910, 8.3379. 

—grave of General J. E. B. Stuart, 8.3018. _ m 

Wagon-train of military telegraph corps, June, 1865,1.7183,1.7239. 
Operators of military telegraph, June. 1865, 1.7481. 
New York newspaper correspondents' row, 9.3370. 
Headquarters 01 Christian Commission, 3.3371. 


Chickasaw Bayou, Mississippi, 8.394. 

Battlefield of Chickasaw Bluffs, Mississippi, 9.395. 

Poison spring on battlefield of Chickasaw Bluffs, Mississippi, 

Big Black River Station, Mississippi, 3.392. 
battlefield of Big Black River, Mississippi, 3.1056. 


Fort Beauregard, Bay Point, Saint Helena Island, S. C, Novem- 
ber, 1861, S.203, 8.204, 8.205. 

Fort Wallace (or Walker), Hilton Head, S. C, November, 1861, 

Siege train, Hilton Head, S. C ., November, ls.01, S.10G. 

i-iraves of snilors at Hilton Head, killed during bombardment of 
forts, S.187. 

Coosaw Ferry, Port Royal Island, S. C. B.183, S.201. 

Mock luUtorv fit Seal. rook l'oint, Fort Royal Island, 8. C, built by 
Seventy-ninth Now York infantry, B.I 01. 

Natural arch at Seahrook Point. Port Royal, S. C, S.202. 

Huildiiig pontoon bridge n-.-nr Beaufort, S. t.'., March, lS*i2, 8.157. 

Officers' mess, nt Beaufort, 8. C, February, 1802, 8.208. 

Fiftieth Pennsylvania Infantry, Beaufort, S. 0., February, 1862, 

General 1. 1. Stevens, Beaufort, S. C, Mnrch, 1862, S.1183, 9.164. 

General I. I. Stevens and staff, Beaufort, S. C, March, 1882. 9.163. 

Signal station at Beaufort, 8, C, formerly residence of J. G. Barn- 
well, February, 18r.2S.172. 

Fuller's house, Beaufort, S. ('., February, 1802. 8.102, 8.168. 

Rhett's house, Beaufort, S. C. February, IS02, 9.155. 

Boat lauding, Beaufort, S. 0., Fohrnarv, I.-.02, 8.171. 

Old tomb on Rhetl's plantation, Port Royal Island, S. C, S.168. 

Smith's plantation, Port Royal Island, S. C, 3.151, S.152, 8.154. 

Preparing cotton for th<> gin, 8.159. 

Mill's plantation, Port Royal Island, S. C, S.169, S.211, 8.1177. 

Dock at Hilton Head, built by soldiers, April, 1802, S.170. 

Hcadquartera of General Hunter nt Hilton Head, April, 18G2, 

Army bakery, Hilton Head, April, 1862, 9.210. 


Exterior view of front after bombardment, April, 1802, 9,188. 
Exterior view of real-, April, 1802, 8.189. 
Exterior view of side, April, 1802, S.193. 
Distant view of breaeh, April, 1862, 8.190. 
(.'lose view of breaeh, April, 1802, S.192. 
Interior view of breach, April, 1862, 8.191. 
Interior view of rear parapet, April, l&r,-j, S.194. 
Interior view of front parapet, April, 1802, 8,198. 
A dismounted inortar, April, 1862, S.190. 
The "Jeff Davis" gun, April, 1862,8.196. 
The " Beauregard " gun, April, 1862, 8.197. 

Interior view of parapet with guns ".loll' Davis," "Beauregard,' 
and "Stephens" in position, April, 1862, 9.200. 


Fleet of Fort Fisher Expedition in Hampton Roads, December, 

1864, 1.7432, S.836. 
Admiral Porter's flagship Malvern, Norfolk, Va., December, 1864, 

Admiral Porter and staff on board flag-hip Malvern, Norfolk, Va., 

December, 1864, 1.7227, 1.7244, 1.7641. 
Fort Fislier: 
—panoramic view of land face (part 1), 1.7297, (part 2) 1.7480, 

1.7168, (part 3) 1.7170, (part 4) 1.7212. 
—views on land face, 1.7149, 1.7572, 1.7635. 
— first six traverses on sea face, 1.7335. 
—sixth to eleventh traverse on sea face, 1.7577. 
—from tenth traverse to end on sea face, 1.7673. 
—interior view of first traverse, northwest end, showing entrance 

to fort, 1.7196. 
— interior view of first three traverses on land front, 1.7440, 

— interior view of a traverse on land front, 1.7050, 8.1236. 
— interior view at southeast end, showing site of main magazine, 

— interior view of first six traverses on sea face, 1.7101. 
— ten different interior views of traverses, showing guns dis- 
mounted and destruction eaused by bombardment, 1.7061, 

1.7195, 1.7243, S.1230, S.1233, S.1235, 3.1238, S.1239, 8.1241, 

—interior view of " the pulpit," 1.7535, S.1240. 
—Armstrong gun, 1.7073, 8.1234. 

Battery Lamb, on sea front of Fort Fisher, 1.7119, 1.7622, S.1232. 
Battery Buchanan, near Fort Fisher, 8.1231. 
Quartermaster and commissary office, near Fort Fisher, 1.7209. 


Fort Sumter: 

— interior views, showing how walls were strengthened, 9.3457, 

S.3458, S.3459, 3.3460. 
—interior views on parapet, 3.3461, 8.3466. 
— view from parapet, 3.3464. 

—view from east angle of parapet, facing Morris Island, S.3465. 
—interior views at time of celebrating raising United States flag 

S.34M, 8.3465, 3.3456. 
—exterior views showing cheveaux-de-frise and wireB lo protect 

against assaulting parties, 8.3462, 8.3463. 

Fort Moultrie, interior views, 3.3407, S.34G8, 8.3469, 8.3470, 3.3473, 
8.3470, 8.3477. 

Fort John ho 11 : 

—interior view.-, 8.34*4, S.::-1M S.:;!B7. 3.3488. 

—interior view, looking toward Fort Sumter, 8.3475. 

—water battery. Fort Sumter in distance, s..'U7i, S.3472. 

Fort Putnam, interior views, S.3474, 9.3478, 8.3479, 3,3480,3.3481, 

8.3482, 8.3483. 
Fort Marshall, interior view at northeast angle, 8.3486. 
Wreck of blockade-runner Colt, off Sullivan's island, 3.3411. 

City of Charleston: 

—view of city from tup of orphan OBylnm, 8.3419, 8.3420. 

—view of city from top of Mills House, looking up Meeting 

Street, 8.3-140. 
— headquarter* of General Hatch 8.3-129, 
—house on Broad Street in which federal officers were confined 

under fire, 8.3-149, S.34G0. 
—Roper's Hospital, 3.3434. 

—ruins on the battery, effects of the bombardment, 8.3461. 
—ruins of Northeastern Railroad depot, S.3452, S.3453. 
—ruin* "f Secession Hall, where first ordinance of secession whs 

passed, 8.34-17. 
—Hibernian Hall, 8.3439. 
—Circular Church, 8.3411, 8.34-12. 
—ruins opposite Circular Church, S.3-148. 
-Saint Michael's Church S.3437. 
—Unitarian and German Lutheran Churches, .S.:u:.lG, 
—ruins of Roman Catholic Cathedral, burned in 1861, S.3443, 

8.3444, 8.3-145, S.344C. 
—ruins of Dr. Gadsden's house, effects of bombardment, 8.3438. 
—city hall, 3.3432. 
— post-office, 8.342G, 8.3127. 
—market house, 8.3428. 
—Charleston Hotel, S.3431. 
—orphan asylum, S.::1JJ. S.:M23, S.3424, S.3426. 
— offices of United States Treasury agent and quartermaster, 

—Governor Aiken's house, S.3-133. 
—grave of John C. Calhoun, S.3421. 


Ruins of Norfolk navy-yard, S.984. 

Steam frigate PenBacola, off Alexandria, June, 1881, S.103. 

Deck anil turret of the original "Monitor," July, 1882, 8.480, 

Officers of the original "Monitor," July, 1802, S.390, 8.487,3.492, 

Crew of the originnl " Monitor," July, isci', S.J'/O, S.0G0. 

Iron-clad gunboat Galena, after her attack on Fort Darling, July, 
1802, 8.488, 8.002. 

Gunboat Yankee at Fredericksburg, Vn., May, 1804, S.714. 

Confederate blockade- runner Tenser, captured by the United 
Stales gunboat Maritanza, July, 1862, L.7414, 1.7420. 

Gunboat Maritanza, as she appeared Immediately after capture 
of blockade-runner Teaser, July, 1802. S.484. 

How gun on confederate blockade-runner Teaser, July, 1802, 8.481. 

One hundred-pound Br gun on confederate blockade-runner 
Teaser, July, 1802. 8.482. 

Dock of confederate blockade-runner Teaser, showing destruc- 
tion caused by shell tired bv United States gunboat Mari- 
tanza, July, 1SC2, S.483. 

Gunboat Santiago de Cuba. Hampton Roads, December, 1804, 

School-ship Sabine, Hampton Roads, December, 1804, 1.7415. 

Steamer Malvern, Admiral Porter's flagship on the Fort Fisher 
expedition, Norfolk, Va., December, 1804, 1.7147. 

Admiral Porter and staff, on flagship Malvern, Hampton Roads, 
December, 1804, L.7244, 1.7227 1.7641. 

Gunboat Fort Donelson, Norfolk. Va., December, 1804, L.741G. , 

Guuboat Fort Jackson, Norfolk, Va December, 1864,1.7425. 

Deck and turret of monitor Kaatskill, Charleston Harbor. S. C, 

Quarter-deck of Pawnee, Charleston Harbor, S. C, S.3408, S.34I0. 

Gunboat Mendota, James River, Va., S.2471. 

Gunboat Commodore Perrv, James River, Va., S.2472. 

The monitor Canonieus, James River, Va., 8.2408. S.2469, S.2470. 

Officers on deck of Philadelphia, Charleston Harbor, S. C, S.3414. 

Admiral Dahlgreu and staff, on deck of Pawnee, Charleston Har- 
bor, S. C, 8,3413. 


Abraham Lincoln, President. 8.1312. 
Hannibal Hamlin, Vice-President S.1429. 
William H. Seward, Secretary of State, 8.1431. 
Salmon P. Chase, Secretary of Treasury, S.1747. 
Simon Cameron, Secretary'of War, S.1699. 
Edwin S. Btanion, Secretary ot War, S.2208. 
Charles A. liana, Assistant Secretary of War, S.2430. 
Gideon Welle.", Secretary of Navy. S.U76, S.1375. 
John P. Unher, S.-cretarv of Interior, S.1708. 
Edward Bates, Attorney-General, 8.1741. 
J Mm- h Speed, Attorney-General, S. 2080. 


Jefferson Davis, President, S.1453. 
Alexander H. Stephens, Vice-President, S.1430. 
R. M. T. Hunter, Secretary of State, S.1740. 
Stephen R. Mallory, Secretary of Navy, S.1743. 
John H. Reagan, Postmaster-General, 3.1996. 

Washington, D. C, May 22 and 23, 1865. 

Fourteen different views at the reviewing-stand in front of Ex. 

eciitive Mansion. 1.7694, L.77P, S.uis, S.l-4'j. S.l -■"■". S.1..M 

3.1252, S.1J53, -S.liVI S.1255, S.1250, S.3388, 8.3390, S.3391. 
Three different views looking up Pennsylvania Avenue towards 

Seventeenth Street from opposite reviewing-stand, 8.1277, 

8.1278,3.1283. , 
Fifteen different views looking down Pennsylvania Avenue from 

corner of Fifteenth Street, 8.1257, 8.1268, S.1259, S.120U, 

S.12G1, S.12G2, S.12G3, S.J2C4, S.120'), S.litfO, S.1207, S.liBS, 

S, 1209, 3.1270, S.1271. 
Stand for spectators at corner of Pennsylvania Avenue and 

Fifteenth Street, 8.1270, 8.1279. 
The public school children on west front of capitol, 1.7748, S.1280, 

Troops marching down Capitol Hill on west side of the Capitol, 

View looking down Pennsylvania Avenue from corner of Ninth 

Street, 1.7907. 
General John A. Logan and staff, and Army of Tennessee, passing 

in review, 3.3321. 
General H. S. Wright and staff, and Sixth Army Corps, passing in 

review, S.3392. 
General H. W. Slocum and staff, and Army of Georgia, passing in 

review, S.3393, S.3394. 
General Jefferson C. Davis and staff, and Nineteenth Army Corps, 

passing in review, S.3395. 
Portion of Twentieth Army Corps passing in review, S.3390, 

S.3397, S.3398. 


Ford's Theater, place of assassination: 

— exterior view, 1.77G5. 

— view of box in which President was assassinated, S.3403, S.3404. 

—chair occupied bv President at time of assassination, S.1939, 

S.3-105, S.34O0, S.3407. 
Howard's stable, place where Booth hired the horse on which he 

escaped, 1.7700, 1.7767. 
Lewis Payne, one of the conspirators, 1.7769, 1.7770, L.7771, 

L.7772. 1.7773, 1.7774, 1.7775,1.7770,1.7777. 
Michael O'Laughlin, one of the conspirators, 1.7708, 1.7780, 

Samuel Arnold, one of the conspirators, 1.7778, 1.7779. 
George A. Atzorot, one of (he conspirators, 1.7781, 1.7782, 
David E. Harrold, one of the conspirators, 1.7784, 1.7785, 1.7780. 
Edward Spangler, one of the conspirators, 1.7787, 1.7788. 
Unknown persons, arrested on suspicion, 1.7789, 1.7790, 1.7791, 

1.7792, L.7793. 
Execution of conspirators : 

—views of the scaffold before the execution, 1.7757, 1.7759. 
— on the scaffold, 1.7795. 
—reading the warrant, 1.7796. 
—adjusting the ropes. 1.7797, L.7799. 
—the trap sprung, 1.7798, 1.7800. 
—the graves, 1.7700. 
Funeral procession of President Lincoln on Pennsylvania Avenue, 

Washington, D. C, S.1272, S.1273, S.1275. 
Funeral car of President Lincoln, S.1985. 


Reading the death warrant, 1.7752. 

Adjusting the rope, 1.7753. 

Springing the trap, 1.7764. 

Wirtz hanging, 1,7765. 

Newspaper correspondents viewing the execution, 1.7760. 



Office of Chief Signal Officer .- 

—with Colonel Fisher and officers, 1.7814, 1.7848. 
— with group of officers and clerks, 1.7095. 
Central signal station, 1.7G83. 
Medical department, L.7611, 1.7921. 

Quartermaster's office (Captain Tompkins), 1.7840, 1.7918, 1.7919. 
Quartermaster's office {Seventh Street wharf), 1.7870. 
Hospital of quartermaster's department, 1.7812, 1.7904. 
Government bakery, 1.7859, 1.7885. 
Mess-house at government stable, 1.7674. 1.7670. 
Mess-house of quartermaster's employees, 1.7901, 1.7902, 1.7903. 
Quartermaster's warehouse, 1.7013, L.7821, 1.7831, 1.785S, 1.7870. 
Government horse-shoeing shop, 1.7820. 

{government repair shops: 

—wheelwright shop, 1.7856, L.7878, 1.7900. 

—trimming shop, 1.7700. 

—paint shop, 1.7701. 

— carpenter shop, 1.7836. 

—blacksmith shop, 1.7699, 1.7864. 

—ambulance shop, 1.7834. 

—office, 1.7923, 1.7925. 

—general view, 1.7922. 

— street in rear, 1.7888. 

General M. D. Hardin's headquarters, April, 1865, 1.7883. 

General Alfred Pleasonton's headquarters, April, 1866, 1.7838, 

Old Capitol Prison, S.1019. 
Forest Hall Prison, 1.7867. 

Park of artillery at arsenal, 1.7250, 1.7671, S.2283, S.2284, S.2285. 
Wiard guns at arsenal, 1.7246, S.2286. 
Groups of clerks at War Department. 1.7S73, 1.7899. 
Groups of clerks at Qaarterroaster-GeneraTH Office, 1.7055,1.7826, 

1.7827, 1.7S28. 1.7829, 1.7655, 1.7871, 1.7872. 
Group of employees at quartermaster's depot, 1.7891. 
Group of clerks at provost-marshal's office, 1.7889. 
Office of Christian Commission, 1.7718, 1.7719, 1.7720, 1.7721. 
Long Bridge, 1.7824. 

Long Bridge, after its destruction by freshet, 1.7819. 
Fire at which Ellsworth's Zouaves distinguished themselves, 



Headquarters of defences of Washington, south of Potomac, 
August, 1865, 1,7340. 

Fort Corcoran 

— guard-house and guard, L.7841. 

— rear entrance, S.2309 

—loading big gun, S.2310 

Fort Lincoln, 1.7409. 

Fort Lincoln, detachment manning the guns, Co. " H," 3d Massa- 
chusetts Artillery, 1.7874 

Fort Richardson, view of interior, S.2311. 

Fort C. F. Smith, views of interior, Co's " F," "L," and "K," 2d 
New York Artillery, 1.7072, 1.7073, 1.7075. 

Fort Stevens : 

— views of interior and 3d Massachusetts Artillery, 1.7692, 1.7744, 

1.7803, 1.7917. 
—officers' quarters, 3d Massachusetts Artillery, 1.72K2, 1.7096. 
— barracks. 3d Massachusetts Artillery, 1.7740, 1.7897. 
Fort Slemmer, rear entrance, 8.2318. 

Fort Totten : 

—sally-port and group of3d Massachusetts Artillery, 1.7021. 

— views of interior and group of 3d Massachusetts Artillery, 

1.7249, 1.7253, 1.7081, 1.7087. 
— officers' quarters, 3d Massachusetts Artillery, 1.7201, 1.7078. 
— view of interior, S.2313. 

Fort 'Whipple : 

— headquarters, 1.7408. 

—batteries in No. 2, 1.7034. 

—light battery, 1.7C69. 

Fort Woodbury, S.2319. 

Camp Barry, artillery depot, July, 1803, 1.7010, 1.7436. 

Camp Stoneman, Griesboro, Md., cavalry depot: 

—general views, May, 1884. 1.7015, 1.7017. 

—General Gamble, Major Sawyer, and officers, March, 1865,1.7 't>8, 

1.7349, 1.7&35, 1.7837. 
—hand and quarters, March. 1805,1.7350. 
Signal Corps camp, 1.7724, 1.7725, 1.7727. 1.7730, 1.7732. 
Camp of Thirteenth New York Cavalry, Prospect Hill, 1.7218, 

1.7722, 1.7733, 1.773G, 1.7737, 1.7739. 
Headquarters of General Hardin near Fort Slocurn, 1.7228, 1.7431. 
Brigade headquarters near Fort Lincoln, 1.7908, 8.1147. 
Headquarters of General S. P. Heintzelman, Fort Lyon, S.2305. 
Foehe's house, near Arlington House, S.230G. 
Headquarters of General Irwin McDowell, Arlington House, 

Headquarters of General W. F. Bartlett, 1.7020, 1.7221, 1.7223, 

Headquarters of General A. McD. McCook, Brightwood, D. C, 

July, 1804, 1.7205. 
Blair's house.Silver Springs, D. C, S.1012, S.1197. 
House near Fort Stevens, snowing effect of shot during Early's 

attack on Washington, S.101B, S.1170. 
Soldiers' cemetery, n^ar Fort Stevens, 1,7682. 
Soldiers' cemetery at Soldiers' Home, S.118P. 
General A. McD. McCook and staff, Brightwood, D. C, July, 1804, 

1.7206, 1.7600, S.1022. 
General C. C. Augur and staff, 1.7118, 1.7809, S.1001. 
Examining passes at Georgetown Ferry, S.290, 8.291. 
Pontoon bridge between Georgetown and Analostan Island, 


Block-house near Aqueduct Bridge, S.3282. 

Views of Georgetown, 1,7085, 1.7840, 1.7894, 1.7895. 

Views from Georgetown Heights, J..7823, 1.7882. 

Aqueduct Bridge, Potomac River, 1.7817, S.288, S.289, S.2308. 

Cabin John Bridge, Potomac River, 1.7651. 

Chain Bridge, Potomac River, 1.7055, 1.7656, 1.7667, S,2283l 

8.2290, S.2291. 
Foot-bridge, near Chain Bridge, S.2292. 
View on Cabin John Run, S.2287. 
Great Falls, Potomac River, 1.7652, 1.7653, 1.7654. 


Quartermasters' Hospital, 1.7812, 1.7904. 
Douglass Hospital, 1.7816, 1.7884. 
Tent Hospital in rear of Douglass Hospital, 1.7924. 
Stanton Hospital, 1.7914. 

Armory Square Hospital : 

—chapel, showing dome of Capitol in the distance, 1.7916. 

—interior of Ward K, 1.7822, 1.7886, 1.7887. 

Harewoocl Hospital: 

—general views, 1.7826, S.1014. 

—exterior of Ward B, S.1209. 

—interior of ward, S.1000, S.1007, 8.1008. 

—interior of mess-room, S.1168. 

—officers' quarters, 1.7003, 8.1200. 

—ambulance train, S.114G. 

Tent hospital at Kendall Green, S.120B. 

Ruins of Kalorama Hospital, May, 1805. 1.7600. 

Surgeons at Finlay Hospital, April, 1864, 1.7853. 

Surgeons at Seminary Hospital, April, 1865, 1.7875. 


Marshall House, where Colonel Ellsworth was killed, S.11S9, 

S.2294, 3.2295. 
Slave-pen, 1.7204, 3.1003, 8.1174, S.2290, S.2297, S.2208, 8.2299, 


Soldiers' Rest: 

—exterior views, July, 1806, 1.7815, 8.1039. 

—interior of kitchen. July, 1805, 1.7803. 

Lodge of Sanitary Commission, July, 1864, S.1203. 

Lodge of Sanitary Commission at convalescent camp, May, 1803, 

Soldiers' cemetery, 1.7250, 8.1172. 
Christ Church, 8.2301. 


Fortress Monroe: 

—the sally-port, 8.829. 

—the parade-ground, S.830. 

—the Lincoln gun, 1.7419, 8.833. 

— exterior of officers' quarters in the casemates, S.832. 

— interior of officers' quarters in the casemates, 8. 836. 

—group of officers and their families, 1.7411. 

— post band. 1.7421. 

— nygeia saloon, 1,7420. 

—quartermaster's office, 1.7418, 1.7422, S.838. 

— the beach, 3.839. 

— light-house, S.S37. 

Hampton, Va., 1.7029, 1.7412, S.841. 

Ruins of old church at Hampton, Va., 8.16, 8.459, S.405, 8.406, 

S.4G7, S.1244. 
Chesapeake Hospital, Hampton, Va., 1.7417, 1.7427, S.840. 
Ammunition schooners in Hampton Roads, Va., 1.7424. 


Sanitarv commissioners, S.1810. 

Central" office of Sanitary Commission, Washington 

1.7700, 1.7708, S.1198. 
Storehouse of Sanitary Commission, Washington, 

Sanitary Commission, Lodge No. — , Washington, D. 
Sanitary Commission, Lodge No. — , Washington, D. 
Sanitary Commission, Lodge No. — , Washington, D. 
Sanitary Commission, Lodge No. — , Washington, D. 
Sanitary Commission, Lodge No. — , Washington, D. 
Sanitary Commission, Lodge No. — , Washington, l»- 
Sanitary Commission, Lodge No. — , Washington, D. 
Sanitary Commission, Lodge No.—, Washington, 1). 
Sanitary Commission, Lodge No. — , Washington, I». 
Sanitary Commission, Lodge No. — , Washington, D. 
Wagon and outfit of field relief corps of Sanitary 

1.7711, S.1199. 

,D.C, 1.7704, 

D. C, 1.7709, 

C. 1.7707. 
C, 1.7712. 
C, 1.7713. 
C, 1.7714. 
C, 1.7715. 
0., 1.7716. 
C, 1.7717. 
C, S.1200. 
C, S.1201. 
C, S.1202. 

Lodge of Sanitary Commission, Alexandria, Va., 8.1203. 
Office of Sanitary Commission, convalescent camp, near Alex- 
andria, Vft., S.1204. 
Office of Sanitary Commission, Fredericksburg, Va., May, 1804, 

Storehouse of Sanitary Commission, Fredericksburg, Va., May, 

1804,8.739. , 

Cooking tents of Sanitary Commission, Fredericksburg, Va., 

May, 1804, 8.742. 
Nurses and officers of Sanitary Commission, Fredericksburg, 

Va., May, 1804, 8.741. 
Wounded soldiers of KearneyV Division itt Sanitary Commis- 

sion, Fredericksburg, Va., May, 1804, 8.740. 
Office of Sanitary Commission, Gettysburg, I'a., S.238. 
Campof Sanitary Commission at Hello Plain Landing, May, 1864, 

Wagons of Sanitary Commission at Belle Plain Landing, May, 

1804, 6.2478. 
Headquarters of Christian Commission in the field, Germantown, 

Va., August, 1803, 1.7471. 
Office of Christian Commission, Washington, D. C., 1.7718,1.7719, 

Camp of Christian Commlaalon at White House Landing, Va., 

Headquarters of Christian Commission, Richmond, Va., S.3371. 


Levco at VlokabuTg. Miss., February, 1801, 8.391. 

Brazilian steamer, 1.7M'.iu, S.JIO, 8,347. 

Dix's autograph letter, "Shoot him on the spot," S.37G3. 

Tomb of Washington's mother, Frederieksl.urg, Va., 8.712. 

Residi-nce of John Minor Botts, 1.7123, 1.7124, 1.7125, 1.7029, 
8.280, 8.237. 

John Minor Mutts ami family, L.7121, 1.7122. 

Patellus's house. 1.7745. 

Agricultural College near BladensburK, Md., 1.7428. 

Memorial tablotto Lieut. Henry B. Hidden, 1.7402. 

Captain Hull 's ram], at Gettysburg, 1.7231, 1.7232, 1.7247. 

Wounded Indian soldiers, 8.2312. 

Manner of removing wounded, L.72Sf., 1.7381, L.7G30, S.304, 

General Rufua Ingalls and group. City Point, Va., 1.7284, 1.7524, 

Military Telegraph Corps, Major Eeltort ami group, 1.7487. 

Group of arllllerv officers, Antietani, Md., September, 1802, S.579. 

Captain Clark and Captain Jan./, 8.2350. 

Two officers of General A. A. Humphrey's stuff, 1.7300, 1.7404. 

Officers of stall' of General Pierce, 1.7308. 

Officers of staff of General Gereham Molt, 1.7267. 

Officers of staff of General A. McD. MoCook, Bright-wood, D. C, 
July, 1804, 1.7070. 

Officers ol Signal Corps camp, near Washington. D. C, 1.72G0, 
1.7728, 1.7720. 

General Daniel Butterfleld'fl horse, Falmouth, Va., April, 1803, 

Captain Beckwith'n horse, headquarters Army of Potomac, Feb- 
ruary, 1803, 1.7278. 

General George 6, Meade's horse, 1.7370. 

General U. S. Grant's horses, Cold Harbor, Va., June 14, 1804, 

General John A. Rawlins's horse, Cold Harbor, Va., June 14, 1S04, 

Captain Webster's horse, headquarters Army of Potomac, March, 
1564, 1.7307. 

Lieutenant King's horse, 1.7376. 

Colonel Sharpe's horse, headquarters Army of Potomac, April, 

Major Allon (Pinkenon), of Secret Service Department, 1.7408. 

William Wilson, h (quarters Army of Potomac, 1.7127. 

Mr. Talfor, engineer-draughtsman at headquarters Army of Poto- 
mac, 1.7-135. 

J. Furey, Quartermaster's Department, October, 1803, 1.7400. 

A. R, Ward, artist for Harper's Weekly, 1.7104, S.254. 

Mrs. Tynan and sons, Frederick, Md., 1.7100. 

Captain Huff's clerk, 1.7488. 

Frank C. Tilley (or Filley), S.1G24. 

Discussing probabilities ot next advance, 8.175. 

Departure from the old homestead, S.30G. 

A camp kitcaen (tasting the soup), S.2416. 

Inauguration of President Grant, 8.1284, S.12S5, S.128G. 

Fifteen-inch gun, 1.7909. 

Big gun, 1.7059. 

Wiard gunB, 1.7012, L.7102, L.7832, 1.7857. 

Park of artillery, 1.7024. 

Army office wagon, 1.7800. 

Arrival of a negro family in the lines, S.657. 

A picnic party at Antietam, S.581. 

A eavalrv orderly, s.oio. 

Camp fun, 8.004. 

Mule team crossinc a brook, 1.7131. 

An old Virginia family carriage, S.7I3. 

And a large quantity of views not vet identified. 


[, — Groups of regimental officers are catalogued under title 
" Regiments and Batteries." Other groups, except generaU 
and their staffs, are catalogued under campaigns during wAicA 
taken, or under title ''Miscellaneous." 

Abbott, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. I. C, 8.1469. 
Abercrombie, Brig.-Gen. J. J., S.162G. 
Abert, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. W 3., 8.3178. 
Adams, Lieut.-Col. A. D., 27th N. Y. Infantry, S.19GL 
Adama, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. C. P., S.1749. 
Adams, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. C. (in group), 1.7390, 1.7490. 
Adams, Col. J. W., 07th N. V. Infantry, 8.2092. 
Alden, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. A., Col. 169th, N Y., 8.3062. 
Alexander, Col. C. IS'., 2d D. C. Infantry 8.2166, S.3755. 
Alexander, Lieut.-Col. T. L., 6th U. S. Infantry, S.1381. 
Alexander. Cant T-, 80th N. Y. Infantry, 1.7605. 
Allaire, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. A. J., 8.1917. 
Allen, Col., 8.1G76. 

Allen, Lieut.-Col. D. B., 154th N. Y. Infantry, S.1444. 
Allen, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. R., S.3108. 
Allen, Major W., paymaster, 8.3773. 
Allen, Col. W. II., 1st N. Y. Infantry, S.1735. 
Alvord, Brig.-Gen. B., C.4506. 
Ames, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. A., S.1390, 8.1728. 
Ames, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. A. and staff, C.4073. 
Ames, Bvt. Bng.-Gen. W., C.4BGG. 
Anderson, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. N. L., S.3O04. 
Anderson, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. R., B.1378, S.1753, S.3780. 
Andrews, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. C. C., S.2076. 
Andrews, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. G. L., S.1470, S.3732. 
Antisel, Surgeon T., 8.3789. 

Armstrong, Bvt, "Brig-Gen. S. C, Col. 8th U. S., S.1920. 
Arnold, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. R., C.4667. 
Arrow-smith, Lieut., 7th N. Y S. M., S.21I0. 
Ashoth, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. A., C.4591. 
Aspinwall, Lieut.-Col. L., 22d N. Y. S. M., 8.3733. 
Astor, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. J. J., S.1807. 

Audenreid, Bvt. Lieut.-Col. J. C, aide-de-camp, S.3757. 
Augur, Maj.-Gen. C. C, 8.1400. 

Augur, Maj.-Gen. C. C. and staff, 1.7118, 1.7809, S.1001. 
Avcrell, Brig.-Gen W. W.,S.1C55. 
Averell, Brig.-Gen. W. W. and staff, 1.7576, S.635. 
Avery, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. R., C.4504. 
Avres, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. R, B., 8.1582. 
Babcock, Lieut, C. B-, 7th N. Y S. M., S.15S6. 
Babcoclt, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. O. E..C.4505. 
Bache, Cant. F. M., 10th V. S. Infantry, S.2439. 
Bagley, Lieut.-Col. J.. 69th N. Y. Infautrv, S.1356. 
Bailey, Col. B. P., 86th N. Y. Infantry, S.180G. 
Bailey, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J., S.3235. 
■"—, Bvt. Bng.-Gen. S. M., Col 
Bvt. Maj.-Gen. A..S.2115. 
Baker, Col. E. D., 71st Pa. Infantry, 8.1459. 
Baker, Lieut. J. A., 7th N. Y. S. M., S.1G65. 
Baker, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. L. C, C.49G5. 
Ballier, Bvt, Bng.-Gen. J. F., Col. 98th Pa., 8.2027. 
Banks, Maj.-Gen. N. P., S.1321. 
Banks, Maj.-Gen. N. I*, and staff, C.4527, 0,5194. 
Banta, Lieut. -Col. W. C, 7th Ind. Infantry, 8,1794. 
Barlow. Maj.-Gen. F. C, 8.1955. 
Barnard, Bvt, Maj.-Gen. J. G., S.1508, S.1041. 
Barnes, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J. K., C.4477. 
Barnett, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J., C.51C7. 
Barney, Col. E. L., 6th Vt. Infantry, S.1G83. 
Barnum.Bvt. Maj.-Gen. H. A., S.2051. 
Barrett, Maj. 0. D., 11th N. Y. Cavalrv, S.3832. 
Barry, Bvt. Maj. R. P., 10th U. S. Intantrv, S.3871. 
Barry, Bvt, Maj.-Gen. W. F., S.1951, S.2018. 
Barry, Bvt, Maj.-Gen. W. F. and staff, S.429. 
Barstow, Bvt. Brig.- Gen. S. F. (in group), 1.7957. 
Bartholemew, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. O. A., S.2614. 
Bartlett, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. C. G., S.3091. 
Bartlett, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J. J., S.lls7. S.17<"(t. S.2125, S.3716. 
Bartlett, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. W. F., C.4597. 
Bartlett, Bvt, Maj.-Gen. W. F. nnd staff, 1.7217, 1.7221. 
Barton, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. W. B., Col. 48th N. Y., S.1604. 
Bartram, Lieut.-Col. K. B., Ass't Adjt.-Gen., S.3749. 
Bntelielder, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. R. N., 8.2600. 
Baxter, Bvt. Brit;. -Gen. D. C, Col. 72d Pa., S.3014. 
Baxter, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. H., S.3041. 
Baxter, Surgeon J. H., S.3833. 
Bavard, Brig.-Gen. G. D., C.4668. 
Bayles, Surgeon G., 4th N. Y. Heavy Artillery, S.1379. 
Beal, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. G. L., S.3020. 
Beatty, Brig.-Gen. J„ C.4742. 
Beaumont, Col. M. H., 1st N. J. Cavalry, S.1943. 
Beaver, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J. A., C.4715. 
Beazeil, Major J. W., pavmu-ter, S.1305, S.1412. 
Beekwith, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. E. G. (in group), C.5194, 
Bedrer, Major B. P., S.1947. 
Beecher, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J. C, S.14CG. 
Belknap, Lieut.-Col. J..S.1841. 
Belknap, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. W. W..S.2034. 
Belknap, Bvt, Maj.-Gen. W. W. and orderlies, C.40G0. 
Bell, Lieut,-Co|. T. S.. 51st Pa. Infantry, S.3737. 
Bendix, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J. K., S.3201. 
Benedict, Ass't Surg. A. C. 1st N. Y. Infantry, S.1458. 
Benedict, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. L., S.17P9. 

Eenham, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. H. W., S.209G. 

Bennett, Gen. W. T-, 8.3099. 

Bensel, Capt. W. P., 7th N. Y. S. M., S.1671. 

Benton, Lieut.-Col. R. C, 1st Vt. Heavy Artill-ry, 8.1355. 

Benton, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. T. H., C.4544. 

Benton, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. W. P., S.3775. 

Berdan, Bvt. Bng^-Gen. H., S.377I. 

Berry, Maj.-Gen. H. G-, S.2224. 

B-rthond, Col. A. P., 31st N. J. Infantry. S.3738. 

Betge, Col. R. J., 03th N. Y. Infantry, 8.2132. 

Letts, Lieut.-Col. G. F.,9th N. Y. Infantry, 8.1635. 

Diddle, Brig -'.ien. C. J.,S.322I. 

Biddle, Col. G. H., B5th N. Y. Infantry, 8.1800. 

Bidwell, Lieut.-Col., S.19G0. 

Bingham, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. H. H., S.3006. 

Birdwell, Brig.-Gen. D. D., S.1723. 

Birge, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. H. W., C.5178. 

Birnev, Maj.-Gen. D. B., S.2216. 

Birney, Maj.-Gen. I>. B. and staff, 1.7153. 

Blackman, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. A. M., 8.2042. 

Blair, Maj.-Gen. Frank P., S.1704. 

Blair, Maj.-Gen. Frank P. and staff, 1.7054. 

Blaisdell, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. W.,S.31H. 

Blanchard, Lieut.-Col. C. D., quartermaster, S.1475. 

Bl-tiker. Briu.-Gen. L„ S.17:',h 

Blunt, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. A P., 8.1813. 

Bogert, Lieut. J. W., 7th N. Y. S. M. t S.1588. 

I'.ohl.-u, Briu--Gen. H., 8.2091. 

Bonneville, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. B. L. E., 8.1968. 

Bostwick, Maj., 12th K. V. S. M., S.I767. 

Bostwick, Lieut, C. B., 7ch N. Y. 8. M., S.1662. 

Bostwick, Col. H.,7UtN. Y. Infantry, S.1573. 

Boughton, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. H..S.2035. 

Bourri, Col. G., 68th N. Y. Infantry, S.1519. 

Bowen, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. James, S.1952. 

Bowerman, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. R. N., S.2652. 

Boyd, Maj. C.,5thN. Y. Infantry, S.1450. 

Boyle, Brig.-Gen. J. T., S.3078. 

Brackelt, Col. A. G., 9th III. Cavalry, S.1649. 

Bradlev, Capt. J., quartermaster, S.1573. 

Brazu-, Brii;.-i.ien. E. .S., 0th Wi^e. Infantry, S.l:;ii7, S.203C 

Brandenstien, Capt. H., 40th N. Y. Infantry, S.1824. 

Brannon, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J. M., S.1490. 

Breck, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. S., S.26G3. 

Brewster, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. W. R., 1.7579, S.1842. 

Brewster, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. W. R. and staff, 1.7343, 1.7580. 

Brice, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. B. W., C.4499. 

Brings, Brin-Gen. H. S., S.1707. 

Britt, Lieut.-Col. J. W., 57th N. Y. Infantry, S.1543. 

Broadhead, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. T. F., Co!. 1st Mich. Cavalry, S.1958. 

Brooke, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J. R., S.3o4G. 

Brooks, Maj.-Gen. W. T. H., 8.3054. 

Brown, Lieut.-Col., 8.3772. 

Brown, Lieut.-Col. A. C, 13tli Vt. Infantry, S.14G3. 

Brown, Brig.-Gen. E. B., S.3228. 

Brown, Maj. F., paymaster, S.2169. 

Brown, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. H. L., Col. 145th Pa. Infantry, S.3107. 

Brown, Col. J. M., 100th N. Y. Infantry, S.2G03. 

Brown, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. N. W., C.40G9. 

Brown. Bvt. Brig.-Gen. O., C.4948. 

Browulow, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J. P., 1st Tenn. Cavalry, S.3077. 

Brumm, Maj. G. W., 50th Pa. Infantry, 1.7271. 

Brusie, Ass't Surg. L., 3d Ind. Cavalry, S.188H. 

Bu'.-hanan, Bvt. Maj -Gen. R. C, C.4793. 

Buek, Surg. E. J., 18th Wise. Infantry, S.3798. 

Buck, Lieut.-Col. S. L., 2d N. J. Infantry, S.170G. 

Buckingham, Brie,.-Gen. C. P., S.2175. 

Buckland, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. R. P., C.4741. 

Buell, Col. C, lG9th N. Y. Infantry, S.3740. 

Buell, Maj.-Gen. Don Carlos, S.1501. 

Buford, Maj.-Gen, J.,S.2171. 

But.. id, Maj.-Gen. J. and -taff, C.40G1. 

Buford, Maj.-Gen. N. B., S.1547. 

Bunting, Lieut. T. B., 7th N. Y. S. M., S.1663. 

Burbank, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. S., Col. 2d U. S. Infantry, S.3101. 

Burger, Capt. A. A., S.2237. 

Bin^ess, Col., S.3739. 

Burke, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J. W., C.517G. 

Burling, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. G. 0, Col. 0th N. Y. Infantry, S.3102. 

Burnett, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. H. L., Jtnlue Advocate, S.2056. 

Burnham, Col. Q.B., 22d Conn. Infantry, 8.1477, S.373G. 

Burns, Brig.-Gen. W. W., S.3098. 

Bumside, Maj.-Gen., and Brady, the Photographer, S.2433. 

Burnside, Maj.-Gen. A. E., S.1G25. 

Bumside, Maj.-Gen. A. E. and staff, £.7186, 1.7379, 1.7382, S.1049. 

Burt, Lieut.-Col. E., 3d Me. Infantry, S.3779. 

Bussey, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. C, C.4643. 

Busteed, Bri-.-G-n. Riehard S.2180. 

Butler, Lieut. E. K., 69th N. Y. S. M., S.225S, 

Butler, Maj.-Gen. B. F., S.140G, C.4028. 

Butler, Maj.-Gen. B. F. and staff, C.4208. 

Butterfield, Maj.-Gen. D., 1.7540, S.165I. 

Buxton, Suig. B. F., 5tli Me. Infantry, S.1389. 

Cadwalader, Maj.-Gen. G, C.4670. 

Cake, Col. H. L., 90th Pa. Infantry, S.1817. 

Cadwell, Bvt. Maj.-G,?n. J. C, S.1457. 

Cad well, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J. 0. and staff, S.441, S.580. 

Call is, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J. B., C.4740. 

Cameron, Col. J., 79th K. Y. Infantry, S.1637. 

Campbell, Col. D., 4th Pa. Cavalry, 8.1724. 

Campbell, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. E. L. On group), 1.7957. 

Campbell, Surg. J., S.3725. 

Campbell, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. J. A., C.4780. 

Canby, Maj.-Gen. E. R. S., 8.3173. 

Candy, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. C, Col. 60th Ohio Infantry. 8.2181. 

Capehart, Lieut.-Col. C. E., 1st W. Va. Cavalry, 8.1623. 

Copron, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. H., C.4579. 

Corleton, Bvt. Bng.-Gen. C, A..S.3003. 

Carlin, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. W. P., C.4659. 

Carmen, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. E. A., Col. 13th N. J. Infantry, 8.1330. 

Carpenter, Maj. J. W., paymaster, S.1720. 

Carpenter, quartermaster, 8.1687. 

Can, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J. B-, 8.2228. 

Carnngton, Brig.-Gen. H. B.,8.3060. 

Carroll, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. S. 8., S.1913, S.3866. 

Carroll, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. S. 8. and staff, 1.7o51. 

Carson, Bvt. Bng.-Gen. C, 8.2020. 

Carter, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. S. P., S.3056. 

Carter, Lieut. L., 60th Pa. Infantry, 1.7410. 

Cary, Col. W. H., S.3787. 

Casey, Maj.-Gen. Silas, S.1710. 

Casey, Maj.-io-n. Silas an ..I staff, C.45GG. 

Ca-s, Col.T., '.nil Mi^s. Infantry, S.3774. 

Cassidy, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. A. L., 93d N. Y. Infantry, 8.2187, 8.3008, 

Catlin. Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J. 8., C.4501. 

Chamberlain, Lieut. -Col. ti. E., 1st Vt. Heavy Artillery, 8.3735. 

Chamberlain, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J. L., 8.1859. 

Chambers, Brig.-Gen. A., S.3052. 

Chandler, Surg. C. M., 6th Vt. Infantry, 8.2M8. 

Chapman, Bvt, Brig -Gen. G. II., 8.2141. 

Chapman, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. G. H. and staff, S.2442. 

Chapman, Lieut.-Col. A. B., 57th N. Y. Infantry, 8.1393. 

Charles, Col. E. C, 42d N. Y. Infantry, S.2H05. 

Chase, Adjt. D. L., 78th and 102d N. i- Infantry, 8.1779. 

Chffsemau.surg. T. M.,7th N. Y. S. M., 8.1491. 

Ctu'tlaine, Bvt. Maj -Gen. A. L-, S.2S16. 

Cliiekering, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. T. E., 8.3092. 

Childs, Lient.-Col. J. H., 4th Pa. Cavalry, 8.1869. 

Chipman, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. N. P., C.4500. 

Cliristctisen, Bvt. Hrig.-iien. C. T., 8.3009. 

Christian, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. W. H., S.2138. 

Chrysler, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. M. H., 8.3051. 

Church, Surg. W. H., 8.1691. 

Churchill, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. S., S.14G0. 

Chuatill.Maj. W. B., S.1959. 

Cilley, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J. P., C.5160. 

Clark, Captain E., 7th N. Y. S. M., S.1684. 

Clark, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. G., C.4720. 

Clark, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. G. W., C.4045. 

Clark, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. W. T., S.1580, 8.1880. 

Clarke, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. H. F., 8.1902, C.6194, 

Clay, Bvt. Brig.-Gon. C, S.3000. 

Clay, Maj.-Gen. C. M., C.4671. 

Clayton, Brig.-Gen. P., C.4986. 

Glitz, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. H. B, Col. 10th TJ. 3. Infantry, 8.1521. 

Cluseret, Brig.-Gen. G. P., 8.2219. 

Cohh, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. A., C.4739. 

Coburn, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J., C.4738. 

Ci.ehran, Bng.-Gen. J., S.1320. 

Cogswell, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. W., 2d Ma3S. Infantry, 8.2029. 

Cogswell, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. W. and staff, C.4068. 

Coll.urn, Lieut.-Col. A. V., aide-de-camp, 1.7043. 

Cole, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. G. W., S.3076. 

Colgate, Lieut. -Col. C. G., 15th N. Y. Engineers, 8.1923. 

Collet, Col. M. W., 1st N.J. Infantry, 8.1353. 

Connor, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. P. E., S.2124. 

Connor, Brig.-Gen. Selden, S.1764. 

Conrad, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J, S.2G01. 

Cook, Maj.-Gen. a. McD., S.I744. 

Cook, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. P. St, G., C.4599. 

Cook, Maj. W. W., 5th N. If. Infantry, 8.1929. 

Cooper, Brig.-Gen. J., 8.2066. 

Cooper, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J. A.. S.3236. 

Copeland, Lieut.-Col., S.1349. 

CoppinL-er, Adjt. .1. B.. s:;d N. Y. Infantry, S.1514. 

Corbin, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. H. C, S.^017. 

Corcoran, Brig.-Gen. M..S.2234. 

f'orley, Lieut. C, 7th N. Y. S. M., S.1670. 

Corse, Bvt. Mal.-Gen. J. M.. ("Hold the Fori,") C.4497 

Coster, Col. 0. R., 134th N. Y. Infantry, S.3193. 

Couch, Maj.-Gen. D. N., S.37G8. 

Coulter, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. R., C.4724. 

Covode, Col. G. H., 4th Pa. Cavalry, S.1848. 

Cowdin, Brig.-Gen. K., 8.2217. 

Cox, Maj.-Gen. J. D-, C.4G72. 

Cox, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. R. C, C.4713. 

Cozzens, Sergt. F., S.1591. 

Cradlebough, Col. J., 114th Ohio Infantry. S.1775. 

Crandall, Surg. W. B., 16th N. Y. Infantry, S.2156. 

Crane, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. C. H., S.1911. 

Crane, Maj. F. W., paymaster, S.1895. 

Crawford, Capt. J. S., 114th Pa. Infantry, 1.7037. 

Crawford, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. ri. J., C.4784. 

Crawford, Bvt, Maj.-Gen. S. W., S.2095, 8.3718, S.3807. 

Creiger, Lieut.-Col. J. A., 11th N. Y. Infantry, S.1627. 

Crittenden, Maj.-Gen. T. L., S.1730. 

Crocker, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. .I.S.,S.630. 

Crocker, Brig.-Gen. M. M.. C.4G46. 

Crook, Maj.-Gen. G., C. 4-198, C.5121. 

Cross, Col. E. E., 5th N. H. Infantry, 8.1983. 

Cross, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. O., 8.1606. 

Croxton, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J. T., C.50Q6. 

Cullum, Brig.-Gen. G. W., S.1712. 

Cum mine?, Lieut-Col. C.,17tri Vt. Infantry, 8.1408. 

Cummin", Lieut.-Col. F. M., 124th N. Y. Infantry. 8.13GG. 8.1621. 

Cunningham, Capt., 1.7483. 

Cunningham, Maj., S.I461 

Curtln, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J. X, 8.2038. 

Curtis, Lieut-Col., 8.1881. 

Curtis, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. N. M., 8.2039. 
Curtis, Maj.-Gen. S. U.,S.2075 
Curtis Bvt. Brig.-Gen. W. B„ 8.3224. 
Custer, Maj.-Gen. G. A., 8.1613. 
Cutler, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. L-, 8.1892. 
Pahlk-reo, Col. Ulrlc, C.4642. 
Dana, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. E. L., 8.3748. 
Dana, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J. J., C.44G9. 
Dana, Maj.-Gen. N. J. T., 8.1800. 
Dare, Lieut.-Col., :vit)i Pa. Infantry, 8.21.19, 
Davios, Ma). -Gen. H. E., 8.1654. 
pavles, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. T. A., 8.2101. 
Davis, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. B. P., 8.3200. 

Erfe Hvf: SSS& K1&W0, 1.7691, 8.11*2, 8.2021. 

Davis Bvt. BrIg.-Ge D . W. w. H., 0.4728. 

Day, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. H., 8.3793. 

Dayton. Bvt. Brig.-Gen. 0. V., 8.1777, 9.2005. 

Define. Mai. 0. W., 8.1791. n n 

Do i Joker, Mn|. H..HU Mirsh. Cavalry, S.1902 

De Jhintvill.-. hip/. K. H. G., Ass't Adjt.-Gen.. 8.1517. 

Deltsler, Brig.-Gen. G. W., 8.3233. 

De.lnlnville, I'rinec, 9.2007. -■ 

De Lacy, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. W., 9.3226. 

Do Laoy, Mnj. \V„ 87t1l N. Y. Infantry, 8.2258. 

DmnlBM. Bvt. Maj.-Gen. A. W., C.466S. 

Dent, Brig.-Gen. F.T., 0.4493. 

Denver, Brig.-Gen. J. W., 8.1898. 

Derrou., C-d. A., 2. r .tli N. .1. Infantry, 8.3741. 

Da RuBBy.Capt. Isaac D.. 1st U.S. infantry, S.IC98. 

Lie Hussy, Brig.-Gen. G. A., 8.1012. 

Do RUHsy, Brig.-Gen. G. A. and staff, L.7215. 

De Trobrland, Kvl. Mnj. -Gen. I'. It., 8.2117. 

Devenn, Maj.-Gen. 0. and staff, C.4178. 

Dayereaux, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. A. F-, S.3006. 

Devln, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. T. C, S.1872, 8.20-18. 

Dewey, Brlg.-Gon. J. A,, 8.3053. 

Dexter, Hurii. . I. E.,4mh N. Y. Infantry, 8.1883. 

Dick, Maj. M. M-, I06tli Pa. Infantry, 8.1725. 

Dickinson, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. J., 8.1440. 

Pllger, dint, II., Ohio Artillery, 8.3177. 

Plmoek, Maj. .1. J., 82d N. Y. Infantry, S.1393. 

Dlven, Surg., 8.2203. 

Dlven, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. A. 8., 9.1852. 

Dix, Maj.-Gen. J. A.. 8.1640. 

Dodd, Adjt. 0. 0., 5tli N. H. Infantrv, 8.183S. 

Dodd, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. L. A. (in group), L.7758. 

Dodge, Brig. -lien. 0. 0., 8.1556, S.1600. 

Dodge. Mnj.-Gen. G. M., 8.1072. 

Podgo, Col. J. A., 75th N. Y. Infantry, S.38G9. 

Donaldson. Bvl. Maj. -Gen. J. L-, S.2613. 

Pore, Sorgt., 7th N. Y.S, M., 8.1019. 

D'Orlcans, Louis Phillipe (Coin to do Paris), aide-de-camp, 8.3818, 

D'Orleans, R. (Due de OhartteB), aide-de-camp, 9.3818, S.3819. 
D'Orville, Lieut. A., Oth N. Y. Infantry, 8.2112. 

li.nihledav, Maj.-i.OMi. Ahner, S.l l!i7. 

Double-day, Col. T. D., 4th K. Y. Heavy Artillery, 9.1874. 

Doublcday, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. W, S.3312. 

Dougherty, Surg. A. N,, 8.1891. 

Downing, Maj. P. J-, 4Bd N. Y. Infantry, S.21QG. 
Drew, LTeut.-Col. W 0,, 2d D. C. Infantry, S.1362. 
Drinning, Mai., 9.1432. 
Drum, Brig.-Gen. R. C, C.4492. 
Ducat, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. A. C., C.616G. 

Dudley, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. \V. \V., 8.2025. 

Duffle. Brig.-Gen. A. N., 9.1505, 8.216*. 

Duryeo, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. Abram, 9.1374. 

DuBtin. Bvt. Brig.-Gen. I)., 8.3847. 

Dusttn, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. D. and staff, I..7572. 

D'Utassv, Col. l'."G.,3'ith N. Y Infantrv, 8.14'.*-;, 9.2184. 

Dwight.'Maj. \V.,2d Mas-. Infantrv, 8.1*11, 9.1814. 

Dwight, Brfe.-Gen. W., S.1694. 

Dyer, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. A. B., C.5101. 

Dyer, Copt, C. G., 2d R. I. Infantry, 8.1086. 

EaM-on, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. L, C. (In group), L.7963. 

Eaton, Bvt. Maj.-Gen, Amos B., 8.1916. 

Eckel, Lieut. .1. S., 60th Pa. Infantry, L.7359. 

Eckert. Bvt. Brig.-Gen. T. T., 8.2057. 

Edwards, Col. C. 8., 5th Me. Infantry, 8.1509. 

Edwards, Brig.-Gen. J., C.4640. 

Edwards, Bvt, Maj.-Gen. O., 9.2028. 

Ekin, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J. A., 9.1834. 

Elder, Lieut.-Col. A. B., loth N. Y. Infantry, 9.3868. 

Ellott, Brig.-Gen. A. \Y., S.174*. 

Elliott, Bvt. Mnj.-Gen. W. L., 8.3216. 

Ellis, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. A. V. H., 124th N. Y. Infantry, S.2093. 

Ellsworth, Col. E. E., 11th N. Y. Infantry, S.3175. 

Ely, Maj. G. B., paymaster, S.1792. 

Ely, Mai. John, 8.1714. 

Emory, Maj .-Gen. W. H., C.4607. 

English, Lieut. -Col. James, 8.1350. 

Enos, Maj. A. G. 8th Pa. Cavalry, S.2158. 

Ent, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. W. H., 8.3206. 

EustlB, Brig.-Gen. H. L., 8.3172. 

Everett, Surg. F., S.3809 

Everdell, Col. W.. 23d N. Y. 8. M., S.1404. 

Ewing, Lieut.-Col. C, 4th N. J. Infantrv, S.1648. 

Bring, Brig.-Gen. Thomas, 8.2054. 

Ewing, B?t. Maj.-Gen. H., C.4495. 
Ewing, Bvt. Maj. -Gen. T., C.4484. 
Fairchild, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. C, 8.3202. 

Fairchild, Brig.-Gen. L., 8.1611. 

Fairman, Coi. J., 96th N. Y. Infantry, 9.2232. 

Farnham, Lieut.-Col. N. L., 11th N. Y. Infantry, 8.1628. 

Farnham, Lieut.-Col. R., 15th Vt. Infantry, S.1479. 

Farnsworth, Brig.-Gen. E. J., 9.2638, 8.3100. 

Farnsworth, Brig.-Gen. J. F„ S.1894. 

Farnum, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J. E„ 8.1385. 

Farquhor, Lieut. F. U., Engineer Corps, 9.2114. 

Farrell, Lieut., 8.1484. 

Faulke. Col. A. G., S.3807. 

Ferreil, Capt. W. G., 8.2130. 

Ferrero, Bvt. Maj.-Gen E., 9.807, 9.1652. 

Ferrero, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. E. and staff, L..7053, C.5333. 

Ferry, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. 0. 8., C.5177. 

Fesseoden, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. P., 8.3745. 

Pessenden, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J. D., 8.1914. 

Finklemeier, Maj. J. P., Ass't Adjt.-Gen., 8.3804. 

Finley, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. C. A., C.4788. 

Fisher. Bvt. Brig.-Gen. B. F. (in group), I..7848. 

Fisher, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J. \V. and staff, L.7058. 

Fisk, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. C. B..C.4G64. 

Fisk Lieut.-Col. F. S., 2d N. H. Infantry, 8.3849. 

Fletcher, Mai. A. W., paymaster, S.1732. 

Flint, Capt. E. A., 1st Mass. Cavalry, L.7403. 

Klovd, Lieut.-Col. H. C, 9.1748. 

Foote, Maj. F., 9.1418. 

Force, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. M. F., C.5099. 

Ford, Maj. G. W.. 50th N. Y. Engineers, L.7166. 

Forsyth, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. G. A., C.4508. 

Forsyth, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J. W., February, 1863, 9.214. 

Foster, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. .1. A., S.1638, 8.1005, 8.1790. 

Foater, Maj.-Gen. J. G., 9.3828. 

Foster, Bvt. Mnj.-Gen. K. S., 9.2020, 9.2053. 

Foster, Bvt, Maj.-Gen. K. S. and staff, C.4043, C.420L 

Fowler, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. E. B-, 9.3801. 

Fowler, Col. Henry, 9.1900. 

Frank, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. P., 8.3001. 

Franklin, Maj.-Gen. W. B., 8.3795. 

Fremont, Maj.-Gen. John C, S.1315. 

French, Maj.-Gen. W. H., L.7345, L.7578, 8.1884. 

French, MajjGen. W, II. and staff, L.7601, L.7502. 

Frost, Hurg.t. I'., 15th Vt. Infantry, 8.1447. 

Frv, Bvt. Maj-G-n.,1. B., S.i: p ", 8.1508. 

Fuller, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J. W., 8.2031. 

Full^rion, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J. 8., C.4782. 

Gaines, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. E. P., 8.1327. 

Gansevoort, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. H. S. and staff, L.7723, 1.7726, L.7738, 

Gardiner. Maj. C. C.,27th N. Y. Infantry, S.1703. 

Garfield, Maj.-Gen. James A., S.2218. 

Garland, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. John, 8.1329. 

Gates, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. T. B., S.1827. 

Geary, Bvt, Maj.-Gen. J. W., 8.2o33. 

Geddes, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J. L., 8.3064. 

Gerhardt, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J., S.3097. 

Getty, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. G. W., S.3783. 

Gibbon, Maj.-Gen. J., 8.1404., Bvt. Maj.-Gen. A., S.1901. 

Gibson, Maj. Thomas, 14th Pa. Cavalry, 8.1543. 

Giesy, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. H. H.,8.3190. 

Gilbert, Surg. U. H., 8.1662, S.3720. 

Gilbert, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. S. A., C.5948. 

Gillmore, Maj.-Gen. Q. A., 8.2239. 

Gilman, Lieut, J. H., 1st U. S. Artillery, 9.1372. 

Glasgow, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. S. L., C.4648. 

Goddard, Capt. R. H. L, aide-de-camp, 8.141)8. 

Guff, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. N., S.3035. 

Goodell, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. A. A., C.5182. 

Goodrich, Maj. Edwin R., 8.1773. 

Goodrich, Maj. C. S. (Surgeon), 9.2229. 

Gordon, Capt. G. A., 2d U. 6. Cavalrv, 9.1482. 

Gordon, Bvt, Maj.-Gen. G. H., 8.1855. 

Gorman, Brig.-Gen. \V. A..S.1713. 

Gould, Lieut.-Col. E., 5th Mich. Cavalry, S.1439. 

Gould, Maj. W. P., paymaster, 8.3794. 

Gouley, Ass't Surg. J. W. S-, S.1909. 

Go-wan, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. G. W., S.2624. 

Graham, Bvt, Maj.-Gen. Charles K., S.1963. 

Graham, Brig.-Gen. L. P., 8.2031, 8.3049. 

Granger, Maj.-Gen. Gordon, 8.1787. 

Grant, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. L. A., S.3O05, S.3174. 

Grant, Gen. U. S., L.7947. S.1559. 

Greble, Lieut. J. T., 2d U. S. Artillery, C.4655. 

Greene, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. G. 9., 8.1867. 

Greene, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. O. D., 8.3019. 

Gregp, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. D. MeM., 9.1756. 

GregK, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. D MeM. and staff, C.40G7, C.4076. 

Gregg. Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J. I., 9.3090. 

Griersnn, Maj.-Gen. B. H., S.3073. 

Griffin, Maj.-Gen. Charles (as Captain), 8.1373. 

Griffin, Maj.-Gen. C. and staff, 1.7004. 

Griffin, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. 8. G., C.5095. 

Grover, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. C, S.3717. 

Grover, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. I. G., 8.1677. 

Guiney, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. Patrick R., 8.3096. 

Gurney, Lieut. W.. 7th N. Y. S. M., S.1585. 

Guss, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. H., C.4703. 

Hackleman, Bris-Gen. P. A., C.4674. 

Hagadom, M:i\ F. A., 79th K. Y. Infantry, 9.1700. 

Ball, Col. H. B., 8.3760. 

Hall, Lieut.-Col. H. B-, 4th N. Y. Heavy Artillery, 8,1921. 

Hall, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J. A., S.2637. 

flail, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J. A. and staff, L.7229, L.7916. 

Hall, Capt. T. E., quartermaster, L.7039. 

Halleck, Maj.-Gen. H.W.,8.3846. 

H'dl-.w.-ll. Bvt. Brig.-Gen. E. N„ S.2665. 

Halpine, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. C. G., C.4962. 

Hamblin, Bvt. Maj.-Gen J. E., 8.1476, 8.2150. 

Hamhright, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. H. A., S.3204. 

Hd.milt.iu, Maj. A., aide-de-camp, S.1601. 

Hamilton, Brig.-Gen. A. J., S.3875. 

Hamilton, Maj.-Gen. C. 8., S.1982. 

Hamilton, Mai. -Gen. 8., 8.2230. 

Hamlin, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. C, S.320O. 

Hammell, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J. S., S.2671. 

Hammond, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J., C.4980. 

Hammond, Brig.-Gen. W. A., Surgeon General, 8.15o8. 

Hancock, Maj.-Gen. W. W., 8.1877. 

Hardeuburgh, Bvt. Brig.-t.Ten. J. B., S.1715. 

Hardie, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J. A., 8.1701. 

Hardin, Brig.-Gen. M. D..S.1831. 

Hardin, Brig.-Gen. M. P. and staff, L.7338, L.7429, L.7430. 

Harker, Brig.-Gen. C. G., 8.3079. 

Harkins, Maj. D. H., 1st N Y. Cavalry, 8.3870. 

Harney, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. W 8., L.7928, S.1323. 

Harris", Col.,S-1088. C 

Harris, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. T M., S.2023. 

Barrison, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. Benjamin, 9.:i039. 

Harrison, Lieut.-Col. A. L, 22d Ind. Infantry, 9.3776. 

Harrow, Britj.-Gell. W., 9.3043. 

Hart, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. O. IP, t.7139. 

Hnrtauff, Maj.-Gen. G. L., S.1534. 

Hartsuff, Maj.-Gen. G. L. and stnff, L.7571. 

Hartwell, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. C. A. (group), L.7194. 

Haskin, Brig.-Gen. J. A., S.3217. 

Hatch, Bvt. iVIaj.-Gen. E., C.4982. 

Hatch, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J. P. and staff, 8.3430. 

Hatch, Col. W. B., 4th N. J. Infantry, 9.3740. 

IL.thawav, Col. S. G., 141st N Y. Infantry, 9.1448. 

Haupt, Brig.-Gen. H., S.1507 

Hawe-, cunt. .las. P., !3»dN. Y. Infantry, 9.1597. 

Hawkins, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J. P., 9.3074. 

Hawkins, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. B.C. ,S. 1511. 

Hawlev. Bvt, Brig.-Gen. \V. an. I staff. L.7813, L.7844. 

Haws, Lieut. G. T., 7th N. Y S. M-, 9.1493. 

Hayes, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J., 8.3271. 

Hayes, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. R. B, 9.3002. 

Hayman, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. S. B., 9.3058. 

Havs, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. Alex.. S-1045, S.1961. 

I lavs, H. B.,0th U. 8. Cavalry, 8.2007. 

Ha'vs, Brig.-Gen. W, S.1727. x. 

Hays, Brig.-Gen. W. and start, L.7833, L.7877. 

Hazard, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J. S., C.4675. 

Hazen, Maj.-Gen. W. B., 8.2120. 

11- nkv, Maj. H. G., 05th N. Y. Infantry, 9.1421. 

Heath, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. F. E..S.1361. 

Heath, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. H. H., C.4488. 

lledriek, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. -I. M., 9.2049. 

Heintzelman, Maj.-Gen. 8. P., 8.1384. 

Heintzelman! Maj.-Gen. .S. P. and staff, L.7839, S.028, S.2304. 

Heniner, Maj. R. H., 8.3851. 

Henry, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. G. V., S.3220. 

Herron. Maj.-Gen. F. J., S.1002. 

Hewitt (or Hawks). Surg. C. N., 50th N. Y. Engine. 

Hidden, Lieut. H. B., 1st N. Y. Cavalry, 8.2135. 

Higeins, Lieut.-Col. J., 1st Pa. Cavalry, S.13G8. 

Hill, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. B. H..S.2046. 

Hillyer, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. W. S., 8.1880. 

Hints, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. E. W..S.1542. 

Hitchcock, Msj.-Geu. E. A., S.2020. 

Hobart, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. H. C, 8.3205. 

H-ttman, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. H. C, C.5103. 

il..rfniaii, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J. W., C.5154. 

Horlinan, Bvt. Mai^-Gen. W-, L.72K8, JL.7079. 

Holabird, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. S. B., C.4058. 

Holliday, Maj. 9. V., paymaster, S.1793. 

Holman, Maj. O., pavmaster, 8.1948. 

Holston, Surg. J. G. F., 9.1908. t 

Holt, Lieut.-Col. \V., :jist N. Y. Infantry, S.l.%_. 

Hooker, Maj.-Gen. Joe,S.1922. 

Hooker, Maj.-Gen. Joe (on horseback), C.4490. 

Hooker, Maj.-Gen. Joe and staff, June, 1803, L.7950. 

Hopkins, Lieut-Col. R. H., 8.1520. 

Horn, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J. W., C.4663. 

Hough, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. J^, C.4590. 

Hovev, Brig.-Gen. A. P., S.3084. 

Hovey, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. C. E., 8.3219. 

Howard, Maj. J., paymaster, 8.1^73, S.3S16, 

Howard, Maj.-Gen. O. V., 8.371'.', 8.3788. 

Howe, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. A. P., 9.1640. 

Howell. Rri^.-Gen. J. B..S.2CG2. 

Sowland, Paymaster M., 7th N. Y. S. M., S.1580. 

Hoyt, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. C. H., C.5162. 

Hoyt, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. H. M., C.4722. 

Hubbard. Bvt. Brig.-Gen. L. F., 8.3110. 

Hubbard, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. T. H., C.5130. 

Hudson, Lieut.-Col. E. McK., aide-de-camp, S.1776. 

Huff, Capt,, L.73G1. 

Huger, Capt. J. B., S.1692. 

Hughston, Col. R. S., 144th N. Y. Infantry, 9.3759. 

Humphreys, Maj.-Gen. A. A., S.234C. 

Humphreys, Maj.-Gen. A. A. and staff, L.7397, L.7o81. 

Hunt, Col., 9.1797. 

Hunt, Bvt. Mnj.-Gen. H. J., Chief of Artillery, 8.1912. 

!, L.7401. 

HunCBrig.-Gem L. C, S.1541. 

Hunter, Maj.-Gen. D., 8.1820. 

Hunter, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. M. 0., C.4601. 

Hurlburt, Maj.-Gen. S. A., S.178J. 

Hurat, Maj. S. H., 8.1438. 

Ilutehioson, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. F. S., 8.3225. 

Hyde, Col. B. N., 3d Vt. Infantry, S.3770. 

Hyde, Lieut.-Col. W. B-, Oth N. Y. Cavalry, 9.1471. 

iDgalls, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. Rufus. 9.1569. 

Innes, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. W. P., C.5172. 

Irwine, Surg. C. K., 72d N. Y. Infantry, 8.279, 9.3821. 

Jackson, Brig.-Gen. J. S., 9.2023. 

Jackson, Bvt, Maj.-Gen. N. J.. 9.1413, 9.37'.i7, 8.3812. 

Jackson, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. S. M., 8.3723. 

Jacob*, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. F.,S.30l5. 

James, Surg.. 8.3811. 

Jameson, Adjt. A. H., 32d Pa. Infantry, 8.1837. 

Jameson, Brig.-Gen. C. D., S.3817. 

Jaueway, Col. H., 1st N. J. Cavalry, 8.1058. 

Jay, Capt. \V,, aide-de-eamp, 8.2246. 

JeKl, Maj. F„ 5r.tb N. Y. Intantry, S.1949. 

Jenkins, Col. P. T„ 140th N. Y. Infantry, 8.1763. 

Jewett, Col. A. B., 10th Vt. Infantry, S.21G5. 

Jewelt, Col. W. N. J., 8.2164. 

Johnson, Brig.-Gen. A., C.4592. 

Johnson, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. C. A., 8.1857, 8.2254. 

Johnson, Maj. L. E.. paymaster, S.2194. 

Johnson, Bvt. Maj.-Gen It. W., C.4098. 

Johnston, Lieut.-Col. J W., 93d Pa. Infantry, 8.2183. 

Jones, Col. C.,8.1937 

Jones, Surg. Henrv S.1910. 

.T,,nes, Col. Owen, 1st Pa. Cavalry, S.1938. 

.I.»nes, Brig.-Gen. P. II. , S.3268. 

Jones, Maj. R., Ass't. Insp.-Gen., 9.1736. 9.2195. 

Jones, Maj. W. T-, 9.3850. 

Jordan, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. T. J., C.4712. 

Jourdan, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J., S.1962. 

Judali, BriK.-Gen. H. M., 8.1601. 

Judson, Col. R. W., 142d N. Y. Infantry, 8.1414. 

Judson, Col. E. Z. C., 8.1883. 

Judaon, Surg. O. A., 8.3813. 

Kane, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. T. L., 8.1847. 

Karge, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. J., S.1GI0. 

Kautz, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. A. V., C.4575. 

Kearnev, Maj.-Gen. P., 8.2209. 

Keifer, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J. W., C.4487. 

Keim; Brig.-Gen. "W. H., 8.1886. 

Kelly, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. B. F..S.1681. 

Kelton, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J. C., 8.1427. 

Keyes, Maj.-Gen. E. D., 8.1034. 

Ki. man, Brig.-Gen. J. L.,>5;!, 8.1759. 

Kilpatriidi, Col., S.1918. 

Kilpatiiek, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J., S.:t4o, 8.311, S.1391. 

Kilpatrlck, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. .1. and statt. L.7224, 8.7616. 

Kimball, Lieut.-Col. E. A., 9th N. Y. Infantry, 8.3862. 

Kimball, Bvt, Maj.-Gen. N., 8.1647. 

Kimball, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. W. K., S.2G58. 

King, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J. H-, S.2609. 

King, Brig.-Gen. R., S.3823. 

King, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. W. S„ S.3273. 

Kip, Maj. L., aide-de-camp, 8.1483. 

Kirby.Bvt. Brig.-Gen. P. T., C.4472. 

Kirk, Brig.-Gen. E. N.. 8.3237. 

Knap, Bvt. Maj. J. M , Ind. Battery E, Pa^ ( Artillery. 8.1790. 

Knight, Lieut.-Col. F. L., 24th N. J. Infantry, 8.1450. 

Knight, Capt. 8. F.. 87th N. Y. Infantry, 8.1696. 

Knipe, Brig.-Gen. J, F., S.15'.i2. 

Knowles, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. O. B., C.4703 

Koltes, Col. J. A.. 73d N. Y. Infantry, S.1734. 

Kopp, Capt, William, 8.1839. 

Kron, Capt. M„ 8th N. Y. Infantry, S.3861. 

Krzyzanowski, Brig.-Gen. W., 8.1897. 

Laflin, Maj.,S.ln32. m L 

Laidley, Surg. J. B., 85th Pa. Infantry, 8.3844. 

Lambert, Capt. I- J- Ass't Adjt.-Gen., 8.1618. 

Lander, Brig.-Gen. F. W., 8.1314 

Landram, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. W J-, S.3081. 

Lansing. Bvt. Brig.-Gen. H. S., S.1595 

LarnedTCapt. P. R., Ass't Adjt.-Gen., 8.1481. 

I., Col. V. H„ 5th Wi-e. Inti.ntry, S.2186. 

Lawton, Col. R. B., 1st R. I. Cavalry, 8.3727 

Leasure, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. P., C.4714. 

Ledlie, Brig.-Gen. J. H., S.1770. 

Lee, Brig.-Gen. A. L., 8.1803. 

LefferL-, Col. M., 7th N. Y. 8. M 8.1069. 

Le Gendre, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. C. W., 8.1527. 

Leggett, Maj.-Gen. M. P., 8.2047. 

Leggett, Maj.-Gen. M. P. and staff, L.7052 

L-limniiri. (i.d. T F„ KKld Pa. Infantry, 8.3814. 

Lemon, Mnj. Frank, 8.2140. 

Liebenan^Adjt. .1. H , 7th N. Y.8. M.,8.106-1.,,, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. W.S., C.5180. 

Littell, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J.8., C.4718 

Littk-jolin, Bvt. Brig.-G-n. D. < ., C.4662. 

Locke, Bvt. Brig,Gen. F-T..S.2601. 

Lockwood, Brig.-Gen. II. H.. 8.3104. 

Logan, Maj.-Gen. John A.,8.1900. 

Long, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. E., C..M74. 

Loomis, Bvt. Brig.-Gen . f O., C.5169. .._._. 

Loomis Lieut.-Col. H. C. 154th N. Y Infantry, 9.3734. 

Lord, Col. N.,0th Vt. Infantry. S.17J1. 

Lord Col. W! B., 35th N. Y. Infantry, S.3782. 

Love, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. G. M., 9.2043. 

Low! I, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. C. 6., 8.3234. 

Ludlow, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. B. C. (In group), 1.7098, L.7SBO. 

Lvl", Bvt Brlg.-Gen. P.. 8.2018. 

Lyman, Lieut-Col. G. H., Medfcal Inspector, 8.1344. 

Lynch, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. W. P., C.4676. 

Lyon, Col. G., 8th N. Y. 8. M., 8.2107, 8.2111. 

Lyon, Brig.-Gen. N,, 0.4677. 

Lyfcle, Brig.-Gen. W. H., C.4737. 

McAllister, Bvt. Mai. -Gen. R., 8.3057. 

McArthnr, Bvt. Maj.-Gen, J., S.Wl, 8.3223. 

MeArthur, Bvt, Brfitv-Gen. w. M., 8.2627. 
HeCabe, Mai. G. P., Kith Pa OBvalry, S.1617. 
McCftll, Brig.-Gen. G. A., 8.1043. 

MH'jillum, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. D. C, 8.1489, 8.1920, S.3751. 
McOilrnnnt, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. A. B., 8.1356. 
MoOalmont, Col. J. 8,, 88th Pa. Infantry, 8.1809. 
MoOandloBfl, Brlg.-Gen. w., 8.2648. 
MeCarler, Col. J. M.,03'1 N. Y. Infantry, 8.2137. 
Mccarty, Col,, S.19UJ. 

MeClifHiHv, Col. W. W.,l'itli N. Y. Infantry, 8.17117. 

Mei'lr-Han, Maj.-Gen. G. B., 8.1612. 

McClolIan, Maj.-Gen. G. B. and Btaff, S.1M0, 0.4630, C.5051, C.44n0. 

MoOlellan, MaJ.-Gen. G. B. and wife, S.1765. 

McOlornand, Maj.-Gen. J. A., 8.2220. 

McClure, MbJ. D,, paymaster, 8.1056. 

MoCluro, Capt, J. W., Quartermaster, 8.1003. 

McConihe, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J., 8.1359. 

Mrr.,,,1;, Mi.j. -fieri. A. MeH, L.72o1, S. 17-14. 

McCook, Maj.-Gen. A. MeK rtml staff, L.720C, L.7GHCI, S.1023. 

M.>('....|(, Bvt. Mni -Gen Iv J\I . , H.ui h if;, 8.2086. 

MeDongall, Bvt. Brig.-Gen, C, 8.1709. 

McDougnll, Bvt. Brig.-Grn. C. !>., S.13J", S.M49, 8.2060. 

MeDongall, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. C. D. and stall', C.4077. 

McDowell, Maj.-Gen. I., 8.1630. 1 

McGilvory, Ideut.-Col, F., 1st Me. Light Artillery, S.3021. 

McGroarfcy, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. B. J., S.2079.', Bvt. Mii|.-Gf]i. J. B., 8.2056. 

Mcintosh, Mill. J. D., 7th N. J. Infantry, 8.1050, 8.3777. 

Mclvor, Bvt. Brlg.-Gen. J. P., 0.6134. 

Maelcny, Bvt. Brig.-Gen, A. J., 8.2061. 

MeKoan, Col. J. B., 77th N. Y. Infantry, 8.2178. 

McKeolnilo, Lieut. R., 9th N. Y. Infantry, S.1406. 

McKoovor, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. C, S.20G9. 

MoKlbbln, Maj. T., S.3836. 

McKiiiHtrv, Brig.-Gen. J., 8.3076. 

McLaren, Bvt Brig.-Gen. R. N., S.3070. 

McLaughlin, Bvt. Brlg.-Gen. N. B.,S.2062. 

MoLaughlin, Bvt. Brig.-Gon. N. B. and staff, L.7180, L.7201. 

MoLean. Brig.-Gen. NT C, 8.2170. 

MoMnhon, Col. J. P., With N. Y. Infantry, 0.4319. 

McMahon, Bvt Brig -Gen. M. T., 8.2008. 

McMillan, Surg. T.. 8.1583. 

McMillon, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J. W., 8.2041. 

McNeil, Bvt Muj.-Gen. J., 8.1053. 

McPhorson, Moj.-Gen. J. B.,S.2012. 

McQuade, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J., S.3624. 

MeRcvnolds, Col. A. T.. Int. N. Y. Cavalry, S.MTs, S.3806. 

Mndlll, Burg. W. A., 23d N. Y. Infantry, S.1419. 

Mahler, Col. F.,7.Mh Pa. Infantry. 8.17*-, S.3743. 

Mallon, Col. J. E.,42d N. Y. Infantry, 8.1622. 

MalUBkl, Capt A., 88th N. Y. Infantry, 8.3778. 

M undersoil, Bvt. Brig.-Gon. C. F-, S.3112. 

Malik, Bvt. W. G., 8.3182. 

Mnnn, Col. W. D., 7th Mioh. Cavalry, S.1614. 

Manning. Bvt. Brlg.-Gen. B. B., S.3O08, 

Mansfield, Maj.-Gen. J. K. F., 8.3033. 

Maroy, Brig.-Gen. R. B., 8.3790. 

Marrtner, Mai. Edward, 8.1019. 

' "1, Bvt. Mm, ~ 
Marshall, Col. L. M., S.2167. 

Marshall, ', 

.-Gen. E. G., S.2174. 

Marshall, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. W. R., S.3009. 

Marshm, Brig.-Gen. G., C.4677. 

Martin, Surg. II. F., 123d Pa, Infantry, 8.1392. 

Mnrtln, Maj. W. J., paymaster, S. 1970. 

Martindnle, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J. H„ S.37C7. 

Mai-tindale, Bvt. Ma|.-Gen. J. H. and staff, 3.2435. 

Marvin, (.'apt., S.1575. 

Mason, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. E. C, 8.1801. 

Mather, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. T. S., S.37-12. 

Matheson, Col. R., 32d N. Y. Infantry, 8.3022. 

Maxwell. Lieut-Col. W. C, 103d Pa.'lnlaiurv, S.1305. 

Mav, Maj. Isaac M., 10th Ind. Infantry, S.1819. 

Memle, Maj.-Gen. G. G., 8.1407. 

Meade, Maj.-Gen. G. G. and staff, JL.7008, L.7099, L..7330, L.7367, 

I..7518, 1.7957. 
Meagher, Brig- -Gen. T. F..S.1038. 

Meigs, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. M. ('.. Quartermaster-General, S.1333. 
Meredith, Bvt. Maj.-Gen, S., S.2182. 
Meredith, Brig.-Gen. 3. A., C.4679. 
Merrill, Lieut-Col. C. B., 17th Me. Infantry, 8.1360. 
Merrltt, Maj.-Gen. Wesley,, S.18C5. 
Merritt, Maj.-Gen. Wesley, and .staff, C.4064. 
Merrow, Maj. J. M., 8.3846. 
Mik-s, IV,|. 1>. S.,2.1 U.S. Infantry, S.2-241. 
Miles, Maj.-Gen. N. A., S.187B, 8.2044. 
Mllhun, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J, J., C.4790. 
Miller, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J. F., C.5155. 
Miller, Brig.-Gen. S., C.4736. 
Milroy, Maj.-Gen. It. H., 8.2225. 
Miniy, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. It. H. G., C.M73. 
Mintzer, Bvt. Brig.-iien. W. M-. 8.3229. 
Mltt'hell, Maj.-Gen. 0. M., 8.2207. 
Mitchell, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J. G., B.2G.T4. 

Mitchell, Brig.-Gen. R. B., 8.1680. 

Mitchell, Bvt. Brlg.-Gen. W. G., 8.2663. 

Mix, Col. S. H-, 3d N. Y. Cavalry, 8.H20. 

Mlzner, Bvt. Brlg.-Gen. J. K-, S.2668. 

Molineux, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. E. L., 0.4586. 

Moor, Bvt. Brlg.-Gen. A., 8.2651. 

Moore, Lieut.-Col. 8., 11th K. J. Infantry, 8.1368. 

Morehead, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. T. G., 8.580. 

Morrell, Maj.-Gen. G. W., 8.1616. 

Morrell, Maj. J. A., paymaster, 8.3839. 

Morford, Capt. W. E., quartermaster, S.1433, S.182L 

Morgan, Brig.-Gen. C. H., 8.2633. 

Morgan, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. G. N., S.3834. 

Morgan, Maj.-Gen. E. D.. S.3B76. 

Morgan, Brig.-Gen. G. W., S.3061. 

Morgan, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J. D., S.3203. 

Morris, Col. L. O., 7th N. Y. Heavy Artillery, S.2602. 

Morris, Lieut.-Col. T., 4th U. S. Infantry, S.3769. 

Morris, Bvt. Maj -Gen. W. H., S.lWfi, S.2212. 

Morrison, Col. A. J., 3d N. J. Cavalry, 8.1806. 

Morrison, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. D., 8.3105. 

MorriBon, Sergt. J. J., 7th N. Y. S. M., 8.1486. 

Morrow, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. H. A., 8.1505, S.1853. 

Morse, Maj. E. 0., pay m aster, S.2167. 

Morton, Brig.-Gen. .1. St. C, 0.5171. 

Morton, Lieut.-Col. L., 8.1357. 

Moses, Lieut.-Col. I., 72.1 N. Y. Infantry, S.1798. 

Mott, Maj.-Gen. G., 8.2172., i (apt. T. P., 3d N. Y. Battery, S.1726, S.2100. 

Mower, Maj.-Gen. J. A., 8.2037. 

Mower, Maj.-Gen. J. A. and staff, L.4047. 

Mulford, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J. E., 8.2110, S.3374. 

Muliek, Lieut.-Col, 8.1840. 

Mulligan, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J. A., S.2087. 

Mundee, Maj. C, Ass't Adjt.-Gen., S.1524. 

Munesly, Maj. C. H-, 8.1946. 

Murphy, Col. J. Mil... l.'th N. Y. Engineers, S.1614. 

Murphy, Col. M., 182d N. Y. Infantry, 8.1679. 

Muasey, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. R. D., 8.2606. 

Myer, Bvt. Brig.-Gon. A. J., C.4580. 

Nagle, Brig.-Gen, J., 8.2623. 

\aglee, Brip.-U.-h. II. M. ,8.2223. 

Nazer, Lieut-Col. P.. 4th N. Y. Cavalry, S.1805. 

Neill, Capt. E. M. t Ass't Adjt.-Gen., 8.1771. 

Neill, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. T. H., 8.2629. 

Nelson, Maj.-Gen. \V., 8.2063. 

Newby, Maj. W., 6th Vt. Infantry, 8.1531. 

Newton, Maj.-Gen. John,S.1557. 

Nichols, Bvt. Brlg.-Gen. G. F., S.1397. 

Nichols, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. G. 8., S.1942. 

Nichols, Maj. II. II.. 8.1618. 

Norton, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. C. B., L.7200, S.1352. 

Nugent, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. R., 8.3856. 

Nye, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. G. H., S.2618. 

O'Burne, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J. R., S.3269. 

O'Connell, Capt. J. D., 14th U. S. Infantry, S.3270. 

O'Connor, Col. E., 2d Wise. Infantry, S.3863. 

O'Dowd, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J., 8.3208. 

Oglesby, Maj.-Gen. R. J., S.1765. 

Olcott, Maj. E., 121st N. Y. Infantry, S.1410. 

Oliphant, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. S. D., S.3796. 

Oliver, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J. M„ S.2630. 

Olmstead, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. W. A., S.3088. 

O'Mahoney, Col. J., 40th N. Y. Infantry, S.2104. 

Opdyke, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. E., S.1965. 

Opdyke, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. E. and staff, C.4333. 

Ord, Maj.-Gen. E. O. C, S.20S1, S.J.l-4, S.3384. 

Ord, Maj.-Gen. E. O. C. and staff', C.42un. 

Ordway, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. A., S.30H0. 

Osterhaus, Maj.-Gen. P. J-, 8.1871. 

Owen, Brig.-Gen. J. T., C.4483. 

Owen, Lieut-Col. S. W. (caught napping), 3d Pa. Cavalry, S. 625 

Packard, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J., C.4735. 

Page, Capt. H., quartermnster, 1.7090, L.7274. 

Palfrey, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. F. W., C.4657. 

Palmer, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. I. N., 8.1823. 

Palmer, Maj.-Gen. J. M., C.5168. 

Palmer, Capt., S.2198. 

Pangborn, Maj. Z. K., paymaster, S.1097. 

Parham, Lieut. -('e.1. 0., 29th Pa. Infantry, S.1342. 

Parke, Maj.-Gen. J. G., S.H03. 

Parmalee, Adjl. L. C, 2d U. S. Sharpshooters, S.1825. 

Parsons, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. L. B., 8.2654. 

Parsons, Lieut.-Col. J. B., 10th Mass. Infantry, S.1341. 

Patrick, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. R. A., L.7001, 8.1693. 

Patrick, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. M. R. and staff, L,.7o7S, t.7238, L.7588. 

Patten, Commissary Yv ., 7th N. Y. S. M., 8.1668. 

Patterson, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J. N., S.2G06. 

Patterson, Maj.-Gen. R., 0.4711. 

Patterson, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. R. E., C.4963. 

Patten, Lieut.-Col. A. G., 1st N. Y. Mounted Rifles, S.1750. 

Paul, Brig.-Gen. G. R., 0.4489. 

Peard, Lieut.-Col. R., 9th Mass. Infautrv, S.1717. 

Pearson, Bvt Maj.-Gen. A. L., 8.3210. 

Pease, Ass'tSurg. P. C, Gth N. Y. Infantry, S.2206. 

Peck, Maj.-Gen. J. J., S.1954. 

Peck, Maj.-Gen. J. J. and staff, S.1907. 

Peisener.Col. E., 119th N. Y. Infantry, S.3179. 

Pelouze, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. L. H., C.4486. 

Pennington, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. A. C. M., 8.3089. 

Pennypacker, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. G., C.4709. 

Penrose, Brig.-Gen. W. H., S.2050. 

Perkins, Lieut-Col. S. H., 14th Conn. Infantry, 8.1436. 

Perley, Col. T. F., Medical Inspector, S.2163. 

Perry, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. A. J., S.3721. 

Perry, Col. J. IL, 48th N. Y. Infantry, S.1778. 

Peites, Col. W. U., 50th N. Y. Engineers, S.2145. 

Phelps, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. C. E., C.473-1. 

Piatt, Brig.-Geu. A. S., S.3U87. 

Pickett, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J., C.5179. 

Pile, Bvt Maj.-Gen. W. A., C.4733. 

I'ineo, Surg. P., Medical Iiisju-etur, S.3840. 

Plaisted, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. II. M., 8.3722. 

Pleasants, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. II., S.2622. 

Pleasontou, Maj.-Gen. A., L.7317, S.342, S.2215. 

Pleasocton, Maj.-Gen. A. and ytaff, L.7Ui.'.9, L.73ii9, L.7603. 

Plummer, Brig.-Gen. J. B., S.3215. 

Poe, Brig.-Gen. O. M., S.1953. 

Pollock, Lieut. E-, 9th U. S. Infantry, S.22O0. 

Poore, Maj. Ben; Perley, Stli Mass. Volunteer Militia, S.1426. 

Pope, Maj.-Gen. John, 8.2136. 

Porter, Brig.-Gen. A., S.38'25. 

Porter, Col. B., 40th Mass. Infantry, S.3754. 

Porter, Maj.-Gen. Filz John, 8.2002. 

Porter, Maj.-Gen. Fits John and staff, C.45G0. 

Porter, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. 11., 0.4490. 

Post, Col. H. A. V., 2d U. S. Sharpshooters, 8.3731. 

Post, Bvt Brig.-Gen. P 8., S.3230. 

Potter, Maj., 8.2193. 

Potter, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. E. E., S.2056. 

Potter, Surg. H. A., 60th N. Y. Engineers, S.38">2. 

Potter, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J. H., C.4491. 

Potter, M;ij--Gen. R. B., S.1729. 

Potter, Maj.-Gen. R. B. and Maff, C.4034. 

Powell, Lieut.-Col. J. H., Oth R. I. Infantry, S.1343. 

Pratt, Brig.-Gen. C. E., S.1719. 

Pratt, Col. G., 80th N. Y. Infantry, S.1843. 

Prentlergiist, Capt, R. G., 1st N. V. Cavalry, S.1492. 

Prentice, Maj.-Gen. B. M.. S.2173. 

Preston, Surg. A. W., 6th Wise. Infantry, S.3854. 

Preston. Col. A. W., 1st Vt. Cavalry, 8.1751. 

Price, Col. E, L., 145th N. Y. Infantry, S.13S8. 

Price, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. P., S.1752. 

Price, Capt. J., 7th W. Y. S. M., S.1533. 

Pride, Col, G. G., aide-de-camp, 8.2260. 

Prince, Brig.-Gen. H. ,8.22112. 

Prine, Lieut, N., 17th U. S. Infantry, S.2199. 

Puleston, Lieut.-Col. J. II., Military Agent of Pennsylvania, S.1937. 

Pulford, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J., 8.3209. 

Putnam. Capt. Lee W., S.1705. 

Quick, Surg. L., S.3838. 

Quinn, Chaplain T., 1st R. I. Light Artillery, S.1780. 

Ramsay, Bvt Maj.-Gen. G. P., S.1331. 

Ramsay, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J., C.4598. 

Randall, Col. F. V., 13th and 17th Vt. Infantry, S.1445 

Randall, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. G. W., S.2626. 

Raudol, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. A. M., S.1060. 

Ransom, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. T. E. G., S.1581. 

Ratlihon, Sergt.-Msj. R, C, 7th N. Y. S. M., S.1472. 

Rawlins, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J. A., Chief of Grant's staff, S.1758. 

Rawlins, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J. A., wife and child, 8.3016. 

Razeuski, Maj. A., 31st N. Y. Infantry, S.2123. 

Reitl, Brig.-Gen. H. T., S.2659. 

Reno, Maj.-Gen. J. L., C.4680. 

Revere, Brig.-Gen. J. W., S.17I8. 

Reynold", Maj.-Gen. J. F-, 8.3044, S.3045. 

Reynolds, Maj.-Gen. J. J., C.40BI. 

Rice, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. E. W., C.4650. 

Rice, Brig.-Gen. J. C, S.3025. 

Rice, Brig.-Gen. 8. A., C.4659. 

Riehardson, Maj.-Gen. i. B., S.816, S.3766. 

Richardson, Col. R. H., 26th N. Y. Infantry, S.3724. 

Richardaon, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. W. P., S.151U. 

Richmond. Bvt. Brig.-Gen, L., 8.1351, S.ilM, S.1549. 

Rickotts, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J. B., 8.3714. 

Kikell, Col. J, S.1971. 

liinivtm, Brig.-Gen. T., S.1887. 

Riker, Col. J. L., 62d N. Y. Infantry, S.2129. 

Riley, Capt^ S.2197 

Riley, Col. E., 40th N. Y. Infantry, 8.1898. 

Ringold, Col. B., 103d N. Y. Infantry, S.3016. 

Ripetti, Lieut.-Col. A., 39th N. Y. Infantry, S.1544. 

Ripley, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. E. EL S.31i:i, S.3114. 

Ripley, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J. W., S.3213. 

Roberts, Maj.-fren. B. 8., S.20S1. 

Roberts, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. C\ W., S.3758, S.3791. 

Roberts, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J., C.4721. 

Roberts, Col. T. A., 17iti Me. Infantry, S.3761. 

Robertson. Bit. Brig.-Gen. J. M., C.5I42. 

Robinson, Adjt, H. F.,76th N. Y. Infantry, S.1S32. 

Robinson, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. H. L..S.2082. 

Robinson, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J. C, 8.1465. 

Robinson, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J. S., 8.1529, 8.3756. 

Robinson, Surg. J. W., 141st and 170th N. Y. Infantry, S.1434. 

Rodman, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. T. J., S.3093. 

Rogers, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. H., C.4082. 

Rogers, Surg. J. K., 8.3784. 

Rogers, Lit.-ut.-Co). L. D., H'.th Pa- Cavalry, S.1441. 

Root, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. A. R.. S.3214. 

Rose, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. T. E., C.4717. 

Rosecrans, Maj.-Gen. W. 8., S.2001. 

Ross, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. S., S.:iS02. 

Rougham, Surg., S.3a~<5. 

Rousseau, Maj.-Gen. L. H.. 8.2026, S.2G05. 

Rowley, Brig.-Gen. T., 8.3792. 

Rucker, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. D. H., C.4804. 

Roger, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. T. H., S.1G73, S.3100. 

Buggies, Bvt. Bris.-tien. G. L>. (in group), L.7957. 

Runkle, Bvt Maj.-Gen. B. P., S.1762. 

Runyon, Maj. N. M., 11th Pa. Cavalry, S.1984. 

Rush, Surg. D. G., 101st Pa. Infantrj', S.2244. 

Rusk, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J. M., 0.4732. 

Rushing, Bvt Brig.-Gen. J. F., 8.2610. 

Russell, Bvt Brig.-Gen. C. S., S.3211. 

Russell, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. D. A., S.1746. 

Rutherford, Brig.-Gen. F. S., S.3218 

Ryder, Sergt. S. O., 7th N. Y. B. M., 8,1488. 

Ryorson, Lieut.-Col. H. O., 10th N. J. Infantry, 8.2238. 

Sabine, Maj. J. A..S.1435. 

Sackett, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. D. B., S.1387, S.1670. 

Sackett, Bvt Brig.-Gen. W. H., 8.1363. 

Salm Salm, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. F., S.3786. 

Sanderson, Maj. J. M., aitle-de-eamp, S.16I5. 

Sauford,Maj.-Gcn. C, W., N. Y.S. M..S.1310. 

Sanford, Maj.-Gen. C. W. and staff", 8.1603. 

Satterleo, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. R. S,,S.192, r ., 8.3864. 

Savage, Lieut.-Col. H. 1>\, 2r.!h N. V. Infantry, S.2007. 

Sawtelle, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. C. G-, 0.4470. 

Saxton, Bvt, Maj.-Gen. R., 8.37 IJ. 

Snyers, Surg. L. A., 8.1532. 

Selieiieli, Maj.-Gen. R. C.,S.i:WH, S.2000. 

Scheffer, Lieut-Col., S.2o85. 

S.liiiniiielteniiig, Brig.-Gen. A., S.3042. 

Stihoenf, Brig.-Gen. A., 8,3231. 

Sehoil, Maj. L..S.1473. 

Seln.iiiT, ('apt., 8.2106. 

Sehulield, Bvt. Brig.-Gon, G. W., S.2055. 

Bchofield, Maj.-Gen. J. M., 8.1944. 

Schurz, Maj.-Gen. Carl, S.2608, S.3007. 

Schwartz, Capt., the Hlmrpshooier, S.2423. 

Sehwonk, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. S, K..JL.7068. 

Scott, Bvt. Lieut. -(.en. WiuficM. S.i;il;t. 

Scott, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. R. K., S.21.32. 

Scott, Bvt. Lieut-Gen. Winfield : >iai staff, B.3103, C.4552. 

Serihm'r, Bvt. Brig.-tieu. B. F., S.UiiiS. 

Scully, Chaplain T., Dth Mass. Inl illtry, S.19C0, 8.2102. 

Seawell, Bvt Brig.-Gen. W., 8.1474. 

So.Il;vi [ok, Maj.-Gen. J., 8.2177. 

Seilgwiek, Mid-Gen. J. and staff. C.-I610. 

S.llrJ.lge, Bvt. Brig. -lien. J. L..S.H61. 

Setigcr, Lieut.-Col. A., 16lh N. Y. Heavy Artillery, S.2168. 

Serrell, Bvt, Biig.-Gen. E. A., S.1772. 

Sewall, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. F. D., S.3763. 

Seymour, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. T., S.3O04. 

Sehackelford, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. J. M., S.3055. 

Shatter, Bvt Brig.-Gen. W. R., 8.21,0-1. 

Shalcr, Bvt Maj.-Gen. A..S.1067. 

Shanks, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. .1. P. C, 0.4731, 

Sharps, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. G. H., C.45KS. 

Sharpe, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. J., S.3730. 

Shaw, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J., C.4730. 

Shaw, Maj. W.M., 8.2188. 

Shepley, Brig.-Gen. G. F., S.223G. 

Sheridan, Maj. -(km. P. H., C.4016, C.4039. 

Sli..Ti.lan. Maj.-fien. P. 11. and generals, L.404S. 

Sherley, Capt. Z. M., S.1674. 

Shennan, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. T. W., S.1626. 

Sherman, Lieut-Gen. W. 'I'., S.2002, S.2U17. 

Sherman, Lieut-Gen, W. T. and generals, s.1090, L.4067. 

Sherman, Lieut.-Gen. W. T. and stall', L.7063. 

Shields, Brip.-Gen. J., S.UOCO. 

Shiras, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. A.. 8.3050. 

Shreve, Maj. J. E., 132.1 Pa. Infantry, S.1440. 

Shriver, Lieut.-Col. R. O., S.1340. 

Shumway, Capt. H. C, 7th N. Y. S. M., S.I600. 

Sibley, Bvt Maj.-Gen. H. H., 0.468:!. 

Sickel, Bvt. Mnj.-Gen. H. G., C.4700. 

Sickles, Maj.-Gen. L. E., 8.1702. 

Sickles, Maj.-Gen. D. E. and staff, S.1754. 

Sfdell, Bvt Brig.-Gen. W. H., 8.2615. 

Sigel, Maj.-Gen. Fran/., 8.1512. 

8igfned,Bvt. Brip;.-Gen. J. K-, 8.2621. 

Simmons, Surg. M. E., 22d Mass. Infantry, S.1442. 

Simpson, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J. H., 8.1993. 

Simpson, Surg. G. R. F., 62d N. Y. Infantry, S.3805. 

Sinclair, Col. W., 36th Pa. Infantry, 8.1540. 

Sleeper, Capt. J. H., 10th Mass. Bitttery, L.7085, L.7086, L.7683. 

Slemmer, Brig.-Gen. A. J., 8.1536. 

Slocum, Maj.-Gen. H. W., 8.1876. 

Slocum, Maj.-Gen. II. W. and staff, L.4046. 

Slough, Brig.-Gen. J. B., 8.2226. 

Smafiey, Col. H. A., 6th Vt. Infantry, S.3729. 

Smith, Lieut., L.7606. 

Smith, Maj.-Gen. A. J., C.4805. 

Smith, Bvt Brig.-Gen. B. P., S.1711. 

Smith, Maj.-Gen. C. F., 8.1783. 

Smith, Bvt, Maj.-Gen. C. H , S.3065. 

Smith, Col. G. F., Gist Pa. Infantry, 8.1369. 

Smith, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J. E., S.3050. 

Smith, Maj. M. W., 8.2190. 

Smith, Brig.-Gen. T. C. H.. S.1347. 

Smith, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. T. K , S.1870. 

Smith, Maj.-Gen. W. F., S.21011, S.2243. 

Smith, Maj.-Gen. W. F. and staff, 0.4038. 

Smyth, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. T. A., S.3048. 

Snider, Lieut-Col. S. W., 4th W. Va. Cavalry, 8.1455. 

Snodgrass, Maj., S.380O. 

Spaiglit, Capt. W. A., 7th N. Y. S. M., 8.1672. 

Spaulding, Maj. C. F-, 15th Vt Infantry, 8.1396. 

Spear, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. B. P., S.3072. 

Sprngne, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. A. B. K-, C.5181. 

Bprague, Bvt. Hi&Gen. J. w., S.1934. 

Spragtio, Bvt, Maj.-Gen. ,1. W. and stntr, L.4049. 

Spragm-, Brig.-Gen. W., 8.3873. 

Spoiled, livl. Brig -fJcii .1 l'..S.1318. 

Stafford, Lieut-Col S. H., 11th N. Y. Infantry, 9.2144. 

Stager, Bet. Brig.-Gen. Anson, S.1143. 

HtafieJ, MiiJ.-Gen. J., 8.151)4. 

Stanley, Maj.-Gen. D. 8., C.4503. 

Slannard, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. G. J., 8.3047. 

Starkweather, Brig.-Gen, J. C., 6.1C82. 

Btarr, Col. B. II., 6th N. J. Infantry, S.2140. 

Starring, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. F. O., 8.1577. 

Slendmiiii, livt. Brig.-Gen. G. A., S.3115. 

Stobblns, IS. N., storekeeper, 8.3822. 

Steedman, MaJ.-Gen. J. B., S.2024., Mnj.-Gen. .1. B. and staff, C.405'J. 

Sterling, Lieut. C. R., S.1803. 

Stevens, Bvt Brig.-Gen. A. F., C.4729. 

Stevons, Col. W. 8.. 126 K. Y. Infantry, 8.1606, S.1845. 

Stile.'., Col. .1. W., 83d N. Y. Infantry, S.1499. 

Stokes, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. W. B., C.4728. 

Stone, Brig.-Gen. C. I'., S.1380. 

Stone, Bvt. Brlg.-Gen. G. A., S.2G57. 

Stono, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. It., 8.3103, 

Srone, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. W. M., C.4651. 

Stonomnn, Maj.-Gen. G., S.437, 8.1682, S.3815. 

Stone man, MaJ.-Gen. G. and stall, S.43G, S.MS, S.445, S.G96. 

Storm, Gen., 8.1322. 

Btough, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. W C.4594. 

Slougiiton, Brig.-Gen. E. II., 8,2130. 

Btoughton. Lieut-Col. II. K„ 2d U. S. Sharpshooters, S.lG2n. 

Htuughton, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. W. L-, C.4727. 

Stratton, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. F. A., C.4719. 

Sfrelglit, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. A. D., 8,1760., Mn|.-Goii.G. C, S.Hsn, S.-J21". 

Strong, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. W. E., C.4595. - 

Strong, Brig. -I ion. W. K., C.4987. 

fltrotlior, Bvt. Brig.-Gen, D. 1L, S.3723. 

Blryker, Ma). W. S„ paymaster, 8.1031. 

Stuart, Col, 0. II., 6(Jth N. Y. Engineers, S.184C, 8.2143. 

HhirglN, Mftf.-Gen, B. 1).,S.3842. 

Sullivan, Col. T., 24th N. Y. Infantry, S.1810, S.3744. 

Sully, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. A., C.4947. 

Sumner. MnJ.-Gen. E. v., S.2227. 

Button, Chaplain J. F., Ki2d N. Y. Infantry. 8.2183. 

Swain, Col. ,1. B., lit)] N. Y. Cavalry, S.1-IU1, S.3752. 

Swiiyno, Bvt. Mui.-Con. W. ,8.3207. 

Sweoney, Brig.-Gen. T. W. ,9.2127. 

Swoot, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. B. J,, 8.1733. 

SweitKer, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J. B., 8.1721. 

Rweit/.er. Bvt. Brig.-Gen. K. B., C.4904. 

Sykos, MaJ.-Gen. G,, 8.1417. 

Till ley, Bvt. Brlg.-Gen. W. C, 8,1539. 

Taploy, Col. R. P., 27(h Mo, Infantry, 9.1422. 

Tamian, LteutrCol. B, P., 1st Col. Cavalry, S.1858. 

Taylor, Brig.-Gen. G. W., 8.1828. 

Taylor. Brig.-Gen. N., 9.1800. 

Telford, Col. W. H., 5nth I'a. Infantry, L.7281. 

Tenner, Lieut, L., BOtll N. Y. Infantry. 9.1528. 

Terry, Mnl.-Geu. A. H., C.4578. 

Terry, Maj.-Gen. A. H. and staff, C.4051. 

Terry, Maj. C. L., 13th N. Y. Infantry, S.19S1. 

Tevis, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. C. C., 8.1420. 

Thayer, Bvt, Maj.-Gen. J. M., C.4700. 

Thomas, MaJ.-Gen. G. C, 8.1563. 

Thomas, Maj.-Gen. Geo. H., S.2H22, S.2607. 

Thomas, Bvt. Mai. -Gen. L., 8.1330. 

Thomas, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. M. T., S.3232. 

Thourot, Lieut.-Col. L., 66th N. Y. Infantry, S.2147. 

Til. I. ill-, Bvt. Maj.-iien. W. B„ S.2GG7. 

Tldball, Bvt. Maj.-Gon. J. C, C.4685. 

TIltorj.Bvt. Brig -Geii.W.S., 9.1785. 

Titus, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. II. B,, S.1345. 

Todd, Capt J. B. S., Oth U. S. Infantry, 8.1336. 

Todd, Col. J. G., 3.1th N. Y. Infantry, S.1941. 

Tompkins, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. C. H-, C.4685. 

Tompkins, Col. G. W. B., 82d N. Y. Infantry, S.1402. 

Torbert, Bvt Maj.-Gen. A. T. A., S.1424, S.1904. 

Tot ton, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J., S.2C64. 

Totten, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J. G., 8.1554. 

Tourtelotte, Bvt. Brig -Gen. J. E., C.4502. 

Townsend, Gen., 8.2213. 

Townsend, Lleut.-Col. C, 106th N. Y. Infantry, 8.1659. 

Townsend, Bvt. MaJ.-Gen. E. D., S.1860, 8.3765. 

Tracy, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. B. F., S.1507. 

Trowbridge, Bvt. Maj.-Gon. L. S., S.1394. 

Truex, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. \Y. S., S.3222. 

Tucker, Lieut.-Col. I. M., 2d N. J Infantry, 8.2131. 

Turner, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J. W., C.4589. 

Tuthill, Ass't Surg., 7th N. Y. S. M., 9.1584. 

Tuttle, Brlg.-Gen. J. M., C.4G52. 

Tuttle, Col. O. L., 6th Vt, Infantry, S.1802. 

Tyler, Brlg.-Gen. Daniel, 1629. 

Tyler, Bvt. Mal.-Gen. E. B., S.1437. 

Tyler, Bvt. Mal.-Gen. R. O., 8.1383. 

Tyler, Bvt, Maj.-Gen. R. O. and staff, L.7377, Ii.7f.04. 

Tyndale, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. II., C.4704, 

Ullman, Bvt. MaJ.-Gen. D., 8,1530. 

Underwood, Bvt, Maj.-Gen. A. B.. S.2045. 

ITphnin, Maj. C. L., 8th Conn. Infantry, S.1411. 

Upton, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. E.,S.1&35. 

Vallee, Lieut.-Col. F., S2d I'a. Infantry, S.214G. 

Van Allen, Brig.-Gen. J. H., 8.2122. 

Van Cleve, Bvt. Maj.-Gen., C.5170. 

Vanderbilt, Lieut. G. W., 10th U. S. Infantry, 8.2250. 

Vandever, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. W., C.4G8G. 

Van Elten, Surg. B., 66th N. Y. Infantry, S.3831. 

Van Ness, Lieut 8.2261. 

Van Ness, Capt. W. W., quartermaster, S.1924. 

Van StelniMusen. Lieut-Col. A., 68th N. Y. infantry, S.178G. 

Van Vliet, Bvt. Mnj.-Gen. S., S.220C. 

Van Wedell, Maj. C., 08ih N. Y. Infantry, S.1836. 

Varney, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. G., S.3802. 

Viele, Brig.-Gen. E. L., 8.1676, 

Vincent, Col. S., 83d Fa. Infantix S.3188. 

Vincent, Bvt, Brig.-Wen. T. M., C.4509. 

Virgin, Col. W. WT, 2nd Me. Infantry, S.1850. 

Von Amsberg, Col. G. ,45th N. Y. Infantry, S.3243. 

Von Forstner, Maj. 3., 3d N. J. Cavalry, 8.1935. 

Von Gilsa, Col. L., 41et N. Y. Infantry, 9.2629. 

Von Penchelstein, Maj., 4th N. Y. Cavalry, 9.1882. 

Von Bohrader, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. A., C.5105. 

Von Shack, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. G., C.4981. 

Von Steinwebr, Brig.-Gen. A., S.1415, S.2128. 

Voris, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. A. C, 8,1829. 

Wndsworth, Brig.-Gon. J. 8., S.2064. 

AVadsworth, Brig.-Gen. J. 8. and staff, L.7972. 

Waite, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. C. A., 8.2G70. 

Waleutt, Bvt, Maj.-Gen. C. C, 8.1928. 

Wnlcutt, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. C. C. nnd staff, L.7002, 

Walker, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. M. B.,S.3238. 

Walln.-e, Maj.-iien. Lew. S.J211. 

Wnllace, Brig.-Gen. W. II. L,, C.4C87. 

Ward, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. G. H., C.5183. 

Ward, Brig.-Gen. J. II. II., S.1W3, 8.1878. 

Ward, Lieut.-Col. W. G., t^tb N. Y. S. M., S.16G1. 

Ward, Bvt, Maj.-Gen. W. T., L.4056. 

Ward, Bvt, Maj.-Gen. W. T. and stnlT, L.40G3. 

Warner, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. A. J., C.47U8. 

Warner, Brig.-Gen. J. M., S.308G. 

Warren, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. F. H., C.4C53, C.4G88. 

Warren, Maj.-Gen. G. K., 8.1757. 

Washburn, Col. C., 8.1849. 

Washburn, Mnj.-Gen. C. C, C.4726. 

Washburn, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. F., C.515C. 

Wa-hl.iirii, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. H. D., C.4725. 

Washington, (V.I. P. G. ,8.1739. 

Watkins, Brig.-Gen. L. D., 8.1722. 

Watson, Maj. A. B., 8th Mich, Infantry, 8.1931. 

Way, Lieut.-Col. W. B., Bth Mich. Cavalry, S.1339. 

WeLb, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. A. S., S.1933. 

Webb, Maj. M. F., paymaster, S.2191. 

Weber, Brig.-Gen. M., C.4689. 

"Webster, Col. F., 12th Mass. Infantry, S.2185. 

Webster, Bvt, .Maj.-Gen. .1. D., S.2G11. 

Weiss, Capt. A., 41st N. Y. Infantry, S.2261. 

Weiss, Lleut.-Col. P., 20th N. Y. Infantry, 8.1537. 

Woitzel, Maj.-Gen. Godfrey, S.2030. 

"Weitzel, Maj.-Gon. Godfrey and staff, L.4066, L.4079. 

"Weilman, Lieut.-Col. A. J., 85th N. Y. Infantry, S.1804. 

Wells, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. G. D., S.1364. 

Wells, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. W., S.2G35. 

Welsh. Brig.-Gen. T., 8.3171. 

Wessells, Brig.-Gen. H. W., C.4494. 

West, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. G. W., S.303G. 

West, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. It, M., S.2152. 

W.-sthrook, I.ieut.-Ci.l, ('. D., 120th N. Y. Infantry, S.1354. 

Weston, Chaplain S. H., 7th N. Y. S. M., 8.1G74. 

Wheaton, Bvt, Maj.-Gon. P., 9.2C19. 

Wherry, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. W. M., 9.30S3. 

Whipple, Maj.-Gen. A. W., S.2632. 

Whipple, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. W. D., C.4574. 

Wlnte, Lieut., S.-JiMs. 

White, Lieut.-Col. Nelson, 1st Conn, Artillery, S.2214. 

White, Lieut.-Col. A. H., 6th N. Y. Cavalry, 8.1338. 

White, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. C. B., S.3227. 

White, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. J., S.2221. 

White, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J. and staff, L.7562, L.7845. 

Whiting, Maj. C. ,1., 2d O. S. Cavalry, S.1416. 

Whittaker, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. E. W., S.2040. 

Whittlesey, Col. F. W., 1st Miob. Infantry, S.1945. 

Wickstead, Lieut. J., 7th N. Y. S. M., S.16G6. 

Wilcox, Col. V. M., 132d Pa. Infantry, 8.1409. 

Wild, Brig.-Gen. E. A., C.5159. 

Wilder, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J. T., C.5175. 

Wiley. Maj. W. M.. poymaster, 8.3837. 

Wilkeson, Lieut.-Col. S. H., 11th N. Y. Cavalry, S.1742. 

Willard, Col. G. L., 125th N. Y. Infantry, S.1625. 

Willard, Maj. J. ('., aide-de-camp, 8.1452. 

Wiltcox, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. O. B. and staff, t.7067, L.7526, L.7527, 

Willett, Col. J. H., 12th N. J. Infantry, S.1833. 
Williams, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. A. S., S.2179. 
Williams, Lieut.-Col. D. A., 136th Ohio Infantry, S.I795. 
Williams, Bvt. Brlg.-Gen. J. M., C.4596. 
Williams. Bvt, Brig.-Gen. R., S.3067. 
Williams, Col. S. J., 19th Indiana Infantry, 9.1478. 
Williams, Brig.-Gen. T..S.3191. 
Williamson, Bvt, Maj.-Gen. J. A., C.4G54. 
Williamson. Capt. R. S., U. S. Engineers, 8.2262. 
Willieh, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. A., C.4669. 
Wilson, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. J., S.19G6. 
Wilson, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. J. G., S.1S15, S.1868. 
Wilson, Maj.-Gen. J. H., 8.2074- 

Wilson, Maj.-Gen. J. H. and staff, C.4181. 

Wilson, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. T. (in group), L.7957. 

Wilson, Bvt, Brig.-Gen. W., S.1382. 

Winchester, Quartermaster L. W., 7th N. Y. S. M., S.1594. 

Winslow, Maj., S.2257. 

Winslow, Chaplain G., 5th N. Y. Infantry, S.1592. 

Winthrop, Bvt, Maj.-Gon. F., 8.1927. 

YVisewaH. Bit. Brig. -Gun M. N., 9.3747. 

Wisiar, Brig.-Gen. I. J., C.4705. 

Wood, Col. A. M., 84th N. Y. Infantry, S.2133. 

Wood, Maj.-Gen. T. J., 8.1695. 

Wood, Maj. W. H., 17th U. S. Infantry, S.3830. 

Woodbury, Chaplain A., 1st R. I. Infantry, S.1639. 

Woodbury, Col. L». A., 4th Mich. Infantry, 8.378G. 

Woodford, Bvt. Brig.-Gon. S. L., C.5098. 

Woodruff, Col. W. E., 2d Ky. Infantry, S.2249. 

Woods, Bvt Maj.-Gen C. R., S.2636. 

Woodward, Lieut.-Col. G. A., 31st Pa. Infantry, S.1405. 

Wool, Maj.-Gen. J. E., 9.1318. 

Woolsey, Lieut. C. W., I..7103. 

Worth, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. W. J., S.1310. 

Worthington,Surg. W. H.,G3d Pa. Infantry, 9.3811. 

Wright, Col. D. R., 15th Conn. Infantry, 8.3750. 

Wright, Col. E. H.. aide-de-camp, S.3799. 

Wriu'ht. Maj.-Gen. H.G..S.1781. 

Wright, Maj.-Gen. H. G. and staff, C.4570. 

Wyndham, Col. Percy, 1st K. J. Cavalry, 8.1905, 9.37G2. 

Wynkoop, Col. J. E., lintlj Pa. Cavalry, S.1818. 

Yeoman, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. S. B., S.2669. 

York, Lieut, J. S., 5th N. Y'. Infnntry, 8.1G99. 

Young, Lieut. J. B., 7th N. Y. S. M., S.1G15. 

Young, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. S. B. M., C.471G. 

Zagony, Col. C, aide-de-camp, 9.3858. 

Z.»r.k. Maj. P. J..S.1622. 

Zook, Bvt. Maj.-Gen. S. K., 9.1500. 

Zulick, Bvt. Brig.-Gen. S. M., C.4496. 


Colorado Cavalry. 
1st. Lieut.-Col. S. F. Tappan, S.1858. 

Connecticut Cavalry. 
1st. Col. E. W. Whittaker, S.2040. 

Connecticut Heavy Artillery. 
1st. At Fort Richardson, Va.: 

—Officers of regiment, C.4534. 

—Interior of Fort Richardson, C.4547. 

— Camp at Fort Richardson, C.4552. 

At Fort Darling, James Riocr, Va., April, 1865 : 

—Officers or regiment, S.O, S.ll. 

—Officers' quarters, S.lllM,, S.1139, 9.1141. 

—Band, S.1129. 

—Lieut.-Col. Nelson White, S.2214. 

Connecticut Infantry. 

3d. Company — , C.4129. 
lltli. Col. G. A. Steadman, S.3115. 
14th. Lieut.-Col. S. H. Perkins, S.1436. 
15th. Col. D. R. Wright, 8.3750. 
Maj. C. L. Upham, S.1411. 
20th. Col. S. Ross, S.3082. 
22d. Col. G. S. Burnham, 9.1477, S.3736. 

District of Columbia Cavalry. 

District of Columbia Infantry. 

2d. Col. C. N. Alexander, S.21S5, 8.3755. 
Lieut.-Col. W. O. Drew, S.13G2. 

Illinois Cavalry. 
9th. Col. A. G. Bracke t, S.1649. 
12th. Col. H. Davis, S.K*.5. 

Illinois Light Artillery. 
2d. Col. T. S. Mather, S.3742. 

Illinois Infantry. 
23d. Col. J. A. Mulligan, 8.2087. 
36th. Officers of regiment, C.4331. 
58th. Col. W. P. Lynch, C4676. 
59th. Col. P. S. Post, 8.3230. 
72d. Col. F. A. Starring, S.1577. 
105th. Col. D. Dustin, 8.3847. 

Indiana Cavalry. 
3d, Detachment at headquarters Army of Potomac, November, 
1864, I. .7023. 
Ass'tSurg. L. Brusie, 8.1889. 

Indiana Infantry. 
7th. Col. I. G. Grover, 8.1677. 

Col. J. P. C. Shanks, C.4731. 
Lieut.-Col. W. C. Bnnta, S.1794. 
Oth. Company C, C.4096, C.4728. 
ISth. Col. H. D. Washburn, C.4725. 
19th. Col, S. J. Williams, S.147S. 

Lieut.-Col. W. W. Dudley, S.2625. 

Maj. I. M. May, S.1819. 
22d. Lieut.-Col. A. I. Harrison, S.3776. 
32d. Maj. W. G. Mauk, S.3182. 
33d. Col. John Colburn, C.4738. 
38th. Col. B. F. Scribner, S.30G3. 
44th. Company H, C.433S. 

Company — , C.4335, C4342. 

Company — , C.4337, C.4340. 
fllst. Col. A. D. Streight, S.1760. 
70th. Col. B. Harrison, S.3039. 
138th. Col. Jasper Packard, C.4735. 

Iowa Infantry. 
8th. Col. J. L. Geddes, S.30G4. 
13th, Col. J. Wilson, S.1966. 
15th. Col. J. M. HedricU, S.2049. 
19th. Exchanged prisoners, after release from Camp Ford, 

Texas, L.3010, L..3028, L.3029, L.3030. 
23d. Col. W. M. Stone, C.4G51. 
33d. Col. S. L. Glasgow, C.4648. 
25th. Col. G. A. Stone, 8.2657. 
29th. Col. T. H. Benton, C.4644. 
34th. Col. G. W. Clark, C.4G45. 

Kentucky Infantry. 
2d. Col. W. E. Woodruff, S.2249. 
19th. Col. W. J. Landran, 8.3081. 

Maine Cavalry. 

1st. Col. C. H. Smith, S.3065. 

Lieut.-Col. J. P. Cilley, C.5160. 

Battalion MCaine Light Artillery. 

1st. Lieut.-Col. J. A. Hall, 8.2637. 

Lieut.-Col. F. McGilvery,S.3021. 

Maine Infantry. 

2d. Camp Jamison, near Washington, D. C, C.4547, C.4548, 
Col. C. W. Roberts, S.3758, S.3791. 
Col. G. Varney, S.3802. 
3d. Lieut.-Col. E. Burt, 8.3779. 
5th. Col. C. S. Edwards, S.1609. 

Surg. B. F. Buxton, S.1389. 
7th. Col. E. C. Mason, S.1S61. 
8th. Col. W. M. McArthur, S.2637. 
10th. Group of officers, Cedar Mountain, Va., Augusi, 18G2. 

11th. Col. H. M. Plaiated, S.3722. 
12th. Col. W. K. Kimball, 8.2658. 
17th. Col. T. A. Roberts, S.3761. 
Col. G. W. West, 8.3036. 
Lieut.-Col. C. B. Merrill, S.1360. 
19th. Col. F. E. Heath, S.1361. 
23d. Col. W. W. Virgin, 8.1853. 
27th. Col. R. P. Tapley, 9.1422. 
29th. Col. G. H. Nye, S.26I8. 
30th. Col. T. H. Hubbard, C.5136. 

Lieut.-Col. G. W. Randall, 8.2629. 

Maryland Cavalry. 
3d. Col. C. C. Tevis, S.1420. 

Maryland Infantry. 
4th. Col. R. N. Bowerman, S.2652. 
6th. Col. J. W. Horn, C.4663. 
7th. Col. Charles E. Phelps, C.4734. 
8th. Col. A. W. Denniaon. 

Massachusetts Cavalry. 

1st. At headquarters Army of Potomac, Autpat, 1854*. 

—Officers of Companies C and D, L.7390, L.7490. 

— Officers and non-commissionea officers of Companies C and 
D, L.7354, L.7391. 

—Company C, L.7295. 

—Company D, L.7392, L.7476. 

—Capt. E. A. Flint, L.7403. 
3d. Col. T. E. Chickering, 8.3092. 
4th. Col. F. Washburn, C.5156. 

Massachusetts Artillery. 

3d. Officers in Fort Totten, Va., 8.1115. 

—Officers and men, 8.1166, 8.1167, 8.1190, 8.1227. 

—Col. W. 8. Abert, 8.3178. 

Fort Totten, near Washington, D. C: 

—Officers of Companies A and B, L.7261, L.7678, L.7G81. 

— Sergeants of Company A, L.7263. 

— Sergeants of Company B, L.7687. 

Fort Stevens, near Washington, D. C; 

— Officers of Companies F and K, L.7282, L.769G. 

—Company F, L.7744, L.78"3, L.7017. 

—Company K, L.7692, L.7746, L.7807. 

Fort Lincoln, near Washington, V. C.t 

— Company H, L.7874, 

Massachusetts Heavy Artillery. 
4th. Col. W. 8. King, 8*8273. 

Massachusetts Battery. 
10th. Officers, L.7085, L.7086, L.7089, L.7683. 
Massachusetts Mllltla. 
8th. Mb). Ben; Perley Foore, 8.1420. 

Massachusetts Infantry. 

2d. Col. W. Cogswell, 8.2029. 

MaJ. W. Dwlght, S.lflll, 8.1814. 
9th. GroupB of officers, C.4101, O.4102. 

Father Scully holding mass in camp, C.413L 
Col. T. Case, 8.3774. 
Col. P. R. Guiney, 8.3096. 
Lieut-Col. It. Peimi. S.17I7. 
Chaplain T. Scully, 8.1990, S.2192. 
10th. Camp near Washington, D. C. 8.2421. 

Lieut-Cot. J. I). Parsons, 8.1341. 
11th. Col. W. Hloin dell, 8.3111. 
12th. Col. F. Webster, 8.2185. 

Surg. J. H. Baxter, 8.3833. 
16th. Col. G. H. Ward, C.5183. 

Lieut.-Col. G. C. Joslin, 0.6190. 

Burg. 8. F. Haven, C.5193. 

Lieut. J. W. Grout, C.6191. 

Lieut. T. J. Spurr, C.6192. 
19th. Col. A. F. Devereaux, 8.3066. 
22d. Col. H. Wilson, C.4693. 

Col. W.8. Tllton,S.1786. 

Surg. M. E. Simmons, 8.1442. 
24th. Col. A. Ordway, 8.3080. 
25th, Co). Josiah Pickett, C.5179. 
28th. Officers of regiment, L.7760. 
34th. Col. W. 6. Lincoln, C.6180. 

Col.G.D. Wells, S.1364. 

MaJ.H. W.Pratt, C.5186. 
36th. Lieut.-Col. A. A. Goodell, 0.5182. 
40th. Camp near Miners' Hill, Vs., C.4278, 0.4357. 

Col. G. V. Henry, 8.3220. 

Col. B. Porter, 8.3764. 
51st, Col. A. B. B. Sprague, 0.5181. 
54th. Col. E. N. Hallowell, 8.2665. 

Michigan Cavalry, 
1st. Col. T. F. Broadhead, 8.1958. 
3d. Col. J. K. Mizner, 8.2068. 
5th. Lieut-Col. E. Gould, S.1439. 
7th. Col. W. D. Mann,S.1644. 
9th. Lieut-Co). W. B. Way, 8.1339. 
10th. Co). L. 8. Trowbridge, 8.1394. 

Michigan Infantry. 
1st. Col. I. C. Abbott, 8.1469. 

Col, F. W. Whittlesey, S.1S4.'.. 
4th. Col. D. A. Woodbury, 8.3786. 

Capt S. De Golyer, 8.1992. 
6th. Col. J. Pulford, 8.3209. 
8th. MaJ. A. B. Watson, 8.1931. 
11th. Col. W.L.Stoughton, 0.4727. 
12th. Headquarters, C.4603, C.4Q11. 
15th. Col.F. S. Hutchinson, 8.3225. 
21st. Officers of regiment, C.4103. 

Company B, C.4101. 

Company D, 0.4099. 

Company E, C.4100. 

Company — , C.4092. 

Company — , C.4760. 
84th. Col. H. A. Morrow, 8.1505, 8.1853. 

Minnesota Cavalry. 

2d. Col. R. N. McLaren, 8.3070. 

Minnesota Infantry. 

l Ht . Col. George N. Morgan, 8.3834. 
Lieut.-CoT. C. P. Adama, S.1749. 
5th. Col. L. F. Hubbard, 8.3110. 
7th. CoLW.R. Marshall, 8.3069. 
8th. Col. M. T. Thomas, 8.3232. 

Missouri Light Artillery. 
2d. Lieut.-Col. G. W. Bchofield, 8.2656. 

Missouri Infantry. 
15th. Col. J. Conrad, 8.2661. 

New Hampshire Infantry. 
Bd. Co). J.N. Patterson, 8.2866. 

MaJ. F. 8. Fisk, 8.3849. 

flth. Col. E. E. Cross, 8.1983. 

Maj. W. W. Cook, 8.1929. 

Adjt. C. O. Dodd, 8.1838. 

9th. Col. H.B. Titus, 8.1346. 

13th. Col. A. F. Stevens, 0.4729. 

New Jersey Cavalry. 
1st. Col. M. H. Beaumont, 8.1943. 
Col. H. Janeway, 8.1658. 
Col. P. Wyndham, 8.1905, 8.3762. 
2d. Co). J. Earge, 8.1616. 
3d. Col. A. J. Morrison, 8.1896. 

Col. A. C. M. Pennington, 8.3089. 
Maj. 8. Von Forstner, 8.1935. 

New Jersey Infantry* 
lBt. Col. M. W Collet, 8.1363. 
2d, Lieut.-Col. I. M. Tucker, S.2131. 

Lieut-Col. 8. L. Buck, 8.1706. 
4th. Col. W. B. Hatch, 8.3746. 

Col. J. H. Simpson, 8.1993. 

Lieut-Col. C. Ewing, 8.1646. 
5th. Col. S. H. Starr, 8.2140. 
6th. Col. G. C. Burling, 8.3102. 
7th. Col. F.Price, S.1762. 

Maj. J. D. Mcintosh, 8.1960, 8.3777. 
8th. Col. John Ramsay, C.4698. 
9th. Col. A. Zabriskie, 0.5136. 
10th. Lieut-Col. H. 0. Ryerson, S.2238. 
Hth. Lieut-Col. S. Moore, 8.1368. 
12th. Col. J. H. Willett, 8.1833. 
13th. Col. E. A. Carmen, 8.1386. 
14th. Col. W. 8. Truex, 8.3222. 
24th. Lieut-Col. F. L. Knight, S.1456. 
25th. Col. A. Derrom, 8.3741. 
28th. Col. M.N. Wisewell, 8.3747. 
31st. Col. A. P. Berthond, 8.3738. 
Lieut-Col, W. Holt, 8.1337. 

New Mexico Cavalry. 
1st. Col. Kit Carson, 8.2620, 

New York Mounted Rifles. 
1st. Lieut-Col. A. G. Patton, 8.1760. 

New York Cavalry. 

1st, Col. A. T. MeReynolds, 8.1678, 8.3806. 

Capt. D. Harkins, 6.3870. 

Capt R. G. Prendergrast, 8.1492. 

Lieut. H. B. Hidden, 6.2135. 
2d. Col. A. M. Bandol, 8.1660. 

Maj. A. N. Duffie, 8.2154. 
3d. Col.S.H. Mix, 8.2120. 

Lieut-Col. F. Nazer, 8.1805. 
Maj. A. Von Peucheistein, 8.1882. 
Col, John Hammond, C.4980. 
Col. Amos H. White, 8.1338. 

7 th. On parade, and camp near Washington, 0.4543. 
9th, Col. G. 8. NicholB, 8.1942. 

Lieut-Col. H. B. Hyde, 8.1471. 

Lieut-Col. W. Sackett, 6.1363. 


13th. Prospect Hill, Va., near Washington, D. C: 

— Regiment on inspection, L.7735. 

—Field and staff officers, L.7723, I..7726, L.7738. 

—Officers of regiment, L.7185, I..7734. 

— Non-commissioned staff officers, L.7740. 

—General view of camp, L.7218, L.7733, L.7737, L.7739. 

— Headquarters in camp, L.7722. 

— Signal station in camp, L.7736. 
16th. Col. N. B. Sweltzer, C.4964. 
26th. Lieut.-Col, F. JacobB, 8.3015. 

s of Company F, L.7479. 

s of Companies K and L, L.7842. 

New York Artillery Battalion. 

1st, Battery — , near Fair Oaks, Va., June, 1862, S.443, 8.640. 

New York Light Artillery. 
1st. Field and Mail officers, S.2417. 

New York Heavy Artillery. 
2d. Fort C. F. Smith, near Washington, D. C. : 
— Officers of regiment, L.7906. 
— Officersof C — " " "" 

— Officers of C 
— Company F, L..7283. 
— Company.K, L.7675. 
—Company L, L.7672, 1*7673. 
4th. Officers, 1-7178. 

Officers in Fort Corcoran, Va, C.4103. 
Col. T. D. Doubleday, 8.1874. 
Col. H. H. Hall, 8.1921. 
Col. J.C. Tidball, C.4586. 
Surg. G. Bayles, 8.1379. 
6th. Camp at Brandy Station, Va., April, 1864, L.7266. 
7th.,.Col. L. O. Morris, 8.2602. 

9th. Company M, previously 22d New York Battery, L.7818. 
13th. Camp in front of Petersburg, Va., 6.2495, 8.2496. 
14th, Col. E. G. Marshall, 8.2174. 
15th. Officers of Third Battalion, L.7743. 
Lieut-Col. A. Senges, S.2168. 

New York Battery. 
1st. Cowan's Battery, in front of Petersburg, June, 1864, 8.787, 

3d. Capt T. P, Mott, 8.172C, 8.2100. 
17th. OfficerB, L.7659. 

On parade, L.7008, L.7010, L.7620. 

New York Engineers. 

15th. Col. J. McL. Murphy, 6.1614. 

Lieut-Col. C. G. Colgate, S.1923. 
Officers of regiment, C.4477. 
60th. Col. W. H. Peters, 6.2145. 

Col. C. B. Stuart, S.1846, 6.2143. 

Maj. G. W. Ford, L.7166. 

Surg. C. N. Hewitt, L.7401. 

Surg. H. A. Potter, 6.3862. 

At Rappahannock Station, March, 1864 : 

—Field and statf officers, L.7600, L.7616. 

—General view of camp, L.7275, L.7276, L.7461, 8.138. 

— Stockade entrance to camp, L.7351. 

—Sutler's hut L.7290. 

—Quarters oilfield and staff officers, L.7293, L.7604, 

— Quarters of line officers, L.7G14. 

In/ront of Petersburg, Va. : 

—Officers of regiment L.7324. 

— Officers' dinner on Fourth of July, 1B64, 6.790, S.79I. 

—Headquarters, L.7167, 8.1028, 8.1048. 

—Colonel's quarters, L.7059, 8.1047. 

— Surgeon's quarters, L.7233. 

—Officers' quarters, L.7210, L.7213, 8.344, 8.1028, 8.3338. 

—Church, £.7161, L.7932, 8.345, 8.3339, 8.3340. 

— Commissary department, L..706O. 

New York Infantry. 
1st. Col. W. H. Allen, 8.1735. 

ABB't Surg. A. C. Benedict, S.1458. 
3d. Col. J. E. Mulford, 8.2110. 
5th. Col. F. Winthrop, 8.1927. 
Maj. C. Boyd, 8.1450. 
Surg. S. Van Etten, 8.3831. 
Chaplain G. Wlnslow, 6.1692. 
Lieut. J. 8. York, S.1699. 
6th. Col. W. Wilson, 8.1382. 
Maj. W. Newby, S.1631. 
Ass't Surg. P. C. Pease, 8.2205. 
Lieut. A. D'Orville, 8.2112. 
7th. Col. George Von Shack, C.4981. 
8th. Capt. M. Kron, B.3861. 
9th. Col. R. C. Hawkins, 8.1611. 

Lieut-Col. G. F. Betts, 8.1635. 
Maj. E. A. Kimball, 6.3862. 
Lieut. R. McKechnie, 8.1495. 
10th. Col. J. E. Bendix, 6.3201. 

Col. W. W. McChesney, 8.1737. 
Lieut.-Col. A. B. Elder, 8.3868. 
11th. Col. E. E. Ellsworth, 8.3175. 

Lieut-Col. N. L. Farnham, 8.1624- 
Lieut.-Col. S. H. Stafford, 8.2144. 
Maj. J. A. Creiger, 8.1627. 
Francis E. Brownell, 6.1494. 
13th. Maj. C. L. Terry, 8.1981. 
14th. Col. J. McQuade, 6.3824. 
16th. Surg. W. B. Crandall, S.2156. 

17th. Col. H.S.Lansing, 6.1695. 

Maj. C. A. Johnson, 6.2254. 

Camp and regiment, C.4641. 
20th. Col. F. Salm Salm, 8,3785. 

Lieut. -Col. F. Weiss, S.1637. 
23d. Col. H. C. HofTman, C.5163. 

Surg. W. A. Madill, 8.1419. 
34th. Col. T. Sullivan, 6.1810, 8.3744. 
25th. Col. C. A. Johnson, S.1857, 8.2254. 

Maj. H. F Savage, S.2007. 
26th, Col. W. H. Christian, 6.2138. 

Lieut-Col. R. H. Richardson, 8.3724. 

On parade, 0.4629, C.4545. 
27th. Lieut-Col. A. D. Adams, 6.1964. 

Maj. C. C. Gardiner, 8.1703. 
29th. Col. A. VonBteinwehr, 8.2128. 
31st, MaJ. A. Razenski, 8.2123. 
32d. Col. R. Matheson, 8.3022. 
33d. Field and Btaff officers, C.4642. 
35th. Col. W. B. Lord, 8.3782. 

Maj. J. G. Todd, 8.1941. 

Company — , 8.2422. 
37th. Col. S. B. Hayman, 8.3058. 

Capt. W. De Lacy, 8.2263. 
39th. Col. F. G. D'Utassy, 8.1490, 8.2184. 

Lieut.-Col. A. Ripetti, 8.1644. 

Lieut. L. Tenner, 8.1628. 
40th. Col. E. Riley, 8.1898. 

Surg. J. E. Dexter, 8.1888. 
41et. Col. L. Von Gilsa, 8.2649. 

Capt A. Weiss, 8.2261. 

Company C, Manassas, Vft., July, 1862, L.7617. 
42d. Col. E. C. Charles, 8.2005. 

Col. J. E. Mallon, 8.1522. 

Maj. P. J. Downing, 8.2106. 
44th. Officers of regiment, 0.4227. 

Camp of regiment, near Alexandria, C.4069, 0.4172, C.4173, 
45.4192, C.4230, 0.4231, 0.4086, 0.4186. 

Flag of regiment, 6.1504. 
45th. Col.G. Von Amsberg, 6.3243. 
46th, Col. J. Gerhardt, 8.3097. 

Capt. H. BrandenBtein, 8.1824. 
48th. Col. W. B. Barton, 8.1604. 

Col. J. H.Perry, 8.1778. 
51st, Col. C. W. Le Gendre, 6.1527. 
52d. Col. P. Frank, 6.3001. 
55th. Lieut.-Col. L. Thourot, 8.2147. 

Maj. F.Jehl, 6.1949. 

Officere of regiment, C.4560. 

Camp at Fort Gaines, C.4071, C.4644. 
57th. Lieut-Col. J. W. Britt, 8.1648. 

Lieut.-Col. A. B. Chapman, S.1398. 
58th. Capt. A. Maluski,S.3778. 
59th. Col. W. A. Olmstead, 6.3088. 
60th. Officers of regiment at Fauquier Springs, Va., August, 

1862, 8.638, 8.539. 
61st, At Falmouth, Va., April, 1863: 

—Officers of regiment, L.7630, L.7531. 

—Drum Corps, X.7620. 

—Company D, L.7313. 

— Company G, L.7664. 

—Company K.I..7556. 
62d. Col. J. L. Riker, 6.2129. 

Lieut.-Col. O. V. Dayton, 8.1777, 8.2065. 

Surg. G. B. F. Simpson, 6.3805. 
63d. Col. Henry Fowler, 6.1906. 

Officers of regiment, L.7542. 
65th. Col. J. E. Hamblin, 8.1476, 8.2160. 

MaJ. H. G. Healey, 8.1421, 
66th. Lieut-Col. J. S. Hammell, 8.2671. 
67th. Col. J. W. Adams. 8.2092. 

Camp near Washington, D. C, in 1861, C.4546, C.4114, 
0.4115, 0.4116. 

68th. Col. R. J. Betge, 6.2132. 

Col. G. Bourri, 8.1519. 

Lieut-Col. A. Van Steinhauser, 8.1780. 

Maj. C. Van Wedeil, S.1836. 
69th. Col. R. Nugent, 8.3866. 

Lieut-Col. James Bitgley, 8.1856. 

Officers of regiment,X.7642. 
70th. Col.J. E. Farnum,1385. 
71et, Regiment od parade at camp near Miner's Hill, Va-, S.2415. 

Group of Company G, 8.2413. 
72d. Col. W. 0. Stevens, S.1606, 8.1845. 

Lieut-Col. Israel Moses, 8.1798. 

Surg. C. K. Irwine, 8.279, 8.3821. 
73d. Col. W. R. Brewster, 8.1842. 
75th. Col. J. A. Dodge, 8.3869. 
76th. Adjt. H. F. Robinson, 8.1832. 

77th. Col. J. B. McKean, S.2178. 
79th. Col. J. Cameron, 8.1637. 

Col. D. MorrlBon. 8.3106. 

Maj. F. A. Hagadorn, 8.1700. 
80th. Col. J. B. Hardenburgh, 8.1715. 

Col. G. Pratt, 8.1843. 

Lieut.-Col. T. B. Gates, 8.1827. 

Capt. T. Alexander, t.7605. 

Officers of regiment, Culpeper, Va., September, 1863, 
1.7071, L.7373, S.278. 
82d, Col. G. W. B. Tompkins, 8.1402. 

Maj. J. J. Dimock, 8.1393. 
83d. Col. J. W. Stiles, 8.1490. 

Adjt. J. B. Coppinger, 8.1514. 
84th. Col. E. B. Fowler, S.8801. 

Col. A.M. Wood, 8.2133. 
80th. Lfeut.-Col. A. J. Wellman, 8.1804. 
80th. Col. B. P. Bnlley, 8.1866. 
87th. Capt. 8. F. Knight, 8.1696. 

83d. Col. J. S. Crocker, C.4673. 
Col. J. M. McCarter, 8.2137. 
Maj. A. L. Cossldy, S.2187, 8.3068. 
At Antietam, Aid., September, 1862, I..7938, L.7941. 

—Field and staff officers, 8.630. 

— Commissioned and non-commissioned staff, L.7011, 

—Company A, t.7610, L.7512. 

—Company B, L.7453, L.7506. 

—Company C. L.745I, L.7592. 

—Officers and n on -commissioned officers of Company I', 
L.7458, L.7639. 

—Company D, L.7462, L.7691. 

— Officers' "mesB," Company D, 8.218. 

— Non-commissioned officers' "mess," Company I>, 8.217. 

—Company E, L.7455, L.7460. 

—Officers' " mess," Company E, S.225. 

— Compuny F, L.T454, L.7694. 

— Officers' "mess," Company F, 8.220. 

— Company G. L..745G, L.7459. 

—Officers and non-commissioned officers of Company I, 

—Company It. 7457, L.7593. 

—Company h, L.7009, L.7036, L.7508. 

—Drum Corps, L.7514, L.7565. 

—Views of camp, 8.219, 8.824, 8.826, 8.827, 8.828. 
04th. Cot. A. R. Root, 8.3214. 
00th. Col. G. H. Biddle, 8.1800. 
06th. Col. J. Fairman, 8.2232. 
07th. Col. J. P. Spofford, S.1348. 
00th. Col. J. O'Mahoney, 8.2104. 
100th. Col. J. M. Brown, S.2G03. 
102d. Chaplain J. F. Sutton, 8.2189. 
103d. Col. B. Rlngold, 8.3010. 
loath. Col. B.F. Tracy, 8.1607. 
106th. Llout.-Cot. C. Townsend, S.1659. 
107th. Col. A. 8. Diven, S.1852. 
1 10th. Col. D. C. Littlejohn, C.4662. 
111th. Col. C. D. MeDougall, 8.1340, S.1449, 8.2060. 
116th. Col. G. M. Love, S.2043. 
118th. Col. G. F. Nichols, 8.1397. 
110th. Col. E.Peisenor, 8.3179. 
120th. Col. G. H. Slinrpe, C.4588. 

Lieut.-Coi. C. D. Westbrook, S.1354. 
121st. Maj. E. Olcott, 6.H10. 
124th. Col. A. V. H. Ellis, S.2093. 

Lieut.-Col. F. M. Cummins, S.13G6, S.1621. 
125th. Col. G. L. Willard, 8.1525. 
133d. Lieut-Col. A. J. Allaire, S.1917. 
134th. Col. C. Coster, S.3193. 
141st. Col. 9. G. Hathaway, 8.1448. 

Surg. J. W. Robinson, 8.1434. 
143d. Col. H. Boughton, 8.2035. 
144th. Col. R, S. Hnghston, 8.3759. 
110th. Col. E. L. Price, S.1388. 
146th. Col. D. Jenkins, 8.1763. 
153d. Col. E. P. Davis, S.3206. 
Lieut. J. B. Neil], C.4310. 
Officers of regiment, C.4291. 
Officers of Company — , C.4320. 
Company — , C.4281. 
104th. Llent.-Col. D. B. Allen, 8.1444, 

Lieut.-Col. H. C. Loomis, 8.3734. 
156th. Col. J. Sharp, S.3730. 
108th. Col. J. Jonrdan, 8.1962. 
159th. Col. E. L. Molineux, C.4586. 
162d. Col. L. Benedict, 1709. 

164th. Col. J. P. McMahon, C.4319. 

Lieut.-Col. W. J>e Lacey, 8,3226. 
Officers of regiment, 0.4312. 
Company — , 0.4297. 
Guard mounting, C.4396. 
Surgeon's quarters, C.4426. 
169th. Col. A. Alden, 8.3062. 

Col. Clarence Buell, 8.3740. 
Col. J. McConihe, S.1359. 
170th. Officers of regiment, C.4280, C.4282, C.3626. 
Company — , C.4316. 
Company — , 0.4348. 
175th. Lieut. -Col. J. A. Foster, 8.1558, S.1C05, 8.1796. 
179th. Surg. J. W. Robinson, 8.1434. 
182d. Col. M. Murphy, 8.1679. 

New York Militia. 
7th. Col. M. Lefferts, 8.1669. 

Adjt. J. H. Liebenau, 8.1664. 
Surg. T. M. Cheeseman, 8.1491. 
Assl Surg. Tuthlll, 8.1584. 
Commissary W Patten, 8.1668. 
Paymaster M. Howland, 8.1689. 
Quartermaster L. W. Winchester, 8.1594. 
Chaplain S. H. Weston, 8.1674. 
Capt. W. P. Bensel, 8.1671. 
Capt. E. Clark, 8.1684. 
Capt. J. Price, 8.1533. 
Capt. H. C. Shumway, S.1590. 
Capt. W. A. Spaight, 8.1672. 
Lieut. C. B. Babcock, 8.1686. 
Lieut. J. A. Baker, 8.1665. 
Lieut. J. W. Bogert, S.1588. 
Lieut. C. B. Bostwick, 8.1662. 
Lieut. T. B. Bunting, 8.1663. 
Lieut. C. Corley, 8.1570. 
Lieut. W. Gurney, 8.1585. 
Lieut. G. T. Haws, 8.1493. 
Lieut. J. Wickstead 8.1666. 
Lieut. J. B. Young, 8.1615. 
Sergt.-Maj. R. C. Rathbon, 8.1472. 
Sergt. J. J. Morrison, 8.1486. 
Sergt. S. 0. Ryder, S.1488. 
8th. Col. G. Lyon, S.2107. 

Group of officers, Camp McDowell, Va., C.4104. 

Officers and non-com missioned officers of Company - 

Engineer company, C.4137. 
Company A, 0.4541. 
Drum Corps, C.4540. 
12th. Lieut.-Col. W. G. Ward, 8.1661. 
Maj. Bostwick, 8.1767. 
Engineer company, C.4138. 
22d. Lieut.-Col. L. Aspinwall, 8.3733. 
Officers of regiment, C.4010. 
Adjutant and First Sergeants, C.4135. 
Company — , C.4194. 
Company — , C.4134. 
Groups, C.4155, C.41C3, 0.4186. 
23d. Col. Wm. Everdell, S.1404. 
69th. Lieut. E. K. Butler, 8.2255. 

Sunday services in camp, 8.3713. 
71st. Group of officers, Washington Navy-yard, C.4105. 
Col. Bostwick, S.1678. 

Ohio Cavalry, 
Oth. Lieut.-Col. W. Stough, C.4594. 

Battery I, Oliio Light Artillery. 

Capt. H. Dtlger, 8.3177. 

Ohio Infantry. 
6th. Col. N. L. Anderson, C.3004. 
12th. Col. C. B. White, C.3227. 
10th. Col. C. F. Manderson, 8.3112. 
2flth. Col. W. P. Richardson, S.1510. 
28th. Col. A. Moor, 8.2651. 
31st. Col. M. B. Walker, S.3238. 
41st. Col. W. B. Hazen, 8.2126. 
44th. Col. S. A. Gilbert, C.6048. 
46th. Maj. H. H. Gilsy, S.3190. 
61st. Col. S. J. McGroarty, 8.2079. 
66th. Col. C. Candy, S.2181. 
73d. Lieut.-Col. S. H. Hurst, 8.1438. 
114th. Col. J. Cradlebough, S.1775. 
120th. Group of officers, C.4325 

Company B, C.4324. 

Company C, C.4329. 

Company H, C.4330. 

Band, C.4328, 
126th. Col. B. F. Smith, S.17U. 
136th. Lieut.-Col. D. A. Williams, 8.1795. 
176th. Col. E. C. Mason, S.1861. 
181st. Col. J. O'Dowd, S.3208. 

Pennsylvania Cavalry. 

1st. Col. 0. Jones, 8.1938. 

Lieut.-Col. J. Higglns, S.1368. 
3d. Group of officers at Westover Landing, Va., 0.4632. 

Group of officers, C.4106. 

Camp at headquarters Army of Potomac, February, 1865, 

Company D, Brandy Station, March, 1864, L.7389. 

Lieut. J. W. Ford and Lieut. A. M. Wright, August, 1862, 

Field and staff officers, L.7676, 8.635. 

Lieut.-Col. 8. W. Owen, caught napping, 8.626. 
4th. Col. D. Campbell, 8.1724. 

Col. G. H. Covode, 8.1848. 

Col. 8. B. M. Young. C.4716. 

Lieut.-Col. J. H. Childs, 8.1869. 

Field and staff officers at Westover Landing, AugUBt, 1862, 
X..7474, 8.629. 

6th. Company I, Falmouth, Va., June, 1863, L.7140. 
8th. Maj. A. G. Enoa, S.215S. 
Oth. Col. T.J. Jordan, C.4712. 
11th. Col. F. A. Stratton, C.4719. 

Col. S. P. Spear, 8.3072. 

Maj. N. M. Runyon, S.1984. 
13th. Maj. G. F. McCabe, 8.1617. 
14th. Maj. T. Gibson, 8.1643. 
16th. Lteut.-Col. L. D. Rogers, S.1441. 
18th. Regimental camp, February, 1864, L.7650. 
20th. Col. J. E. Wynkoop, 8.1818. 
21st. Col. 0. B. Knowles, C.4707. 

Pennsylvania IJght Artillery. 

1st. Battery B, C.4114, C.4139. 

Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery, 
2d. Company I in Fort Slemmer, C.4532. 
3d. Col. Joseph Roberts, C.4721. 

Field and staff officers, L.7486. 

On parade, L.7058, L.7423. 

Pennsylvania Battery E (Knapp'e). 

At Antietam, Md., September, 1862, 8.577. 
Capt. J. M. Knapp, S.1790. 

Pennsylvania Infantry. 
11th. Col. Richard Coulter, C.4724. 
20th. Lieut.-Col. C. Parham, S.1342. 
30th. Col. W. C. Talley, 8.1539. 

View of camp, C.4160. 

Company A, C.44S5. 

Company B, C.4+59. 

Company — , C.4466. 

Company — , C.4484. 

Company — , 0.4493. 

Drum Corps, C.4491. 
31st. Camp on Queen's farm, near Fort Slocum, Va.. 8.2409, 
S.2410, 8.2411, 8.2412. 

Camp scenes, S.24l>4, 8.2405, 8.2406. 

Group of officers, 8.2407. 

Captain and First Sergeant of Company — , S.2408. 

Lleut.-Col. G. A. Woodward, 8.1405. 
32d. Adjt. A. H. Jameson, 8.1837. 
33d. Company B, 8.2418. 
34th. Maj. G. Dare, S.2159. 
35th. Col. W. H. Ent, 8.3266. 

Col. W. Sinclair, 8.1540. 
36th. Company H, C.4534. 

Camp, C.4549. 
37th. Col. S. M. Bailey, 8.1854. 

Flag of regiment, 0.4436. 
30th. Col. J. S. McCalmont, S.1899. 
40th. Col. 8. M. Jackson, 8.3728. 
45th. Col. J. J. Curtin, S.2038. 
46th. Col. J. L. Selfridge, 8.1461. 
48th. Col. G. W. Gowan, 8.2624. 

Col. J. K. Sigfried, 8.2621. 

Lieut.-Col. H. Pleasants, 8.2G22. 
50th. Lieut.-Col. S. K. Schwenk, L.7668. 

Maj. G. W. Brumm, L.7271. 

Lieut. L. Carter, L.7410. 

Lieut. J. I. Eckel, L.7359. 

Regiment on parade, at Beaufort, 8. C, 1862. 8.156. 

Regiment on parade, at Gettysburg, Pa., July, 1865, L.7025, 

Officers of regiment, at Gettysburg, Pa., July, 1865, 1..7225, 
51st. Lieut.-Col. T. S. Bell, S.3737. 


7 1st. 








Col. Henry M. Hoyt, 0.4722. 
Col. W. M. Mintzer, 8.3229. 
Col. J. W. Hoffman, C.5154. 
Lieut,-Col. C. Clay, 8.3000. 
Col. G. F. Smith, 8.1369. 
Lleut,-Col. J. B. Sweitzer, 8.1721. 
Surg. W. H. Worthington, 8.3841. 
Field and staff officers, L.7267. 
Maj. James O'Reilly, 8.2197. 
Col. E. D. Baker, 8.1459. 
Col. D. C. Baxter, 8.3014. 
Col. J. A. Koltas, 8.1734. 
Col. F. Mahler, 8.1789, 8.3743. 
Col. John S. Littell, C.4718. 



207 th. 

Col. H. A. Hambright, 8.3204. 
LIeut,-Col. Frank Vallee,S.2146. 
Col. 8. Vincent, 8.3188. 
Col. S. M. Bowman, 8.1513. 
Surg. J. B. Laidley, 8 .3844. 
Col. P. Lyle, 8.3018. 
Lieut.-Col. J. W. Johnston, 8.2183. 
Col. H. L. Cake, 8.1817. 
Group of officers, C.4633. 
Col. Henry R. Guss, C.4703. 
Col. J. F. Ballier, 8.2027. 

Col. David Leasure, C.4714. 

Surg. D. G. Rush, 8.2244. 

Col. T. F. Lehmann, 8.3814. 

LIeut.-CoI. W. C. Maxwell, S.1365. 
■ Col. W. W. H. Davis, C.4723. 
, Maj. M. M. Dick, 8.1725. 
. Col. T. G. Morehead, S.586. 
. Company C, after the battle of Fredericksburg, 0.4195. 

At Brandy Station, March, 1864: 

—View of camp, L.7308, 1..7612. 

—Guard mounting, L.7013, L.7944, 8.134. 

— Officers of regiment, L..7137, L.7i:w, L.7310, 8.700;;. 

—Officers of Company — , L.7144, L.7146, L.7173. 

—Band, L.7346, L.7611. 

—Company F, L.70O3, L.7038, L.7143, L.7176, L.7447. 

—Company G, L.7198, L.7348. 

—Company H, L.7077, L.72G2, L.7263. 

At Headquarters Army of Potomac, August, 1804: 

—Officers, L.7137, L.7138, L.7316. L.7602. 

—OfBcers of Company—, 1.7144, L.7145. 

—Capt. J. 8. Crawford, L.7037, L.7173. 

Lieut.-Col. Gideon Clark, C.4720. 

Officers of regiment, C.4290. 

Officers and non-commissioned officers, 0*4428. 

Company—, C.4334. 

Company — , 0.4376. 

Surg. H. F. Martin, 8.1392. 

Col. V. M. Wilcox, 8.1409. 

Major J. E. Shreve, S.1440. 

Officers of regiment, 0.4288, 0.4346. 

Field and start' officers. 0.4328. 

Regiment on parade, C.4306. 

Company—, C.4302. 

Company—, C.4339. 

Company — , C.4341. 

Company —,0.4367. 

Company — , 0.4368. 

Company — , 0.4371. 

Company — , 0.4173. 

Col. E. L. Dana, 8.3748. 

Col. H. L. Brown, 8.3107. 

Col. J. A. Beaver, 0.4715. 

Col. Roy Stone, 8.3103. 

Company D, in front of Petersburg, November, 1864, 

1.7047, L.7388. 
Camp, March, 1863, 8.297. 
Col. A. L. Pearson, 8.3210. 
Col. J. W. Fisher, 8.3040. 
Col. H. G. Sickel, C.4706. 
Col. Robert C. Cox, C.47I3. 
Col. A. B. McCalmont, 8.1356. 

Bhode Island Cavalry. 

Col. R. B. Lawton, S.3727. 

Bhode Island Light Artillery. 

Officers of regiment, July, 1862, 8.649. 
Chaplain T. Quinn, 8.1780. 

Bhode Island Heavy Artillery. 

Col. W. Ames, 0.4666. 

Rhode i i-i i-i-i Infantry, 
lit. Col. A. E, Burnside itnd officers, C.4100. 

Chaplain A. Woodbury, S.1G39. 

Group of Company D, C.4128. 
2d. Col. Horatio Rogers, C.4082. 

Officers of regiment, 0.4537. 

Capt. C. G. Dyer, S.1G8U. 

Camp near Washington, D. C, in 1861, C.4113. 
3d. Col. N. W. Brown, C.4069. 
9th. Ltenl.-Coi. J. II. Powell, S.1343. 
11th. Headquarters of Company F, Miner's Hill, Va., C.4340. 

Tennessee Cavalry. 
lBt. Col. J. P. Brownlow, 8.3077. 

United States Engineer Battalion. 
At Brand;/ Station, Va,, March, 1864 : 
—View of camp, 1.7810, L.7433, L.76G0. 
—Officers' quarters, L.71W. 
—Quarters ••{ Company D, L.7005. 
Injront of Petersburg, Va., August, 1864: 
— Headquarters, I..7b65. 
—Company A, L.7002, L.7381, L.7386. 
— Company ii, L.7UUU, L.7219, L.7613, L.7647, L.7660, 

—Company 0, 1,7608, L.7G47. 
—Company D, L.7U54, L.7387, L.7648. 
— Essayon's Dramatic Club, L.733G, L.7439. 
—Detachment In city of Petersburg, April, 1806, L.7188, 

United States Cavalry. 

2d. MaJ. C. J. Whiting, 9.1410. 
Capt. G. A. Gordon, S.1482. 
6th. Capt, H. B. Hays, S.2007. 

United States Artillery. 

2d, Capt. J. M. Robertson, C.5142. 

Officers of Battery A (Tidbali's), near Fair Oaks, Va., 

June, 18D2, S.435. 
Officers of Battery 11 (Robortson's), near Fair Oaks, Va., 

June, 18G2, S.440. 
Battery B (Robertson's), near Fair Oaks, Va., June, 1862, 

Battery B (Robertson's), at Gettysburg, Pa., L.7192. 
Battery D, C.4212. 
Flag of Battory D, C.4610. 
Battery M (Benson's), near Fair Oaks, Va,, June, 1362, 

S.433, S.C41. 
Battery M (Benson's), Culpeper, Va., September, 1863, 

3d. Officers of Battery C (Gibson's), near Fair Oaks, Va., 

June, 18C2, 8.432. 
Battery C (Gibson's), near Fair Oaks, Va., June, 1802, S.431. 
4th, Battory A, Culpeper, Va., September, 1863, L.7334. 
fith. Lleut.-Col. B. H. Kill, S.2046. 
Capt. Charles Griffin, S.1373. 

United States Infantry. 
1st. Col. C. A. Walte, S.2070. 

Lieut. J. D. De Russy, S.1698. 
2d. Col. S. Burbank, S.3101. 
3d. Officers of regiment, June, 1805, 1.73(16, L.739B. 

Col. B. L. E. Bonneville, S.1968. 
4th. Lleut.-Col. T. Morris, S.3769. 
5th. Lleut.-Col. T. L. Alexander, S.1381. 
6th. Col. H. Day, 8.3793. 

Col. W. Seawell, S.1474. 

Capt. J. B. S. Todd, 8.1336. 
8th. Provost guard, at headquarters Army of Potomac, Fairfax 
Court House, June, 1863, 1.7503. 

Col. J. Garland, S.1329. 

Col. W. J. Worth, 8.1316. 
9th. Lieut. E. Pollock, S.2200. 
10th. Col. H. B. Clitz, S.1521. 

Lieut.-Col. W. H. Sidell,S.2615. 

Lieut. G. W. Vanderbiit, 8.2260. 
14th. Officers of regiment, March, 1862, L.7973. 

Col. C. S. Lovell, S.3234. 

Capt. J. D. O'Connoll, 8.3270. 
18th. MaJ. J. H. King, 8.2009. 
16th. Capt. F. M. Bache, 8.2439. 

Capt. R. P. Barry, 8.3871. 
17th. Maj.W. H.Wood, 8.3830. 

Lieut. N. PrJne, S.2199. 

United States Sharp sh voter ■. 
1st. Col. H. Berdan, S.3771. 
2d. Col. H. A. V. Post, S.3731. 

Lieut.-Col. H. R. Stoughton, S.1C20. 

Adjt. L. C. Parmalee, 3.1825. 

United States Veteran Reserve Corps. 
3d. Col. F. D. Bewail, 8.3763, 
7th. Lieut.-Col. J. B. Callis, C.4740. 
9th. In Washington, D. C, Mav, 1S65 : 

—On parade, L.7680, 1.7881. 

—Band, 1.7807, 1.7808. 

—Band quarters, 1.7854, 1.7868. 

—Company A, 1.7G70. 
10th, In Washington, D. C, May, 1865; 

— BaDd, 1.7865, 1.7879. 

—Drum Corps, 1.7688. 

—Company A, 1.7742, 

—Company B, 1.7677, 1.7892. 

—Company C, 1.789G, 1.7898. 

—Company D, 1.7905. 

—Company E, 1.7810. 

—Company F, 1.7910. 

—Company 11, 1.7809,1.7911. 

—Company 1, 1.7804, 1.7806. 

—Company K, 1.7805. 

— Non-cumnmsioned officers of Company H, 1.7802. 
14th. Col. S. D. Oliphant, S.3796. 
19th. Col. O. V. Dayton, S.1777, S.2066. 
22d. Maj. J. R. O'Beirne, S.3269. 
26th. Lieut.-Col. B. P. Runkle, S.17G2. 

United States Veteran Volunteers. 
8th. Parade of regiment, Washington, D. C, March, 1864, 

United States Colored Cavalry 
4th. Col. J. G. Wilson, S.1816, S.1868. 

United States Colored Infantry. 

1st. Camp and regiment, 1.7013. 

4th, Officers of regiment, Fort Slocum, near Washington, D. C, 
Company E, Fort Lincoln, near Washington, D. C, 1.7890. 
7th. Col. James Shaw, C.4730. 
8th. Col. S. C. Armstrong, S.1920. 
14th. Col. H. C. Corbin, S.2617. 
17th. Col. W. R. Siiafter, S.2604. 
24th. Col. 0. Brown, C.49S4. 
27th. Col. A. M. Blackman, S.2042. 
28th. Col. C. S. Russell, S.321I. 
35th. Col. J. C. Beecher, S.14U6. 
37th. Col. N. Goff, S.3035. 
39th. Field and staff officers, in front of Petersburg, Va., 

September, 1864, 1.7051, 1.7052. 
43d. Col. S. B. Yeoman, S.2669. 
45th. Col. U. Doubleday, S.3213. 
79th. Col. J. M. Williams, C.459G. 
83d. Col. S. J. Crawford, C.4784. 
100th. Col. R. D. Mussey,S.2606. 
103d. Col. S. L. Woodford, C.5098. 
107th. At Fort Corcoran, near Washington, D. G, November, IS65: 

—Officers of regiment, 1.7684. 

— Guard and guard-house, 1.7841. 

—Band, 1.7861. 
109th. Col. 0. A. Bartholomew, S.2614. 
119th. Col. C. G. Bartlett, S.3091. 

United States Treasury Battalion. 
Officers of battalion, Washington, D. C, April, 1865, L.7850. 
Vermont Cavalry. 
1st. Lieut.-Col. A. W. Preston, S.1761. 

Vermont Heavy Artillery, 
1st. Lieut.-Col. R. C. Benton, 8.1355. 

Lieut.-Col. G. E. Chamberlain, 8.3735. 

Vermont Infantry. 

3d. Col. B. N. Hyde, S.3770. 
5th. Col. H. A. Smalley, 8.3729. 
6th. Col. E. L. Barney, 8.1083. 

Col. N. Lord, 8.1731. 

Col. O. L. Tuttle, 8.1802. 

Lieut.-Col. A. P. Blunt,S.1813. 

Surg. C. M. Chandler, S.2148. 

Views of Camp Griffin, near Washington, D. C, in 186L 
C.4787, C.4117, C.4118. 

Company A, C.4119. 

Company D, C.4120. 

Company E, C.412I. 

Company F, C.4122. 

Company G.C.4123. 

Company H, C.4124. 

Company I, C.4125. 

Company K, C.4126. 
9th. Col. E. H. Ripley, 8.3113, S.3114. 
10th. Col. A. B. Jewett, S.2165. 









Vermont Infantry.— Continued. 
Col. A. P. Blunt, S.1S13. 

Col. F.V. Randall, S.1445. 
Lieut.-Col. A. C. Brown, S.1463. 
Lieut.-Col. R. Farnham, Sll479. 
Maj. C. F. Spaulding, S.1396. 
Surg. C. P. Frost, S.1447. 
Col. F.V.Randall, S.1445. 
Lieut.-Col. C. Curamings, S.1468. 

West Virginia Cavalry. 

Lieut.-Col. C. E. Capehart,S.1623. 
Col. D. H. Strother, S.3723. 
Lieut.-Col. S. W. Snider, S.1455. 

West Virginia Infantry. 
Col. W. B. Curtis, S.3224. 

Wisconsin Infantry. 
Col. E. O'Connor, S.3863. 

Camp in front of Petersburg, Va., February, 1865, 1.7543. 
Col. Amasa Cobb, C.4739. 
Maj. C. H. Larrabee, S.21S6. 
Lieut.-Col. K. S. Bragg, S.1367. 
Surg. A. W. Preston, S.3854. 
Col. C. Fairchiid, S.3202. 
Surg. E.J. Buek,S.3798. 
Col. H. C. Hobart, S.3205. 
Col. C. H. Larrabee, S.2186. 
Lieut.-Col. J. M. Rusk, C.4732. 


Ammen, Commander D, C.lfi35. 

Bailey, Commodore T., S. 2231. 

Banknead, Commander J. P.. S.2118. 

Barrett, Lieut. -Commander E , S.1037, S.3415. 

Bell, Commodore C. H-, 8.2121. 

Bennett, —,8.2256. 

I'.k-dgett, Lieut. G. M„ S.2201. 

Boggs, Capt. C. S..S.37U4. 

Bieese, Commodore S. L., S.1G10. 

Bullus, Capt. O., S.1032. 

Campbell, Acting As-'i Surg., S.2204. 

Collins, Commander N.,S.193U. y 

Conroy, Acting Lieut.-Commander E., S.1657. 

Cushing, Lieut,-(_'omrnander W. B., S.18G4. 

Dahlgren, Rear Admiral J. A., S.1862, S.341U, S.;M17, S.3418. 

Dahlgren, Rear Admiral J. A. and staff, S.34I3. 

Davis, Rear Admiral C. H., C.4743. 

De Kraftt.Lieut.-Commandei- J. C. P., C.5143. 

Drayton, Capt. P., C.5112. 

Dupont, Rear Admiral S. F.,C.4G36. 

Erben, Lieut-Commander H., C.4637. 

Farragut, Rear Admiral D. G., S.1561. 

Faunce, Capt. J. (Revenue Marine), S.2134. 

Foote, Rear Admiral A. H., S.1G00. 

Freeman, Acting Master, S.2202. 

Gibson, Purser J. D., C.4803. 

Gilliss, Capt, J. P., C.4809. 

Glisson, Capt. O. S., C.4808. 

Goldsborough, Capt. J. R., S.2119. 

Goldsborough, Rear Admiral L. M., C.4744. 

Gregory, Rear Admiral F. H., S.1812. 

Gregory, Ass't Engineer II. P., S.1690. 

Gregory, Acting Master S. B., S.20W. 

Gwin, Lieut. -Commander W., S.1468. 

Harwood, Commodore A. A., C.4801. 

Haxtun, Lf eut. -Commander M., S.2236. 

Hotf, Commodore H. K., C.5113. 

Howard, — , S.1603, 

Hughes, Commander A. K., S.2247. 

Hughes, Acting Ensign ,1. P., S.21GG. 

Hull, Commodore J. B., 8.1636. 

Isherwood, Engineer-in-chlef B. F., S.1S90. 

Jenkins, Capt. T. A., C.4033. 

.leifer;., Lieut. -Cuiiiumnder W. N., S.492. 

Jones, Surg. S. J..S.380U. 

KiTshner, Ass't Hurg. E., S.3810. 

King, Chief Engineer J. W., C.4811. 

Lnnman, Commodore J., C.6186. 

Lardner, Commodore J. L., C.48<>7. 

Law, Lieut-Commander R. L., C.45S2. 

Levy, Capt. U. P., C.4746. 

Livingstone, Commodore J. W., S.2D68. 

Luce, Lieut. -Commander S. B., C..">u75. 

Meade, Capt. R. W., S.165G. 

Meade, Lieut.-Commander R. W., S.1579. 

Morris, Commodore H. W., S.1328. 

Nichols, Capt. Sylvester, 8.1701, 

Nichols, Lieut. S. W., S.3857. 

Nones, Capt. H. B. (Revenue Marine), S.1645. 

Palmer, Commodore J. S., S.1671. 

Parker, S.2240. 

Parker, Lieut. -Commander James, C.5203. 

PattlsOD, Lieut. -Commander T., 8.3184. 

Paulding, Rear Admiral H-, 8.1324. 

Perry, Capt. M. C, S.1317. 

Porter, Lieut. B. H., S.1803. 

Porter, Rear Admiral D. D., L.7615, S.i:t34. 

Porter, Rear Admiral D. D. and staff, L.7227, L.7244, I„7641. 

Porter, Acting Master W., S.1940. 

Porter, Commodore W. D., S.2242. 

Powell, Commodore L. M., C.4G31. 

PreBton, Lieut. S. W., 8.3830. 

Ransom, Commander G. M., C.4802. 

Ridgely, Capt. D. B., C.4800. 

Riell, Lieut. R. B., S.1089. 

Ringgold, Commodore C..S.1407. 

Rodgers, Commander C. R. P., 8.1675, S.3803. 

Rodgers, Commodore J., S.1930. 

Rowan, Commodore S. C, S.1766. 

Salstonstall, Acting Lieut.-Commamler W. G., 8.2269. 

Schoonmaker, Lieut. C. M., S.3415. 

Sluil.rirk, Rear Admiral W. B„ S.1. r .98. 

Shufeldt, Commander R. W., C.46:;2. 

Skerrett, Lieut.-Commander J. S., C.4G83. 

Smith, Commander A. N., 8.1822. 

Smith, Hear Admiral J., S.2176. 

Stewart, Rear Admiral CL S.1332. 

Stockwell, Midshipman N. P;, S.I370. 

Storer, Rear Admiral G. W., 8.17W. 

Sirtiigliiuii, Rear Admiral 8. H., S.1768. 

Thatcher, Commodore H. K., C."d87. 

Trenchard, Commander S. D., S.18G5. 

Van Brunt, Commodore G., S.3oa"i. 

Walke, Capt. H., S.1576. 

Ward, ('..mmander J. H-, 8.2ihi4. 

Wheelwright, Surg. C. W., S.2258. 

Whelan, Surg. W., S.5205. 

Wilkes, Commodore C, C.4650. 

"Winslow, Commodore J. A., S.1788. 

Wise, Commander H. A., 8.1844. 

Worden, Capt, J. L., C.4634. 

Wright, S.1587. 

Wyatt, 1st Ass't Engineer S. ('.. S.1550. 

Wyman, Commander R. H-, S.1W4. 

THERE are several thousand negatives in the vaults that have not yet been 
catalogued. No negative is registered until its authenticity is proved 
beyond a doubt. The testimony of hundreds of veterans is secured in 
many instances before the locality of the negative is established. The 
warriors who participated in these scenes are fast passing away and the work of 
identification is progressing as rapidly as absolute accuracy will allow. At the 
National Encampment at Saratoga hundreds of "unknown" negatives were iden- 
tified by soldiers who saw them taken and offered their affidavits. Requests have 
been received from Grand Army Posts for enlargements of the rare photographs 
of Lincoln in the tent with McClellan at Antietam, of the Armies in Camp, and 
other views, the existence of which has been hitherto unknown. Mr. Eaton 
authorizes the enlargement of any negative for this purpose, providing that it is 
to be treasured in the hall of a Grand Army Post. All requests must be sent 
direct, accompanied by references, and no enlargement will be allowed until it 
bears the written signature of Edward B. Eaton, Hartford, Connecticut. 


















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Lincoln National Life Foundation 
Collateral Lincoln Library